Ōtaki (previously Otaki) is a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate, spanning part of the coast of the lower North Island. The bulk of its population comes from the Horowhenua District, but it also takes in part of the northern Kapiti Coast, including the towns of Otaki and Waikanae, and part of Paraparaumu. The current MP for Ōtaki is Nathan Guy of the National Party. He has held this position since 2008 election.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
Horowhenua District is a local government district on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand. It forms part of the Manawatu-Wanganui Region. Its name roughly means shaking or rippling earth.
In the 1892 electoral redistribution, population shift to the North Island required the transfer of one seat from the South Island to the north. The resulting ripple effect saw every electorate established in 1890 have its boundaries altered, and eight electorates were established for the first time, including Otaki.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
Otaki was created for the 1893 election, and the first member for Otaki was James Wilson, who held the seat until 1896. For most of the early 1900s the seat was won by William Hughes Field, a Liberal-turn-independent-turn-Reform. He lost it to John Robertson of the Social Democratic Party (who had been nominated by the flax-workers union) in 1911, but won it back in 1914.
The New Zealand general election of 1893 was held on 28 November and 20 December in the European and Māori electorates, respectively, to elect 74 MPs to the 12th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The election was won by the Liberal Party, and Richard Seddon became Prime Minister.
Sir James Glenny Wilson was a New Zealand politician and farmer.
William Hughes Field was a Member of Parliament in New Zealand; first for the Liberal Party, then Independent, and then for the Reform Party. He made a significant contribution to the development of tramping in the Tararua Range.
The seat was abolished in 1972, and Allan McCready transferred to the Manawatu electorate.
The New Zealand general election of 1972 was held on 25 November to elect MPs to the 37th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Labour Party, led by Norman Kirk, defeated the governing National Party.
Allan McCready was a New Zealand politician of the National Party.
Manawatu was a parliamentary electorate in the Manawatu-Wanganui Region of New Zealand that existed during three periods between 1871 and 1996.
Otaki was recreated ahead of the change to Mixed Member Proportional voting in 1996, by combining two bellwether seats: the northern half of Kapiti with the entire Horowhenua seat. Since its inception the boundaries have been left largely unaltered, though after the 2007 boundary review a macron was added to the name, and it is now spelt Ōtaki. The first MP for Otaki was Judy Keall, who won by less than a thousand votes in 1996 before a more decisive victory in 1999.In 2002, her former electorate assistant Darren Hughes won the seat, becoming the youngest member of the House of Representatives. His 2002 majority was slashed to just 382 at the 2005 election by former Horowhenua District councillor Nathan Guy. In a 2008 rematch, Guy tipped out Hughes by 1,354 votes; Hughes returned to Parliament off the Labour Party list.
The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.
A bellwether is one that leads or indicates trends; a trendsetter.
Kapiti was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1972 to 1996. A bellwether electorate, it frequently changed between National and Labour.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs' terms began and ended at general elections.
Independent Liberal Reform Labour Labour National
An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent.
The New Zealand Liberal Party was the first organised political party in New Zealand. It governed from 1891 until 1912. The Liberal strategy was to create a large class of small land-owning farmers who supported Liberal ideals, by buying large tracts of Māori land and selling it to small farmers on credit. The Liberal Government also established the basis of the later welfare state, with old age pensions, developed a system for settling industrial disputes, which was accepted by both employers and trade unions. In 1893 it extended voting rights to women, making New Zealand the first country in the world to enact universal female suffrage.
The Reform Party, formally the New Zealand Political Reform League, was New Zealand's second major political party, having been founded as a conservative response to the original Liberal Party. It was in government between 1912 and 1928, and later formed a coalition with the United Party, and then merged with United to form the modern National Party.
|1893 election||James Wilson|
|1896 election 1899 election||Henry Augustus Field|
|1900 by-election 1902 election 1905 election||William Field|
|1911 election||John Robertson|
|1914 election 1919 election 1922 election 1925 election 1928 election 1931 election||William Field|
|1935 election 1938 election 1943 election||Leonard Lowry|
|1946 election 1949 election 1951 election 1954 election 1957 election||James Joseph Maher|
|1960 election 1963 election 1966 election 1969 election||Allan McCready|
|(electorate abolished 1972–1996, see Kapiti and Manawatu)|
|1996 election 1999 election||Judy Keall|
|2002 election 2005 election||Darren Hughes|
|2008 election 2011 election 2014 election 2017 election||Nathan Guy|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs' terms began and ended at general elections.
|1996 election||Roger Sowry|
|2005 election||Nathan Guy|
|2008 election||Darren Hughes|
|2017 general election: Otaki|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Romuald Edward Rudzki||1,680||4.07||3,421||8.20||−1.69|
|ACT||Wayne Desmond Grattan||105||0.25||163||0.39||+0.10|
|Total Valid votes||41,187||41,686|
|2014 general election: Ōtaki|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Total Valid votes||38,286||38,710|
|2011 general election: Ōtaki|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||David Scott||1,122||3.02||+1.02||3,057||8.12||+2.63|
|Conservative||John Stephen Ryersson||644||1.73||+1.73||1,202||3.19||+3.19|
|Legalise Cannabis||Fred MacDonald||253||0.68||+0.68||162||0.43||+0.14|
|United Future||Diane Brown||110||0.30||-0.09||266||0.71||-0.31|
|Independent||Philip Dean Taueki||73||0.20||+0.20|
|Total Valid votes||37,138||37,633|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 47,483
|2008 general election: Ōtaki|
|NZ First||David John Scott||778||2.01||2,153||5.50||-1.29|
|United Future||Diane Brown||148||0.38||-1.25||397||1.01||-2.34|
|Bill and Ben||177||0.45|
|Total Valid votes||38,802||39,162|
|National gain from Labour||Majority||1,354||3.49|
|2005 general election: Otaki|
|NZ First||Chris Perry||1,043||2.72||2,630||6.79|
|United Future||Diane Brown||611||1.59||1,297||3.35|
|Direct Democracy||Robert Atack||47||0.12||7||0.02|
|Total Valid votes||38,369||38,707|
Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Otaki for a list of candidates.
|United/Reform||G. A. Monk||2,791||30.92|
|Democrat||Robert Westley Bothamley||750||8.31|
|Reform||William Hughes Field||4,848||57.89|
|Liberal||William Hughes Field||1,755||52.44|
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