Šternberk

Last updated
Šternberk
Town
Sternberg-2008-05-24-PohledOdZaluzi.JPG
Panorama of the town
Sternberk CZ flag.svg
Flag
Sternberk znak.png
Coat of arms
Relief Map of Czech Republic.png
Red pog.svg
Šternberk
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°43′38″N17°17′43″E / 49.72722°N 17.29528°E / 49.72722; 17.29528 Coordinates: 49°43′38″N17°17′43″E / 49.72722°N 17.29528°E / 49.72722; 17.29528
CountryFlag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
Region Olomouc
District Olomouc
First mentioned1269
Government
  MayorStanislav Orság (ODS)
Area
  Total48.79 km2 (18.84 sq mi)
Elevation
268 m (879 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01 [1] )
  Total13,440
  Density280/km2 (710/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
785 01
Website www.sternberk.eu

Šternberk (Czech pronunciation: [ˈʃtɛrnbɛrk] ; (German : (Mährisch-)Sternberg) is a town in Olomouc District in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 13,000 inhabitants.

Contents

History

Sternberk Castle CZ Sternberg - Castle 3.jpg
Šternberk Castle

It was first mentioned as castrum (castle) Sternberch in 1269 and as civitas (town) Sternberch in 1296.

From 1645 until 1650, during and immediately after the Thirty Years' War, the town was held by Sweden. In 1741 it was captured by Prussia.

Until 1918, Sternberg in Mähren (simply Sternberg until the end of the 19th century) was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the district with the same name, one of the 34 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Moravia. [2]

In 1938, after the Munich Agreement, it was occupied by the Nazi army as one of the municipalities in Sudetenland, one of the 2 towns of Landkreis Sternberg. The German-speaking population was expelled in 1945 (see the Beneš decrees) and replaced by Czech settlers.

Notable people

Twin towns – sister cities

Šternberk is twinned with: [3]

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References

  1. "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
  2. Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
  3. "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Šternberk. Retrieved 2020-09-13.