Élémir Bourges

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Élémir Bourges
Elemir Bourges.jpg
Born(1852-03-26)26 March 1852
Manosque, France
Died 13 November 1925(1925-11-13) (aged 73)

Élémir Bourges (26 March 1852, Manosque, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence – 13 November 1925) was a French novelist. A winner of the Goncourt Prize, [1] he was also a member of the Académie Goncourt. Bourges, who accused the Naturalists of having "belittled and deformed man", [2] was closely linked with the Decadent and Symbolist modes in literature. His works, which include the 1884 novel Le Crépuscule des dieux ("the Twilight of the Gods"), were informed by both Richard Wagner and the Elizabethan dramatists.

Manosque Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Manosque is the largest town and commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in southeastern France. However, it is not the préfecture (capital) of the department, which resides in the smaller town of Digne-les-Bains. Manosque is located at the far eastern end of the Luberon near the Durance river.

Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Department of France

Alpes-de-Haute-Provence is a department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in Southeastern France. Formerly part of the province of Provence, it had a population of 161,916 in 2013. Its main cities are Digne-les-Bains (prefecture), Manosque, Sisteron, Barcelonnette, Castellane and Forcalquier. Inhabitants of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence are called the Bas-Alpins or Bas-Alpines referring to the department of Basses-Alpes which was the former name of the department until 1970.

The Société littéraire des Goncourt, usually called the académie Goncourt, is a French literary organization based in Paris. It was founded by the French writer and publisher Edmond de Goncourt (1822–1896). He wanted to create a new way to encourage literature in France, and disagreed with the contemporary policies of the Académie française.




  1. Fitzgerald, Michael C. Making Modernism: Picasso and the Creation of the Market for Twentieth-Century Art. Page 170. University of California Press, 1996.
  2. Lalou, René. Contemporary French Literature. Page 303. A. Knopf, 1924.
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