|• City||1,380.11 km2 (532.86 sq mi)|
|• Urban||49.27 km2 (19.02 sq mi)|
|Elevation||34 m (112 ft)|
|• Density||2,172/km2 (5,630/sq mi)|
|• Metro||196,304 [a]|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
701 xx, 702 xx, 703 xx
|Area code(s)||(+46) 19|
|^ Including Örebro, Kumla, Hallsberg and Lekeberg municipalities.|
Örebro ( // UR-ə-BROO, Swedish: [œrɛˈbruː] (
Örebro is home to Örebro University, a major university hospital, a medieval castle, the water park Gustavsvik as well as several large shopping malls and the Oset-Rynningeviken nature reserve at the lakefront.
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Örebro received its Royal Charter and city privileges not later than 1404.
The name Örebro refers to a bridge (bro) crossing the river Svartån where the city is located. The prefix Öre- is derived from ör 'gravel (bank)'.The location became a natural seat of commerce in the Scandinavian Middle Ages and is mentioned in print in the 13th century. Old buildings from the early days include the foundations of the city church, a building which has undergone several modifications. The natural center of the city is otherwise the magnificent Örebro Castle, situated on an islet in the Svartån, and dividing the town into a northern and a southern part. This castle was constructed during the stewardship of Birger Jarl during the early 13th century and then modified and enlarged during the reign of King Gustav Vasa in the 1560s. The Örebro Synod was held here in 1529.
Notable events in Örebro's history include the national diet meeting at Örebro in 1810, where Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte was elected crown prince of Sweden.
Although a trade town, Örebro remained small until the second half of the 19th century, when it grew rapidly as a center of the national shoe-manufacturing industry (see: History of Närke).
Örebro, like the rest of the area close to Mälardalen, has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) that is made milder by the proximity to water and the Gulf Stream which makes it interchangeable with oceanic climates. Summer temperatures occasionally exceed 30 °C (86 °F) albeit not yearly, and temperatures above 5 °C (41 °F) are rare in winter, although frost-free nights sometimes occur. July high temperatures range from 20 °C (68 °F) to 26 °C (79 °F) depending on weather patterns, with a 2002–2014 mean high of around 23.4 °C (74.1 °F). During cold winters, Örebro receives plenty of snowfall. Örebro is far more prone than coastal areas to really harsh frosts with temperatures approaching or below −20 °C (−4 °F) happening almost every winter according to SMHI statistics. The station's setting in a rural location might skew temperatures somewhat compared to the urban area which is also at a slightly lower elevation and nearer Hjälmaren. Especially when considering overnight lows this could render a small urban heat island effect in the city centre.
However, the climate is very variable from year to year. For example, December 2010 was record cold with a daily mean of −9 °C (16 °F), whilst December 2006 only a few years before had a mean of 4.3 °C (39.7 °F). The warmest month on record is 21.8 °C (71.2 °F) in July 2018 and the coldest on record is −12.8 °C (9.0 °F) in January 1987. Örebro is often without snow cover for large parts of the winter months when daytime temperatures hover just above freezing – an exceptional feature for an inland area north of the 59th parallel.
The highest ever recorded temperature was set on 7 August 1975 during an intense heatwave with 36 °C (97 °F), which is a very high temperature for such northerly parallels. During the 21st century, the record heat is 33.9 °C (93.0 °F) set on 8 August 2018. The lowest recorded temperature in recorded history was set in February 1966 with −30 °C (−22 °F). Several monthly records have been set in the 2010s according to official SMHI statistics, namely the record highs of March, May, July, October, November, December as well as the coldest December temperature and month on record, that was set in 2010. The November record high of 2014 was associated with extremely unseasonal thunderstorms. Humidity is high for most parts of the year, but adequately lower during summer months. In spite of this summer is generally the time that gets the most precipitation due to clashes between hot and cool continental air systems causing heavy thunderstorm rainfall. In 2015, a 13.1 °C (55.6 °F) reading was recorded around the winter solstice, another record and a very warm reading for an inland area.
|Climate data for Örebro Airport (2002–2018 averages; precipitation in the ward of Almby; extremes since 1901)|
|Record high °C (°F)||10.2|
|Mean maximum °C (°F)||6.8|
|Average high °C (°F)||0.4|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−2.5|
|Average low °C (°F)||−5.4|
|Mean minimum °C (°F)||−18.8|
|Record low °C (°F)||−29.6|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||50.6|
|Source 1: SMHI Open Data|
|Source 2: SMHI average data 2002–2018|
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Örebro's old town, Wadköping, is located on the banks of the Svartån (black stream). It contains many 18th and 19th century wooden houses, along with museums and exhibitions. The water tower of Örebro, named Svampen (The Mushroom), is a popular destination as an outlook tower. In 1971, a replica of the tower was built in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. [ citation needed ]
Örebro has hosted a contemporary art exhibition called Open Art on four occasions: in 2008, 2009, 2011 and 2013. In 2013, the exhibition featured works by 90 artists from Sweden and many other countries throughout the world.The fifth edition of the exhibition is planned for the summer of 2015.
Örebro University is one of Sweden's most recent, being upgraded from högskola (university college) in 1999. It currently has around 16,000 students and a staff of 1,100. The institution is regarded as one of the top 351–400 universities in the world.The university is also named among the world's top 100 young universities (number 62) in the 2018 THE Young University Rankings.
Gustavsvik, the largest water park in the Nordic countries, is located just a kilometer south of central Örebro. With more than 700,000 visitors per year, it is one of the most popular tourist and leisure establishments in Sweden. Only Liseberg, Gröna Lund and Skansen are more popular. In the summer the manor of Karlslund is a very popular place to visit.[ citation needed ]
Karlslunds IF is a multi-sports club specialising in American Football, Bandy, Baseball/Softball, Bowling, Football, Gymnastics, Skiing and Swimming.
Örebro is twinned with
Värmland County is a county or län in west central Sweden. It borders the Swedish counties of Dalarna, Örebro and Västra Götaland, as well as the Norwegian counties of Østfold, Akershus and Hedmark to the west. Prince Carl Philip is Duke of Värmland.
Tornio is a city and municipality in Lapland, Finland. The city forms a cross-border twin city together with Haparanda on the Swedish side. The municipality covers an area of 1,348.83 square kilometres (520.79 sq mi), of which 161.59 km2 (62.39 sq mi) is water. The population density is 18.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (48/sq mi), with a total population of 21,837. It borders the Swedish municipality of Haparanda.
Kilsbergen is a low mountainous ridge that separates Närke from Värmland. It is the southernmost extension of the taiga in Scandinavia and shows a flora and fauna that are unusual for the latitude. There are several skiing and hiking facilities in Kilsbergen.
Kilsbergen is especially known for its elk population. It was awarded the 1998 Elk Protection medal by Hans Hoffberg in 1993 and these magnificent beasts continue to thrive in the area.
Karlstad is a city, the seat of Karlstad Municipality, the capital of Värmland County, and the largest city in the province Värmland in Sweden. The city had 61,492 inhabitants in 2015 with 90,882 inhabitants in the wider municipality in 2017, and is the 21st biggest municipality in Sweden. Karlstad has a university and a cathedral.
Sollefteå is a locality and the seat of Sollefteå Municipality in Västernorrland County, Sweden with 8,562 inhabitants in 2010.
Vänersborg is a locality and the seat of Vänersborg Municipality, Västra Götaland County, Sweden with 23,882 inhabitants Until 1997 it was the capital of Älvsborg County, which was dissolved in 1998. Since 1999 Vänersborg has been the seat of the regional parliament of Västra Götaland County. The city is located on the southern shores of lake Vänern, close to where the river Göta älv leaves the lake.
Västerås is a city in central Sweden on the shore of Lake Mälaren in the province of Västmanland, 100 kilometres west of Stockholm. The city had a population of 119,372 in 2016, out of the municipal total of 150,000 (2017). Västerås is the seat of Västerås Municipality, the capital of Västmanland County and an episcopal see.
Falun is a city and the seat of Falun Municipality in Dalarna County, Sweden, with 37,291 inhabitants in 2010. It is also the capital of Dalarna County. Falun forms, together with Borlänge, a metropolitan area with close to 100,000 inhabitants.
IFK Eskilstuna is a Swedish football club located in Eskilstuna in Södermanland County. In their early seasons IFK had a proud record as an Allsvenskan club but they now play in Division 3 Vastra Svealand, which is the fifth tier of Swedish football.
Målilla is a locality situated in Hultsfred Municipality, Kalmar County, Sweden with 1,524 inhabitants in 2010.
Landsort is a Swedish village with a lighthouse on the island of Öja. The village has around 30 permanent residents.
Österforse is a locality situated in Sollefteå Municipality, Västernorrland County, Sweden with 204 inhabitants in 2010.
Ritsem, among other things has a hydroelectric plant(320MW,160m) which is located where the lake Sitasjaure falls into Akkajaure by a constructed tunnel(16 km made by:"Swedish state powerboard"Vattenfall""). The location also has a camp used by the Sami people, and there is even a mountain cabin and Caravan camp run by the Svenska Turistföreningen. The cabin is mostly used by tourists who are traveling to/from Northern Padjelanta and Northern Sarek and are using the ferry across Akkajaure.
Karlslunds IF HFK is a Swedish football club located in Örebro.
Adolfsbergs IK is a Swedish football club located in Örebro in Örebro County.
Boris René Lumbana Kapasa is a Congolese-born Swedish footballer and an alternative pop musician, using the stage name Boris René. Boris is currently playing for the Swedish football team GAIS.
Samuel Mensiro is a Ghanaian footballer who plays for Östersunds FK as a defender.
The summer of 2014 in Sweden was unusually warm, especially in the northern parts of the country. July was the warmest ever month on record in the north-west.
Sweden had a very unusual start and finish to the year 2010, with two consecutive winter cold waves occurring in a single calendar year. Since both events were notable, both are covered in this article.
Bjuröklubb is a peninsula hosting a lighthouse and a nature reserve on the Bothnian Bay in Skellefteå Municipality in Västerbotten County in northern Sweden.
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|Wikisource has the text of the Encyclopaedia Britannica (9th ed.) article Örebro .|
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