Éléonore de Bourbon

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Éléonore de Bourbon
Eleonorevanbourbonconde.jpg
Princess consort of Orange
Tenure 23 November 1606 – 20 February 1618
Born(1587-04-30)30 April 1587
Died 20 January 1619(1619-01-20) (aged 31)
Spouse Philip William, Prince of Orange
House Bourbon
Father Henri I de Bourbon, prince de Condé
Mother Charlotte Catherine de La Trémoille

Éléonore de Bourbon (30 April 1587 – 20 January 1619) was the daughter of Henri I de Bourbon and his second wife Charlotte Catherine de la Tremoille. Éléonore's father was a first cousin of King Henry IV of France. She was also the aunt of the scheming Madame de Longueville and le Grand Condé . She died childless.

Henry IV of France first French monarch of the House of Bourbon

Henry IV, also known by the epithet Good King Henry or Henry the Great, was King of Navarre from 1572 and King of France from 1589 to 1610. He was the first monarch of France from the House of Bourbon, a cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty. He was assassinated in 1610 by François Ravaillac, a fanatical Catholic, and was succeeded by his son Louis XIII.

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Life

Éléonore married Philip William of Orange, who was already 51 years old, on 23 November 1606 at the Palace of Fontainebleau.

Philip William, Prince of Orange Prince of Orange

Philip William, Prince of Orange was the eldest son of William the Silent by his first wife Anna van Egmont. He became Prince of Orange in 1584 and Knight of the Golden Fleece in 1599.

Palace of Fontainebleau castle in Fontainebleau, France

The Palace of Fontainebleau or Château de Fontainebleau, located 55 kilometres southeast of the center of Paris, in the commune of Fontainebleau, is one of the largest French royal châteaux. The medieval castle and subsequent palace served as a residence for the French monarchs from Louis VII to Napoleon III. Francis I and Napoleon were the monarchs who had the most influence on the Palace as it stands today.. It is now a national museum and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

On 25 October 1611 it was revealed that the mother of Éléonore and her sister in law Charlotte-Marguerite de Montmorency, wife of Henri II de Bourbon, would travel to The Hague. The States General of the Netherlands decided to present the ladies with a fitting gift, partly from politeness, and partly with the view of Henri II de Bourbon-Condé as a potential future ally.

The Hague City and municipality in South Holland, Netherlands

The Hague is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland. It is also the seat of government of the Netherlands.

It was decided to offer tableware with a worth of 12.000 guilders, a for that time astronomical price. At the initiative of the burgomaster of Haarlem, who was also member of the States General, the linens were bought, partly because Haarlem had an international reputation in this area.

Burgomaster Archaic term for a mayor

Burgomaster is the English form of various terms in or derived from Germanic languages for the chief magistrate or executive of a city or town. The name in English was derived from the Dutch burgemeester. In some cases, Burgomaster was the title of the head of state and head of government of a sovereign city-state, sometimes combined with other titles, such as Hamburg's First Mayor and President of the Senate). Contemporary titles are commonly translated into English as mayor.

Haarlem City and municipality in North Holland, Netherlands

Haarlem is a city and municipality in the Netherlands. It is the capital of the province of North Holland and is situated at the northern edge of the Randstad, one of the most populated metropolitan areas in Europe. Haarlem had a population of 159,556 in 2017. It is a 15-minute train ride from Amsterdam, and many residents commute to the country's capital for work.

The linen damask was specially woven with flower motifs, hunting scenery, biblical representations and images from the classical literature. It was said that the total length of the linen reached almost three kilometers.

When her husband died after a failed medical treatment, Éléonore did not inherit anything, since Philip William had willed all his possessions to his half-brother Maurice of Orange.

She raised her great niece Louise de Bourbon.

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