Érd

Last updated
Érd
Érd Megyei Jogú Város
Minaret (7014. szamu muemlek) 3.jpg
Flag of Erd.svg
Flag
Coat of arms of Erd.svg
Coat of arms
Hungary physical map.svg
Red pog.svg
Érd
Location of Érd
Europe relief laea location map.jpg
Red pog.svg
Érd
Érd (Europe)
Coordinates: 47°22′42″N18°55′19″E / 47.37837°N 18.92200°E / 47.37837; 18.92200 Coordinates: 47°22′42″N18°55′19″E / 47.37837°N 18.92200°E / 47.37837; 18.92200
CountryFlag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
County Pest
District Érd
Government
   Mayor László Csőzik - Hungarian Socialist Party
Area
  Total60.54 km2 (23.37 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)
  Total69,431 [1] Increase2.svg
  Rank 15th in Hungary
  Density1,041.9/km2 (2,699/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
2030
Area code (+36) 23
Motorways M6, M7
Distance from Budapest20.4 km (12.7 mi) Northeast
Website www.erd.hu

Érd (Hungarian:  [eːrd] ; German : Hanselbeck; Croatian : Andzabeg) is a town in Pest County, Budapest metropolitan area, Hungary.

Contents

History

The area has been inhabited since ancient times. Archaeological findings indicate that prehistoric men lived here 50,000 years ago.

Érd itself was first mentioned in documents in 1243. The name comes either from the word erdő ("forest") or from ér ("stream").

During the Ottoman occupation of Hungary, Érd was captured by the Turks in 1543, after the castle of Székesfehérvár fell. The Turks built a motte castle and a mosque here. In these times, the place was called Hamzsabég (Hamzabey). In 1684, the army led by Charles V, Duke of Lorraine defeated the Turks near Érd.

In 1776, Érd became an oppidum (town). It is possible that it already had been oppidum before the Ottoman occupation. In the early 20th century, Érd became the property of the Károlyi family. The town grew, but remained mainly an agricultural town until 1972, when several new facilities were built and the touristic value of Érd grew.

Érd was the fastest-growing locality in Hungary between the 1991 and 2001 censuses (up 30.6%). On November 7, 2005, the Parliament decided that Érd would be granted the rank of city with county rights from the date of the next council election in autumn 2006.

Transport

The mass transit are operated by Volánbusz, with five bus lines. A lot of buses depart to nearby cities, such as Sóskút, Pusztazámor, Százhalombatta, and Budapest.

In the city, there are five railway stations (Érd, Érd alsó, Érd felső, Tétényliget, and Érdliget). Passengers can travel to Budapest, Pécs, Nagykanizsa, etc.

Tourist sights

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1870 3,027    
1880 3,188+5.3%
1890 3,343+4.9%
1900 3,480+4.1%
1910 3,953+13.6%
1920 3,990+0.9%
1930 5,632+41.2%
1941 14,523+157.9%
1949 16,444+13.2%
1960 23,047+40.2%
1970 31,205+35.4%
1980 41,330+32.4%
1990 43,327+4.8%
2001 56,567+30.6%
2011 63,631+12.5%
2020 69,431+9.1%

Population by nationalities:

Population by denominations:

Politics

The current mayor of Érd is László Csőzik (Independent).

The local Municipal Assembly, elected at the 2019 local government elections, is made up of 18 members (1 Mayor, 12 Individual constituencies MEPs and 5 Compensation List MEPs) divided into this political parties and alliances: [2]

PartySeatsCurrent Municipal Assembly
 Opposition coalition [lower-alpha 1] 11M          
  Fidesz-KDNP-Unity6           
 V.É.D.1           

List of mayors

List of City Mayors from 1990: [3]

MemberPartyTerm of office
Béla Harmat MDF-KDNP 1990–2002
Independent
Béla Döcsakovszky MSZP-SZDSZ 2002–2006
András T. Mészáros Fidesz-KDNP2006–2019
László Csőzik MSZP [lower-alpha 1] 2019–

Notable people

Twin towns – sister cities

Érd is twinned with: [4]

Related Research Articles

Budapest Capital of Hungary

Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and the ninth-largest city in the European Union by population within city limits. The city has an estimated population of 1,752,286 over a land area of about 525 square kilometres. Budapest is both a city and county, and forms the centre of the Budapest metropolitan area, which has an area of 7,626 square kilometres and a population of 3,303,786, comprising 33% of the population of Hungary.

Sopron Place in Western Transdanubia, Hungary

Sopron is a city in Hungary on the Austrian border, near Lake Neusiedl/Lake Fertő.

Pécs City with county rights in Southern Transdanubia, Hungary

Pécs is the fifth largest city of Hungary, located on the slopes of the Mecsek mountains in the south-west of the country, close to its border with Croatia. It is the administrative and economic centre of Baranya County. Pécs is also the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pécs.

Miskolc city in Hungary

Miskolc is a city in northeastern Hungary, known for its heavy industry. With a population of 161,265 Miskolc is the fourth largest city in Hungary. It is also the county capital of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén and the regional centre of Northern Hungary.

Zalaegerszeg City with county rights in Zala, Hungary

Zalaegerszeg is the administrative center of Zala county in western Hungary.

Veszprém City with county rights in Central Transdanubia, Hungary

Veszprém is one of the oldest urban areas in Hungary, and a city with county rights. It lies approximately 15 km (9 mi) north of the Lake Balaton. It is the administrative center of the county of the same name.

Szeged City with county rights in Southern Great Plain, Hungary

Szeged is the third largest city of Hungary, the largest city and regional centre of the Southern Great Plain and the county seat of Csongrád-Csanád county. The University of Szeged is one of the most distinguished universities in Hungary.

Eger City with county rights in Heves, Hungary

Eger is the county seat of Heves, and the second largest city in Northern Hungary. Eger is best known for its castle, thermal baths, baroque buildings, the northernmost Ottoman minaret, dishes and red wines. Its population according to the census of 2011 makes it the 19th largest centre of population in Hungary. The town is located on the Eger Stream, on the hills of the Bükk Mountains.

Székesfehérvár City with county rights in Central Transdanubia, Hungary

Székesfehérvár, known colloquially as Fehérvár, is a city in central Hungary, and the country's ninth-largest city. It is the regional capital of Central Transdanubia, and the centre of Fejér county and Székesfehérvár District. The area is an important rail and road junction between Lake Balaton and Lake Velence.

Győr City with county rights in Hungary

Győr is the most important city of northwest Hungary, the capital of Győr-Moson-Sopron County and Western Transdanubia region, and—halfway between Budapest and Vienna—situated on one of the important roads of Central Europe. It is the sixth largest city in Hungary, and one of its seven main regional centres.

Békéscsaba City with county rights in Békés, Hungary

Békéscsaba is a city in Southeast Hungary, the capital of Békés County.

Dunaújváros City with county rights in Fejér, Hungary

Dunaújváros is an industrial city in Fejér County, Central Hungary. The city is best known for its steelworks, which is the largest in the country.

Nagykanizsa City with county rights in Zala, Hungary

Nagykanizsa is a medium-sized city in Zala County in southwestern Hungary.

Szolnok City with county rights in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok, Hungary

Szolnok is the county seat of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok county in central Hungary. Its location on the banks of the Tisza river, at the heart of the Great Hungarian Plain, has made it an important cultural and economic crossroads for centuries.

Tatabánya Urban county

Tatabánya is a city of 65,849 inhabitants in northwestern Hungary, in the Central Transdanubian region. It is the capital of Komárom-Esztergom County.

Csepel District of Budapest in Central Hungary, Hungary

Csepel is the 21st district and a neighbourhood in Budapest, Hungary. Csepel officially became part of Budapest on 1 January 1950.

Újpest District of Budapest in Central Hungary, Hungary

Újpest is the 4th District in Budapest, Hungary. It is located on the left bank of the Danube River. The name Újpest means "new Pest" because the city was formed on the border of the city of Pest, Hungary in 1838. Újpest was a village for 6 decades until 1907 when it became a town. In 1950, the town was unified with Budapest to form Greater Budapest. Since 1950, Újpest is the 4th District of Budapest.

Újbuda District of Budapest in Central Hungary, Hungary

Újbuda is the 11th district of Budapest, Hungary. It is the most populous district of Budapest with 137,426 inhabitants (2008). Until the 1890s, Újbuda's present territory was a field south of the historical town of Buda. The construction of a new residential area started in the 1900s, the present district was formed in 1930. From 1880 to 1980, Újbuda's population increased from 1,180 to 178,960. There are boulevards, avenues with tram lines, and communist-era housing estates in the district. Line 4 of the Budapest metro passes through Újbuda.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Budapest, Hungary.

Belváros-Lipótváros District of Budapest in Central Hungary, Hungary

District V is the heart of Budapest and the political, financial, commercial and touristic center of Hungary. The name of the district is Belváros-Lipótváros, which refers to the two historical neighbourhoods that is located in the district; Belváros and Lipótváros . Inner City is the old town of Pest, while Leopold Town was established in the early 19th century, and became the political and financial centre of Hungary in the early 20th century when the Hungarian Parliament was built. The two neighbourhoods were originally the 4th and 5th districts of Budapest until 1950 when the two districts were merged and number IV was given to Újpest.

References

  1. Érd, KSH
  2. "Városi közgyűlés tagjai 2019-2024 - Érd (Pest megye)". valasztas.hu. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
  3. "Érd Város Önkormányzati Képviselő-testületei a rendszerváltozás óta". sulinet.hu. Retrieved 2019-11-03.
  4. "Testvérvárosaink". erd.hu (in Hungarian). Érd. Retrieved 2020-11-10.
Notes