Çorum Province

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Çorum Province
Corum in Turkey.svg
Location of Çorum Province in Turkey
Country Turkey
Region West Black Sea
Subregion Samsun
Government
   Electoral district Çorum
Area
  Total12,820 km2 (4,950 sq mi)
Population
 (2018) [1]
  Total536,483
  Density42/km2 (110/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0364
Vehicle registration 19

Çorum (Turkish : Çorum İli) is a province in the Black Sea Region of Turkey, but lying inland and having more characteristics of Central Anatolia than the Black Sea coast. Its provincial capital is the city of Çorum, the traffic code is 19.

Contents

Geography

The province of Çorum is a mixture of mountains and high plateaus, some of it watered by the Kızılırmak and Yeşilırmak rivers. The province includes much attractive high meadow and mountain for walking and excursions from the city and towns.

Çorum is also known as a Geographical centre of Earth [ dubious ]. In 2003, a revised calculation by Holger Isenberg using the higher resolution ETOPO2 global digital elevation model (DEM) with data points every 2' (3.7 km near equator) led to a more precise result of 40°52′N 34°34′E in the region of Çorum, Turkey (180 km northeast of Ankara) and thereby validated Woods' calculation.[ citation needed ]

Kizilirmak and Taybi plain, Iskilip Taybi Ovasi Kizilirmak.jpg
Kızılırmak and Taybı plain, İskilip
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Average high °C4.26.511.517.421.825.628.929.125.619.512.16.0
Ave. low °C-4.3-3.8-1.13.77.09.812.112.08.74.70.3-2.3
source: www.meteor.gov.tr

History

The Lion Gate at Hattusa. This was one of the city gates. The arc is typical for Hittite architecture. Lion Gate, Hattusa 01.jpg
The Lion Gate at Hattusa. This was one of the city gates. The arc is typical for Hittite architecture.

Excavations reveal that Çorum area was inhabited during the Paleolithic, Neolithic period and the 4th stage of the Calcolithic Age. Remains of these periods have been found at Büyük Güllüce, Eskiyapar and Kuşsaray.

In later times Çorum and its environs were dominated by Hittites and in the district of Boğazkale is one of the most important Hittite sites in Anatolia, the UNESCO World Heritage listed Hattusa, the capital of the Hittite Empire from 1700 BC to 1200 BC. Other important Hittite site include the open-air temples at Yazılıkaya and Alacahöyük; royal tombs; and the excavations of Boğazköy including tablets proving tradings links between the Hittites and the Ancient Egyptians.

Then came the other civilizations: Phrygians, who left remains at Pazarlı, north of Çorum;

Then Cimmerians, Medes, Persians, Galatians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuk Turks, Danishmends, Mongol Empire (Ilkhanids), Eretnids, Kadi Burhan al-Din and finally the Ottoman Empire. As well as the Hittite archaeology the province also contains a number of castles, bridges and mosques from the Seljuk and Ottoman periods.

In 1980, Nationalist Movement Party militants perpetrated the Çorum Massacre against the Alevi Turk minority, killing 57 and injuring more than 200.

Population

Population statistical of subprovinces
Subprovince 1831*18491893190719271950196019701980199020002007
Çorum 10.075*49.05780.97360.75288.056118.536144.569168.985189.748221.699
Alaca ----26.78746.44454.31556.65756.72453.40353.193
Bayat ------22.83627.07831.95736.29430.574
Boğazkale ---------9.9738.190
Dodurga ---------13.55010.439
İskilip 11.450*43.44243.27152.36253.72266.61155.61867.43472.56952.56945.327
Kargı ------31.56432.26131.24726.76220.388
Laçin ---------11.9609.425
Mecitözü --31.928190736.75244.31934.59835.49634.91131.24626.064
Oğuzlar ---------11.1549.083
Ortaköy ------9.58011.01612.42013.07311.820
Osmancık 4.349*17.63929.47329.18433.49442.96053.84963.01852.49053.758
Sungurlu 67.60739.79340.40562.42976.38290.006100.00088.32780.840
Uğurludağ ---------18.11116.265
Total202.601247.602341.353446.389518.366571.831608.660597.065

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References

  1. "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.

Coordinates: 40°33′52″N34°39′50″E / 40.56444°N 34.66389°E / 40.56444; 34.66389