Ænima

Last updated

Ænima
Aenima.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedSeptember 17, 1996 (1996-09-17) [1] [2]
RecordedSeptember 1995 - March 1996
Studio Ocean Way, Hollywood, CA
The Hook, North Hollywood, CA
Genre
Length77:18
Label Zoo Entertainment
Producer David Bottrill
Tool chronology
Undertow
(1993)
Ænima
(1996)
Salival
(2000)
Singles from Ænima
  1. "Stinkfist"
    Released: October 11, 1996
  2. "H."
    Released: March 19, 1997
  3. "Ænema"
    Released: August 9, 1997
  4. "Forty Six & 2"
    Released: January 5, 1998

Ænima ( /ˈɑːnɪmə/ AH-ni-mə) [5] is the second studio album by American rock band Tool. It was released in vinyl format on September 17, 1996, and in compact disc format on October 1, 1996 [1] [2] [6] through Zoo Entertainment. The album was recorded and cut at Ocean Way, Hollywood and The Hook, North Hollywood from 1995 to 1996. The album was produced by David Bottrill.

Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States. It has its roots in 1940s and 1950s rock and roll, a style which drew heavily on the genres of blues, rhythm and blues, and from country music. Rock music also drew strongly on a number of other genres such as electric blues and folk, and incorporated influences from jazz, classical and other musical styles. Musically, rock has centered on the electric guitar, usually as part of a rock group with electric bass, drums, and one or more singers. Usually, rock is song-based music usually with a 4/4 time signature using a verse–chorus form, but the genre has become extremely diverse. Like pop music, lyrics often stress romantic love but also address a wide variety of other themes that are frequently social or political.

Tool (band) American alternative metal band

Tool is an American rock band from Los Angeles, California. Formed in 1990, the group's line-up includes drummer Danny Carey, guitarist Adam Jones, and vocalist Maynard James Keenan. Justin Chancellor has been the band's bassist since 1995, replacing their original bassist Paul D'Amour. Tool has won three Grammy Awards, performed worldwide tours, and produced albums topping the charts in several countries.

Contents

The album debuted at No. 2 on the Billboard 200 chart upon its initial release, selling 148,000 copies in its first week. [7] It was certified triple platinum by the RIAA on March 4, 2003. [8] The album appeared on several lists of the best albums of 1996, [9] including that of Kerrang! [10] and Terrorizer . [11] The title track won the Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance in 1998. [12] In 2003, Ænima was ranked the sixth most influential album of all time by Kerrang! [13] Rolling Stone listed the album at No. 18 on its list of The 100 Greatest Metal Albums of All Time. [14]

The Billboard 200 is a record chart ranking the 200 most popular music albums and EPs in the United States. It is published weekly by Billboard magazine. It is frequently used to convey the popularity of an artist or groups of artists. Often, a recording act will be remembered by its "number ones", those of their albums that outperformed all others during at least one week. The chart grew from a weekly top 10 list in 1956 to become a top 200 in May 1967, and acquired its present title in March 1992. Its previous names include the Billboard Top LPs (1961–72), Billboard Top LPs & Tape (1972–84), Billboard Top 200 Albums (1984–85) and Billboard Top Pop Albums.

Recording Industry Association of America Trade organization representing the recording industry in the U.S.

The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) is a trade organization that represents the recording industry in the United States. Its members consist of record labels and distributors, which the RIAA says "create, manufacture and/or distribute approximately 85% of all legally sold recorded music in the United States." The RIAA headquarters is in Washington, D.C.

<i>Kerrang!</i> British magazine about rock and metal music

Kerrang! is a British weekly magazine devoted to rock music and heavy metal music, currently published by Wasted Talent. It was first published on 6 June 1981 as a one-off supplement in the Sounds newspaper. Named after the onomatopoeic word that derives from the sound made when playing a power chord on a distorted electric guitar, Kerrang! was initially devoted to the new wave of British heavy metal and the rise of hard rock acts. In the early 2000s it became the best-selling British music weekly.

Background

Ænima is Tool's first studio album with former Peach bassist Justin Chancellor.

Peach were a metal band from England that originally recorded between 1991 and 1994. The band was renamed Sterling in 1995, and Simon Oakes and Rob Havis later reformed as Suns of the Tundra in 2000.

Justin Chancellor musician, Book and record store owner

Justin Gunnar Walter Chancellor is an English musician formerly in the band Peach but best known as the bass player for progressive metal band Tool. Chancellor is of English and Norwegian descent. After settling in the US, along with his engagement in his musical projects, he and his wife Shelee Dykman Chancellor ran a store called Lobal Orning in Topanga, California, dedicated to music and literature "that shaped and changed" both of them. The store closed in 2008. He started M.T.Void music project with Piotr "Glaca" Mohammed from Sweet Noise. In October 2012, Chancellor featured as bass player on the song "In the Spirit Of..." on The Fusion Syndicate album, released by Cleopatra Records. His track also appears on the 2014 album The Prog Box.

The title Ænima is a combination of the words 'anima' (Latin for 'soul' and associated with the ideas of "life force", and a term often used by psychologist Carl Jung) and 'enema', the medical procedure involving the injection of fluids into the rectum. [15]

The anima and animus are described in Carl Jung's school of analytical psychology as part of his theory of the collective unconscious. Jung described the animus as the unconscious masculine side of a woman, and the anima as the unconscious feminine side of a man, with each transcending the personal psyche. Jung's theory states that the anima and animus are the two primary anthropomorphic archetypes of the unconscious mind, as opposed to both the theriomorphic and inferior function of the shadow archetypes. He believed they are the abstract symbol sets that formulate the archetype of the Self.

Psychology is the science of behavior and mind. Psychology includes the study of conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought. It is an academic discipline of immense scope. Psychologists seek an understanding of the emergent properties of brains, and all the variety of phenomena linked to those emergent properties. As a social science it aims to understand individuals and groups by establishing general principles and researching specific cases.

Carl Jung Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist

Carl Gustav Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology.

Promotional singles were issued, in order of release, for "Stinkfist", "H.", "Ænema" and "Forty-Six & 2" with just the first and third receiving music videos. [16] Several of the songs are short segues or interludes that connect to longer songs, [17] pushing the total duration of the CD towards the maximum of around 80 minutes. These segues are "Useful Idiot", "Message to Harry Manback", "Intermission", "Die Eier von Satan", "Cesaro Summability", and "(-) Ions".

Stinkfist 1996 single by Tool

"Stinkfist" is a song by the American rock band Tool. It is their first industry single and first music video release from their second major label album Ænima.

H. (song) 1997 single by Tool

"H." is a song by the American rock band Tool. The song was released as the second single from their second album, Ænima on March 19, 1997. "H." reached number 23 on the US Mainstream Rock Tracks chart.

Ænema single

"Ænema" is a song by rock band Tool, released as the third single from their third major-label release Ænima. Adam Jones made a video for the song using stop-motion animation; it is included in the Salival boxed set. The song reached number twenty-five on the US Mainstream Rock Tracks chart in August 1997.

Lyrics and themes

The liner notes included references to ketamine producing dissociative anesthesia as well as Timothy Leary, ritual magic, and religious fundamentalism. The band dedicated the album to Bill Hicks (a comedian who the band felt was going in the same direction as them) and said this album to be partly inspired by him. [18] The inside cover displays art featuring a painting of a disabled patient that shows a resemblance to singer Maynard James Keenan and Bill Hicks depicted as a doctor or "healer" with the line, "Another Dead Hero". Lines from Bill Hicks' standup set, "One Good Drug Story" and "The War on Drugs" are sampled before the song "Third Eye".

Ketamine Dissociative medication

Ketamine is a medication mainly used for starting and maintaining anesthesia. It induces a trance-like state while providing pain relief, sedation, and memory loss. Other uses include for chronic pain, sedation in intensive care, and depression. Heart function, breathing, and airway reflexes generally remain functional. Effects typically begin within five minutes when given by injection and last up to about 25 minutes.

Dissociatives are a class of hallucinogen which distort perceptions of sight and sound and produce feelings of detachment – dissociation – from the environment and self. This is done through reducing or blocking signals to the conscious mind from other parts of the brain. Although many kinds of drugs are capable of such action, dissociatives are unique in that they do so in such a way that they produce hallucinogenic effects, which may include sensory deprivation, dissociation, hallucinations, and dream-like states or trances. Some, which are nonselective in action and affect the dopamine and/or opioid systems, may be capable of inducing euphoria. Many dissociatives have general depressant effects and can produce sedation, respiratory depression, analgesia, anesthesia, and ataxia, as well as cognitive and memory impairment and amnesia.

Anesthesia State of medically controlled temporary loss of sensation or awareness

Anesthesia or anaesthesia is a state of controlled, temporary loss of sensation or awareness that is induced for medical purposes. It may include analgesia, paralysis, amnesia, or unconsciousness. A patient under the effects of anesthetic drugs is referred to as being anesthetized.

Demo versions of the songs "Pushit", "Stinkfist", "Ænema", and "Eulogy" were recorded with Paul D'Amour on bass, before he left the band.[ citation needed ] These appeared online in early 2007. D'Amour also worked on "H.", as he is credited as a co-songwriter on ASCAP's website.

Speculation has surrounded the song "H." The "meaning" of this song has seldom been detailed by the band, as they do not regularly comment on such things. However, on several occasions, specifically on November 23, 1996 during a show at the Electric Factory in Philadelphia, Maynard did grant some insight into the meaning of the song. Speaking to the audience, he said, "Any of you ever seen those old Warner Bros. cartoons? Sometimes there's that one where the guy is trying to make a decision, and he's got an angel on one shoulder and the devil on the other. Seems pretty obvious, right? The angel is trying to give him good advice while the devil is trying to get him to do what's bad for him. It's not always that simple, though. A lot of times they're not really angels or devils, but friends giving you advice, looking out for your best interest but not really understanding what's going to be best for you. So it kind of comes down to you. You have to make the decision yourself. This song is called 'H.'" The song was discussed live during a few other shows around this time, one example being on February 23, 1997, when Maynard introduced this song by referring to the shoulder angel and devil, and also said it is about a hurtful yet dependent relationship. [19] In an interview Keenan gave in December 1996, he commented, "My son's name is Devo H. That's all I'll say." It is also of note that the song's working title was "Half Empty", as it was introduced during a mini-tour of California by the band in December 1995.

The track "Useful Idiot" features the sound of the needle skipping at the end of a gramophone record growing louder as the track progresses. The track was set at the end of side 1 of the vinyl versions of Ænima as a joke to fool those who owned the version. The song (on vinyl) not only ends in a locked groove, which requires manual lifting of the needle to end playback, but also continues on the run-in groove of side 2.

"Message to Harry Manback" features calming new-age piano music and the background noises of seagulls while a message from an answering machine plays. The person who leaves the message is reportedly an uninvited Italian houseguest of Keenan's; the guest consumed much of the available food supply and spent much time on the phone. Upon being forced to leave, the guest called "Harry Manback", a pseudonym for Keenan's friend, and launched into a diatribe against him, forming the basis of the message. There was a follow up message that the guest left on the answering machine which became "Message to Harry Manback II", found on Salival.

"Hooker with a Penis" refers to a fan who accused the band of selling out after their first EP. [20] [21] "OGT" is taken to stand for "Original Gangster Tool". [22] Keenan whispers in the left channel throughout the song. At 1:41, "consume, be fruitful, and multiply" may be alluding to Genesis, which contains the phrase "be fruitful and multiply" six times. [23] During Lollapalooza 1997, a version of "Hooker with a Penis" remixed by Billy Howerdel in the form of lounge music played over the public address system between sets. [24]

During 1996 concerts, Maynard told audiences that the song "jimmy" is the sequel to "Prison Sex", and how it's about getting through the abuse. [25] It is preceded by "Intermission", a short organ adaptation of the opening riff of "jimmy".

The fourth, and most controversial segue is the NDH style "Die Eier von Satan". It is introduced by a distorted bassline giving way to a heavy industrial guitar, starting at the :23 mark and lasting only ten seconds, playing a single chord in Drop C tuning over a reversed drum beat in non-isochronal 9
8
meter using an aksak rhythm of 3+2+2+2. The lyrical component of the song is spoken in German by Marko Fox, bass player for ZAUM and SexTapes. He is backed by a sound that resembles a hydraulic press, [26] and crowd cheering and applause that increase in volume as the lyrics are read with increasing ferocity. These combined effects make the song sound like a militant [27] German rant [28] or Nazi rally. [29] While the tone is aggressive, the speaker is merely reciting a recipe for a cannabis edible. [17] [29] The band tried working titles like "The Final Recipe" (playing on Final Solution) and "Holocaust in 9
8
", an allusion to the 1972 Genesis epic "Supper's Ready" and its final sections "Apocalypse in 9
8
" and "As Sure As Eggs Is Eggs".[ citation needed ] The song was originally translated by Gudrun Fox. According to Blair McKenzie Blake, the maintainer of the official Tool website, "Die Eier von Satan" originally were cookies that "Marko Fox's grandmother used to bake for him as a child, without using eggs as an ingredient. The substitution for eggs is a magical incantation from the worm-eaten pages of some moldering grimoire." [30] This magical incantation ("sim salabim bamba sala do saladim") is taken from the German children's song "Auf einem Baum ein Kuckuck" and popularized by Harry August Jansen. [31] According to the lyrics, the special ingredient besides this "incantation" is "a knife-tip of Turkish hashish". The title is a play on deviled eggs, translating to "The eggs of Satan" in English [27] or "The balls of Satan", due to a German double entendre of "eier", which can either mean "eggs" or testicles. While there may not be eggs, "balls" do appear in the form of "ground nuts" (150 grams) while the dough itself is rolled into tiny balls before baking. So far the only time it has been performed live in its entirety was on December 19, 1996 at the Universal Amphitheatre in Los Angeles. [32] The track has been compared to the work of industrial and experimental artists such as Einstürzende Neubauten, Rammstein and Tom Waits. [17] [26] [33] [34]

"Pushit" was titled as a single word to emphasize the ambiguity of the pronunciation in regard to the "s" word (push it on me/push shit on me). An alternate version of "Pushit" was performed live, including an Aloke Dutta tabla solo, and appears on Salival . [35]

The song "Third Eye" contains samples of comedian Bill Hicks. [36] The title may be a reference to Hicks' assertions that psilocybe mushrooms could be used to "squeegee [one's] third eye clean." [37] A goal of the album as a whole was to "open people up in some way and help open their third eye and help them on a path." [38]

"Ænema" makes lyrical references to Bill Hicks' set Arizona Bay, in which the San Andreas fault collapses, purging the continent of Southern California and the Baja Peninsula which would give Arizona its own oceanfront. This is further illustrated in the lenticular map under the CD tray. The alternate spelling for the song emphasizes the "enema" portion of the combined title also used for the album; in this way, it differentiates the meaning of the song (with California's collapse seen as a 'flushing out' for the country) from the meaning of the album (the "anima" emphasis indicating a spiritual, Jungian focus for the album in its entirety) while retaining the song's placement as the title track, though the differing spelling and pronunciation marks a different approach from other Tool albums that are named directly after songs (Opiate,Lateralus and Undertow) or sections of songs (10,000Days).

Many regional versions stated the track times for tracks 3 and 4 in reverse. This is noted on all pressings from Australia, UK, and Europe.

Artwork

The packaging for Ænima was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Recording Package. [39] North American pressings of the album were packaged in a custom lenticular jewel case (called a "Multi-Image CD case" in the liner notes) for the cover and interior disc tray. The cover art and other images in the liner notes can be set behind the lenticular "lens" to create an effect of sequential animation. European pressings of the CD featured a standard case, and the insert contained a catalog of sixteen humorously titled "other albums available by Tool".

The special images used for the lenticular effect are:

Release and reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar half.svg [43]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg [44]
Entertainment Weekly A− [45]
Houston Chronicle Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg [46]
Los Angeles Times Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar half.svg [47]
Robert Christgau Rating-Christgau-dud.svg [48]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide Star full.svgStar full.svgStar half.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svg [49]
USA Today Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg [50]

Upon its release, the album was met with generally favorable reviews by mainstream music critics, citing the band's innovation and ambitions within the album's sound. Rob Theakston of AllMusic gave the album a positive review, stating that "Tool explore the progressive rock territory previously forged by such bands as King Crimson. However, Tool are conceptually innovative with every minute detail of their art, which sets them apart from most bands." [43] Jon Wiederhorn of Entertainment Weekly said that Ænima was "one of 1996's strangest and strongest alt-metal records". [45] David Fricke of Rolling Stone said that the band shoves "their iron-spike riffing and shock-therapy polemics right up the claustrophobic dead end of so-called alternative metal in the name of a greater metaphysical glory", calling it "very admirable" and "even a bit impressive", going on to say that "the best parts of Ænima come when Tool just let the music rip". [51] USA Today 's Edna Gundersen cited it as Tool's best release, adding that the combination of the band's sound combined with the vocal capabilities of frontman Maynard James Keenan creates an album that is "Pandora's toolbox". [50]

Among negative reviews, The Rolling Stone Album Guide was extremely critical of the album, citing its weaknesses especially when compared to the likes of the band's later releases: "With Aenima, the band's ambitions nearly get the best of them. The increasing density of their relentlessly downcast music, augmented by occasional electronic noises, begins to feel ponderous. 'I've been wallowing in my own chaotic insecure delusions,' Maynard James Keenan mutters, and the music indulges him. The claustrophobic production doesn't help." [49]

Accolades

The album appeared on several lists of the best albums of 1996, [9] including that of Kerrang! [10] and Terrorizer . [11] The track "Ænema" won the Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance in 1998. [12] In 2003, Ænima was ranked the 6th most influential album of all time by Kerrang! [13] In 2006, it placed 14th on a Guitar World readers poll that attempted to find the best 100 guitar albums. [52] In 2014, readers of Rhythm voted it the third greatest drumming album in the history of progressive rock. [53]

Track listing

All lyrics written by Maynard James Keenan; all music composed by Adam Jones, Danny Carey, Maynard James Keenan, and Justin Chancellor, unless otherwise noted [54] .

No.TitleMusicLength
1."Stinkfist"Jones, Carey, Keenan, Paul D'Amour 5:11
2."Eulogy"Jones, Carey, Keenan, D'Amour8:28
3."H."Jones, Carey, Keenan, D'Amour6:07
4."Useful Idiot" (instrumental) 0:38
5."Forty Six & 2" 6:04
6."Message to Harry Manback" (spoken word) 1:53
7."Hooker with a Penis" 4:33
8."Intermission" (instrumental) 0:56
9."jimmy" 5:24
10."Die Eier von Satan" (German: "The eggs of Satan") 2:17
11."Pushit"Jones, Carey, Keenan, D'Amour9:55
12."Cesaro Summability" (instrumental) 1:26
13."Ænema" 6:39
14."(-) Ions" (instrumental) 4:00
15."Third Eye" 13:47
Total length:77:18

Samples

Personnel

Production

  • David Bottrill  – keyboards, producer, engineer, mixing
  • Alana Cain – model (contortionist)
  • Cam de Leon  – artwork, computer illustration
  • Fabrico DiSanto – photography, photo assistance
  • Gudrun Fox – translation of "Die Eier von Satan"
  • Adam Jones – production, artwork direction
  • Jeremy Glasgow – assistant percussionist
  • Concetta Halstead – producer, design
  • Billy Howerdel  – guitar tech, 'Pro Tools' technician
  • Joel Larson
  • Karen Mason
  • Jeff Novack – photography
  • Mark Rappaport – effects consultant
  • Keith Willis – artwork
  • Kevin Willis – producer, art direction, paintings

Charts

Album

YearChartPositionNotes
1996 Billboard 200 2140,000 copies sold

Singles

YearSingleChartPosition
1996"Stinkfist" Modern Rock Tracks (U.S.)19
Mainstream Rock Tracks (U.S.)17
1997"H."23
"Ænema"25
"Forty-Six & 2"22

Certifications

On March 4, 2003, the album was certified triple platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America, [8] and has been certified platinum by the ARIA [56] and platinum by MC. [57] The album debuted at No. 2 on the Billboard 200 chart upon its initial release, selling 148,000 copies in its first week of release. [7] As of July 7, 2010, Ænima has sold 3,429,000 copies in the US.

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