Árpád Bogsch

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Árpád Bogsch
Arpad Bogsch.jpg
Born(1919-02-24)February 24, 1919
DiedSeptember 19, 2004(2004-09-19) (aged 85)
Nationality Hungarian/American
OccupationAttorney
Years active1942-1997
Known forDirector General of WIPO
Notable work
Universal Copyright Convention: An Analysis and Commentary (book)

Árpád Bogsch (February 24, 1919, Budapest, Hungary – September 19, 2004, Geneva, Switzerland [1] ) was a Hungarian turned American international civil servant. He became an American citizen in 1959. [1] From 1973 to 1997, he was Director General of World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). He was also Secretary General of the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV).

Budapest Capital city in Hungary

Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and the tenth-largest city in the European Union by population within city limits. The city had an estimated population of 1,752,704 in 2016 distributed over a land area of about 525 square kilometres. Budapest is both a city and county, and forms the centre of the Budapest metropolitan area, which has an area of 7,626 square kilometres and a population of 3,303,786, comprising 33 percent of the population of Hungary.

Geneva Place in Switzerland

Geneva is the second-most populous city in Switzerland and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland. Situated where the Rhône exits Lake Geneva, it is the capital of the Republic and Canton of Geneva.

Switzerland federal republic in Western Europe

Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a country situated in western, central and southern Europe. It consists of 26 cantons, and the city of Bern is the seat of the federal authorities. The sovereign state is a federal republic bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is a landlocked country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi). While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8.5 million people is concentrated mostly on the plateau, where the largest cities are to be found: among them are the two global cities and economic centres Zürich and Geneva.

the Arpad Bogsch building WIPO1.JPG
the Árpád Bogsch building

Bogsch was featured in the 1988 Swiss documentary film A Szellem Tulajdona (Property of the Intellect), directed by Zoltán Bonta. [2]

Zoltán Bonta is a Hungarian filmmaker and videographer. From 1985 to 1987, he was member of Directory in Béla Balázs Studio (BBS). Since 1979 assistant to Gábor Bódy among other filmdirectors, az Ferenc András, Ferenc Kardos, Sándor Simó, Lajos Koltay, Pál Sándor, János Dömölky, Tamás Sas, Fabio Carpi, Gary Jones, Rakesh Mehra. Collaborating since 2004 with Professor Géza Bethlenfalvy tibetologist, indologist on promoting in books and films the Indian-Hungarian historical and cultural relations. Founder of the Oriental Film Association.

There have been a number of tributes made in Bogsch's memory. The main building at WIPO headquarters in Geneva is named the "Árpád Bogsch building" in his honor. [3] The Hungarian Intellectual Property Office, in the country of Bogsch's birth, features a bust of Bogsch by sculptor Tibor Borbás  [ hu ]. [4] The International Federation of Inventors' Associations in 2010 established the Árpád Bogsch Memory Medal, to be awarded to individuals who support invention and innovation in the same spirit as Bogsch. [5]

Bust (sculpture) Sculpture of a persons head and shoulders

A bust is a sculpted or cast representation of the upper part of the human figure, depicting a person's head and neck, and a variable portion of the chest and shoulders. The piece is normally supported by a plinth. The bust is generally a portrait intended to record the appearance of an individual, but may sometimes represent a type. They may be of any medium used for sculpture, such as marble, bronze, terracotta, wax or wood.

International Federation of Inventors Associations

The International Federation of Inventors' Associations (IFIA) is a non-profit, nongovernmental organization founded in London, on July 11, 1968, by inventor's associations of Denmark, Finland, Germany, Great Britain, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland.

Notable works

The Library of Congress Control Number (LCCN) is a serially-based system of numbering cataloging records in the Library of Congress in the United States. It has nothing to do with the contents of any book, and should not be confused with Library of Congress Classification.

OCLC global library cooperative

OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Incorporated d/b/a OCLC is an American nonprofit cooperative organization "dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world's information and reducing information costs". It was founded in 1967 as the Ohio College Library Center. OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat, the largest online public access catalog (OPAC) in the world. OCLC is funded mainly by the fees that libraries have to pay for its services. OCLC also maintains the Dewey Decimal Classification system.

The Universal Copyright Convention (UCC), adopted in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1952, is one of the two principal international conventions protecting copyright; the other is the Berne Convention.

Related Research Articles

Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property that includes intangible creations of the human intellect. Intellectual property encompasses two types of rights; industrial property rights and copyright. It was not until the 19th century that the term "intellectual property" began to be used, and not until the late 20th century that it became commonplace in the majority of the world.

World Intellectual Property Organization Specialised agency of the United Nations

The World Intellectual Property Organization is one of the 15 specialized agencies of the United Nations (UN). WIPO was created in 1967 "to encourage creative activity, to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world".

The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, signed in Paris, France, on 20 March 1883, was one of the first intellectual property treaties. It established a Union for the protection of industrial property. The Convention is currently still in force. The substantive provisions of the Convention fall into three main categories: national treatment, priority right and common rules.

World Intellectual Property Day world day

World Intellectual Property Day is observed annually on 26 April. The event was established by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 2000 to "raise awareness of how patents, copyright, trademarks and designs impact on daily life" and "to celebrate creativity, and the contribution made by creators and innovators to the development of societies across the globe". 26 April was chosen as the date for World Intellectual Property Day because it coincides with the date on which the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization entered into force in 1970.

A utility model is a patent-like intellectual property right to protect inventions. This type of right is only available in some countries. Although a utility model is similar to a patent, it is generally cheaper to obtain and maintain, has a shorter term, shorter grant lag, and less stringent patentability requirements. In some countries, it is only available for inventions in certain fields of technology and/or only for products. Utility models can be described as second-class patents.

Intellectual property law in Romania has developed significantly in the period since the Romanian Revolution of 1989 because of the need to enforce various regional and international treaties and agreements, such as the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), the European Directives on Biotechnological Inventions, on Trademarks and Geographical Indications, and on Supplementary protection certificates, the Trademark Law Treaty, the Patent Law Treaty, and the European Union regulation on the Community Trademark, and the need to harmonize domestic patent law with the European Patent Convention (EPC) and with the European Union.

Kamil Eltayeb Idris is a Sudanese statesman, scholar and international civil servant. He was Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) from November 1997 to September 2008. He was also head of the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV). Idris stepped down a year early from his post as head of WIPO, amidst "allegations he misled WIPO about his age".

The United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property (BIRPI) was an international organization. It was set up in 1893 to administer the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works and the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property. The BIRPI is the predecessor of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).

The international copyright relations of Russia were virtually non-existent for much of the Imperial era continuing into the history of the Soviet Union until the Cold War. The Russian Empire had only a few bilateral copyright treaties with other nations were concluded; these treaties moreover were weak and of short duration. The treaties from Imperial times had all expired by the time of the Russian Revolution.

Berne Convention 1880s international copyright treaty adopted by 160+ countries

The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, usually known as the Berne Convention, is an international agreement governing copyright, which was first accepted in Berne, Switzerland, in 1886.

Intellectual property organizations are organizations that are focused on copyrights, trademarks, patents, or other intellectual property law concepts.

TRIPS Agreement treaty

The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) is an international legal agreement between all the member nations of the World Trade Organization (WTO). It sets down minimum standards for the regulation by national governments of many forms of intellectual property (IP) as applied to nationals of other WTO member nations. TRIPS was negotiated at the end of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) between 1989 and 1990 and is administered by the WTO.

Limitations and exceptions to copyright are provisions, in local copyright law or Berne Convention, which allow for copyrighted works to be used without a license from the copyright owner.

Panama has passed several laws protecting intellectual property in the country.

The Corporate Affairs and Intellectual Property Office (CAIPO) is a Barbadian governmental agency in charge of various aspects of industrial property right affairs including: patents, trademarks, and industrial designs. It is a division of the Ministry of Industry & International Business. The CAIPO office is located on Belmont Road, Saint Michael, Barbados. The country ranks as one of the top countries where the greatest number of foreign patents are legally based.

Iran is a member of the WIPO since 2001 and has acceded to several WIPO intellectual property treaties. Iran joined the Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property in 1959. In December 2003 Iran became a party to the Madrid Agreement and the Madrid Protocol for the International Registration of Marks. In 2005 Iran joined the Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and their International Registration, which ensures the protection of geographical names associated with products. As at February 2008 Iran had yet to accede to The Hague Agreement for the Protection of Industrial Designs.

Tudor Scan Tech SA is a Swiss company that manufactures aircraft and cargo scanner including x-ray scanners and robotic scanning system. The company was founded in 2014 by Mircea Tudor and is currently headquartered in Saint-Imier, Switzerland. Tudor Scan Tech incorporates MBTelecom Ltd, a Romanian company developing high technologies for the security industry, and to help customs and border officials to check for illegal weapons, contraband, and explosive materials. They have won The Grand Prix of the International Exhibition of Inventions thrice, 2009, 2013 and 2014. The company has also won WIPO Awards in 2009, organized by World Intellectual Property Organization.

References

  1. 1 2 "WIPO Director General Expresses Concolences on Passing of Dr. Árpád Bogsch, Press Release 389, Geneva". World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). September 21, 2004. Archived from the original on 24 February 2008. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  2. A Szellem Tulajdona on IMDb
  3. "Agreement with General Contractor Paves Way for Beginning of Conference Hall Construction". WIPO. May 31, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2017.
  4. "Árpád Bogsch (1919 - 2004 )". Hungarian Intellectual Property Office. July 15, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2017.
  5. "Árpád Bogsch Memory Medal: The highest international recognition of invention and innovation supporters". International Federation of Inventors' Associations. November 24, 2013. Retrieved September 9, 2017.
Preceded by
Georg Bodenhausen
Director General of World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
19731997
Succeeded by
Kamil Idris