1. FC Nürnberg

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1. FC Nürnberg
1. FC Nurnberg logo.svg
Full name1. Fußball-Club Nürnberg Verein für Leibesübungen e. V.
Nickname(s)Der Club (The Club)
Die Legende (The Legend)[ citation needed ]
Der Ruhmreiche (The Glorious)[ citation needed ]
Der Altmeister (The Old Master)[ citation needed ]
Short name1 FCN, FCN
Founded4 May 1900;123 years ago (1900-05-04)
Ground Max-Morlock-Stadion
Capacity50,000[ citation needed ]
Board memberDieter Hecking (sport)[ citation needed ]
Niels Rossow (commercial)[ citation needed ]
Head coach Cristian Fiél
League 2. Bundesliga
2022–23 2. Bundesliga, 14th of 18
Website Club website
Soccerball current event.svg Current season

1. Fußball-Club Nürnberg Verein für Leibesübungen e. V., often called 1. FC Nürnberg (German pronunciation: [ɛfˌtseːˈnʏʁnbɛʁk] , English: 1. Football Club Nuremberg) or simply Nürnberg, is a German sports club based in Nuremberg, Bavaria. It is best known for its men's football team, who currently compete in the 2. Bundesliga. Founded in 1900, the club initially competed in the Southern German championship, winning their first title in 1916. Their first German championship was won in 1920. Before the inauguration of the Bundesliga in 1963, 1.FCN won a further 11 regional championships, including the Oberliga Süd formed in 1945, and were German champions another seven times. The club has won the Bundesliga once and the DFB-Pokal four times.

Contents

Since 1963, the club has played their home games at the Max-Morlock-Stadion in Nuremberg. Today's club has sections for boxing, handball, hockey (inline skater hockey and ice hockey), rollerblading and ice skating, swimming, skiing, and tennis.

Nürnberg have been relegated from the German football league system top tier Bundesliga on nine occasions – beating the record earlier[ when? ] set by Arminia Bielefeld. [1]

History

Rise of "Der Club"

Team from 1902 Fcn1902.jpg
Team from 1902
First match against FC Bayern Munich 1901 Fcn-fcb1901.jpg
First match against FC Bayern Munich 1901

1. FC Nürnberg was founded on 4 May 1900 by a group of 18 young men who had gathered at local pub Burenhütte to assemble a side committed to playing football rather than rugby, one of the other new "English" games becoming popular at the time. By 1909, the team was playing well enough to lay claim to[ tone ] the South German championship. After World War I, Nürnberg would gradually turn their success into the dominance of the country's football.[ vague ] In the period from July 1918 to February 1922, the team would go unbeaten in 104 official matches. As early as 1919, they came to be referred to[ by whom? ] simply as "Der Club" in recognition of their skill and of their style on and off the field[ according to whom? ] and would go on to become one of the nation's most widely recognized[ according to whom? ] and popular[ according to whom? ] teams.

Nürnberg faced SpVgg Fürth in the first national championship held after the end of World War I, beating the defending champions 2–0. That would be the first of five titles Der Club would capture[ tone ] over the course of eight years. In each of those wins, they would shutout their opponents.

The 1922 final was contested by Nürnberg and Hamburger SV but never reached a conclusion on the pitch. The match was called on account of darkness after three hours and ten minutes of play, drawn at 2–2. The re-match also went into extra time, and in an era that did not allow for substitutions, that game was called at 1–1 when Nürnberg was reduced to just seven players and the referee ruled incorrectly the club could not continue. Considerable wrangling ensued[ vague ] over the decision. The German Football Association (DFB) awarded the win to Hamburger SV under the condition that they renounce the title in the name of "good sportsmanship" – which the side grudgingly[ according to whom? ] did. Ultimately, the Viktoria trophy was not officially presented that year.

After the glory years[ tone ]

1. FCN's dominance was already beginning to fade when they captured[ tone ] their final trophy of the era in 1927 as the game began to evolve into a more quickly paced contest which did not suit their slower, more deliberate approach.[ vague ] While they continued to field strong sides,[ according to whom? ] other clubs rose to the forefront[ tone ] of German football. In 1934, they lost in the final to Schalke 04, a club that would go on to become the strongest side in the era of football in Nazi Germany. Nürnberg would capture[ tone ] national titles just before and after World War II in 1936 and 1948 in the first post-war national final, and would also take the Tschammerpokal, the forerunner of today's DFB-Pokal, in 1935 and 1939.

Into the modern era

Historical chart of Nurnberg league performance Nurnberg Performance Chart.png
Historical chart of Nürnberg league performance

The post-war period began with the club being integrated into the Oberliga Süd, one of the five top divisions in West-Germany at the time. Nürnberg managed to[ vague ] win this league six times until 1963, winning the national championship in 1948. In 1961, 1. FCN captured[ tone ] their eighth national title and appeared in a losing effort in the following year's final. Some consolation was to be had[ by whom? ] in the team capturing[ tone ] its second DFB-Pokal in 1962. The club's strong play[ according to whom? ] made it an obvious choice[ according to whom? ] to be amongst the 16 teams selected to participate in the Bundesliga, Germany's new professional football league, formed in 1963. Der Club played as a mid-table side through the league's early years until putting on a dominating performance[ according to whom? ] in 1968 in which it sat atop the league table from the fifth week of play on to the end of the season, en route to its first Bundesliga title. It went on to become the first club to be relegated from the Bundesliga as the reigning champions. [1] This was a result of Max Merkel's decision to remove his championship-winning team of veterans – believing that they were too old – in favour of a dozen newcomers.

It would take the club nine years to recover and return from an exile[ tone ] in the second tier, first the Regionalliga Süd, then the 2. Bundesliga Süd, that included several[ quantify ] failed[ tone ] efforts in the promotion rounds. 1. FCN returned to the Bundesliga for a year in 1978, but played to a 17th-place finish and were relegated again. The club immediately played its way back to the top flight, but since then its Bundesliga performances have been stumbling ones,[ vague ] characterized[ by whom? ] by finishes well down[ vague ] the league table and occasional relegation for a season or two.[ vague ] The side's best recent[ vague ] result was a fifth-place finish in 1988.

The early 1980s also saw the rise of a longstanding and intense friendship between the fans of Nürnberg and those of former archrival Schalke 04. Fans accompany each other's on their respective away games, and the two-season matches between the teams are generally[ vague ] a very laid-back[ according to whom? ] and hospitable affair[ according to whom? ] for all fans involved.

In the mid-1990s, Nürnberg had financial problems, including the conviction of their club treasurer Ingo Böbel for fraud and misallocating club finances. [2] This led to their being penalized six points in the 1995–96 season while playing in the 2. Bundesliga. The club was relegated to the third division as a consequence. Improved management[ according to whom? ][ vague ] saw the club clawing back[ tone ] and return to the top flight eventually.[ when? ][ vague ]

In 1999, however, 1. FCN suffered[ tone ] what was arguably[ according to whom? ] the worst[ vague ] meltdown[ tone ] in Bundesliga history. Going into the last game of the season, the club sat in 12th place, three points and five goals ahead of Eintracht Frankfurt, which was sitting in 16th place and seemingly headed to relegation. Nürnberg was closing out the season with what looked to be[ according to whom? ] an easy home game against SC Freiburg, which was also facing relegation. Frankfurt was up against 1. FC Kaiserslautern, the previous season's champions which were in a fight for a UEFA Champions League spot. Therefore, FCN had already begun soliciting season tickets for next Bundesliga season in a letter to current season ticket holders within celebrating successfully avoiding relegation.[ vague ]

The stage was set[ tone ] for an improbable outcome. Nürnberg lost 1–2, with Frank Baumann missing a chance to score in the last minute. Every other 1. FCN rival won, including Frankfurt, which routed Kaiserslautern 5–1 with three late tallies – this put the side ahead on goals scored and sent 1. FCN crashing[ tone ] to 16th place and into a shock[ tone ] relegation. [3] 1. FCN was not relegated because they had fewer points than Frankfurt, nor because of a lower goal differential, but on the third tie-breaker – fewer goals scored.

1. FCN rebounded[ tone ] and played in the Bundesliga, but still found itself flirting[ tone ] with relegation from season to season.[ vague ] However, it comfortably[ according to whom? ] avoided relegation in the 2005–06 season, finishing eighth in the Bundesliga. After several years of consolidation, Nürnberg seemed back[ according to whom? ] as a force to reckon with[ tone ] in Bundesliga football. Manager Martin Bader's professional[ according to whom? ] and sometimes even spectacular[ tone ] work until spring 2007 (the signing of former Ajax captain and Czech international Tomáš Galásek, for example, was greeted with enthusiasm),[ by whom? ] as well head coach Hans Meyer's tactically modern understanding of football,[ according to whom? ] helped Nürnberg to its most successful play[ according to whom? ] in almost 40 years. In May 2007, the cut for the UEFA Cup was sure[ vague ] and after the triumph[ tone ] over Eintracht Frankfurt in the DFB-Pokal, the Club was in the final of that tournament for the first time since 1982. On 26 May, the Club won this final against VfB Stuttgart in extra time 3–2, winning the DFB-Pokal again[ vague ] 45 years after the last victory.

In the first round of 2007–08, however, the team could convince no more[ vague ] in Bundesliga. As the team had ended up[ tone ] second in their UEFA Cup group in front of later champion Zenit Saint Petersburg after defeating Rapid București in the first round, head coach Hans Meyer was allowed to restructure the team, for example by buying Czech international striker Jan Koller from Monaco. In the consequence of no improvement, Meyer was replaced by Thomas von Heesen after two legs in the second round.[ vague ] The latter one did not do much better, and so 1. FCN was relegated after finishing 16th after losing a 2–0 home match against Schalke 04 on the final matchday. After not meeting the expectations[ vague ] of dominating the 2. Bundesliga, Von Heesen resigned in August and was replaced by his assistant coach, Michael Oenning. After a slow start,[ according to whom? ] Oenning was able to guide Nürnberg to a third-place finish and a playoff with 16th placed Energie Cottbus. Nürnberg won the playoff 5–0 on aggregate, rejoining the Bundesliga. The club was demoted again, however, after the 2013–14 season, finishing 17th with a final matchday loss to Schalke 04. The club finished third in the 2015–16 season and qualified for the promotion play-off to the Bundesliga, but lost on aggregate to Eintracht Frankfurt to remain in the 2. Bundesliga for 2016–17. The club went on to finish 2nd in 2017–2018 season, securing a promotion spot into the Bundesliga with an away win against SV Sandhausen. However, they finished dead[ tone ] last the next season and were relegated back to 2. Bundesliga.

In the 2019–20 2. Bundesliga season, they finished in 16th place, and faced a relegation playoff against 3. Liga side Ingolstadt, for which Nürnberg prevailed[ tone ] and saved themselves from a double relegation to the 3. Liga after winning 3–3 on aggregate score thanks to the away goals rule. The away goal which retained their second-tier status was scored in the sixth minute of injury time in the second leg, thereby keeping them up at the last moment. [4]

Rivals

SpVgg Greuther Fürth is 1. FCN's longest standing local rival. The rivalry dates back to the early days of German football when, at times, those two clubs dominated the national championship. The clubs have played 258 matches against one another, the most in German professional football. In 1921, the Germany national team consisted only of players from Nürnberg and Fürth for a match against the Netherlands in Amsterdam. The players traveled in the same train, but with the Nürnberg players in a carriage at the front of the train and those from Fürth in a carriage at the rear, while team manager Georg B. Blaschke sat in the middle. A Fürth player scored the first goal of the match but was only congratulated by Fürth players. Allegedly, Hans Sutor, a former Fürth player, was forced to leave the team when he married a woman from Nuremberg. He was later signed by 1. FC Nürnberg and was in the team that eventually won three national championships. [5] Both clubs played together in the Bundesliga in 2012–13.

Games against Bayern Munich are usually the biggest events of the season,[ according to whom? ] as the two clubs are the most successful in Bavaria and Germany overall.

Reserve team

The 1. FC Nürnberg II (or 1. FC Nürnberg Amateure) qualified for the Regionalliga Süd on the strength of a third place in the Bayernliga (IV) in 2007–08. The team had been playing in the Bayernlig since 1998, finishing runners-up three times in those years. When not playing in the Bayernlig, the team used to belong to the Landesliga Bayern-Mitte. Nowadays, it plays in tier four Regionalliga Bayern.

League results

Recent seasons

The recent[ when? ] season-by-season performance of the club: [6] [7]

SeasonDivision Tier Position
1995–96 2. Bundesliga II17th ↓
1996–97 Regionalliga Süd III1st ↑
1997–98 2. BundesligaII3rd ↑
1998–99 Bundesliga I16th ↓
1999–2000 2. BundesligaII4th
2000–01 2. Bundesliga1st ↑
2001–02 BundesligaI15th
2002–03 Bundesliga17th ↓
2003–04 2. BundesligaII1st ↑
2004–05 BundesligaI14th
2005–06 Bundesliga8th
2006–07 Bundesliga6th
2007–08 Bundesliga16th ↓
2008–09 2. BundesligaII3rd ↑
2009–10 BundesligaI16th
2010–11 Bundesliga6th
2011–12 Bundesliga10th
2012–13 Bundesliga10th
2013–14 Bundesliga17th ↓
2014–15 2. BundesligaII9th
2015–16 2. Bundesliga3rd
2016–17 2. Bundesliga12th
2017–18 2. Bundesliga2nd ↑
2018–19 BundesligaI18th ↓
2019–20 2. BundesligaII16th
2020–21 2. Bundesliga11th
2021–22 2. Bundesliga8th
2022–23 2. Bundesliga14th
2023–24 2. Bundesliga
Key
Promoted Relegated

All time

1. FC Nurnberg

  the highest level of football in Germany ;   the second highest;   the third highest.

Honours

Der Club boasted[ tone ] the title of Deutscher Rekordmeister as holder of the most championships for over 60 years (although occasionally having to[ tone ] share the honour with Schalke 04) before being overtaken by Bayern Munich in 1987. [8]

Germany honours its Bundesliga champions by allowing them to display the gold stars of the "Verdiente Meistervereine" – one star for three titles, two stars for five and three stars for ten. However, currently,[ when? ] only titles earned since 1963 in the Bundesliga are officially recognized. Despite winning the national title nine times, Nürnberg – the country's second-most successful side – is not entitled to sport any championship stars.

League

Cup

European competitions

Regional

Stadium

Max-Morlock-Stadion in August 2006 Frankenstadion.jpg
Max-Morlock-Stadion in August 2006

"Der Club" plays in the communally-owned Max-Morlock-Stadion. It has been the club's home since 1963, [9] and currently has a capacity of 50,000 spectators following the stadium's most recent expansion during the winter break of the 2009–10 season. [10] The club previously played its matches at the Zabo (an abbreviation of Zerzabelshof, the district in which the ground was located).

The stadium was built in 1928 and was known as Stadion der Hitler-Jugend from 1933 to 1945.[ citation needed ] Originally having a capacity of 40,000 spectators, it was expanded in 1965 to hold 65,000 and subsequently hosted the 1967 Cup Winners' Cup final between Bayern Munich and Rangers, won 1–0 by the German side. The facility was refurbished for the 1974 FIFA World Cup and another recently completed renovation[ vague ] allowed it to seat 45,000 for four preliminary round matches and one Round of 16 contest of the 2006 World Cup.

The Frankenstadion since 2012 bears the commercial name "Grundig Stadion" under an arrangement with a local company. The majority of the fans was in favour[ according to whom? ] of renaming it after club legend[ tone ] Max Morlock. Morlock's name was finally used in 2017.

The club is currently[ when? ] discussing the possibility of building a new stadium, which is to be completed by 2020.[ vague ] A feasibility study has been commissioned[ when? ] and contact has already been made[ when? ] with potential partners. [11] A new stadium is to be made a pure football stadium. It will be[ when? ] built on the site of Frankenstadion and hold a capacity of 50,000 spectators. [12] However, the club has not yet[ when? ] announced any official plans for a new stadium.

Kits

YearsKit manufacturerShirt sponsor
1985–87 Adidas Patrizier
1987–93Reflecta
1993–94 Puma Trigema
1994–96ARO
1996–98 Adidas
1998–00VIAG Interkom
2000–02 Adecco
2002–03Entrium Direct Bankers AG
2003–04DiBa Bank
2004–08mister*lady
2008–12 Areva
2012–14NKD
2014–16Wolf Möbel
2016–21 Umbro Nürnberger Versicherung
2021– Adidas

Players

Current squad

As of 24 January 2024 [13]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No.Pos.NationPlayer
1 GK Flag of Germany.svg  GER Carl Klaus
3 DF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Ahmet Gürleyen
4 DF Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  WAL James Lawrence
5 MF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Johannes Geis
6 MF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Florian Flick
7 FW Flag of Germany.svg  GER Felix Lohkemper
8 MF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Taylan Duman
9 FW Flag of Japan.svg  JPN Daichi Hayashi (on loan from Sint-Truiden)
11 MF Flag of Japan.svg  JPN Kanji Okunuki
13 DF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Erik Wekesser
14 FW Flag of Germany.svg  GER Benjamin Goller
15 DF Flag of Spain.svg  ESP Iván Márquez
16 DF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Christopher Schindler
17 MF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Jens Castrop
19 DF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Florian Hübner
No.Pos.NationPlayer
20 FW Flag of Sweden.svg  SWE Sebastian Andersson
22 DF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Enrico Valentini (captain)
23 FW Flag of England.svg  ENG Joseph Hungbo
26 GK Flag of Germany.svg  GER Christian Mathenia
27 DF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Nathaniel Brown (on loan from Eintracht Frankfurt)
28 DF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Jan Gyamerah
31 GK Flag of Germany.svg  GER Jan Reichert
33 MF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Marcel Wenig (on loan from Eintracht Frankfurt)
36 FW Flag of Germany.svg  GER Lukas Schleimer
38 DF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Jannes Horn
39 GK Flag of Germany.svg  GER Nicolas Ortegel
40 MF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Pascal Fuchs
42 FW Flag of Turkey.svg  TUR Can Uzun
43 DF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Jannik Hofmann

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No.Pos.NationPlayer
DF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Louis Breunig (at Jahn Regensburg until 30 June 2024)
DF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Tim Handwerker (at Utrecht until 30 June 2024)
MF Flag of Morocco.svg  MAR Ali Loune(at Austria Klagenfurt until 30 June 2025)
No.Pos.NationPlayer
FW Flag of Germany.svg  GER Christoph Daferner (at Fortuna Düsseldorf until 30 June 2024)
FW Flag of Germany.svg  GER Jermain Nischalke (at Borussia Dortmund II until 30 June 2024)
FW Flag of Germany.svg  GER Manuel Wintzheimer (at Arminia Bielefeld until 30 June 2024)

1. FC Nürnberg II squad

Notable former players

Greatest ever team

In the summer of 2010, as part of the club's celebration of its 110th anniversary, Nürnberg fans voted for the best players in the club's history. The players who received the most votes in each position were named in the club's greatest ever team. [14]

Supporters voted Andreas Kopke (pictured) as the club's greatest ever goalkeeper. Andreas Koepke.JPG
Supporters voted Andreas Köpke (pictured) as the club's greatest ever goalkeeper.

Reserves: Hans Kalb, Stefan Kießling, Horst Leupold, Dieter Nüssing, Marc Oechler, Luitpold Popp, Raphael Schäfer, Heinz Strehl, Heinrich Stuhlfauth, Horst Weyerich, Sergio Zárate

Records

As of 24 May 2021 [15] [16]
Most league appearances in the Bundesliga era (since 1963)
RankNameYears Bundesliga 2.Liga Total
1 Flag of Germany.svg Thomas Brunner 1980–199632874402
2 Flag of Germany.svg Raphael Schäfer 2001–2007, 2008–2017250108358
3 Flag of Germany.svg Andreas Köpke 1986–1994, 1999–200128058338
4 Flag of Germany.svg Norbert Eder 1975–1984154146300
5 Flag of Germany.svg Dieter Lieberwirth 1975–1988139131270
6 Flag of Argentina.svg Javier Pinola 2005–201520258260
7 Flag of Germany.svg Peter Stocker1975–1983118131249
8 Flag of Germany.svg Marc Oechler 1989–199916377240
9 Flag of Germany.svg Horst Weyerich1976–198513298230
10 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Marek Nikl 1998–200714187228
Top league goalscorers in the Bundesliga era (since 1963)
RankNameYears Bundesliga 2.Liga TotalRatio
1 Flag of Germany.svg Dieter Eckstein 1984–1988, 1991–199366 (189)13 (37)79(226)0.35
2 Flag of Germany.svg Heinz Strehl 1963–197076 (174)0 (0)76(174)0.44
3 Flag of Germany.svg Hans Walitza 1974–19790 (9)71 (118)71(127)0.56
4 Flag of Slovakia.svg Marek Mintál 2003–201132 (121)34 (59)66(180)0.37
5 Flag of Germany.svg Franz Brungs 1965–1968, 1971–197250 (97)0 (0)50(97)0.52
6 Flag of Germany.svg Horst Weyerich1976–198521 (132)27 (98)48(230)0.21
7 Flag of Germany.svg Dieter Nüssing 1968–19775 (23)39 (109)44(132)0.33
8 Flag of North Macedonia.svg Saša Ćirić 1998–1999, 2002–200425 (55)18 (37)43(92)0.47
9 Flag of Germany.svg Dieter Lieberwirth 1975–198818 (139)21 (131)39(270)0.14
10 Flag of Germany.svg Georg Volkert 1965–1969, 1980–198137 (136)0 (0)37(136)0.27

Numbers in brackets indicate appearances made.

Staff

Head coach Flag of Germany.svg Cristian Fiel
Assistant coach Flag of Germany.svg Tobias Schweinsteiger
Assistant coach Flag of Germany.svg Frank Steinmetz
Goalkeeping coach Flag of Germany.svg Dennis Neudahm
Fitness coach Flag of Germany.svg Tobias Dippert
Youth coach Flag of Germany.svg Rainer Zietsch
Chief scout Flag of Germany.svg Dieter Nüssing
Team manager Flag of Serbia.svg Boban Pribanović
Physiotherapist Flag of Germany.svg James Morgan
Flag of Germany.svg Milan Gubov
Flag of Germany.svg Sascha Rurainski

Coaches and chairmen

Coaches

Outstanding[ tone ][ according to whom? ] coaches of the earlier years include Izidor "Dori" Kürschner (1921, 1922), Fred Spiksley (1913, 1920s), former player Alfred Schaffer (1930s), Dr. Karl Michalke (1930s), Alwin "Alv" Riemke (1940s–1950s) and former player Hans "Bumbes" Schmidt (1940s, 1950s), who notably did not win a single of his four German Championship titles as coach with Nürnberg, but three of them with the long-standing main rivals Schalke 04. He was also four times champion as player, thereof three times with the Club, and once with the earlier archrival SpVgg Greuther Fürth.

Managerial history (Bundesliga era)

Chairmen

  • 1900–1904: Christoph Heinz
  • 1904–1910: Ferdinand Küspert
  • 1910–1912: Christoph Heinz
  • 1912–1914: Leopold Neuburger
  • 1915–1917: Ferdinand Küspert
  • 1917–1919: Konrad Gerstacker
  • 1919–1921: Leopold Neuburger
  • 1921–1923: Ludwig Bäumler
  • 1923: Eduard Kartini
  • 1923–1925: Max Oberst
  • 1926–1930: Hans Schregle
  • 1930–1935: Ludwig Franz
  • 1935–1945: Karl Müller
  • 1945–1946: Hans Hofmann
  • 1946–1947 Hans Schregle
  • 1947–1948: Hans Hofmann
  • 1948–1963: Ludwig Franz
  • 1963–1964: Karl Müller
  • 1964–1971: Walter Luther
  • 1971–1977: Hans Ehrt
  • 1977–1978: Lothar Schmechtig
  • 1978–1979: Waldemar Zeitelhack
  • 1979–1983: Michael A. Roth
  • 1983–1991: Gerd Schmelzer
  • 1991–1992: Sven Oberhof
  • 1992–1994: Gerhard Voack
  • 1994 Georg: Haas
  • 1994–2009: Michael A. Roth
  • 2009–2010: Franz Schäfer

Further reading

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References

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  2. Redelings, Ben. "Der Skandal, der den Club fast zerstörte". n-tv.de (in German). Retrieved 31 January 2022.
  3. "Nuremberg are Relegated". New Straits Times. 31 May 1999. Retrieved 18 September 2010.
  4. Schlitt, Anna-Lena; Zimmermann, Konstantin (11 July 2020). "1. FC Nürnberg hält in letzter Sekunde die Liga". Die Zeit (in German). Retrieved 24 May 2021.
  5. "Die Geschichte des Frankenderbys". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2010.(in German)
  6. Das deutsche Fußball-Archiv (in German) Historical German domestic league tables
  7. Fussball.de – Ergebnisse (in German) Tables and results of all German football leagues
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  9. "From 'Municipal Stadium' to the easyCredit Stadium". Archived from the original on 23 November 2010. Retrieved 18 September 2010.
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