| 100 metres |
at the World Championships in Athletics
|Gender||Men and women|
|Years held||Men: 1983 – 2019 |
Women: 1983 – 2019
|Men||9.58 Usain Bolt (2009)|
|Women||10.70 Marion Jones (1999)|
|Men||Christian Coleman (USA)|
|Women||Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)|
The 100 metres at the World Championships in Athletics has been contested by both men and women since the inaugural edition in 1983. It is the second most prestigious 100 m title after the 100 metres at the Olympics. The competition format typically has two or three qualifying rounds leading to a final between eight athletes. Since 2011 a preliminary round has been held, where athletes who have not achieved the qualifying standard time compete to enter the first round proper.
The championship records for the event are 9.58 seconds for men, set by Usain Bolt in 2009, and 10.70 seconds for women, set by Marion Jones in 1999. The men's world record has been broken or equalled at the competition three times: by Carl Lewis in 1987 and 1991, and by Usain Bolt in 2009.Ben Johnson beat Lewis in the 1987 final, but his win and record were subsequently rescinded after his admission to long-term steroid use. Lewis's mark, which equalled the standing record at the time, was never officially ratified by the IAAF as a world record. The women's world record has not yet been beaten at the championships.
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce is the most successful athlete of the event as the only person, male or female to win four titles. Carl Lewis, Maurice Greene and Usain Bolt are the most successful male athletes of the event, having each won three titles. Justin Gatlin has the most medals with 5, 2 gold and 3 silver. Merlene Ottey and Carmelita Jeter are the only other athletes to have claimed four medals in the history of the World Championships event.
The United States is the most successful nation in the discipline, having won fifteen gold medals. Jamaica are a clear second with six gold medals. East Germany, with two, is the only other nation to have won multiple titles.
|Distinction||Male athlete||Age||Female athlete||Age|
|Youngest champion||Yohan Blake||21 years, 245 days||Katrin Krabbe||21 years, 278 days|
|Youngest medalist||Darrel Brown||18 years, 318 days||Katrin Krabbe||21 years, 278 days|
|Youngest participant||Darren Tuitt||15 years, 153 days||Tehani Kirby||14 years, 5 days|
|Oldest champion||Justin Gatlin||35 years, 176 days||Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce||32 years, 276 days|
|Oldest medalist||Justin Gatlin||37 years, 230 days||Merlene Ottey||35 years, 89 days|
|Oldest participant||Kim Collins||39 years, 218 days||Merlene Ottey||47 years, 108 days|
Canada's Ben Johnson and Angella Taylor-Issajenko were both disqualified from the 1987 World Championships in Athletics for doping. Johnson was stripped of his 100 m gold, elevating Carl Lewis to world champion, while Taylor-Issajenko finished fifth in the women's 100 m final.
At the following edition in 1991, Irina Slyusar of the Soviet Union (a women's semi-finalist) was disqualified for doping. Eight years passed without incident in the 100 m before the double Nigerian doping disqualification of Innocent Asonze and Davidson Ezinwa in 1999.
Tim Montgomery became the 100 m second medalist to be disqualified, losing his silver medal from the 2001 World Championships in Athletics. From the same event, Marion Jones later lost her silver medal for doping infractions, becoming the first female medalist to be stripped of a 100 m medal. Venolyn Clarke and Kelli White (a women's finalist) were also disqualified that year. The results of Dwain Chambers and Montgomery, fourth and fifth in 2003, were removed for doping. Two women's medalists were stripped of their honours for doping Kelli White lost the world title while Zhanna Block had her bronze medal removed. Block's times from the 2005 edition were also annulled. These disqualifications were a result of the BALCO scandal, which included many 100 m runners.
No doping offences were recorded at the 2007 World Championships 100 metres, but bans shortly returned, with Ruqaya Al-Ghasra being banned from the 2009 edition and a female trio of Inna Eftimova, Semoy Hackett and Norjannah Hafiszah Jamaludin being disqualified in 2011.The 2013 World Championships saw one elimination in Masoud Azizi.
Among the men's world champions, only Donovan Bailey and Usain Bolt have not been implicated in doping during their careers; three-time champion Maurice Greene never failed a drug test, but admitting purchasing drugs on other athletes behalf.
|1983 Helsinki ( )||Carl Lewis (USA)||Calvin Smith (USA)||Emmit King (USA)|
|1987 Rome ( )||Carl Lewis (USA)||Raymond Stewart (JAM)||Linford Christie (GBR)|
|1991 Tokyo ( )||Carl Lewis (USA)||Leroy Burrell (USA)||Dennis Mitchell (USA)|
|1993 Stuttgart ( )||Linford Christie (GBR)||Andre Cason (USA)||Dennis Mitchell (USA)|
|1995 Gothenburg ( )||Donovan Bailey (CAN)||Bruny Surin (CAN)||Ato Boldon (TRI)|
|1997 Athens ( )||Maurice Greene (USA)||Donovan Bailey (CAN)||Tim Montgomery (USA)|
|1999 Seville ( )||Maurice Greene (USA)||Bruny Surin (CAN)||Dwain Chambers (GBR)|
|2001 Edmonton ( )||Maurice Greene (USA)||Bernard Williams (USA)||Ato Boldon (TRI)|
|2003 Saint-Denis ( )||Kim Collins (SKN)||Darrel Brown (TRI)||Darren Campbell (GBR)|
|2005 Helsinki ( )||Justin Gatlin (USA)||Michael Frater (JAM)||Kim Collins (SKN)|
|2007 Osaka ( )||Tyson Gay (USA)||Derrick Atkins (BAH)||Asafa Powell (JAM)|
|2009 Berlin ( )||Usain Bolt (JAM)||Tyson Gay (USA)||Asafa Powell (JAM)|
|2011 Daegu ( )||Yohan Blake (JAM)||Walter Dix (USA)||Kim Collins (SKN)|
|2013 Moscow ( )||Usain Bolt (JAM)||Justin Gatlin (USA)||Nesta Carter (JAM)|
|2015 Beijing ( )||Usain Bolt (JAM)||Justin Gatlin (USA)|| Trayvon Bromell (USA)|
Andre De Grasse (CAN)
|2017 London ( )||Justin Gatlin (USA)||Christian Coleman (USA)||Usain Bolt (JAM)|
|2019 Doha ( )||Christian Coleman (USA)||Justin Gatlin (USA)||Andre De Grasse (CAN)|
|1||Usain Bolt||Jamaica (JAM)||2009–2017||3||0||1||4|
|2=||Carl Lewis||United States (USA)||1983–1991||3||0||0||3|
|2=||Maurice Greene||United States (USA)||1997–2001||3||0||0||3|
|4||Justin Gatlin||United States (USA)||2005–2019||2||3||0||5|
|5=||Christian Coleman||United States (USA)||2017–2019||1||1||0||2|
|5=||Donovan Bailey||Canada (CAN)||1995–1997||1||1||0||2|
|5=||Tyson Gay||United States (USA)||2007–2009||1||1||0||2|
|8||Kim Collins||Saint Kitts and Nevis (SKN)||2003–2011||1||0||2||3|
|9||Linford Christie||Great Britain (GBR)||1987–1993||1||0||1||2|
|10||Bruny Surin||Canada (CAN)||1995–1999||0||2||0||2|
|11=||Dennis Mitchell||United States (USA)||1991–1993||0||0||2||2|
|11=||Ato Boldon||Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)||1995–2001||0||0||2||2|
|11=||Asafa Powell||Jamaica (JAM)||2007–2009||0||0||2||2|
|11=||Andre De Grasse||Canada (CAN)||2015–2019||0||0||2||2|
|1||United States (USA)||10||10||5||25|
|4=||Great Britain (GBR)||1||0||3||4|
|4=||Saint Kitts and Nevis (SKN)||1||0||3||3|
|6||Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)||0||1||2||3|
| 1983 Helsinki ||Marlies Oelsner-Göhr (GDR)||Marita Koch (GDR)||Diane Williams (USA)|
| 1987 Rome ||Silke Gladisch-Möller (GDR)||Heike Daute-Drechsler (GDR)||Merlene Ottey (JAM)|
| 1991 Tokyo ||Katrin Krabbe (GER)||Gwen Torrence (USA)||Merlene Ottey (JAM)|
| 1993 Stuttgart ||Gail Devers (USA)||Merlene Ottey (JAM)||Gwen Torrence (USA)|
| 1995 Gothenburg ||Gwen Torrence (USA)||Merlene Ottey (JAM)||Irina Privalova (RUS)|
| 1997 Athens ||Marion Jones (USA)||Zhanna Pintusevich (UKR)||Savatheda Fynes (BAH)|
| 1999 Seville ||Marion Jones (USA)||Inger Miller (USA)||Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)|
| 2001 Edmonton ||Zhanna Pintusevich-Block (UKR)||Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)||Chandra Sturrup (BAH)|
| 2003 Saint-Denis ||Torri Edwards (USA)||Chandra Sturrup (BAH)||Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)|
| 2005 Helsinki ||Lauryn Williams (USA)||Veronica Campbell (JAM)||Christine Arron (FRA)|
| 2007 Osaka ||Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)||Lauryn Williams (USA)||Carmelita Jeter (USA)|
| 2009 Berlin ||Shelly-Ann Fraser (JAM)||Kerron Stewart (JAM)||Carmelita Jeter (USA)|
| 2011 Daegu ||Carmelita Jeter (USA)||Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)||Kelly-Ann Baptiste (TRI)|
| 2013 Moscow ||Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)||Murielle Ahouré (CIV)||Carmelita Jeter (USA)|
| 2015 Beijing ||Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)||Dafne Schippers (NED)||Tori Bowie (USA)|
| 2017 London ||Tori Bowie (USA)||Marie-Josée Ta Lou (CIV)||Dafne Schippers (NED)|
| 2019 Doha ||Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)||Dina Asher-Smith (GBR)||Marie-Josée Ta Lou (CIV)|
|1||Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce||Jamaica (JAM)||2009–2019||4||0||0||4|
|2||Marion Jones||United States (USA)||1997–1999||2||0||0||2|
|3||Veronica Campbell-Brown||Jamaica (JAM)||2005–2011||1||2||0||3|
|4||Gwen Torrence||United States (USA)||1991–1995||1||1||1||3|
|5=||Zhanna Block||Ukraine (UKR)||1997–2001||1||1||0||2|
|5=||Lauryn Williams||United States (USA)||2005–2007||1||1||0||2|
|7||Carmelita Jeter||United States (USA)||2007–2013||1||0||3||4|
|8||Tori Bowie||United States (USA)||2015–2017||1||0||1||2|
|9||Merlene Ottey||Jamaica (JAM)||1987–1995||0||2||2||4|
|10||Ekaterini Thanou||Greece (GRE)||1999–2003||0||1||2||3|
|11=||Chandra Sturrup||Bahamas (BAH)||2001–2003||0||1||1||2|
|11=||Dafne Schippers||Netherlands (NED)||2015–2017||0||1||1||2|
|11=||Marie-Josee Ta Lou||Ivory Coast (CIV)||2017–2019||0||1||1||2|
|1||United States (USA)||9||3||6||18|
|3||East Germany (GDR)||2||2||0||4|
|6||Ivory Coast (CIV)||0||2||1||3|
|10||Great Britain (GBR)||0||1||0||1|
|11=||Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)||0||0||1||1|
|10.64||Luke Watson||Great Britain (GBR)||1983||Heats||1983-08-07|
|10.38||Juan Núñez||Dominican Republic (DOM)||1983||Heats||1983-08-07|
|10.34||Carl Lewis||United States (USA)||1983||Heats||1983-08-07|
|10.31||Desai Williams||Canada (CAN)||1983||Heats||1983-08-07|
|10.30||Calvin Smith||United States (USA)||1983||Heats||1983-08-07|
|10.24||Leandro Peñalver||Cuba (CUB)||1983||Heats||1983-08-07|
|10.20||Carl Lewis||United States (USA)||1983||Quarter-finals||1983-08-07|
|10.07||Carl Lewis||United States (USA)||1983||Final||1983-08-08|
|10.03||Carl Lewis||United States (USA)||1987||Semi-finals||1987-08-30|
|Ben Johnson||Canada (CAN)||1987||Final||1987-08-30|
|9.93 WR=||Carl Lewis||United States (USA)||1987||Final||1987-08-30|
|9.93||Carl Lewis||United States (USA)||1991||Semi-finals||1991-08-25|
|9.86 WR||Carl Lewis||United States (USA)||1991||Final||1991-08-25|
|9.86||Maurice Greene||United States (USA)||1997||Final||1997-08-03|
|9.80||Maurice Greene||United States (USA)||1999||Final||1999-08-22|
|9.58 WR||Usain Bolt||Jamaica (JAM)||2009||Final||2009-08-16|
|11.26||Olga Antonova||Soviet Union (URS)||1983||Heats||1983-08-07|
|11.24||Marita Koch||East Germany (GDR)||1983||Heats||1983-08-07|
|11.23||Diane Williams||United States (USA)||1983||Heats||1983-08-07|
|11.15||Evelyn Ashford||United States (USA)||1983||Heats||1983-08-07|
|11.11||Evelyn Ashford||United States (USA)||1983||Quarter-finals||1983-08-07|
|11.05||Marlies Göhr||East Germany (GDR)||1983||Semi-finals||1983-08-08|
|10.99||Evelyn Ashford||United States (USA)||1983||Semi-finals||1983-08-08|
|10.97||Marlies Göhr||East Germany (GDR)||1983||Final||1983-08-08|
|10.95||Heike Drechsler||East Germany (GDR)||1987||Semi-finals||1987-08-30|
|10.90||Silke Möller||East Germany (GDR)||1987||Semi-finals||1987-08-30|
|10.87||Merlene Ottey||Jamaica (JAM)||1993||Semi-finals||1993-08-16|
|10.87||Gwen Torrence||United States (USA)||1993||Semi-finals||1993-08-16|
|10.82||Gail Devers||United States (USA)||1993||Final||1993-08-16|
|10.82||Merlene Ottey||Jamaica (JAM)||1993||Final||1993-08-16|
|10.76||Marion Jones||United States (USA)||1999||Quarter-finals||1999-08-21|
|10.70||Marion Jones||United States (USA)||1999||Final||1999-08-22|
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