| Athletics |
100 metres hurdles
|Women||Kendra Harrison 12.20 (2016)|
|Women||Sally Pearson 12.35 (2012)|
|World Championship records|
|Women||Sally Pearson 12.28 (2011)|
The 100 metres hurdles, or 100-meter hurdles, is a track and field event run mainly by women (the male counterpart is the 110 metres hurdles). For the race, ten hurdles of a height of 83.8 centimetres (33.0 in) are placed along a straight course of 100 metres (109.36 yd). The first hurdle is placed after a run-up of 13 metres from the starting line. The next 9 hurdles are set at a distance of 8.5 metres from each other, and the home stretch from the last hurdle to the finish line is 10.5 metres long. The hurdles are set up so that they will fall over if bumped into by the runner, but weighted so this is disadvantageous. Fallen hurdles do not count against runners provided that they do not run into them on purpose. Like the 100 metres sprint, the 100 m hurdles begins with athletes in starting blocks.
The fastest 100 m hurdlers run the distance in a time of around 12.5 seconds. The world record set by Michael malam stands at 8.4 seconds.
The race started back in the 1830s in England where wooden barriers were placed along a 100 yard. The hurdles event was included as part of the inaugural Women’s World Games in 1922 and made its first appearance in the Olympic Games in 1932 as 80m hurdles instead of 100m. Starting with the 1972 Summer Olympics the women's race was lengthened to 100 m hurdles.
The hurdles sprint race has been run by women since the beginning of women's athletics, just after the end of World War I. The distances and hurdle heights varied widely in the beginning. While the men had zeroed in on the 110 m hurdles, the International Women's Sport Federation had registered records for eight different disciplines by 1926 (60 yards/75 cm height, 60 yards/61 cm, 65 yards/75 cm, 83 yards/75 cm, 100 yards/75 cm, 100 yards/61 cm, 120 yards/75 cm, 110 metres/75 cm). At the first Women's World Games in 1922 a 100 m hurdles race was run.
From 1926 until 1968 on only the 80 m distance was run. For the 80 m race women had to clear eight hurdles placed at a distance of 8 metres from each other and a height of 76.2 cm.
Just like with the men's races, until 1935 no more than three hurdles could be knocked over (or the runner was disqualified) and records were only officially registered if the runner had cleared all her hurdles clean. In 1935, this rule was abandoned, and L-shaped hurdles were introduced that fell over forward easily and greatly reduced the risk of injury to the runner. Hurdles are weighted, so when properly set for the height (for women, closer to the fulcrum of the "L"), they serve as a consistent disadvantage to making contact with the barrier.
|Height||Distance made up of|
|80 m||8||76.2 cm||12 m||8.0 m||12.0 m|
|100 m||10||83.8 cm||13 m||8.5 m||10.5 m|
The 80 m hurdles was on the list of women's sports demanded by the International Women's Sport Federation for the Olympic Summer Games in 1928, but wasn't included as an Olympic discipline until 1932. Starting with 1949, the 80 m hurdles was one of the disciplines included in the women's pentathlon.
During the 1960s, some experimental races were run over a distance of 100 metres using hurdles with a height of 76.2 cm. During the 1968 Summer Olympics, a decision was made to introduce the 100 m hurdles using hurdles with a height of 84 cm. The first international event in the 100 m hurdles occurred at the European Athletics Championships, which were won by Karin Balzer, GDR. The modern 100 m race has an extra 2 hurdles compared to the 80 m race, which are higher and spaced slightly further apart. The home stretch is shorter by 1.5 m.
A version of the 100 metres hurdles is also used for 50- to 59-year-old men in Masters athletics. They run the same spacing as women, which coordinates with existing markings on most tracks, but run over 36-inch (0.915 m) hurdles. In the 60-69 age range, the spacings are changed. Women over age 40 and men over age 70 run 80 metre versions with different heights and spacings.
100 m hurdles:
|1||12.20||+0.3||Kendra Harrison||United States||22 July 2016||London|
|2||12.21||+0.7||Yordanka Donkova||Bulgaria||20 August 1988||Stara Zagora|
|3||12.25||+1.4||Ginka Zagorcheva||Bulgaria||8 August 1987||Drama|
|4||12.26||+1.7||Ludmila Narozhilenko||Russia||6 June 1992||Seville|
|+1.2||Brianna Rollins||United States||22 June 2013||Des Moines|
|6||12.28||+1.1||Sally Pearson||Australia||3 September 2011||Daegu|
|7||12.32||+0.8||Danielle Williams||Jamaica||20 July 2019||London|
|+1.7||Jasmine Camacho-Quinn||Puerto Rico||17 April 2021||Gainesville|
|9||12.33||–0.3||Gail Devers||United States||23 July 2000||Sacramento|
|9||12.34||+1.9||Sharika Nelvis||United States||26 June 2015||Eugene|
|+0.3||Nia Ali||United States||6 October 2019||Doha|
|12||12.35||+0.9||Jasmin Stowers||United States||15 May 2015||Doha|
|13||12.36||+1.9||Grażyna Rabsztyn||Poland||13 June 1980||Warsaw|
|14||12.37||+1.5||Joanna Hayes||United States||24 August 2004||Athens|
|-0.2||Dawn Harper||United States||7 August 2012||London|
|16||12.39||+1.5||Vera Komisova||Soviet Union||5 August 1980||Rome|
|+1.8||Nataliya Grygoryeva||Soviet Union||11 July 1991||Kiev|
|18||12.40||+0.6||Janeek Brown||Jamaica||8 June 2019||Austin|
|19||12.41||+0.5||Alina Talay||Belarus||31 May 2018||St. Pölten|
|20||12.42||+1.8||Bettine Jahn||East Germany||8 June 1983||Berlin|
|+2.0||Anjanette Kirkland||United States||11 August 2001||Edmonton|
|22||12.43||-0.9||Lucyna Kalek||Poland||19 August 1984||Hannover|
|-0.3||Michelle Perry||United States||26 June 2005||Carson|
|+0.6||11 July 2006||Lausanne|
|+0.2||Lolo Jones||United States||18 August 2008||Beijing|
|+1.2||Queen Harrison||United States||22 June 2013||Des Moines|
Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 12.39:
Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second does not count for record purposes. Below is a list of all wind-assisted times equal or superior to 12.37:
| 1972 Munich || Annelie Ehrhardt |
| Valeria Bufanu |
| Karin Balzer |
| 1976 Montreal || Johanna Schaller-Klier |
| Tatyana Anisimova |
| Natalya Lebedeva |
| 1980 Moscow || Vera Komisova |
| Johanna Schaller-Klier |
| Lucyna Langer |
| 1984 Los Angeles || Benita Fitzgerald |
| Shirley Strong |
| Michèle Chardonnet |
| Kim Turner |
| 1988 Seoul || Yordanka Donkova |
| Gloria Siebert |
| Claudia Zackiewicz |
| 1992 Barcelona || Voula Patoulidou |
| LaVonna Martin |
| Yordanka Donkova |
| 1996 Atlanta || Ludmila Engquist |
| Brigita Bukovec |
| Patricia Girard |
| 2000 Sydney || Olga Shishigina |
| Glory Alozie |
| Melissa Morrison |
| 2004 Athens || Joanna Hayes |
| Olena Krasovska |
| Melissa Morrison |
| 2008 Beijing || Dawn Harper |
| Sally Pearson |
| Priscilla Lopes-Schliep |
| 2012 London || Sally Pearson |
| Dawn Harper |
| Kellie Wells |
| 2016 Rio de Janeiro || Brianna Rollins |
| Nia Ali |
| Kristi Castlin |
| 1983 Helsinki ||Bettine Jahn (GDR)||Kerstin Knabe (GDR)||Ginka Zagorcheva (BUL)|
| 1987 Rome ||Ginka Zagorcheva (BUL)||Gloria Uibel (GDR)||Cornelia Oschkenat (GDR)|
| 1991 Tokyo ||Ludmila Narozhilenko (URS)||Gail Devers (USA)||Nataliya Grygoryeva (URS)|
| 1993 Stuttgart ||Gail Devers (USA)||Marina Azyabina (RUS)||Lynda Tolbert-Goode (USA)|
| 1995 Gothenburg ||Gail Devers (USA)||Olga Shishigina (KAZ)||Yuliya Graudyn (RUS)|
| 1997 Athens ||Ludmila Engquist (SWE)||Svetla Dimitrova (BUL)||Michelle Freeman (JAM)|
| 1999 Seville ||Gail Devers (USA)||Glory Alozie (NGR)||Ludmila Engquist (SWE)|
| 2001 Edmonton ||Anjanette Kirkland (USA)||Gail Devers (USA)||Olga Shishigina (KAZ)|
| 2003 Saint-Denis ||Perdita Felicien (CAN)||Brigitte Foster-Hylton (JAM)||Miesha McKelvy (USA)|
| 2005 Helsinki ||Michelle Perry (USA)||Delloreen Ennis-London (JAM)||Brigitte Foster-Hylton (JAM)|
| 2007 Osaka ||Michelle Perry (USA)||Perdita Felicien (CAN)||Delloreen Ennis-London (JAM)|
| 2009 Berlin ||Brigitte Foster-Hylton (JAM)||Priscilla Lopes-Schliep (CAN)||Delloreen Ennis-London (JAM)|
| 2011 Daegu ||Sally Pearson (AUS)||Danielle Carruthers (USA)||Dawn Harper (USA)|
| 2013 Moscow ||Brianna Rollins (USA)||Sally Pearson (AUS)||Tiffany Porter (GBR)|
| 2015 Beijing ||Danielle Williams (JAM)||Cindy Roleder (GER)||Alina Talay (BLR)|
| 2017 London ||Sally Pearson (AUS)||Dawn Harper-Nelson (USA)||Pamela Dutkiewicz (GER)|
| 2019 Doha ||Nia Ali (USA)||Kendra Harrison (USA)||Danielle Williams (JAM)|
|1970||12.93||Chi Cheng (ROC)||Munich|
|1971||12.6h||Karin Balzer (GDR)||East Berlin|
|1972||12.59||Anneliese Ehrhardt (GDR)||Munich|
|1973||12.68||Anneliese Ehrhardt (GDR)||Dresden|
|1974||12.66||Anneliese Ehrhardt (GDR)||Rome|
|1975||12.91||Bożena Świerczyńska (POL)||Zielona Góra|
|1976||12.69||Grazyna Rabsztyn (POL)||Bydgoszcz|
|1977||12.87||Lyubov Kononova (URS)||Düsseldorf|
|1978||12.48||Grazyna Rabsztyn (POL)||Fürth|
|1979||12.48||Grazyna Rabsztyn (POL)||Warsaw|
|1980||12.36||Grazyna Rabsztyn (POL)||Warsaw|
|1981||12.68||Tatyana Anisimova (URS)||Tbilisi|
|1982||12.44||Yordanka Donkova (BUL)||Sofia|
|1983||12.42||Bettine Jahn (GDR)||Berlin|
|1984||12.43||Lucyna Kalek (POL)||Hannover|
|1985||12.42||Ginka Zagorcheva (BUL)||Sofia|
|1986||12.26||Yordanka Donkova (BUL)||Ljubljana|
|1987||12.25||Ginka Zagorcheva (BUL)||Dráma|
|1988||12.21||Yordanka Donkova (BUL)||Stara Zagora|
|1989||12.60||Cornelia Oschkenat (GDR)||Barcelona|
|1990||12.53||Nataliya Grygoryeva (URS)||Kiev|
|1991||12.28||Ludmila Narozhilenko (URS)||Kiev|
|1992||12.26||Ludmila Narozhilenko (RUS)||Seville|
|1993||12.46||Gail Devers (USA)||Stuttgart|
|1994||12.53|| Tatyana Reshetnikova (RUS)|
Svetla Dimitrova (BUL)
| Linz |
|1995||12.44||Olga Shishigina (KAZ)||Lucerne|
|1996||12.47||Ludmila Engquist (SWE)||Atlanta|
|1997||12.50||Ludmila Engquist (SWE)||Athens|
|1998||12.44||Glory Alozie (NGR)||Monaco|
|1999||12.37||Gail Devers (USA)||Seville|
|2000||12.33||Gail Devers (USA)||Sacramento|
|2001||12.42||Anjanette Kirkland (USA)||Edmonton|
|2002||12.40||Gail Devers (USA)||Lausanne|
|2003||12.45|| Brigitte Foster-Hylton (JAM)|
Gail Devers (USA)
| Eugene |
|2004||12.37||Joanna Hayes (USA)||Athens|
|2005||12.43||Michelle Perry (USA)||Carson|
|2006||12.43||Michelle Perry (USA)||Lausanne|
|2007||12.44||Michelle Perry (USA)||Rome|
|2008||12.43||Lolo Jones (USA)||Beijing|
|2009||12.46||Brigitte Foster-Hylton (JAM)||Zürich|
|2010||12.52||Priscilla Lopes-Schliep (CAN)||London|
|2011||12.28||Sally Pearson (AUS)||Daegu|
|2012||12.35||Sally Pearson (AUS)||London|
|2013||12.26||Brianna Rollins (USA)||Des Moines|
|2014||12.44||Dawn Harper-Nelson (USA)||Paris|
|2015||12.34||Sharika Nelvis (USA)||Eugene|
|2016||12.20||Kendra Harrison (USA)||London|
|2017||12.28||Kendra Harrison (USA)||Székesfehérvár|
|2018||12.36||Kendra Harrison (USA)||London|
|2019||12.32||Danielle Williams (JAM)||London|
|2020||12.68||Nadine Visser (NED)||Turku|
|2021||12.32||Jasmine Camacho-Quinn (PUR)||Gainesville|
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