Łódź Voivodeship

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Łódź Voivodeship

Województwo łódzkie
POL wojewodztwo lodzkie 1 flag.svg
Flag
POL wojewodztwo lodzkie COA.svg
Coat of arms
Lodzkie (EE,E NN,N).png
Location within Poland
Wojewodzkie lodzkie adm.png
Division into counties
Coordinates(Łódź): 51°40′N19°26′E / 51.667°N 19.433°E / 51.667; 19.433 Coordinates: 51°40′N19°26′E / 51.667°N 19.433°E / 51.667; 19.433
Country Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Capital Łódź
Counties
Government
   Voivode Tobiasz Bocheński (PiS)
  Marshal Grzegorz Schreiber (PiS)
Area
  Total18,219 km2 (7,034 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2019)
  Total2,454,779 Decrease2.svg
   Urban
1,530,967 Decrease2.svg
   Rural
923,812 Increase2.svg
GDP
 (nominal; 2014) [1]
  Total€25 billion
  Per capita€10,000
ISO 3166 code PL-10
Vehicle registration E
HDI (2017)0.853 [2]
very high · 7th
Website www.lodzkie.pl
*further divided into 177 gminas

Łódź Voivodeship (also known as Lodz Province, [3] or by its Polish name Województwo łódzkie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ ˈwut͡skʲɛ] ) is a province-voivodeship in central Poland. It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Łódź Voivodeship (1975–1999) and the Sieradz, Piotrków Trybunalski and Skierniewice Voivodeships and part of Płock Voivodeship, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. The province is named after its capital and largest city, Łódź, pronounced [wut͡ɕ] .

Contents

Łódź Voivodeship is bordered by six other voivodeships: Masovian to the north and east, Świętokrzyskie to the south-east, Silesian to the south, Opole to the south-west, Greater Poland to the west, and Kuyavian-Pomeranian for a short stretch to the north. Its territory belongs to three historical provinces of Poland – Masovia (in the east), Greater Poland (in the west) and Lesser Poland (in the southeast, around Opoczno).

Cities and towns

The voivodeship contains 44 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures for 31 December 2019): [4]

  1. Łódź (679,941) Decrease2.svg
  2. Piotrków Trybunalski (73,090) Decrease2.svg
  3. Pabianice (64,757) Decrease2.svg
  4. Tomaszów Mazowiecki (61,960) Decrease2.svg
  5. Bełchatów (56,973) Decrease2.svg
  6. Zgierz (56,190) Decrease2.svg
  7. Skierniewice (48,089) Decrease2.svg
  8. Radomsko (45,843) Decrease2.svg
  9. Kutno (43,911) Decrease2.svg
  10. Sieradz (41,953) Decrease2.svg
  11. Zduńska Wola (41,686) Decrease2.svg
  12. Łowicz (28,224) Decrease2.svg
  13. Wieluń (22,269) Decrease2.svg
  14. Aleksandrów Łódzki (21,739) Increase2.svg
  15. Opoczno (21,060) Decrease2.svg
  16. Ozorków (19,311) Decrease2.svg
  17. Konstantynów Łódzki (18,206) Increase2.svg
  18. Rawa Mazowiecka (17,324) Decrease2.svg
  19. Łask (17,143) Decrease2.svg
  20. Głowno (14,119) Decrease2.svg
  21. Łęczyca (13,971) Decrease2.svg
  22. Koluszki (12,928) Decrease2.svg
  23. Brzeziny (12,501) Decrease2.svg
  24. Wieruszów (8,517) Decrease2.svg
  25. Żychlin (8,109) Decrease2.svg
  26. Zelów (7,541) Decrease2.svg
  27. Poddębice (7,374) Decrease2.svg
  28. Tuszyn (7,255) Decrease2.svg
  29. Pajęczno (6,662) Decrease2.svg
  30. Sulejów (6,177) Decrease2.svg
  31. Działoszyn (5,810) Decrease2.svg
  32. Krośniewice (4,322) Decrease2.svg
  33. Drzewica (3,826) Decrease2.svg
  34. Przedbórz (3,513) Decrease2.svg
  35. Stryków (3,478) Decrease2.svg
  36. Rzgów (3,371) Decrease2.svg
  37. Złoczew (3,363) Decrease2.svg
  38. Warta (3,242) Decrease2.svg
  39. Biała Rawska (3,151) Decrease2.svg
  40. Uniejów (3,000) Increase2.svg
  41. Kamieńsk (2,753) Decrease2.svg
  42. Wolbórz (2,328) Decrease2.svg
  43. Błaszki (2,085) Decrease2.svg
  44. Szadek (1,902) Decrease2.svg

Administrative division

Lodz Lodz - Palac Izraela Poznanskiego.jpg
Łódź
Piotrkow Trybunalski 220913 Jesuit Church in Piotrkow Trybunalski - 02.jpg
Piotrków Trybunalski
Pabianice Pomnik Jana Dlugosza w Pabianicach.jpg
Pabianice
Tomaszow Mazowiecki Kutno, Ratusz, mur., 1 pol. XIX (bakel2006).jpg
Tomaszów Mazowiecki
Palace in Wola-Chojnata Wola Chojnata - palac-003.JPG
Palace in Wola-Chojnata

Łódź Voivodeship is divided into 24 counties (powiats): 3 city counties and 21 land counties. These are further divided into 177 gminas.

The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population). [4]

English and
Polish names
Area
(km²)
Population
(31 December 2019)
SeatOther townsTotal
gminas
City counties
Łódź 293679,941 Decrease2.svg1
Piotrków Trybunalski 6773,090 Decrease2.svg1
Skierniewice 3348,089 Decrease2.svg1
Land counties
Zgierz County
powiat zgierski
854166,113 Increase2.svg Zgierz Ozorków, Aleksandrów Łódzki, Głowno, Stryków 9
Pabianice County
powiat pabianicki
491119,291 Increase2.svg Pabianice Konstantynów Łódzki 7
Sieradz County
powiat sieradzki
1,491117,674 Decrease2.svg Sieradz Złoczew, Warta, Błaszki 11
Tomaszów Mazowiecki County
powiat tomaszowski
1,026116,519 Decrease2.svg Tomaszów Mazowiecki 11
Bełchatów County
powiat bełchatowski
969112,779 Decrease2.svg Bełchatów Zelów 8
Radomsko County
powiat radomszczański
1,443112,644 Decrease2.svg Radomsko Przedbórz, Kamieńsk 14
Kutno County
powiat kutnowski
88696,569 Decrease2.svg Kutno Żychlin, Krośniewice 11
Piotrków County
powiat piotrkowski
1,42991,353 Increase2.svg Piotrków Trybunalski * Sulejów, Wolbórz 11
Łowicz County
powiat łowicki
98778,099 Decrease2.svg Łowicz 10
Wieluń County
powiat wieluński
92876,256 Decrease2.svg Wieluń 10
Opoczno County
powiat opoczyński
1,03976,106 Decrease2.svg Opoczno Drzewica 8
Łódź East County
powiat łódzki wschodni
49972,179 Increase2.svg Łódź * Koluszki, Tuszyn, Rzgów 6
Zduńska Wola County
powiat zduńskowolski
36966,380 Decrease2.svg Zduńska Wola Szadek 4
Pajęczno County
powiat pajęczański
80451,220 Decrease2.svg Pajęczno Działoszyn 8
Łask County
powiat łaski
61749,918 Decrease2.svg Łask 5
Łęczyca County
powiat łęczycki
77449,747 Decrease2.svg Łęczyca 8
Rawa County
powiat rawski
64748,592 Decrease2.svg Rawa Mazowiecka Biała Rawska 6
Wieruszów County
powiat wieruszowski
57642,105 Decrease2.svg Wieruszów 7
Poddębice County
powiat poddębicki
88141,108 Decrease2.svg Poddębice Uniejów 6
Skierniewice County
powiat skierniewicki
75638,174 Decrease2.svg Skierniewice *9
Brzeziny County
powiat brzeziński
35930,833 Increase2.svg Brzeziny 5
* seat not part of the county

Protected areas

Lodz Hills Landscape Park StrugaDobieszkowska.JPG
Łódź Hills Landscape Park

Protected areas in Łódź Voivodeship include seven Landscape Parks, as listed below.

Economy

The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was 26.7 billion euros in 2018, accounting for 6.0% of Polish economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 19,800 euros or 66% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was also 66% of the EU average. [5]

History

Lodz Voivodeship 1921-1939 Lodz Voivodship 1938.png
Łódź Voivodeship 1921–1939

The capital of the Łódź Voivodeship has always been Łódź, but the area of land which it comprises has changed several times. The first was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Second Polish Republic in the years 1921–1939. In 1938 some western counties were ceded to Greater Poland Voivodeship (see: Territorial changes of Polish Voivodeships on April 1, 1938).

After the change, Łódź Voivodeship's area was 20,446 square kilometres (7,894 sq mi), and its population (as for 1931) was 2,650,100. It consisted of 15 powiats (counties):

The largest cities of the voivodeship were (population according to the 1931 census):

Source: Mały rocznik statystyczny 1939, Nakładem Glownego Urzędu Statystycznego, Warszawa 1939 (Concise Statistical Year-Book of Poland, Warsaw 1939).

The next incarnation existed from 1945 until 1975 (although the city of Łódź was excluded as a separate City Voivodeship). This Łódź Voivodeship was then broken up, superseded by Łódź (see below), Sieradz, Piotrków Trybunalski, Skierniewice and partly Płock Voivodeships.

Lodz Voivodeship 1975-1998 Lodz Voivodship 1975.png
Łódź Voivodeship 1975–1998

Łódź Voivodeship, also known as Łódź Metropolitan Voivodeship (województwo miejskie łódzkie), existed from 1975 until 1998, after which it was incorporated into today's Łódź Voivodeship. Until 1990, the mayor of the city of Łódź was also the voivodeship governor.

As of 1995, major cities and towns in Łódź Metropolitan Voivodeship included (with their 1995 populations):

Culture and education

The Rector's Office of the Lodz University of Technology Willa Reinholda Richtera Lodz.JPG
The Rector's Office of the Lodz University of Technology
National Film School in Lodz Filmowka budynek1 Palac Oskara Kona, Lodz 2010.jpg
National Film School in Łódź

The basic cultural activities in the Łódź Region are: monitoring activities of seven regional self-government cultural institutions, i.e.: the Arthur Rubinstein Łódź Philharmonic, Museum of Art in Łódź (having one of the biggest modern art collections in Europe), the Opera House, Stefan Jaracz Theater, the Museum of Archeology and Ethnography, the Józef Piłsudski Regional and Municipal Public Library in Łódź, the Chamber of Culture in Łódź but also: supporting NGO’s, protection of monuments, awarding scholarships to young artists and rewards for the prominent artists. What is more, infrastructural projects are being undertaken. Among the most important investments are: the creation of four regional scenes in Stefan Jaracz Theatre, opening the new section of the Museum of Art in Łódź - ms² or the reconstruction of medieval settlement in Tum in the vicinity of Łęczyca. The major universities in Łódź Voivodeship are:

There are also dozens of other schools and academies, but for the last four years the best students in Łódź Voivodeship (according to the prestigious contest "Studencki Nobel") have been studying at the University of Łódź - in 2009 the regional laureate was Piotr Pawlikowski, in 2010 - Joanna Dziuba, in 2011 and 2012 - Paweł Rogaliński. [6] [7]

The excellent scientific staff of the higher education establishments in Łódź is complemented by Łódź’s scientists from the Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) and scientific ministerial institutes working within the field of the occupational medicine, textile, paper and leather industries. The number of students in the higher education establishments in Łódź is still growing. Currently, they educate 113,000 students from Poland and other countries.

Related Research Articles

A voivodeship is the area administered by a voivode (Governor) in several countries of central and eastern Europe. Voivodeships have existed since medieval times and the area of extent of voivodeship resembles that of a duchy in western medieval states, much as the title of voivode was equivalent to that of a duke. Other roughly equivalent titles and areas in medieval Eastern Europe included ban and banate.

Piotrków Voivodeship

Piotrków Voivodeship was a voivodeship, or unit of administrative division and local government, in Poland from 1975 to 1998, superseded by Łódź Voivodeship. Its capital city was Piotrków Trybunalski.

Łęczyca Voivodeship

Łęczyca Voivodeship was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland from the 14th century until the partitions of Poland in 1772–1795. It was part of Province of Greater Poland, and its capital was in Łęczyca. The voivodeship had the area of 4,080 square kilometers, divided into three counties. Local sejmiks took place at Łęczyca. The city of Łódź, which until the 19th century was a small town, for centuries belonged to Łęczyca Voivodeship.

Pabianice County County in Łódź Voivodeship, Poland

Pabianice County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Łódź Voivodeship, central Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and largest town is Pabianice, which lies 16 kilometres (10 mi) south of the regional capital Łódź. The only other town in the county is Konstantynów Łódzki, lying 12 km (7 mi) north of Pabianice.

Zgierz County County in Łódź Voivodeship, Poland

Zgierz County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Łódź Voivodeship, central Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and largest town is Zgierz, which lies 9 kilometres (6 mi) north-west of the regional capital Łódź. The county contains four other towns: Ozorków, lying 16 km (10 mi) north-west of Zgierz, Aleksandrów Łódzki, lying 9 km (6 mi) south-west of Zgierz, Głowno, lying 24 km (15 mi) north-east of Zgierz, and Stryków, lying 15 km (9 mi) north-east of Zgierz.

Łowicz County County in Łódź Voivodeship, Poland

Łowicz County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Łódź Voivodeship, central Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and only town is Łowicz, which lies 48 kilometres (30 mi) north-east of the regional capital Łódź.

Poddębice County County in Łódź Voivodeship, Poland

Poddębice County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Łódź Voivodeship, central Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and largest town is Poddębice, which lies 37 kilometres (23 mi) west of the regional capital Łódź. The only other town in the county is Uniejów, lying 14 km (9 mi) north-west of Poddębice.

Władysławów may refer to:

Łódź East County County in Łódź Voivodeship, Poland

Łódź East County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Łódź Voivodeship, central Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat is the city of Łódź, although the city is not part of the county. The county consists of areas to the east and south of the city, and contains three towns: Koluszki, which lies 24 km (15 mi) east of Łódź, Tuszyn, 20 km (12 mi) south of Łódź, and Rzgów, 14 km (9 mi) south of Łódź.

Piotrków County County in Łódź Voivodeship, Poland

Piotrków County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Łódź Voivodeship, central Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat is the city of Piotrków Trybunalski, although the city is not part of the county. The only towns in Piotrków County are Sulejów, which lies 15 km (9 mi) east of Piotrków Trybunalski, and Wolbórz.

Territorial changes of Polish Voivodeships on April 1, 1938

On April 1, 1938, borders of several western and central Voivodeships of the Second Polish Republic changed considerably. This included such Voivodeships as Pomerania, Poznan, Warsaw, Lodz, Bialystok, Lublin and Kielce. Pomerania gained most, while Bialystok lost most. This is the alphabetical list of powiats (counties), which were then moved from one Voivodeship to another:

Łódź Voivodeship (1919–1939)

Łódź Voivodeship was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1919–1939. At that time, it covered a large portion of the mid-western part of the country, including such cities as Łódź, Piotrków Trybunalski, Sieradz and Radomsko. The capital of the Łódź Voivodeship was always Łódź, but the area of land which comprised it changed several times.

Łęczyca County County in Łódź Voivodeship, Poland

Łęczyca County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Łódź Voivodeship, central Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and only town is Łęczyca, which lies 35 kilometres (22 mi) north-west of the regional capital Łódź.

Sieradz Voivodeship (1339–1793)

Sieradz Voivodeship was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Kingdom of Poland and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, from 1339 to the second partition of Poland in 1793. It was a part of the Province of Greater Poland.

This is a list of coats of arms of Poland.

Sieradz Land

Sieradz Land is a historical region of Poland, the southeastern part of Greater Poland. It has been also the name of the administrative unit from 14th-18th centuries of the same borders ; the sejmik used to be held in Szadek. It has been a part of Archdiocese of Gniezno, and Uniejów used to be a residence of the primate. It has 9,700 km2 and about 950,000 inhabitants. Its traditional capital is Sieradz, while other bigger cities are Piotrków Trybunalski, Radomsko, Tomaszów Mazowiecki, Bełchatów, Zduńska Wola, and Pabianice. It lies at the Warta and on the left bank of Pilica rivers, and these are mainly forested areas.

Lutheran Diocese of Warsaw

The Lutheran Diocese of Warsaw is one of the six dioceses of the Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland, covering most of central and eastern Poland. The Lutheran population in the area in 2016 was 3968, which amounts to about 7% of the total number of adherents of the church in Poland. There were 18 ordained ministers in the diocese in 2016.

Łódzka Kolej Aglomeracyjna

Łódzka Kolej Aglomeracyjna is a commuter rail service operating between the Polish city of Łódź and surrounding towns in the Łódź Voivodeship (province).

IV liga Łódź Football league

IV liga Łódź group is one of the groups of IV liga, the 5th level of Polish football league system. The league was created in season 2000/2001 after introducing new administrative division of Poland. Until the end of the 2007/08 season IV liga was placed at 4th tier of league system but this was changed with the formation of the Ekstraklasa as the top level league in Poland.
The clubs from Łódź Voivodeship compete in this group. The winner of the league is promoted to III liga group I. The bottom teams are relegated to the groups of Liga okręgowa from Łódź Voivodeship. These groups are Łódź, Piotrków Trybunalski, Sieradz and Skierniewice.

Zgierz railway station

Zgierz is a main railway station for the town of Zgierz, Łódź Voivodeship, serving two major railway lines connecting Łódź with Kutno and Łowicz, as well as being a key station of the railway ring surrounding city of Łódź.

References

  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-02-29. Retrieved 2016-02-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. Arkadiusz Belczyk, Tłumaczenie polskich nazw geograficznych na język angielski Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine [Translation of Polish Geographical Names into English], 2002-2006.
  4. 1 2 "Local Data Bank". Statistics Poland. Retrieved 4 July 2020.
  5. "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-17. Retrieved 2012-06-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) History of the contest "Studencki Nobel" (in Polish)
  7. "Młody dziennikarz znów pretenduje do Nobla! (in Polish)". Archived from the original on 2013-03-13. Retrieved 2010-05-29.