Çanakkale Province

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Çanakkale Province

Çanakkale ili
Canakkale in Turkey.svg
Location of Çanakkale Province in Turkey
Coordinates: 40°02′27″N26°33′37″E / 40.04083°N 26.56028°E / 40.04083; 26.56028 Coordinates: 40°02′27″N26°33′37″E / 40.04083°N 26.56028°E / 40.04083; 26.56028
Country Turkey
Region West Marmara
Government
   Electoral district Çanakkale
  Governorİlhami Aktaş
Area
  Total9,737 km2 (3,759 sq mi)
Population
 (2018) [1]
  Total540,662
  Density56/km2 (140/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0286
Vehicle registration 17

Çanakkale Province (Turkish : Çanakkale ili) is a province of Turkey, located in the northwestern part of the country. It takes its name from the city of Çanakkale.

Contents

Like Istanbul, Çanakkale province has a European (Thrace) and an Asian (Anatolia) part. The European part is formed by the Gallipoli (Gelibolu) peninsula, while the Asian part is largely coterminous with the historic region of Troad in Anatolia. They are separated by the Dardanelles strait, connecting the Sea of Marmara and the Aegean Sea.

The archaeological site of Troy is found in Çanakkale province.

History

In the early Turkish Republic, the Çanakkale Province came into existence with the abolition of the Ottoman-era sanjaks of Biga and Gelibolu. According to a population census in 1927, Çanakkale had 8,500 inhabitants, except its neighbouring villages. It is recorded that Çanakkale, which was also called as "Hellespontos" and "Dardanelles" in ancient times, has accommodated to many civilizations for about 3,000 years. Even the Archaic Troy (Troia) city, where was governed by Lydians and destroyed by the devastating earthquake in 2500 BC, has ruins in today. In 336 BC, Persian Empire which became the crucial power in Anatolia and was conducted by Alexander the Great that aimed to extend ancient Greece all over the world, was defeated. Also with the ruin of the Anatolian beylik of Karesi, most of the territory of Canakkale was conquered in the Ottoman era, with the assistance of the castles in remuneration for helping to Byzantine Empire, locating Gelibolu. Afterwards, the Canakkale strait was given to the Ottoman Empire.

The province was included in the Second Inspectorate General on the 19 February 1934 which span over the provinces of Edirne, Çanakkale, Kırklareli, Tekirdağ. [2] It was ruled by an Inspector General who had wide-ranging authorities over civilian, military and educational matters. [3] The office of the Inspectorate-General was abandoned in 1948 [4] but the legal framework of the Inspectorate-Generals was only abolished in 1952, under the Government of the Democrat Party. [5]

Agriculture

The province of Çanakkale is a notable region for viticulture and winemaking in Turkey. The region between Saros Gulf and Gelibolu on the Gallipoli peninsula is cultivated with vineyards. [6] Wine producer "Suvla" is located in Suvla. [7]

Environment

As of 2020 several of the country's coal fired power stations are here, [8] some with smokestack filters which do not meet regulations. [9]

Districts

Districts of Canakkale Canakkale districts.png
Districts of Çanakkale

Çanakkale province is divided into 12 districts (capital district in bold):

See also

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References

  1. "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. Cagaptay, Soner (2006). Islam, Secularism, and Nationalism in Modern Turkey; Who is a Turk. Routledge. p. 47.
  3. Pekesen, Berna (16 December 2019). Florian, Riedler; Kravietz, Birgit (eds.). The Heritage of Edirne in Ottoman and Turkish Times: Continuities, Disruptions and Reconnections. Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. pp. 423–424. ISBN   978-3-11-063908-7.
  4. Bayir, Derya (2016-04-22). Minorities and Nationalism in Turkish Law. Routledge. p. 141. ISBN   978-1-317-09579-8.
  5. Bozarslan, Hamit (2008-04-17). Fleet, Kate; Faroqhi, Suraiya; Kasaba, Reşat; Kunt, I. Metin (eds.). The Cambridge History of Turkey. Cambridge University Press. p. 343. ISBN   978-0-521-62096-3.
  6. Akyol, Cahit (2005-06-04). "İşte Türkiye'nin şaraplık üzüm haritası". Hürriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2015-07-28.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. "Çanakkale'den Yepyeni Bir Şarap Markası: 'Suvla'" (in Turkish). Çanakkale'nin Rehberi. Retrieved 2015-07-28.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. "Polluted Air Takes More Lives Than Traffic Accidents". Sivil Sayfalar (in Turkish). 2020-02-03. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  9. Başkanı, M. M. O.; ki, Termik Santraller İle İlgili Bir Basın Açıklaması Yaptı-Kararara Haber – Güncel Hukuk Haberleri dedi (2020-01-24). "MMO Başkanı, Termik Santraller İle İlgili Bir Basın Açıklaması Yaptı". Enerji Portalı (in Turkish). Retrieved 2020-02-10.