100 metres at the World Athletics Championships

Last updated
100 metres
at the World Championships in Athletics
Leichtathletik WM 2013 Moskau 100 m Vorlauf.jpg
The heats of the men's 100 m in 2013
Overview
GenderMen and women
Years heldMen: 19832019
Women: 19832019
Championship record
Men9.58 Usain Bolt (2009)
Women10.70 Marion Jones (1999)
Reigning champion
MenFlag of the United States.svg  Christian Coleman  (USA)
WomenFlag of Jamaica.svg  Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce  (JAM)
Carmelita Jeter winning the 2011 women's 100 m world title Carmelita Jeter Daegu 2011.jpg
Carmelita Jeter winning the 2011 women's 100 m world title

The 100 metres at the World Championships in Athletics has been contested by both men and women since the inaugural edition in 1983. It is the second most prestigious 100 m title after the 100 metres at the Olympics. The competition format typically has two or three qualifying rounds leading to a final between eight athletes. Since 2011 a preliminary round has been held, where athletes who have not achieved the qualifying standard time compete to enter the first round proper.

Contents

The championship records for the event are 9.58 seconds for men, set by Usain Bolt in 2009, and 10.70 seconds for women, set by Marion Jones in 1999. The men's world record has been broken or equalled at the competition three times: by Carl Lewis in 1987 and 1991, and by Usain Bolt in 2009. [1] Ben Johnson beat Lewis in the 1987 final, but his win and record were subsequently rescinded after his admission to long-term steroid use. [2] Lewis's mark, which equalled the standing record at the time, was never officially ratified by the IAAF as a world record. The women's world record has not yet been beaten at the championships.

Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce is the most successful athlete of the event as the only person, male or female to win four titles. Carl Lewis, Maurice Greene and Usain Bolt are the most successful male athletes of the event, having each won three titles. Justin Gatlin has the most medals with 5, 2 gold and 3 silver. Merlene Ottey and Carmelita Jeter are the only other athletes to have claimed four medals in the history of the World Championships event.

The United States is the most successful nation in the discipline, having won fifteen gold medals. Jamaica are a clear second with six gold medals. East Germany, with two, is the only other nation to have won multiple titles.

Age

DistinctionMale athleteAgeFemale athleteAge
Youngest champion Yohan Blake 21 years, 245 days Katrin Krabbe 21 years, 278 days
Youngest medalist Darrel Brown 18 years, 318 daysKatrin Krabbe21 years, 278 days
Youngest participant Darren Tuitt 15 years, 153 days Tehani Kirby 14 years, 5 days
Oldest champion Justin Gatlin 35 years, 176 days Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce 32 years, 276 days
Oldest medalistJustin Gatlin37 years, 230 days Merlene Ottey 35 years, 89 days
Oldest participant Kim Collins 39 years, 218 daysMerlene Ottey47 years, 108 days

Doping

Canada's Ben Johnson and Angella Taylor-Issajenko were both disqualified from the 1987 World Championships in Athletics for doping. Johnson was stripped of his 100 m gold, elevating Carl Lewis to world champion, while Taylor-Issajenko finished fifth in the women's 100 m final.

At the following edition in 1991, Irina Slyusar of the Soviet Union (a women's semi-finalist) was disqualified for doping. Eight years passed without incident in the 100 m before the double Nigerian doping disqualification of Innocent Asonze and Davidson Ezinwa in 1999. [4]

Tim Montgomery became the 100 m second medalist to be disqualified, losing his silver medal from the 2001 World Championships in Athletics. From the same event, Marion Jones later lost her silver medal for doping infractions, becoming the first female medalist to be stripped of a 100 m medal. Venolyn Clarke and Kelli White (a women's finalist) were also disqualified that year. The results of Dwain Chambers and Montgomery, fourth and fifth in 2003, were removed for doping. Two women's medalists were stripped of their honours for doping Kelli White lost the world title while Zhanna Block had her bronze medal removed. Block's times from the 2005 edition were also annulled. [4] These disqualifications were a result of the BALCO scandal, which included many 100 m runners.

No doping offences were recorded at the 2007 World Championships 100 metres, but bans shortly returned, with Ruqaya Al-Ghasra being banned from the 2009 edition and a female trio of Inna Eftimova, Semoy Hackett and Norjannah Hafiszah Jamaludin being disqualified in 2011. [4] The 2013 World Championships saw one elimination in Masoud Azizi. [5]

Among the men's world champions, only Donovan Bailey and Usain Bolt have not been implicated in doping during their careers; three-time champion Maurice Greene never failed a drug test, but admitting purchasing drugs on other athletes behalf. [6]

Medalists

Men

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Carl Lewis  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Calvin Smith  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Emmit King  (USA)
1987 Rome ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Carl Lewis  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Raymond Stewart  (JAM)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Linford Christie  (GBR)
1991 Tokyo ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Carl Lewis  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Leroy Burrell  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Dennis Mitchell  (USA)
1993 Stuttgart ( details )Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Linford Christie  (GBR)Flag of the United States.svg  Andre Cason  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Dennis Mitchell  (USA)
1995 Gothenburg ( details )Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Donovan Bailey  (CAN)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Bruny Surin  (CAN)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Ato Boldon  (TRI)
1997 Athens ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Maurice Greene  (USA)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Donovan Bailey  (CAN)Flag of the United States.svg  Tim Montgomery  (USA)
1999 Seville ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Maurice Greene  (USA)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Bruny Surin  (CAN)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Dwain Chambers  (GBR)
2001 Edmonton ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Maurice Greene  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Bernard Williams  (USA)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Ato Boldon  (TRI)
2003 Saint-Denis ( details )Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Kim Collins  (SKN)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Darrel Brown  (TRI)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Darren Campbell  (GBR)
2005 Helsinki ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Michael Frater  (JAM)Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Kim Collins  (SKN)
2007 Osaka ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Tyson Gay  (USA)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Derrick Atkins  (BAH)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Asafa Powell  (JAM)
2009 Berlin ( details )Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Tyson Gay  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Asafa Powell  (JAM)
2011 Daegu ( details )Flag of Jamaica.svg  Yohan Blake  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Walter Dix  (USA)Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Kim Collins  (SKN)
2013 Moscow ( details )Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Nesta Carter  (JAM)
2015 Beijing ( details )Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Trayvon Bromell  (USA)
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Andre De Grasse  (CAN)
2017 London ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Christian Coleman  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)
2019 Doha ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Christian Coleman  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Andre De Grasse  (CAN)

Multiple medalists

RankAthleteNationChampionshipsGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Usain Bolt Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)2009–20173014
2= Carl Lewis Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)1983–19913003
2= Maurice Greene Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)1997–20013003
4 Justin Gatlin Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)2005–20192305
5= Christian Coleman Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)2017–20191102
5= Donovan Bailey Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN)1995–19971102
5= Tyson Gay Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)2007–20091102
8 Kim Collins Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Saint Kitts and Nevis  (SKN)2003–20111023
9 Linford Christie Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)1987–19931012
10 Bruny Surin Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN)1995–19990202
11= Dennis Mitchell Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)1991–19930022
11= Ato Boldon Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago  (TRI)1995–20010022
11= Asafa Powell Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)2007–20090022
11= Andre De Grasse Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN)2015–20190022

Medalists by country

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)1010525
2Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)42410
3Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN)1326
4=Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)1034
4=Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Saint Kitts and Nevis  (SKN)1033
6Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago  (TRI)0123
7Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas  (BAH)0101

Women

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of East Germany.svg  Marlies Oelsner-Göhr  (GDR)Flag of East Germany.svg  Marita Koch  (GDR)Flag of the United States.svg  Diane Williams  (USA)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of East Germany.svg  Silke Gladisch-Möller  (GDR)Flag of East Germany.svg  Heike Daute-Drechsler  (GDR)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Katrin Krabbe  (GER)Flag of the United States.svg  Gwen Torrence  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Gail Devers  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Gwen Torrence  (USA)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Gwen Torrence  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)Flag of Russia.svg  Irina Privalova  (RUS)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Marion Jones  (USA)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Zhanna Pintusevich  (UKR)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Savatheda Fynes  (BAH)
1999 Seville
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Marion Jones  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Inger Miller  (USA)Flag of Greece.svg  Ekaterini Thanou  (GRE)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Zhanna Pintusevich-Block  (UKR)Flag of Greece.svg  Ekaterini Thanou  (GRE)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Chandra Sturrup  (BAH)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Torri Edwards  (USA)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Chandra Sturrup  (BAH)Flag of Greece.svg  Ekaterini Thanou  (GRE)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Lauryn Williams  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Veronica Campbell  (JAM)Flag of France.svg  Christine Arron  (FRA)
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Veronica Campbell-Brown  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Lauryn Williams  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Carmelita Jeter  (USA)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Shelly-Ann Fraser  (JAM)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Kerron Stewart  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Carmelita Jeter  (USA)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Carmelita Jeter  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Veronica Campbell-Brown  (JAM)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Kelly-Ann Baptiste  (TRI)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce  (JAM)Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Murielle Ahouré  (CIV)Flag of the United States.svg  Carmelita Jeter  (USA)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce  (JAM)Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Dafne Schippers  (NED)Flag of the United States.svg  Tori Bowie  (USA)
2017 London
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Tori Bowie  (USA)Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Marie-Josée Ta Lou  (CIV)Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Dafne Schippers  (NED)
2019 Doha
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce  (JAM)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Dina Asher-Smith  (GBR)Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Marie-Josée Ta Lou  (CIV)

Multiple medalists

RankAthleteNationChampionshipsGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)2009–20194004
2 Marion Jones Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)1997–19992002
3 Veronica Campbell-Brown Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)2005–20111203
4 Gwen Torrence Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)1991–19951113
5= Zhanna Block Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine  (UKR)1997–20011102
5= Lauryn Williams Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)2005–20071102
7 Carmelita Jeter Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)2007–20131034
8 Tori Bowie Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)2015–20171012
9 Merlene Ottey Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)1987–19950224
10 Ekaterini Thanou Flag of Greece.svg  Greece  (GRE)1999–20030123
11= Chandra Sturrup Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas  (BAH)2001–20030112
11= Dafne Schippers Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands  (NED)2015–20170112
11= Marie-Josee Ta Lou Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast  (CIV)2017–20190112

Medalists by country

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)93618
2Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)55212
3Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany  (GDR)2204
4Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine  (UKR)1100
5Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)1000
6Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast  (CIV)0213
7=Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas  (BAH)0123
7=Flag of Greece.svg  Greece  (GRE)0123
9Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands  (NED)0112
10Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)0101
11=Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)0011
11=Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)0011
11=Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago  (TRI)0011

Championship record progression

Men

Men's 100 metres World Championships record progression [7]
TimeAthleteNationYearRoundDate
10.64 Luke Watson Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR) 1983 Heats1983-08-07
10.38 Juan Núñez Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic  (DOM) 1983 Heats1983-08-07
10.34 Carl Lewis Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1983 Heats1983-08-07
10.31 Desai Williams Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN) 1983 Heats1983-08-07
10.30 Calvin Smith Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1983 Heats1983-08-07
10.24 Leandro Peñalver Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba  (CUB) 1983 Heats1983-08-07
10.20 Carl Lewis Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1983 Quarter-finals1983-08-07
10.07 Carl Lewis Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1983 Final1983-08-08
10.03 Carl Lewis Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1987 Semi-finals1987-08-30
9.83 WR [dq1] Ben Johnson Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN) 1987 Final1987-08-30
9.93 WR= Carl Lewis Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1987 Final1987-08-30
9.93 Carl Lewis Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1991 Semi-finals1991-08-25
9.86 WR Carl Lewis Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1991 Final1991-08-25
9.86 Maurice Greene Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1997 Final1997-08-03
9.80 Maurice Greene Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1999 Final1999-08-22
9.58 WR Usain Bolt Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM) 2009 Final2009-08-16

Women

Women's 100 metres World Championships record progression [8]
TimeAthleteNationYearRoundDate
11.26 Olga Antonova Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS) 1983 Heats1983-08-07
11.24 Marita Koch Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany  (GDR) 1983 Heats1983-08-07
11.23 Diane Williams Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1983 Heats1983-08-07
11.15 Evelyn Ashford Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1983 Heats1983-08-07
11.11 Evelyn Ashford Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1983 Quarter-finals1983-08-07
11.05 Marlies Göhr Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany  (GDR) 1983 Semi-finals1983-08-08
10.99 Evelyn Ashford Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1983 Semi-finals1983-08-08
10.97 Marlies Göhr Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany  (GDR) 1983 Final1983-08-08
10.95 Heike Drechsler Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany  (GDR) 1987 Semi-finals1987-08-30
10.90 Silke Möller Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany  (GDR) 1987 Semi-finals1987-08-30
10.87 Merlene Ottey Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM) 1993 Semi-finals1993-08-16
10.87 Gwen Torrence Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1993 Semi-finals1993-08-16
10.82 Gail Devers Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1993 Final1993-08-16
10.82 Merlene Ottey Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM) 1993 Final1993-08-16
10.76 Marion Jones Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1999 Quarter-finals1999-08-21
10.70 Marion Jones Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1999 Final1999-08-22

Finishing times

Top ten fastest World Championship times

Best time for place

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References

  1. IAAF World Championships: IAAF Statistics Handbook Daegu 2011, pp. 595–6 (archived). IAAF. Retrieved on 2015-07-06.
  2. 1 2 Thomsen, Ian (1997-08-09). Kipketer Glides to Victory. The New York Times . Retrieved on 2015-07-06.
  3. Butler 2013, p. 35–7.
  4. 1 2 3 Butler 2013, p. 67–9.
  5. More than 1900 blood samples collected – Moscow 2013. IAAF (2013-09-20). Retrieved on 2015-07-06.
  6. I.A.A.F. Seeks an Explanation From Greene About Drug Allegations. The New York Times (2008-04-17). Retrieved on 2015-07-07.
  7. Main > Men, 100 m > World Championships Records Progression. Track and Field Brinkster. Retrieved on 2015-07-07.
  8. Main > Women, 100 m > World Championships Records Progression. Track and Field Brinkster. Retrieved on 2015-07-07.
  9. 1 2 "Men's 100m".
  10. 1 2 "Women's 100m".

Bibliography