Álamos

Last updated
Álamos
Collage Alamos.jpg
Top, from left to right: Panoramic view of Álamos, Chapel of Zapopan, Semi-arid municipality landscape, City Hall, Cathedral of Purísima Concepción
Escudo de Alamos Sonora.png
Coat of arms
Alamos Sonora map.png
Location in Sonora
Mexico States blank map.svg
Red pog.svg
Álamos
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 27°1′39″N108°56′24″W / 27.02750°N 108.94000°W / 27.02750; -108.94000
CountryFlag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
State Sonora
Municipality Álamos
FoundedLate 17th century
Population
 (2005 [1] )
  Total24,493
Time zone UTC-7 (MST)
Postal code
85760
Area code(s) 647
Plaza de Armas Plaza de Alamos, Son.jpg
Plaza de Armas
View of Alamos from mirador View of Alamos.jpg
View of Álamos from mirador
Municipal Library "Dr. Alfonso Ortiz Tirado" Biblioteca Publica Municipal Dr. Alfonso Ortiz Tirado02.JPG
Municipal Library "Dr. Alfonso Ortiz Tirado"
Municipal public market Mercado municipal de alamos.jpg
Municipal public market

Álamos (Spanish:  ['alamos]( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a town in Álamos Municipality in the Mexican state of Sonora, in northwestern Mexico.

Contents

Name

The Municipality of Álamos derives its name from the álamo ("poplar") tree. Several impressive specimens are found in one of its two principal plazas, the Alameda. The nearby hamlet, El Sabinito, located within the municipality, also derives its name from a tree, the sabino ("Montezuma cypress").

History

The area was named by the conquistador Francisco Vásquez de Coronado. His expedition of 1540 camped at the confluence of the two major arroyos (Escondido and the Aduana) of present-day Álamos and made reference to local geographical landmarks, including two large rock formations on Mount Alamos known as Los Frailes, 'the monks' in English.

As historian David Leighton explained, “Its first known name was Real de los Frailes or “Mining Camp of the Friars,” a designation taken from some tall white rocks that appeared like hooded monks near the village.” [2]

The church records of Álamos date to 1682, but it was founded on December 8, 1685, by the Spanish soldier, Domingo Terán de los Ríos, after the discovery of the silver mines at Promontorios, La Aduana, Las Cabras, La Quintera, and others of lesser importance nearby. [3] Rios in 1686 became governor of Sonora and Sinaloa, where he was successful in quelling Indian disturbances. [4]

A major expedition led by Juan Bautista de Anza II departed Álamos in 1775 to discover a route to Alta California. The Anza expedition had nearly 300 members, of which about half were from Álamos. The trek was financed by the wealthy silver mine owners of Álamos, and it established the Presidio of Monterey.

Álamos became the capital of what was then the state of Occidental in the early 1800s. Occidental encompassed today's state of Sonora, the northern portion of the state of Sinaloa, and some of Baja California and southern Arizona. Álamos was the northernmost “Silver City” in Mexico. While it has much in common, architecturally, with Mexico's other “Silver Cities,” Álamos has not succumbed to large-scale commercialism and has managed to retain the charm and pace of earlier times.

Álamos is known as “La Ciudad de los Portales” (portales are tall, arched, covered verandas or walkways fronting many of the cobble-stoned streets or calles). Álamos boasts numerous buildings exhibiting classic Andalusian architecture from Mexico's Colonial period, including numerous mansions, the Plaza de Armas, the Church of La Purísima Concepción, La Capilla and the Palacio Municipal (“city hall”).

The great wealth created by the silver mines from the surrounding mining towns of La Aduana, Minas Nuevas, and others enabled the founders and residents of Álamos to build scores of colonial Spanish mansions throughout the town; most of them went into ruin in the early 20th century but in the late 1940s, a number of Americans and Canadians began buying and restoring the houses.

By 1955, the city had electricity running from dusk to about midnight and in 1960 electrical power began to run 24 hours a day, being generated at a dam on a nearby river.

In the 1980s, a study was done by the students at the University of Sinaloa, which caused in 185 structures in town being listed as historic monuments.

Geography and climate

Álamos is located in the southeastern part of Sonora, and 396 km (246 mi) from state capital Hermosillo, 54 km (34 mi) from Navojoa via Sonora State Highway 162, and 663 km (412 mi) from the northern border town of Nogales. The State of Chihuahua is on the east, and the State of Sinaloa on the south. The population of the municipality is 24,493 and its area is 6,947.27 square kilometres or 2,682 square miles.

Álamos has a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh) bordering on a tropical savanna climate, with three seasons: a hot, dry season from April to June, a hot, humid wet season from July to October, and a warm, generally dry “winter” from November to March. Occasionally the dry winter pattern is interrupted by the passage of frontal cloudbands: 220 millimetres (8.66 in) fell during January 1981, including 168 millimetres (6.61 in) between the fifth and the seventh of that month, and over 120 millimetres (4.72 in) in January 1979. [5] During the hot early summer, temperatures can reach extreme heights; the record being 49.5 °C (121.1 °F) on 16 June 1976.

Climate data for Álamos (1951-2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)41.5
(106.7)
44.0
(111.2)
44.0
(111.2)
43.0
(109.4)
48.0
(118.4)
49.5
(121.1)
45.5
(113.9)
44.0
(111.2)
46.0
(114.8)
43.0
(109.4)
39.0
(102.2)
39.0
(102.2)
49.5
(121.1)
Average high °C (°F)27.8
(82.0)
28.8
(83.8)
30.2
(86.4)
32.5
(90.5)
35.2
(95.4)
38.0
(100.4)
36.2
(97.2)
35.1
(95.2)
35.2
(95.4)
34.4
(93.9)
31.7
(89.1)
28.6
(83.5)
32.8
(91.0)
Average low °C (°F)9.2
(48.6)
9.5
(49.1)
10.2
(50.4)
11.6
(52.9)
14.1
(57.4)
18.2
(64.8)
19.8
(67.6)
20.1
(68.2)
18.4
(65.1)
15.2
(59.4)
11.5
(52.7)
9.5
(49.1)
13.9
(57.0)
Record low °C (°F)0.0
(32.0)
−4
(25)
2.0
(35.6)
5.0
(41.0)
6.5
(43.7)
8.0
(46.4)
9.0
(48.2)
9.5
(49.1)
1.3
(34.3)
6.5
(43.7)
0.4
(32.7)
0.0
(32.0)
−4
(25)
Average rainfall mm (inches)35.0
(1.38)
17.9
(0.70)
17.8
(0.70)
1.9
(0.07)
3.9
(0.15)
25.5
(1.00)
184.4
(7.26)
198.2
(7.80)
86.3
(3.40)
53.1
(2.09)
26.3
(1.04)
37.0
(1.46)
687.3
(27.05)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)2.41.41.20.30.42.212.811.06.83.11.62.245.4
Source: Servicio Meteorólogico Nacional [6]

Economy

City Hall Palacio Municipal de Alamos03.JPG
City Hall

After a heyday lasting from the late 1600s until the early 1900s, when the silver mines closed, the economy of Alamos went into a serious decline. Only a few hundred people remained in the once vibrant city due to a major decline in silver prices, ongoing unrest in the country with a revolution in progress, and the exodus of business owners and people of wealth. Vacant mansions went into disrepair until foreigners began restoring homes in 1946 after three decades of abandonment, bringing employment to locals with building and housekeeping skills. The area's top industries for decades were ranching and tourism. The present-day economy includes copper and silver mines. About 16 km to the northwest is the Adolfo Ruiz Cortinez Dam and Reservoir known as “El Mocúzarit”, whose waters irrigate 80,000 acres (320 km2). Cattle ranching is seasonal and declining due to impoverished grazing lands. Numerous chicken and pig farms, called “granjas,” contribute substantially to the economy.

Tourism

Álamos was named a “Pueblo Mágico” in 2005. “Pueblo Magico” is a designation given by the Mexican Secretariat of Tourism to towns that offer a 'magical' experience by reason of their natural beauty, cultural riches and historical relevance.

Alameda Monumento a Juarez y Bugambilias Alameda Alamos 2014.JPG
Alameda

Álamos has many festivals and fiestas year-round. Most notable is the Festival of Dr. Alfonso Ortiz Tirado (“FAOT”), attended by many national and international musicians and celebrities. Dr. Alfonso Ortiz Tirado, born in this community in 1894, achieved recognition for being “El Tenor de las Américas.” An impressive exhibit of Ortiz Tirado is found in the Museo Costumbrista, located in front of and to the east of the Plaza de Armas. The annual Festival Alfonso Ortiz Tirado is a nine-day event that takes places in Álamos annually in late January. The annual film festival is usually held in March. Several professional hunting lodges operate in the Alamos area, attracting dove hunters from various areas of the world. Álamos has more recently been the location for film production, including a European Endemol production and more than 180 episodes of the 'novela' (soap opera) 'La Fuerza del Destino'.

The Sierra de Álamos Ecological Reserve offers serious “birding” opportunities. The creek of Cuchujaqui, which is in the ecological reserve is the most species-rich subtropical area in the Northern Hemisphere.[ citation needed ] Cuchujaqui is the subject of international scientific study and the southern migration destination of hundreds of different species of birds.

The presence of a jet-rated airport in Alamos (XALA) attracts aviators from Mexico, the U.S. and Canada. There is also charter service available to some areas of the Copper Canyon. The village has more than 20 hotels and B&B's.

Bougainvilleas Bugambilias Juanto a la Escuela Bartolome M. Salido 2014-2.JPG
Bougainvilleas

Notable residents

Carroll O’Conner, actor (best known for his role as Archie Bunker in the sitcom "All in the Family")


Sister cities

Planet Mars

The name Álamos has been used for a crater on the planet Mars by the International Astronomical Union, although not specifically commemorating the town. [7]

Related Research Articles

Sonora State of Mexico

Sonora, officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora, is one of 32 states which comprise the Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided into 72 municipalities; the capital city is Hermosillo. Sonora is bordered by the states of Chihuahua to the east, Baja California to the northwest and Sinaloa to the south. To the north, it shares the U.S.–Mexico border primarily with the state of Arizona with a small length with New Mexico, and on the west has a significant share of the coastline of the Gulf of California.

Sinaloa State of Mexico

Sinaloa, officially the Estado Libre y Soberano de Sinaloa, is one of the 32 states which comprise the Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided into 18 municipalities and its capital city is Culiacán Rosales.

Culiacán Place in Sinaloa, Mexico

Culiacán is a city in northwestern Mexico. It is the largest city in and the capital of the state of Sinaloa. It is also the seat of Culiacán Municipality. It had an urban population of 785,800 in 2015 while 905,660 lived in the entire municipality. While the municipality has a total area of 4,758 km2 (1,837 sq mi), the city itself is considerably smaller, measuring only 65 km2 (25 sq mi).

Navojoa City in Sonora, Mexico

Navojoa is the fifth-largest city in the northern Mexican state of Sonora and is situated in the southern part of the state. The city is the administrative seat of Navojoa Municipality, located in the Mayo River Valley.

Cosalá Place in Sinaloa, Mexico

Cosalá is a small city and the seat of its surrounding municipality in the Mexican state of Sinaloa. It stands at 24°24′45″N106°41′30″W. The city reported 6,577 inhabitants in the 2010 census.

El Fuerte, Sinaloa Place in Sinaloa, Mexico

El Fuerte is a city and El Fuerte Municipality its surrounding municipality in the northwestern Mexican state of Sinaloa. The city population reported in the 2010 census were 12,566 people.

Mocorito Place in Sinaloa, Mexico

Mocorito is a small city and its surrounding municipality in the Mexican state of Sinaloa. It stands at 24°58′41″N107°31′25″W.

Domingo Terán de los Ríos served as the first governor of Spanish Texas from 1691 to 1692.

Sombrerete, Zacatecas City & Municipality in Zacatecas, Mexico

Sombrerete is a town and municipality located in the northwest of the Mexican state of Zacatecas, bordering the state of Durango.

Juan Bautista de Anza I was a Spanish Basque, and an explorer of a great part of the Sonora state and the south west region of the United States.

Mexican Flora and Fauna Protection Areas comprise 29 protected natural areas of Mexico administrated by the National Commission of Protected Natural Areas, an agency of the federal government.

Arizpe Place in Sonora, Mexico

Arizpe is a small town in Arizpe Municipality in the north of the Mexican state of Sonora. It is located at 30°20'"N 110°09'"W. The area of the municipality is 2,806.78 sq.km. The population in 2005 was 2,959 of which 1,743 lived in the municipal seat as of the 2000 census.

Los Mochis Municipal seat in Sinaloa, Mexico

Los Mochis is a coastal city in northern Sinaloa, Mexico. It serves as the municipal seat of the municipality of Ahome. As of the 2010 census, the population was 362,613, which was 61 percent of the municipality's population.

Bernal, Querétaro Place in Querétaro, Mexico

San Sebastián Bernal, better known as Bernal, is a colonial village in the Mexican state of Querétaro. It was founded in 1642 by Spanish soldier Alonso Cabrera.

Hurricane Norbert (2008) Category 4 Pacific hurricane in 2008

Hurricane Norbert is tied with Hurricane Jimena as the strongest tropical cyclone to strike the west coast of Baja California Sur in recorded history. The fifteenth named storm, seventh hurricane, and second major hurricane of the 2008 hurricane season, Norbert originated as a tropical depression from a tropical wave south of Acapulco on October 3. Strong wind shear initially prevented much development, but the cyclone encountered a more favorable environment as it moved westward. On October 5, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) upgraded the depression to Tropical Storm Norbert, and the system intensified further to attain hurricane intensity by October 6. After undergoing a period of rapid deepening, Norbert reached its peak intensity as a Category 4 on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale, with maximum sustained winds of 135 mph (215 km/h) and a minimum barometric pressure of 945 mbar. As the cyclone rounded the western periphery of a subtropical ridge over Mexico, it began an eyewall replacement cycle which led to steady weakening. Completing this cycle and briefly reintensifying into a major hurricane, a Category 3 or higher on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale, Norbert moved ashore Baja California Sur as a Category 2 hurricane late on October 11. After a second landfall at a weaker intensity the following day, the system quickly weakened over land and dissipated that afternoon.

Alfonso Ortiz Tirado was an opera singer and medical doctor born in Álamos, Sonora, Mexico. His musical talent was apparent early in life, but he studied at the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria and university to become a doctor. He specialized in gynecology as well as general medicine, and eventually became the personal physician of Frida Kahlo and performed surgery on Agustín Lara. As a musician, he studied under José Pierson and soon afterward had a successful international career as an opera singer, earning the label of “tenor of the Americas.” He was often cast for productions of L'elisir d'amore and Madame Butterfly. He earned a large sum of money doing this, and used it to establish a children's hospital in Mexico City. Ortiz died in 1960, and was interred at the Panteón Frances de la Piedad. The Festival de Canto Operístico Tirado in the state of Sonora was named after him.

Rio Cuchujaqui, Arroyo Cuchujaqui or Arroyo de Alamos, is a tributary river of the Fuerte River, in the Álamos Municipality of Sonora and in El Fuerte Municipality, Sinaloa, Mexico. It has its source in the Sierra de Álamos a range in the Sierra Madre Occidental in the Álamos Municipality of Sonora. Its mouth is at its confluence with the Fuerte River, just below Tehueco in Sinaloa. Its course is interrupted in Sinaloa by the Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez dam and its reservoir at 26°25′50″N108°42′24″W built between 1964 and 1970.

Events in the year 1960 in Mexico.

Casanate, is a village in Álamos Municipality in the Mexican state of Sonora, in northwestern Mexico. It is 48.5 kilometers south southeast of Álamos and 26.7 kilometers Northwest of El Fuerte, in Sinaloa. It lies on the left bank of the Rio Cuchujaqui at an elevation of 140 meters. Its population at the time of its last census was 69 persons, 37 males and 32 females.

El Chinal is an town of the Álamos Municipality located in the southeast of the Mexican state of Sonora, close to the boundary with the states of Chihuahua and Sinaloa. It is located 57.2 km southeast of Álamos and 47.8 kilometers Northwest of El Fuerte, in Sinaloa. It lies northwest of Casanate in valley among the hills east of the Rio Cuchujaqui at an elevation of 243 meters.

References

  1. (in Spanish) 2005 census Archived 2011-06-13 at the Wayback Machine , INEGI.
  2. David Leighton, “Street Smarts: Los Portales was Ray Manley’s homage to lovely Alamos, Sonora,” Arizona Daily Star, Sept. 2, 2019
  3. Álamos (Sonora) from es.wikipedia.org accessed October 27, 2018.
  4. Robert Bruce Blake, "TERAN DE LOS RIOS, DOMINGO", from tshaonline.org, Handbook of Texas Online, accessed October 27, 2018.
  5. Servicio Meteorólogico Nacional; CLIMATOLOGÍA ESTADÍSTICA: Álamos
  6. "ESTACION: 00026002 ALAMOS". Servicio Meteorólogico Nacional. 2012. Retrieved on May 12, 2015.
  7. Categories for Naming Features on Planets and Satellites, Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature, USGS Astrogeology Science Center, NASA

Coordinates: 27°01′39″N108°56′24″W / 27.02750°N 108.94000°W / 27.02750; -108.94000