Historic gasworks (now a shop) and water tower in Łobżenica
|Town rights||before 1438|
|• Total||3.25 km2 (1.25 sq mi)|
|Elevation||100 m (300 ft)|
|• Density||980/km2 (2,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Łobżenica [wɔbʐɛˈɲit͡sa] (German : Lobsens) is a town in Piła County, Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland, with 3,211 inhabitants (2004).
Łobżenica dates back to the 11th century.It prospered due to its location between Gdańsk Pomerania and central Poland. It was granted town rights before 1438, most likely in the 14th century by King Władysław I Łokietek or Casimir III the Great of the Piast dynasty. Łobżenica was a private town located in the Kalisz Voivodeship in the Greater Poland Province of the Polish Crown. It was ravaged by the Teutonic Knights in 1431 and 1457. The town prospered thanks to crafts, brewing and trade. Local merchants participated in trade with large Polish cities of Poznań, Bydgoszcz, Toruń and Gdańsk, as well as other nearby towns. In 1606, Scottish merchants settled in the town. In the years 1612-1630 a mint operated in Łobżenica. In the 17th century, Łobżenica became a Reformation center under the patronage of the Grudziński family.
After the late 18th century Partitions of Poland, the town was annexed by Prussia. It was reintegrated with Poland, soon after the country regained independence in 1918. After the invasion of Poland, which started World War II, the Germans carried out mass arrests and executions among local Poles in 1939, mainly as part of the Intelligenzaktion , murdering about 200 people in October and November 1939 in the Łobżenica massacre.
The local football team is Pogoń Łobżenica, which competes in the lower leagues.
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Środa Wielkopolska is a town in western-central Poland, situated in the Greater Poland Voivodeship, about 30 kilometres (19 mi) southeast of Poznań, with 22,001 inhabitants (2009). It is the seat of Środa Wielkopolska County, and of Gmina Środa Wielkopolska.
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