Ørestad

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Ørestad
Orestad, Copenhagen skyline .jpg
Developing skyline of Ørestad
Country Denmark
Region Capital Region
Municipality Copenhagen
District Amager Vest
Area
  Total3.1 km2 (1.2 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
  Total15,500 [1]
  Density5,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Website Ørestad

Ørestad (Danish pronunciation:  [ˈøːɐstæð] ) is a developing city area in Copenhagen, Denmark, on the island of Amager. When the area was planned it was expected that 20,000 people would live in Ørestad, 20,000 would study, and 80,000 people would be employed in the area. However, so far the area has failed to attract even half of those numbers. [2] The area is being developed using the new town concept with the Copenhagen Metro as the primary public transport grid, connecting the area with the rest of Metropolitan Copenhagen.

Contents

Ørestad is noted for its attractive location and excellent infrastructure, which apart from the metro includes the Øresund Railway and Copenhagen Airport, as well as the nearby Øresund Bridge. The regional Oresundtrains reach Copenhagen Airport in six minutes, Copenhagen Central Station in seven, and 29 minutes to Central Station in Malmö, Sweden's third largest city. Ørestad has once been referred to as "the largest crossroad in Scandinavia". [3] However, Ørestad has also been criticized heavily for its modernist planning approach, focusing exclusively on real estate development and infrastructure connections. This has resulted in wide, open spaces that are void of any human life. The plans for the area have been remade several times to account for such mistakes, but so far without much success. [2]

Ørestad is divided into four districts: Ørestad Nord, Amager Fælled kvarteret, Ørestad City and Ørestad Syd. Among the most notable institutions located in Ørestad are the DR Village, the headquarters of the national Danish broadcaster DR, Copenhagen Concert Hall designed by Jean Nouvel, Field's, the largest shopping mall in Denmark, and Bella Center, the largest exhibition and conference center in Scandinavia, with Bella Sky Hotel, the largest hotel in Scandinavia.

Geography

The area of Ørestad is 3.1 square kilometres (1.2 square miles), being about 600 metres (2,000 feet) wide and 5 kilometres (3.1 miles) long. The central part of Ørestad, Ørestad City, is located 4.5 km (2.8 mi) west of Copenhagen Airport Kastrup and 5 km (3 mi) south of Copenhagen city centre.

Ørestad borders Islands Brygge to the north, Tårnby to the east, and the extensive Kalvebod Commons to the west.

History

Historical population
YearPop.±%
2004100    
2005375+275.0%
20061,739+363.7%
20073,377+94.2%
20085,410+60.2%
20095,610+3.7%
20106,142+9.5%
20116,839+11.3%
20127,445+8.9%
201915,500+108.2%

The legislation regarding Ørestad was enacted in 1992 because the unused areas were regarded as being too valuable. Ørestad Development Corporation (Ørestadsselskabet I/S) was founded March 11, 1993 to manage the growth of the city district. The corporation is owned 55% by Copenhagen municipality and 45% by the Ministry of Finance. The development is expected to take 20 to 30 years at a cost of about €175 million, and it is expected that 20,000 people will live in Ørestad, 20,000 will study, and 80,000 people will be employed in the area.

At the beginning of 2008, 53% of the area had been sold.

The winning project of an international architectural competition held in 1994 revealed an overall masterplan for Ørestad, dividing the area into four districts. The Finnish design office APRT and Danish KHR Arkitekter established a joint-venture and presented a final plan in 1997.

The first office building was completed in 2001. The first residential buildings were completed three years later. Currently, there are more than 3000 flats as well as 192,100 m2 (2,067,747 sq ft) of office space in Ørestad. In addition, a total of 13 buildings are under construction.

Areas in Ørestad

Since the turn of the millennium, a total of 65 buildings have been built, including more than 3000 flats, 71,400 m2 (768,543 sq ft) for educational use and 65,000 m2 (699,654 sq ft) of retail stores in the whole of Ørestad.

Ørestad North

The Faculty of Humanities by the University Canal Nyekua.jpg
The Faculty of Humanities by the University Canal

Ørestad North is the most developed of the four areas of Ørestad. It is developed according to a masterplan by KHR Arkitekter from 1997 around a central "village green", the Landscape Canal and the north-south-oriented University Canal.

Major institutions in the area include the DR Byen, which includes the Copenhagen Concert Hall, and several educational facilities such as the IT University of Copenhagen and University of Copenhagen's Southern Campus.There are around 1,000 residential units in Ørestad North, half which are student housing in Tietgenkollegiet and Bikuben Kollegiet.

Amager Fælled

The protected Amager Fælled district remains largely undeveloped.

Ørestad City

Residential building in Orestad City, by Tegnestuen Vandkunsten architects Vandkunsten orestaden 2007.jpg
Residential building in Ørestad City, by Tegnestuen Vandkunsten architects

Ørestad City is the area in Ørestad which has seen the most new construction since 2001 when the Ferring Tower was completed as the first building. The dominating features in the area include the Field's shopping mall and the Bella Center convention and exhibition center. In 2006, Daniel Libeskind created a master plan for the remaining area of Ørestad City, referred to as Ørestad Down Town, located between Field's and Center Boulevard. In 2009, the 709-room Cab Inn Metro Hotel was completed to the design of Libeskind as the first building in this project.

Ørestad City has seen considerable construction of residential buildings since 2003, most of which are centered around Byparken. The most distinctive residential buildings in the area are the VM Houses and Mountain Dwellings by Bjarke Ingels and Julien De Smedt, while another noteworthy building is Ørestad College by 3XN.

Ørestad South

Ørestad South will be dominated by large-scale commercial buildings in the northern part and residential developments in the southern part. A new headquarters for international consulting firm Ramboll and the Crowne Plaza Copenhagen Towers hotel, part of the Copenhagen Towers development, are located just south of the Øresund highway. Both are designed by Dissing + Weitling. In the southernmost part of Ørestad South the 57,000 square kilometres (22,000 square miles) mixed-use building 8 House by Bjarke Ingels Group and the residential building Stævnen by Wilhelm Lauritzen Arkitekter are located.

Future development

Mikado Plads in front of Mikado House, designed by Arkitema and completed in 2010 IT University of Copenhagen - outside space.jpg
Mikado Plads in front of Mikado House, designed by Arkitema and completed in 2010

Within the next 5 years the remaining three building sites in Ørestad Nord are expected to go under construction.

Only eight building sites remain to be built in Ørestad City apart from the so-called Libeskind site situated west and south of Field's. The masterplan for this 187,000 m2 (2,012,851 sq ft) area was revealed in 2006 and suggests a significant all-curved complex consisting of some 11 office buildings including a 704-room Cab Inn Metro hotel and two 20-storey office/hotel buildings. There will be a central square and a partly glass-roofed arcade. Construction began late 2007 and will go on for the next 5–10 years.

The district plan for Ørestad South was approved in 2005. The overall master plan follows the initial design as seen in the winning proposal of 1997. Apart from the Copenhagen Towers complex adjacent to the motorway, two other master plans for two other complexes have been presented: One by Niels Torp for Ørestad Business Center and one by KHR arkitekter for The Hannemannsparken complex. All together these three complexes, situated just south of the motorway, will consist of some 285,000 m2 (3,067,714 sq ft) of office space. Construction of the Copenhagen Towers started late 2007.

Copenhagen Arena, a multi-use indoor arena, is under construction in Ørestad Syd, planned to be opened in 2016. [4] A new school is also planned to open in 2015 as the Ørestad school reaches projected capacity.

Transport

The main arterial road from the north to the south is Ørestads Boulevard which runs along the southern part of the Copenhagen Metro line M1. The Øresund motorway E20 and the Øresund railway cuts through Ørestad, separating the two districts Ørestad City and Ørestad Syd. To the east the airport and the fixed railway and motorway link to Malmö can be reached within few minutes.

Ørestad Station is the main railway station in the area and is served by regional as well as inter-city trains on the Øresund Line. Copenhagen Airport can be reached in five minutes and Copenhagen Central Station can be reached in seven minutes. It offers interchange with the Copenhagen Metro line M1, serving the rest of Ørestad as well as an alternative link to Copenhagen City Centre. The metro has six stops in Ørestad: Islands Brygge and DR Byen in the Ørestad Nord district, Sundby in the Amager Fælled district, Bella Center and Ørestad in the Ørestad City district and Vestamager in the Ørestad Syd district.

In addition, bus lines serve the Faculty of Humanities of the University, Bella Center, Ørestad City and Ørestad Syd. Bus stops in Ørestad City are along Ørestads Boulevard.

Related Research Articles

Amager island in the Øresund

Amager in the Øresund is Denmark's most densely populated island, with almost 200,000 inhabitants on the small appendix to Zealand. The protected natural area of Naturpark Amager makes up more than one-third of the island's total area of 96 km2.

The Copenhagen Metro is a 24/7 rapid transit system in Copenhagen, Denmark, serving the municipalities of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, and Tårnby.

Urban area of Copenhagen urban area of Copenhagen, Denmark (see also Q833754, Copenhagen metropolitan area)

The urban area of Copenhagen, lying mostly in the Capital Region of Denmark but also in Region Zealand, consist of Copenhagen and Frederiksberg municipalities and the former Copenhagen County, except for the municipalities Høje-Taastrup and Ledøje-Smørum. In all, it consists of 18 municipalities, and except parts of Ballerup, Greve, Ishøj, former Søllerød and former Værløse, mentioned with their population included from 2007. Ishøj and Greve Strand are included for the first time since 1999. As of 1 January 2016, this area had a population of 1,280,371. Statistics Denmark states that the definition of the urban area is based on UN's 200m definition.

M1 (Copenhagen) line of the Copenhagen Metro

M1 of the Copenhagen Metro, colored green on the map, runs from Vanløse to Vestamager. It connects the Ørestad neighborhood of Copenhagen, Denmark, to the city center. The line is elevated while traveling through Ørestad, while it runs in a tunnel below the city center. From Christianshavn to Vanløse, the line is shared with M2.

M2 (Copenhagen) line of the Copenhagen Metro

M2 is a line of the Copenhagen Metro, colored yellow on the map. It runs from Vanløse to Lufthavnen through the center of Copenhagen, sharing track with the M1 from Vanløse to Christianshavn. The line was built along with M1 as part of the redevelopment of Ørestad. The principle of the line was passed in 1992, and construction commenced in 1998. The line opened in several stages between 2002 and 2007. It is owned by Metroselskabet and operated by Metro Service, and operates with a headway between four and twenty minutes.

Islands Brygge Station Copenhagen metro station

Islands Brygge is a rapid transit station of the Copenhagen Metro in Copenhagen, Denmark. The first station on the M1 Line after its split from the M2 Line at Christianshavn, it is located in zone 1 in the northwestern section of the island of Amager.

Ørestad Station Copenhagen metro station

Ørestad is a junction station served by both the Copenhagen Metro and regional trains in Copenhagen, Denmark. The penultimate stop of the M1 Line, it is located in zone 3 in the west-central section of the island of Amager.

Vestamager Station Copenhagen metro station

Vestamager is a rapid transit station of the Copenhagen Metro in Copenhagen, Denmark. The terminus of the M1 line, it is located in zone 3 in the southwestern section of the island of Amager.

Bella Center Danish conference venue

Bella Center is Scandinavia's second largest exhibition and conference center, and is located in Copenhagen, Denmark. Located in Ørestad between the city centre and Copenhagen Airport, it offers an indoor area of 121,800 square metres (1,311,000 sq ft) and has a capacity of 20,000 people.

Kalvebod Fælled

Kalvebod Fælled, also known as Vestamager, takes up roughly one fourth of the island of Amager near Copenhagen, Denmark.

Tårnby station railway station in Tårnby Municipality, Denmark

Tårnby station is an underground railway station on the Øresund Line. It is located in Tårnby, on the island of Amager. Tårnby is a municipality of its own, but its build-up parts are included in Copenhagen's urban area. Travels from this station are included in the common ticket system in and around Copenhagen. Departures take place every approximately 10 minutes in both directions. The station building is owned by Sund & Bælt. There are two tracks located at an island platform which is 320 metres long, around 15 metres wide and its tracks are located at a depth of 6 metres below the surrounding ground level.

Tårnby town in Denmark

Tårnby is a town in Denmark, the seat of Tårnby Municipality in the Capital Region of Denmark. It is located approximately 6.5 kilometres (4.0 mi) south of central Copenhagen on the island of Amager. Neighbouring settlements include the Copenhagen suburb of Sundbyvester to the north and Kastrup to the south. Copenhagen Airport is situated to the east of Tårnby. It includes the islets Saltholm and Peberholm.

Finger Plan

The Finger Plan is an urban plan from 1947 which provides a strategy for the development of the Copenhagen metropolitan area, Denmark. According to the plan, Copenhagen is to develop along five 'fingers', centred on S-train commuter rail lines, which extend from the 'palm', that is the dense urban fabric of central Copenhagen. In between the fingers, green "wedges" are intended to provide land for agriculture and recreational purposes.

Amager Vest Place in Copenhagen, Denmark

Amager Vest is one of the ten administrative districts of Copenhagen Denmark. It located on in the north-western part of the island of Amager, the largest island in the Øresund. The district is bordered by Amager Øst to the east along Amagerbrogade, the main shopping street and thoroughfare of the part of Copenhagen. Amager Vest is the largest of the ten new official administrative districts of Copenhagen, but has at the same time the smallest population. Only the most northern part can be considered as "urban area".

Kastrup Værk pottery and tile works in Kastrup

Kastrup Værk was a pottery and tile works in Kastrup, now a suburb of Copenhagen, on the Danish island of Amager.

Crowne Plaza Copenhagen Towers

Crowne Plaza Copenhagen Towers is a hotel in the Ørestad city area of Copenhagen. It is renowned for being the first hotel in Denmark that generates all of its power from renewable sources.

Scanport is a mixed use development on the east coast of Amager, just north of Copenhagen Airport, in Copenhagen, Denmark.

South Campus (University of Copenhagen)

The South Campus is one of University of Copenhagen's four campuses in Copenhagen, Denmark. It is situated on Amager just south of Njalsgade, between Ørestad Boulevard and Amager Fælledvej, forming the northernmost part of Ørestad. It is home to the Faculty of Humanities which will later be joined by the Faculty of Theology and the Faculty of Law. Once completed, the campus will be home to about 12,000 students and researchers.

Havneholmen, Copenhagen area in the harbor of Copenhagen

Havneholmen is a mixed-use development located on reclaimed land off Kalvebod Brygge in the harbor of Copenhagen, Denmark. It is located just east of the shopping centre Fisketorvet from which it is separated by a narrow canal, although it is annexed to mainland Kalvebod Brygge at its southern end.

BC Hospitality Group is a hospitality group based in Copenhagen, Denmark. It is the owner and operator of the Bella Center convention centre as well as a number of hotels.

References

  1. Copenhagen growing BY&HAVN Retrieved 2012-05-27
  2. 1 2 Majoor, Stan (2 December 2015). "Urban Megaprojects in Crisis? Ørestad Copenhagen Revisited". European Planning Studies. 23 (12): 2497–2515. doi:10.1080/09654313.2015.1014780.
  3. "Første spadestik til milliardbyggeri i Ørestad Syd". Building Supply. Retrieved 2009-10-21.
  4. "Project Plan". Copenhagen Arena official website. Retrieved 3 May 2014.

Coordinates: 55°37.7′N12°34.6′E / 55.6283°N 12.5767°E / 55.6283; 12.5767