Ústí nad Labem Region

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Ústí nad Labem Region

Ústecký kraj
Labe u Lovosic.jpg
Flag of Usti nad Labem Region.svg
Flag
Usti nad Labem Region CoA CZ.svg
Coat of arms
Ustecky kraj in Czech Republic.svg
Coordinates: 50°31′N13°51′E / 50.51°N 13.85°E / 50.51; 13.85 Coordinates: 50°31′N13°51′E / 50.51°N 13.85°E / 50.51; 13.85
Country Czech Republic
Capital Ústí nad Labem
Districts Děčín District, Litoměřice District, Louny District, Most District, Teplice District, Ústí nad Labem District
Government
  GovernorIng. Jan Schiller (ANO 2011)
Area
  Total5,334.52 km2 (2,059.67 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,113 m (3,652 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01 [1] )
  Total820,965
  Density150/km2 (400/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code CZ-US
Vehicle registration U
Website www.kr-ustecky.cz

Ústí nad Labem Region or Ústecký Region (Czech : Ústecký kraj, German : Region Aussig), is an administrative unit (Czech : kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the north-western part of the historical land of Bohemia, and named after the capital, Ústí nad Labem. It covers the majority of the former North Bohemia province (Czech : Severočeský kraj) and is part of the broader area of North Bohemia.

Contents

The region borders the regions of Liberec (east), Central Bohemia (south), Plzeň (southwest), Karlovy Vary (west) and the German region of Saxony to the north.

The Ústí region comprises a range of very different types of landscape. Between the high escarpment of the Ore Mountains (Czech : Krušné hory) range and the Bohemian Central Uplands with many volcanic hills, there are vast areas devastated by surface coal mining (the North Bohemian Basin), partly being recultivated into an artificial landscape with ponds, plains and groves. The Elbe river runs through the Central Uplands in a winding gorge of the Porta Bohemica. The southern part of the region, Polabí, is flat and fertile, while in the northeast are the sandstone formations of Bohemian Switzerland, including the monumental Pravčická brána, a natural sandstone arch.

The geographical location of the area, between Prague and Germany, has been a significant factor in the region’s development. [2]

Administrative divisions

The Ústí nad Labem Region is divided into 7 districts:

Usti nad Labem districts.png
Districts of Ústí nad Labem Region
   Chomutov
   Děčín
   Litoměřice
   Louny
   Most
   Teplice
   Ústí nad Labem

The districts are further subdivided into 16 ORP districts (administrative districts of the municipalities with extended competence).

Population

As of 1 January 2019, the region had 820,789 inhabitants, the fifth most populous in the Czech Republic. The population density is higher than the national average, and the region is the fourth most densely populated in the country. The most densely populated areas of the region are the areas on the brown coal basin while areas with a lower population density are the Ore Mountains and the Louny District and Litoměřice District, which predominantly contain smaller country settlements. The largest municipality is Ústí nad Labem, the region's seat, with 92,952 inhabitants.

The Ústí nad Labem region has the third youngest population; the average age is 42.0 years. The Ústí nad Labem Region ranks second-highest in the Czech Republic in the number of live births per 1,000 inhabitants, alongside the Liberec Region (11.5), but also has one of the highest mortality rates (10.6 deaths per 1,000 inhabitants). The Ústí nad Labem Region ranks second nationally in the number of divorces per 1,000 inhabitants (3.4) and first in the number of abortions per 100 live births (47.5).

The region has 46 cities and towns, in which 80.7% of its inhabitants reside, and 354 villages. 54% of the region's villages have a population greater than 500, but only 5.8% of the region's inhabitants live there. [2]

The composition of the population according to nationality is:

Cities and towns

The table shows cities and towns in the region that had more than 10,000 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2019). [3]

NamePopulationArea (km²) District
Flag of Usti nad Labem.svg Ústí nad Labem 92,95294 Ústí nad Labem
Flag of Most.svg Most 66,18687 Most
Flag of Teplice.svg Teplice 49,57524 Teplice
Flag of Decin.svg Děčín 48,809118 Děčín
Chomutov prapor.gif Chomutov 48,72029 Chomutov
Litomerice CZ flag.svg Litoměřice 24,00118 Litoměřice
Flag of Litvinov.svg Litvínov 23,88441 Most
Flag of Jirkov.svg Jirkov 19,29917 Chomutov
Znakzatec.jpg Žatec 19,13343 Louny
Flag of Louny.svg Louny 18,35124 Louny
Flag of Kadan.svg Kadaň 18,20266 Chomutov
Flag of Bilina.svg Bílina 17,16632 Teplice
Flag of Varnsdorf.svg Varnsdorf 15,29726 Děčín
Kno prapor.gif Klášterec nad Ohří 14,53354 Chomutov
Roudnice nad Labem CZ flag.svg Roudnice nad Labem 12,96717 Litoměřice
Flag of Krupka.svg Krupka 12,62447 Teplice
Flag of Rumburk.svg Rumburk 11,08225 Děčín

Other significant towns and villages of the Ústí nad Labem Region

Geography

Ceske stredohori Dolni Zalezly Sebuzin CZ from Mlynaruv kamen 085.jpg
České středohoří

The total area of the region is 5,335 km2, 6.8% of the territory of the Czech Republic. The region's geography is very diverse.

The area along the German borders is dominated by the Ore Mountains (Czech : Krušné hory), the sandstone rocks of Labe (Czech : Labské pískovce) and the Lužice Mountains. The Ore Mountains are very old and formed of volcanic rocks or Palaeozoic schist.

In contrast, the south-eastern part of the region is formed by the plains that originate from Mesozoic era (Czech Cretaceous Formation, Czech : Česká křídová tabule). The Bohemian Central Uplands (Czech : České Středohoří) and Říp Mountain (which is, according to legend, associated with the earliest Czech ancestors arriving in Bohemia) are both located in this area. The Bohemian Central Uplands originated from volcanic activity in the Tertiary.

The highest point of the region (1225 m) lies on the hillside of Klínovec, which is the highest peak of the Ore Mountains. However, the top of the mountain is located in the territory of the Karlovy Vary Region. Not taking into account the bottoms of surface mines, the lowest point of the region, and the whole country, is the surface of the Elbe River at Hřensko, at 115 metres above sea level .

The Elbe River is the largest watercourse in the region. Other main rivers in the region include Ohře (Eger), Bílina, Ploučnice and Kamenice, all tributaries of the Elbe. The largest water area is the Nechranice reservoir built on the Ohře River in the western part of the region. The region also contains a number of mineral and thermal springs. [4]

Economy

SHD Most tower in Most Budova SHD Most.JPG
SHD Most tower in Most

In 2010, the region's gross domestic product accounted for 6.6% of the national GDP. The regional GDP per capita was 83.4% of the national average. The regional employment is approximately 362,000 people. In 2013, the average wage in the region was CZK 22,172 (EUR 870). The unemployment rate was 11%. [5]

The Ústecký Region is one of the most industrialized areas in Central Europe. The economy used to be based on metallurgy and the chemical industry, though is now more diverse. The region's traditional branches of industry are chemicals and petrochemicals, engineering and thermal energy. [6] Historically, the economic importance of the Ústí nad Labem Region lay in its reserves of raw materials, especially deposits of brown coal, quality glass and foundry sands and building stone. The brown coal basin stretches under the hillsides of the Ore Mountains from Ústí nad Labem to Kadaň.

The region is part of the Black Triangle, an area of heavily industrialization and environmental damage on the three-way border of Poland, Germany, and the Czech Republic. [7]

The region contains a number of distinct economic regions. An area with highly developed industrial production is concentrated in the foothills of the Ore Mountains (the Chomutov, Most, and Teplice Districts, and part of the Ústí nad Labem District). Important economic sectors include the energy industry, coal mining, mechanical engineering, and chemical and glass industry. The area around Litoměřice and Louny is known for the production of hops and vegetables. The areas along the Elbe River and Ohře River are well-known fruit growing regions and are sometimes referred to as the Garden of Bohemia. Recently, the area around Most has become known as a wine-growing region, in which wine is grown mainly on lands that were reclaimed after brown coal mining. The sparsely-populated area of the Ore Mountains has limited economic activities. Similarly, the area of Děčín is neither a heavy industrial nor an agricultural area.

In recent years the region has been experiencing an influx of foreign investment in various sectors, including the automotive, chemical, engineering, electrical engineering and food industries. The focus is shifting towards light industry and is becoming more environmentally friendly. [6]

Among the largest employers of the region are coal-mining companies Mostecká uhelná společnost and Severočeské doly, Chemopetrol (a petrochemical company), and Krajská zdravotní, a.s. (a healthcare provider). [4]

Agricultural land covers nearly 52% of the region’s area, forests 30% and water areas 2%. [4] Agricultural production is focused on hops, fruits and vegetables.

Transportation

Ústí nad Labem Region is crossed by railway lines connecting Berlin via Prague to Vienna or Budapest, as well as the Elbe (Czech : Labe) water way. The region is also crossed by the D8 motorway, which connects Prague with the German border, and the I/13, connecting Karlovy Vary Region with Chomutov, Most, Teplice, Ústí nad Labem, Děčín and Liberec Region.

Places of interest

See also

Related Research Articles

Chomutov Statutory city in Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic

Chomutov is a city in the Czech Republic, in the Ústí nad Labem Region. Chomutov has been a statutory city since 1 July 2006. It occupies an area of 29.26 km² and has almost 50,000 inhabitants. There are almost 80,000 inhabitants in the city's wider metropolitan area.

Ústí nad Labem Statutory city in Czech Republic

Ústí nad Labem is a city in the Czech Republic. It has about 92,000 inhabitants. It is the capital of its eponymous region and district. It is a major industrial centre and, besides being an active river port, is an important railway junction.

Děčín Statutory city in Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic

Děčín is a city in the Ústí nad Labem Region in the north of the Czech Republic. It is the largest municipality and administrative seat of the Děčín District. From 1938 to 1945 it was one of the municipalities in Sudetenland, then controlled by Nazi Germany.

Ohře River in Germany and the Czech Republic

The Ohře or, slightly less commonly in English sources, the Eger, is a 316 km river in Germany (50 km) and the Czech Republic (266 km), left tributary of the Elbe. The river's catchment area is 5,588 km2, of which 4,601 km2 is in the Czech Republic, 920 km2 in Bavaria and 67 km2 in Saxony. It is the fourth-longest river in the Czech Republic.

Hřensko Municipality in Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic

Hřensko is a municipality and village in Děčín District in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 300 inhabitants.

Děčín District District in Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic

Děčín District is one of seven districts (okres) located within the Ústí nad Labem Region in the Czech Republic. Its capital is the city of Děčín.

Bílina (river)

The Bílina rises on the slopes of the Ore Mountains in the Czech Republic, north of Chomutov. The river flows between the Czech Central Mountains and the Ore Mountains to the north-east, and empties into the Elbe in Ústí nad Labem.

České Středohoří

The České středohoříCentral Bohemian Uplands or Central Bohemian Highlands – is a mountain range located in northern Bohemia in the Czech Republic. The range is about 80 km long, extending from Česká Lípa in the northeast to Louny in the southwest and from Litoměřice in the south to Děčín in the north, and is intersected by the river Elbe. The mountains, which are of volcanic origin, have distinctively sharp solitary peaks.

Litoměřice District District in Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic

Litoměřice District is one of seven districts (okres) located within the Ústí nad Labem Region in the Czech Republic. Its capital is the town of Litoměřice.

Jílové Town in Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic

Jílové is a town in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 5,200 inhabitants.

Klášterec nad Ohří Chateau Building in the Czech Republic

The Chateau at Klášterec nad Ohří is a chateau on the left bank of the Ohře River, in the northwestern part of the historical region of Bohemia. It is in Klášterec nad Ohří of the Ústí nad Labem Region in the Czech Republic. The chateau complex, acquired in 1621 by the Thun und Hohenstein family, is a prominent landmark in the town's recently restored historic urban conservation area.

Krabčice Municipality in Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic

Krabčice is a municipality and village in Litoměřice District in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 900 inhabitants.

Měcholupy (Louny District) Market town in Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic

Měcholupy is a market town in Louny District in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 1,000 inhabitants.

North Bohemia

North Bohemia, is a region in the north of the Czech Republic.

The Euroregion Elbe/Labe is one of the Euroregions with German and Czech participation. The purpose of the community of municipal interests is cross-border cooperation on a supranational level. The term is used to refer to both the organization and the geographical area of its operation.

References

  1. "Population of territorial units of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  2. 1 2 "The Usti Region". Ústecký kraj Official website. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
  3. "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  4. 1 2 3 Characteristics of the Ústecký Region, Available online at: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-13. Retrieved 2013-10-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. Charakteristika kraje, Available online at: http://www.czso.cz/xu/redakce.nsf/i/charakteristika_kraje
  6. 1 2 "Usti nad Labem". Czech Invest. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
  7. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-04-13. Retrieved 2014-04-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) page 9