103rd meridian west

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The meridian 103° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

Longitude A geographic coordinate that specifies the east-west position of a point on the Earths surface

Longitude, is a geographic coordinate that specifies the east–west position of a point on the Earth's surface. It is an angular measurement, usually expressed in degrees and denoted by the Greek letter lambda (λ). Meridians connect points with the same longitude. By convention, one of these, the Prime Meridian, which passes through the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, England, was allocated the position of 0° longitude. The longitude of other places is measured as the angle east or west from the Prime Meridian, ranging from 0° at the Prime Meridian to +180° eastward and −180° westward. Specifically, it is the angle between a plane through the Prime Meridian and a plane through both poles and the location in question.

North Pole Northern point where the Earths axis of rotation intersects its surface

The North Pole, also known as the Geographic North Pole or Terrestrial North Pole, is defined as the point in the Northern Hemisphere where the Earth's axis of rotation meets its surface.

Arctic Ocean The smallest and shallowest of the worlds five major oceans, located in the north polar regions

The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceans. The International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) recognizes it as an ocean, although some oceanographers call it the Arctic Mediterranean Sea or simply the Arctic Sea, classifying it a mediterranean sea or an estuary of the Atlantic Ocean. It is also seen as the northernmost part of the all-encompassing World Ocean.

In the United States, the border between New Mexico and Oklahoma is defined by the meridian.

United States federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

New Mexico State of the United States of America

New Mexico is a state in the Southwestern region of the United States of America; its capital and cultural center is Santa Fe, which was founded in 1610 as capital of Nuevo México, while its largest city is Albuquerque with its accompanying metropolitan area. It is one of the Mountain States and shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and Arizona; its other neighboring states are Oklahoma to the northeast, Texas to the east-southeast, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua to the south and Sonora to the southwest. With a population around two million, New Mexico is the 36th state by population. With a total area of 121,590 sq mi (314,900 km2), it is the fifth-largest and sixth-least densely populated of the 50 states. Due to their geographic locations, northern and eastern New Mexico exhibit a colder, alpine climate, while western and southern New Mexico exhibit a warmer, arid climate.

Oklahoma State of the United States of America

Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south, New Mexico on the west, and Colorado on the northwest. It is the 20th-most extensive and the 28th-most populous of the fifty United States. The state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is also known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which dramatically increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907. Its residents are known as Oklahomans, and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.

The 103rd meridian west forms a great circle with the 77th meridian east.

Great circle intersection of the sphere and a plane which passes through the center point of the sphere

A great circle, also known as an orthodrome, of a sphere is the intersection of the sphere and a plane that passes through the center point of the sphere. A great circle is the largest circle that can be drawn on any given sphere. Any diameter of any great circle coincides with a diameter of the sphere, and therefore all great circles have the same center and circumference as each other. This special case of a circle of a sphere is in opposition to a small circle, that is, the intersection of the sphere and a plane that does not pass through the center. Every circle in Euclidean 3-space is a great circle of exactly one sphere.

77th meridian east

The meridian 77° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

From Pole to Pole

Starting at the North Pole and heading south to the South Pole, the 103rd meridian west passes through:

South Pole Southern point where the Earths axis of rotation intersects its surface

The South Pole, also known as the Geographic South Pole or Terrestrial South Pole, is one of the two points where the Earth's axis of rotation intersects its surface. It is the southernmost point on the surface of the Earth and lies on the opposite side of the Earth from the North Pole.

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
90°0′N103°0′W / 90.000°N 103.000°W / 90.000; -103.000 (Arctic Ocean) Arctic Ocean
79°15′N103°0′W / 79.250°N 103.000°W / 79.250; -103.000 (Canada) Flag of Canada.svg  Canada NunavutEllef Ringnes Island and Thor Island
78°9′N103°0′W / 78.150°N 103.000°W / 78.150; -103.000 (Maclean Strait) Maclean Strait
77°40′N103°0′W / 77.667°N 103.000°W / 77.667; -103.000 Unnamed waterbody
76°27′N103°0′W / 76.450°N 103.000°W / 76.450; -103.000 (Canada) Flag of Canada.svg  Canada NunavutCameron Island, Île Vanier, Massey Island and Alexander Island
75°33′N103°0′W / 75.550°N 103.000°W / 75.550; -103.000 (Austin Channel) Austin Channel
75°25′N103°0′W / 75.417°N 103.000°W / 75.417; -103.000 (Parry Channel) Parry Channel Viscount Melville Sound
73°10′N103°0′W / 73.167°N 103.000°W / 73.167; -103.000 (M'Clintock Channel) M'Clintock Channel Passing just west of Prince of Wales Island, Nunavut, Flag of Canada.svg  Canada (at 72°46′N102°44′W / 72.767°N 102.733°W / 72.767; -102.733 (Prince of Wales Island) )
70°41′N103°0′W / 70.683°N 103.000°W / 70.683; -103.000 (Canada) Flag of Canada.svg  Canada NunavutVictoria
68°48′N103°0′W / 68.800°N 103.000°W / 68.800; -103.000 (Queen Maud Gulf) Queen Maud Gulf
67°54′N103°0′W / 67.900°N 103.000°W / 67.900; -103.000 (Canada) Flag of Canada.svg  Canada Nunavut
Northwest Territories — from 64°19′N103°0′W / 64.317°N 103.000°W / 64.317; -103.000 (Northwest Territories)
Saskatchewan — from 60°0′N103°0′W / 60.000°N 103.000°W / 60.000; -103.000 (Saskatchewan)
49°0′N103°0′W / 49.000°N 103.000°W / 49.000; -103.000 (United States) Flag of the United States.svg  United States North Dakota
South Dakota — from 45°57′N103°0′W / 45.950°N 103.000°W / 45.950; -103.000 (South Dakota)
Nebraska — from 43°0′N103°0′W / 43.000°N 103.000°W / 43.000; -103.000 (Nebraska)
Colorado — from 41°0′N103°0′W / 41.000°N 103.000°W / 41.000; -103.000 (Colorado)
New Mexico / Oklahoma border — from 37°0′N103°0′W / 37.000°N 103.000°W / 37.000; -103.000 (New Mexico/Oklahoma border)
Texas — from 36°30′N103°0′W / 36.500°N 103.000°W / 36.500; -103.000 (Texas)
29°9′N103°0′W / 29.150°N 103.000°W / 29.150; -103.000 (Mexico) Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Coahuila
Durango — from 24°47′N103°0′W / 24.783°N 103.000°W / 24.783; -103.000 (Durango)
Zacatecas — from 24°26′N103°0′W / 24.433°N 103.000°W / 24.433; -103.000 (Zacatecas)
Jalisco — from 21°17′N103°0′W / 21.283°N 103.000°W / 21.283; -103.000 (Jalisco)
Michoacán — from 20°11′N103°0′W / 20.183°N 103.000°W / 20.183; -103.000 (Michoacán)
Jalisco — from 19°58′N103°0′W / 19.967°N 103.000°W / 19.967; -103.000 (Jalisco)
Michoacán — from 19°3′N103°0′W / 19.050°N 103.000°W / 19.050; -103.000 (Michoacán)
18°10′N103°0′W / 18.167°N 103.000°W / 18.167; -103.000 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean
60°0′S103°0′W / 60.000°S 103.000°W / -60.000; -103.000 (Southern Ocean) Southern Ocean
72°21′S103°0′W / 72.350°S 103.000°W / -72.350; -103.000 (Antarctica) Antarctica Unclaimed territory
73°15′S103°0′W / 73.250°S 103.000°W / -73.250; -103.000 (Southern Ocean) Southern Ocean Amundsen Sea
74°52′S103°0′W / 74.867°S 103.000°W / -74.867; -103.000 (Antarctica) Antarctica Unclaimed territory

See also

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135th meridian west

The meridian 135° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

55th meridian west

The meridian 55° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Atlantic Ocean, South America, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

65th meridian west

The meridian 65° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, South America, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

125th meridian west

The meridian 125° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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The meridian 63° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Greenland, North America, the Atlantic Ocean, South America, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

73rd meridian west

The meridian 73° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, South America, the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

77th meridian west

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83rd meridian west

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103rd meridian east

The meridian 103° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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