Łasin

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Łasin
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Łasin Town Hall
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Łasin
Coordinates: 53°30′59″N19°5′24″E / 53.51639°N 19.09000°E / 53.51639; 19.09000
CountryFlag of Poland.svg  Poland
Voivodeship Kuyavian-Pomeranian
County Grudziądz
Gmina Łasin
Town rights1298
Area
  Total4.79 km2 (1.85 sq mi)
Population
 (2006)
  Total3,276
  Density680/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
86-320
Website http://www.lasin.pl/

Łasin [ˈwaɕin] (German : Lessen) is a town in Grudziądz County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland, with 3,271 inhabitants (2004). It is the seat of the gmina (administrative district) called Gmina Łasin. It lies approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) east of Grudziądz and 78 km (48 mi) north-east of Toruń. It is located within the historic Chełmno Land.

Contents

History

Gothic Saint Catherine church Lasin, city wiev (5).jpg
Gothic Saint Catherine church

The history of Łasin dates back to the rule of First Polish King Bolesław I the Brave. [1] Polish brothers Mateusz and Jakub owned land near the Łasinka River (Łasin). In the year 1298, it was taken from them by the Country Master of the Teutonic Order Meinhard von Querfurt and given to Jan de Nemore, who founded the village of Łasin. Also in 1298, the town received German Magdeburg law city rights from the monastic state of the Teutonic Knights in which it was located.

In 1454, King Casimir IV Jagiellon reincorporated the Chełmno Land into the Kingdom of Poland upon the request of the Prussian Confederation, however, Łasin itself was captured by Poles in 1461 during the subsequent Thirteen Years' War. [1] After the war, in 1466, the Teutonic Knights renounced claims to the town, and recognized it as part of Poland. Administratively it was located in the Chełmno Voivodeship of Royal Prussia in the Greater Poland Province of the Polish Crown.

Following the First Partition of Poland in 1772, the town, as Lessen, was annexed by King Frederick the Great and made part of the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1871, with the Prussian-led unification of Germany, it became part of the German Empire. It belonged to the Graudenz district in the Prussian Province of West Prussia. According to the census of 1871, the town had a population of 2,385, of which 1,390 (58.3%) were Poles. [2]

After the end of World War I, in 1920, in accordance with the Treaty of Versailles, Łasin became part of the Second Polish Republic, after it regained independence in 1918. In interwar Poland, the mayor of Łasin was Stefan Tomczyński, a Polish activist and efficient administrator, who was previously harassed by Prussians for pro-Polish activity in the Prussian Partition. [3]

During the German occupation of Poland (World War II), in October 1939, the Selbstschutz carried out several mass executions of Polish inhabitants of Łasin and its surroundings, killing 150 people. [4]

Culture

A museum dedicated to firefighting ( Muzeum Pożarnictwa Ziemi Pomorskiej ) is located in Łasin.

Sports

Piast Łasin sports club is based in Łasin, with football, table tennis and powerlifting sections. [5]

Notable people

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History of Łasin

The history of Łasin dates back to the Neolithic period, where evidence of the first humans in the area is found. 1014 is the first year a town called "Łasin" was mentioned in historical sources.

References

  1. 1 2 "Historia". Lasin.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  2. Neumann, Gustav (1874). Das Deutsche Reich in geographischer, statistischer und topographischer Beziehung (in German). Müller.
  3. Marek Prabucki. "Jak poznaniak został burmistrzem Łasina". Nowości Dziennik Toruński (in Polish). Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  4. Maria Wardzyńska, Był rok 1939. Operacja niemieckiej policji bezpieczeństwa w Polsce. Intelligenzaktion, IPN, Warszawa, 2009, p. 172-173 (in Polish)
  5. "O klubie". LKS Piast Łasin (in Polish). Retrieved 13 April 2020.