Ōtaki (New Zealand electorate)

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Otaki electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Otaki electorate, 2014.svg
Ōtaki electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Ōtaki (previously Otaki) is a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate, spanning part of the coast of the lower North Island. The bulk of its population comes from the Horowhenua District, but it also takes in part of the northern Kapiti Coast, including the towns of Otaki and Waikanae, and part of Paraparaumu. The current MP for Ōtaki is Nathan Guy of the National Party. He has held this position since 2008 election.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

North Island More northern, and smaller, of the two main islands of New Zealand

The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.

Horowhenua District Territorial authority in Manawatu-Wanganui, New Zealand

Horowhenua District is a local government district on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand. It forms part of the Manawatu-Wanganui Region. Its name roughly means shaking or rippling earth.

Contents

Population centres

In the 1892 electoral redistribution, population shift to the North Island required the transfer of one seat from the South Island to the north. The resulting ripple effect saw every electorate established in 1890 have its boundaries altered, and eight electorates were established for the first time, including Otaki. [1]

South Island southernmost and largest of the two main islands in New Zealand

The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.

History

Otaki was created for the 1893 election, and the first member for Otaki was James Wilson, who held the seat until 1896. For most of the early 1900s the seat was won by William Hughes Field, a Liberal-turn-independent-turn-Reform. He lost it to John Robertson of the Social Democratic Party (who had been nominated by the flax-workers union) in 1911, but won it back in 1914.

1893 New Zealand general election

The New Zealand general election of 1893 was held on 28 November and 20 December in the European and Māori electorates, respectively, to elect 74 MPs to the 12th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The election was won by the Liberal Party, and Richard Seddon became Prime Minister.

James Wilson (New Zealand politician, born 1849) politician from New Zealand born in 1849

Sir James Glenny Wilson was a New Zealand politician and farmer.

William Hughes Field New Zealand politician

William Hughes Field was a Member of Parliament in New Zealand; first for the Liberal Party, then Independent, and then for the Reform Party. He made a significant contribution to the development of tramping in the Tararua Range.

The seat was abolished in 1972, and Allan McCready transferred to the Manawatu electorate.

1972 New Zealand general election

The New Zealand general election of 1972 was held on 25 November to elect MPs to the 37th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Labour Party, led by Norman Kirk, defeated the governing National Party.

Allan McCready New Zealand politician

Allan McCready was a New Zealand politician of the National Party.

Manawatu was a parliamentary electorate in the Manawatu-Wanganui Region of New Zealand that existed during three periods between 1871 and 1996.

Otaki was recreated ahead of the change to Mixed Member Proportional voting in 1996, by combining two bellwether seats: the northern half of Kapiti with the entire Horowhenua seat. Since its inception the boundaries have been left largely unaltered, though after the 2007 boundary review a macron was added to the name, and it is now spelt Ōtaki. The first MP for Otaki was Judy Keall, who won by less than a thousand votes in 1996 before a more decisive victory in 1999. [2] In 2002, her former electorate assistant Darren Hughes won the seat, becoming the youngest member of the House of Representatives. His 2002 majority was slashed to just 382 at the 2005 election by former Horowhenua District councillor Nathan Guy. In a 2008 rematch, Guy tipped out Hughes by 1,354 votes; Hughes returned to Parliament off the Labour Party list.

1996 New Zealand general election

The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.

A bellwether is one that leads or indicates trends; a trendsetter.

Kapiti was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1972 to 1996. A bellwether electorate, it frequently changed between National and Labour.

Members of Parliament

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs' terms began and ended at general elections.

Key

  Independent     Liberal     Reform     Labour     Labour     National   

An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent.

The New Zealand Liberal Party was the first organised political party in New Zealand. It governed from 1891 until 1912. The Liberal strategy was to create a large class of small land-owning farmers who supported Liberal ideals, by buying large tracts of Māori land and selling it to small farmers on credit. The Liberal Government also established the basis of the later welfare state, with old age pensions, developed a system for settling industrial disputes, which was accepted by both employers and trade unions. In 1893 it extended voting rights to women, making New Zealand the first country in the world to enact universal female suffrage.

The Reform Party, formally the New Zealand Political Reform League, was New Zealand's second major political party, having been founded as a conservative response to the original Liberal Party. It was in government between 1912 and 1928, and later formed a coalition with the United Party, and then merged with United to form the modern National Party.

ElectionWinner
1893 election James Wilson
1896 election 1899 election Henry Augustus Field
1900 by-election 1902 election 1905 election William Field
1908 election
1911 election John Robertson
1914 election 1919 election 1922 election 1925 election 1928 election 1931 election William Field
1935 election 1938 election 1943 election Leonard Lowry
1946 election 1949 election 1951 election 1954 election 1957 election James Joseph Maher
1960 election 1963 election 1966 election 1969 election Allan McCready
(electorate abolished 1972–1996, see Kapiti and Manawatu)
1996 election 1999 election Judy Keall
2002 election 2005 election Darren Hughes
2008 election 2011 election 2014 election 2017 election Nathan Guy

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs' terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Roger Sowry
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election Nathan Guy
2008 election Darren Hughes

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Otaki [3]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Nathan Guy 20,72550.31−4.4919,18746.02−2.69
Labour Rob McCann14,56935.37+0.9015,01434.94+10.29
Green Sam Ferguson2,1675.26−1.172,3585.65−3.74
NZ First Romuald Edward Rudzki1,6804.073,4218.20−1.69
Opportunities Piri-Hira Tukapua1,0512.559102.18
Independent Sam Jennings5041.22
ACT Wayne Desmond Grattan1050.251630.39+0.10
Māori  1560.37−0.07
Legalise Cannabis  790.18−0.18
Conservative  690.16−4.22
Ban 1080  440.10−0.06
United Future  250.05
People's Party  240.05
Outdoors  190.04
Mana  90.02−0.62
Democrats  70.01−0.04
Internet  30.007−0.633
Informal votes386198
Total Valid votes41,18741,686
National holdMajority6,156

2014 election

2014 general election: Ōtaki [4]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Nathan Guy 20,98054.80+3.2318,85448.71+1.92
Labour Rob McCann13,19834.47−3.019,54324.65−4.94
Green Maddy Drew2,4626.43+1.723,6359.39+0.21
Conservative Anne Lovelock9132.38+0.651,6954.38+1.19
Independent Amanda Vickers2030.53+0.53
Independent Frederick Macdonald1180.31+0.31
NZ First  3,8279.89+1.77
Internet Mana  2490.64+0.43 [lower-alpha 1]
Māori  1690.44−0.12
Legalise Cannabis  1380.36−0.07
ACT  1110.29−0.38
United Future  740.19−0.52
Ban 1080  610.16+0.16
Democrats  190.05+0.01
Independent Coalition  190.05+0.05
Civilian  120.03+0.03
Focus  60.02+0.02
Informal votes412298
Total Valid votes38,28638,710
Turnout 38,71082.49+3.23
National holdMajority7,78220.33+6.24

2011 election

2011 general election: Ōtaki [5]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Nathan Guy 19,15151.57+2.9017,60946.79+2.02
Labour Peter Foster13,92037.48-7.7011,13729.59-7.36
Green Michael Gilchrist1,7504.71+2.063,6129.60+3.96
NZ First David Scott1,1223.02+1.023,0578.12+2.63
Conservative John Stephen Ryersson6441.73+1.731,2023.19+3.19
Legalise Cannabis Fred MacDonald2530.68+0.681620.43+0.14
ACT Peter McCaffrey1150.31-0.232530.67-1.92
United Future Diane Brown1100.30-0.092660.71-0.31
Independent Philip Dean Taueki730.20+0.20
Māori  2100.56-0.26
Mana  800.21+0.21
Libertarianz  190.05+0.02
Democrats  150.04+0.01
Alliance  110.03-0.04
Informal votes573292
Total Valid votes37,13837,633
National holdMajority5,23114.09+10.60

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 47,483 [6]

2008 election

2008 general election: Ōtaki [7]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Nathan Guy 18,88548.67+3.9117,53444.77+3.10
Labour Red x.svgN Darren Hughes 17,53145.18-0.5814,47236.95+4.72
Green Jim Kebbell1,0292.652,2075.641.09
NZ First David John Scott7782.012,1535.50-1.29
Progressive Josie Pagani2210.574531.16-0.43
ACT Peter McCaffrey2100.541,0142.59+1.60
United Future Diane Brown1480.38-1.253971.01-2.34
Māori  3210.82+0.08
Bill and Ben  1770.45
Kiwi  1650.42
Legalise Cannabis  1150.29+0.06
Family Party  840.21
Alliance  280.07-0.13
Libertarianz  120.03+0.01
Democrats  100.03-0.02
Pacific  90.02
Workers Party  60.02
RONZ  50.01±0.00
RAM  00.00
Informal votes186111
Total Valid votes38,80239,162
National gain from Labour Majority1,3543.49

2005 election

2005 general election: Otaki [8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Darren Hughes 17,55645.76-7.2716,13141.67
National Nathan Guy 17,17444.76+13.7915,17439.20
NZ First Chris Perry1,0432.722,6306.79
Green Nick Fisher1,0222.661,7614.55
United Future Diane Brown6111.591,2973.35
Māori Richard Orzecki3530.922860.74
Progressive Russell Franklin3030.796141.59
ACT Simon Ewing-Jarvie1630.423830.99
Alliance Margaret Jeune970.25780.20
Direct Democracy Robert Atack470.1270.02
Destiny  1540.40
Legalise Cannabis  880.23
Family Rights  540.14
Christian Heritage  370.10
Democrats  210.05
99 MP  140.04
One NZ  140.04
Libertarianz  90.02
RONZ  50.01
Informal votes242134
Total Valid votes38,36938,707
Labour holdMajority3821.00-21.07

1999 election

Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Otaki for a list of candidates.

1935 election

1935 general election: Otaki [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Leonard Lowry 4,511 49.97
United/Reform G. A. Monk [10] 2,79130.92
Independent Will Appleton [11] 97510.80
Democrat Robert Westley Bothamley [12] 7508.31
Majority1,72019.05+3.28
Turnout 9,02783.26-0.73
Registered electors 10,842

1931 election

1931 general election: Otaki [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Reform William Hughes Field 4,848 57.89
Labour Jim Thorn 3,52742.11
Majority1,32115.77
Informal votes921.09
Turnout 8,46783.99
Registered electors 10,081

1900 by-election

1900 Otaki by-election [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal William Hughes Field 1,755 52.44
Conservative Charles Morison 1,59247.56+2.09
Majority1634.87-4.18
Turnout 3,34762.35-0.45
Registered electors 5,368

Table footnotes

  1. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 59f.
  2. Counsell, Gerard (31 October 2008). "Swing seats: All eyes on Otaki". One News . Retrieved 8 October 2014.
  3. "Official Count Results -- Otaki". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  4. "Official Count Results -- Ōtaki (2014)". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  5. 2011 election results
  6. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  7. 2008 Official Count Results – Ōtaki
  8. 2005 Official Count Results – Otaki
  9. "How the votes were cast". The Evening Post . CXX (130). 28 November 1935. p. 8. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
  10. "Otaki Seat". The Evening Post . CXX (55). 2 September 1935. p. 10. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  11. "Mr. Appleton's Candidature". The Evening Post . CXX (97). 21 October 1935. p. 11. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  12. "Election Notices". The Evening Post . CXIX (99). 29 April 1935. p. 2. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  13. The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 4. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  14. "The Otaki Seat". The New Zealand Herald . XXXVII (11265). 8 January 1900. p. 5. Retrieved 5 February 2015.

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References