110 metres hurdles

Last updated
Athletics
110 metres hurdles
Osaka07 D8M M110MH Decathlon Scene.jpg
A 110m hurdles heat of the Decathlon at Osaka 2007
World records
Men Flag of the United States.svg Aries Merritt 12.80 (2012)
Olympic records
Men Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Liu Xiang 12.91 (2004)
World Championship records
Men Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Colin Jackson 12.91 (1993)

The 110 metres hurdles, or 110-metre hurdles, is a hurdling track and field event for men. It is included in the athletics programme at the Summer Olympic Games. The female counterpart is the 100 metres hurdles. As part of a racing event, ten hurdles of 42 inches (106.7 cm) in height are evenly spaced along a straight course of 110 metres. They are positioned so that they will fall over if bumped into by the runner. Fallen hurdles do not carry a fixed time penalty for the runners, but they have a significant pull-over weight which slows down the run. Like the 100 metres sprint, the 110 metres hurdles begins in the starting blocks.

Contents

For the 110 m hurdles, the first hurdle is placed after a run-up of 13.72 metres (45 ft) from the starting line. The next nine hurdles are set at a distance of 9.14 metres (30 ft) from each other, and the home stretch from the last hurdle to the finish line is 14.02 metres (46 ft) long.

The Olympic Games have included the 110 metre hurdles in their program since 1896. The equivalent hurdles race for women was run over a course of 80 metres from 1932 to 1968. Starting with the 1972 Summer Olympics, the women's race was set at 100 metres. In the early 20th century, the race was often contested as 120 yard hurdles, thus the imperial units distances between hurdles.

The fastest 110 metre hurdlers run the distance in around 13 seconds. Aries Merritt of the United States holds the current world record of 12.80 seconds, set at the Memorial Van Damme meet on 7 September 2012 in Belgium.

History

For the first hurdles races in England around 1830, wooden barriers were placed along a stretch of 100 yards (91.44 m).

The first standards were attempted in 1864 in Oxford and Cambridge: The length of the course was set to 120 yards (109.7 m) and over its course, runners were required to clear ten 42 inches (106.7 cm) high hurdles; the height and spacing of the hurdles have been related to Imperial units ever since. After the length of the course was rounded up to 110 metres in France in 1888, the standardisation was essentially complete, except that in Germany, 1 metre high hurdles were used until 1907.

The massively constructed hurdles of the early days were first replaced in 1895 with somewhat lighter T-shaped hurdles that runners were able to knock over.

However, until 1935, runners were disqualified if they knocked down more than three hurdles, and records were only recognized if the runner had left all hurdles standing.

In 1935, the T-shaped hurdles were replaced by L-shaped ones that easily fall forward if bumped into and therefore reduce the risk of injury. However, these hurdles are weighted, so it is disadvantageous to hit them.

The current running style where the first hurdle is taken on the run with the upper body lowered instead of being jumped over and with three steps each between the hurdles was first used by the 1900 Olympic champion, Alvin Kraenzlein. The 110 metre hurdles have been an Olympic discipline since 1896.

Women's history

Women ran the event occasionally in the 1920s, but it never became generally accepted.

From 1926 to 1968, women competed in the 80 metre hurdles, which was increased to 100 metres starting in 1961 on a trial basis, and was officially implemented in competition in 1969.

Currently, women run the 110 metre distance at the World Athletics Relays shuttle hurdle relay, which features two men and two women participating together. The event debuted at the 2019 event.

Other events

In 1900 and 1904, the Olympics also included a 200-metre hurdles event, and the IAAF recognized world records for the 200 metre hurdles until 1960. Don Styron held the world record in the event for over 50 years, until Andy Turner broke the record in a specially arranged race at the Manchester City Games in 2010: Styron still holds the world record in the 220 yard low hurdles as of 2021.

Technique

The sprint hurdles are a very rhythmic race because both men and women take 3 steps (meaning 4 foot strikes) between each hurdle, no matter whether running 110/100 metres outdoors, or the shorter distances indoors (55 or 60 metres). In addition, the distance from the starting line to the first hurdle - while shorter for women - is constant for both sexes whether indoors or outdoors, so sprint hurdlers do not need to change their stride pattern between indoor and outdoor seasons. One difference between indoor and outdoors is the shorter finishing distance from the last (5th) hurdle indoors, compared to longer distance from the last (10th) hurdle outdoors to the finish line.

Top male hurdlers traditionally took 8 strides from the starting blocks to the first hurdle (indoors and outdoors). The 8-step start persisted from (at least) the 1950s to the end of the 20th century and included such World- and Olympic champions as Harrison Dillard, Rod Milburn, Greg Foster, Renaldo Nehemiah, Roger Kingdom, Allen Johnson, Mark Crear, Mark McCoy, and Colin Jackson. However, beginning in the 2000s, some hurdle coaches embraced a transition to a faster 7-step start, teaching the men to lengthen their first few strides out of the starting blocks. Cuban hurdler Dayron Robles set his 2008 world record of 12.87 using a 7-step start. Chinese star Liu Xiang won the 2004 Olympics and broke the world record in 2006 utilizing an 8-step approach, but he switched to 7-steps by the 2011 outdoor season. After the 2010 outdoor season, American Jason Richardson trained to switch to a 7-step start and went on to win the 2011 World Championship. American Aries Merritt trained in Fall 2011 to switch from 8 to 7, and then had his greatest outdoor season in 2012 - running 8 races in under 13 seconds - capped by winning the London 2012 Olympics and then setting a world record of 12.80. [1]

Of the 10 men with the fastest 110m hurdle times in 2012, seven used 7-steps, including the top 4: Aries Merritt, Liu Xiang, Jason Richardson, and David Oliver. Hurdle technique experts believe the off-season training required to produce the power and speed necessary to reach the first hurdle in 7 steps, yields greater endurance over the last half of the race. That added endurance allows hurdlers to maintain their top speed to the finish, resulting in a faster time.

Junior level competition

A 110m hurdles race at the 2021 Creekside Friday knight invite 110M highschool hurdles.jpg
A 110m hurdles race at the 2021 Creekside Friday knight invite

In American high school track and field and at many international Under-20 athletics competitions, the 110 metres hurdles are mostly the same as their professional counterparts. The main difference between the high school hurdles and college-level/ professional hurdles is the height. High school hurdles are 39 inches (99.1 cm) inches high while college height hurdles are 42 inches (106.7 cm) tall. This change in height drastically changes the requirements placed on the hurdler to clear the barrier with the same amount of speed. High school hurdling technique is the same as professional except on the higher hurdles everything is exaggerated. As a high schooler makes the transition from the 39’s to the 42’s there are many things they must adjust to, the most prevailing issue is getting down after clearing the hurdle. 39-inch hurdlers are used to the normal sprinting motion right after they get off the hurdle but for a newly transitioned 42-inch hurdler that extra half a second can feel very foreign. The second major difference in technique between 39’s and 42’s is the take-off distance. When a high school hurdler approaches his first hurdle they are putting as much power into each step as possible and attempting to gain all the speed they can so by their eighth step they’ll be about six inches away from the hurdle. When attempting to clear a 42-inch hurdle the athlete can no longer run headfirst into the hurdle with disregard for the height of the hurdle. The newly made college hurdler needs to learn how to shorten their strides so they can take off the ground from farther away to clear a 42-inch barrier.

Both before and after this change of technique world class hurdler, Aries Merritt was an elite level hurdler, at the peak of his high school career Aries Merritt achieved a still standing Wheeler High school record of 13.91 seconds. Almost all top level American hurdlers started their careers in high school including Roger Kingdom at Vienna high school and many more. [2]

The world record in the 110m hurdles at the 39-inch height is 12.72 by Sasha Zhoya, achieved at the 2021 World Athletics U20 Championships – Men's 110 metres hurdles in Nairobi, Kenya on 21 August 2021.

Milestones

All-time top 25

Ath.#Perf.#Time (s)Wind (m/s)AthleteNationDatePlaceRef
1112.80+0.3 Aries Merritt Flag of the United States.svg  United States 07 SEP 2012 Brussels [4]
2212.81+1.8 Grant Holloway Flag of the United States.svg  United States 26 JUN 2021 Eugene [5]
3312.84+1.6 Devon Allen Flag of the United States.svg  United States 12 JUN 2022 New York City [6]
4412.87+0.9 Dayron Robles Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 12 JUN 2008 Ostrava
5512.88+1.1 Liu Xiang Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 11 JUL 2006 Lausanne
512.88+0.5Robles #218 JUL 2008 Saint-Denis
6712.89+0.5 David Oliver Flag of the United States.svg  United States 16 JUL 2010 Saint-Denis
7812.90+1.1 Dominique Arnold Flag of the United States.svg  United States 11 JUL 2006 Lausanne
812.90+1.6Oliver #203 JUL 2010 Eugene
8812.90+0.7 Omar McLeod Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 24 JUN 2017 Kingston [7]
91112.91+0.5 Colin Jackson Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 20 AUG 1993 Stuttgart
1112.91+0.3Liu #227 AUG 2004 Athens
+0.2Robles #322 JUL 2008 Stockholm
101412.92−0.1 Roger Kingdom Flag of the United States.svg  United States 16 AUG 1989 Zürich
+0.9 Allen Johnson Flag of the United States.svg  United States 23 JUN 1996 Atlanta
1612.92+0.2Johnson #223 AUG 1996 Brussels
+1.5Liu #302 JUN 2007 New York City
±0.0Robles #423 SEP 2007 Stuttgart
−0.3Merritt #208 AUG 2012 London
122012.92+0.6 Sergey Shubenkov Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 02 JUL 2018 Székesfehérvár [8]
132112.93−0.1 Renaldo Nehemiah Flag of the United States.svg  United States 19 AUG 1981 Zürich
2112.93±0.0Johnson #307 AUG 1997 Athens
−0.6Liu #409 SEP 2006 Stuttgart
+0.1Robles #521 AUG 2008 Beijing
+1.7Oliver #327 JUN 2010 Des Moines
−0.3Oliver #419 AUG 2010 Zürich
+1.2Merritt #330 JUN 2012 Eugene
+0.6Merritt #413 JUL 2012 London
±0.0Merritt #520 JUL 2012 Monaco
1412.94+1.6 Jack Pierce Flag of the United States.svg  United States 22 JUN 1996 Atlanta
+1.5 Hansle Parchment Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 06 JUL 2014 Saint-Denis [9]
+0.5 Orlando Ortega Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 04 JUL 2015 Saint-Denis [10]
1712.95+1.5 Terrence Trammell Flag of the United States.svg  United States 02 JUN 2007 New York City
+0.3 Pascal Martinot-Lagarde Flag of France.svg  France 18 JUL 2014 Monaco [11]
1912.97+1.0 Ladji Doucoure Flag of France.svg  France 15 JUL 2005 Angers
2012.98+0.6 Mark Crear Flag of the United States.svg  United States 05 JUL 1999 Zagreb
+1.5 Jason Richardson Flag of the United States.svg  United States 30 JUN 2012 Eugene
2212.99+1.2 Ronnie Ash Flag of the United States.svg  United States 29 JUN 2014 Sacramento [12]
±0.0 Rasheed Broadbell Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 26 AUG 2022 Lausanne [13]
2413.00+0.5 Tony Jarrett Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 20 AUG 1993 Stuttgart
+0.6 Anier Garcia Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 25 SEP 2000 Sydney
+0.8 Daniel Roberts Flag of the United States.svg  United States 07 JUN 2019 Austin [14]
±0.0 Trey Cunningham Flag of the United States.svg  United States 10 JUN 2022 Eugene [15]
+0.3 Freddie Crittenden Flag of the United States.svg  United States 20 AUG 2022 Freeport [16]

Assisted marks

Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second does not count for record purposes. Below is a list of all wind-assisted times equal or superior to 12.94:

Most successful athletes

Athletes with two or more victories at the Olympic Games & World Championships:

5 wins:

3 wins:

2 wins:

Olympic Games medalists

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1896 Athens
details
Thomas Curtis
US flag 44 stars.svg  United States
Grantley Goulding
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
none awarded
1900 Paris
details
Alvin Kraenzlein
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
John McLean
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Fred Moloney
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
1904 St. Louis
details
Frederick Schule
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Thaddeus Shideler
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Lesley Ashburner
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
1908 London
details
Forrest Smithson
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
John Garrels
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Arthur Shaw
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
1912 Stockholm
details
Fred Kelly
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
James Wendell
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Martin Hawkins
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1920 Antwerp
details
Earl Thomson
Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada
Harold Barron
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Feg Murray
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1924 Paris
details
Daniel Kinsey
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Sid Atkinson
Red Ensign of South Africa (1912-1928).svg  South Africa
Sten Pettersson
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
1928 Amsterdam
details
Sid Atkinson
Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa
Steve Anderson
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
John Collier
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1932 Los Angeles
details
George Saling
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Percy Beard
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Don Finlay
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1936 Berlin
details
Forrest Towns
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Don Finlay
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Fritz Pollard
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1948 London
details
William Porter
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Clyde Scott
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Craig Dixon
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1952 Helsinki
details
Harrison Dillard
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Jack Davis
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Arthur Barnard
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1956 Melbourne
details
Lee Calhoun
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Jack Davis
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Joel Shankle
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1960 Rome
details
Lee Calhoun
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Willie May
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Hayes Jones
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1964 Tokyo
details
Hayes Jones
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Blaine Lindgren
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Anatoly Mikhailov
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1968 Mexico City
details
Willie Davenport
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Ervin Hall
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Eddy Ottoz
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
1972 Munich
details
Rod Milburn
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Guy Drut
Flag of France.svg  France
Thomas Hill
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1976 Montreal
details
Guy Drut
Flag of France.svg  France
Alejandro Casañas
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
Willie Davenport
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1980 Moscow
details
Thomas Munkelt
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Alejandro Casañas
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
Aleksandr Puchkov
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1984 Los Angeles
details
Roger Kingdom
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Greg Foster
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Arto Bryggare
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
1988 Seoul
details
Roger Kingdom
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Colin Jackson
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Tonie Campbell
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1992 Barcelona
details
Mark McKoy
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Tony Dees
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Jack Pierce
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1996 Atlanta
details
Allen Johnson
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Mark Crear
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Florian Schwarthoff
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
2000 Sydney
details
Anier García
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
Terrence Trammell
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Mark Crear
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2004 Athens
details
Liu Xiang
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
Terrence Trammell
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Anier García
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
2008 Beijing
details
Dayron Robles
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
David Payne
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
David Oliver
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2012 London
details
Aries Merritt
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Jason Richardson
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Hansle Parchment
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Omar McLeod
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Orlando Ortega
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
Dimitri Bascou
Flag of France.svg  France
2020 Tokyo
details
Hansle Parchment
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Grant Holloway
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Ronald Levy
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica

World Championships medalists

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Greg Foster  (USA)Flag of Finland.svg  Arto Bryggare  (FIN)Flag of the United States.svg  Willie Gault  (USA)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Greg Foster  (USA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Jon Ridgeon  (GBR)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Colin Jackson  (GBR)
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Greg Foster  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Jack Pierce  (USA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Tony Jarrett  (GBR)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Colin Jackson  (GBR)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Tony Jarrett  (GBR)Flag of the United States.svg  Jack Pierce  (USA)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Allen Johnson  (USA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Tony Jarrett  (GBR)Flag of the United States.svg  Roger Kingdom  (USA)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Allen Johnson  (USA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Colin Jackson  (GBR)Flag of Slovakia.svg  Igor Kováč  (SVK)
1999 Seville
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Colin Jackson  (GBR)Flag of Cuba.svg  Anier García  (CUB)Flag of the United States.svg  Duane Ross  (USA)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Allen Johnson  (USA)Flag of Cuba.svg  Anier García  (CUB)Flag of Haiti.svg  Dudley Dorival  (HAI)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Allen Johnson  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Terrence Trammell  (USA)Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Liu Xiang  (CHN)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of France.svg  Ladji Doucouré  (FRA)Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Liu Xiang  (CHN)Flag of the United States.svg  Allen Johnson  (USA)
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Liu Xiang  (CHN)Flag of the United States.svg  Terrence Trammell  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  David Payne  (USA)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of Barbados.svg  Ryan Brathwaite  (BAR)Flag of the United States.svg  Terrence Trammell  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  David Payne  (USA)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Jason Richardson  (USA)Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Liu Xiang  (CHN)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Andy Turner  (GBR)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of the United States.svg  David Oliver  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Ryan Wilson  (USA)Flag of Russia.svg  Sergey Shubenkov  (RUS)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Sergey Shubenkov  (RUS)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Hansle Parchment  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Aries Merritt  (USA)
2017 London
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Omar McLeod  (JAM)ANA flag (2017).svg  Sergey Shubenkov  (ANA)Flag of Hungary.svg  Balázs Baji  (HUN)
2019 Doha
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Grant Holloway  (USA)ANA flag (2017).svg  Sergey Shubenkov  (ANA)Flag of France.svg  Pascal Martinot-Lagarde  (FRA)
Flag of Spain.svg  Orlando Ortega  (ESP)
2022 Eugene
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Grant Holloway  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Trey Cunningham  (USA)Flag of Spain.svg  Asier Martínez  (ESP)

Medal table

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)116825
2Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)2439
3Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN)1214
4Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)1102
5Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)1012
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)1012
7Flag of Barbados.svg  Barbados  (BRB)1001
8Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba  (CUB)0202
ANA flag (2017).svg  Authorised Neutral Athletes  (ANA)0202
9Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)0101
10Flag of Spain.svg  Spain  (ESP)0022
11Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti  (HAI)0011
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary  (HUN)0011
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia  (SVK)0011
Totals (13 entries)18181955

Season's bests

YearTimeAthletePlace
196613.47Flag of the United States.svg  Willie Davenport  (USA) New York City
196713.43Flag of the United States.svg  Earl McCullouch  (USA) Minneapolis
196813.33 A Flag of the United States.svg  Willie Davenport  (USA) Mexico City
196913.45Flag of the United States.svg  Willie Davenport  (USA) Miami
Flag of the United States.svg  Leon Coleman  (USA) Miami
197013.42Flag of the United States.svg  Thomas Hill  (USA) Bakersfield
197113.46 A Flag of the United States.svg  Rod Milburn  (USA) Cali
197213.24Flag of the United States.svg  Rod Milburn  (USA) Munich
197313.41Flag of the United States.svg  Rod Milburn  (USA) Zürich
197413.40Flag of France.svg  Guy Drut  (FRA) Rome
197513.28Flag of France.svg  Guy Drut  (FRA) Saint-Étienne
197613.30Flag of France.svg  Guy Drut  (FRA) Montreal
197713.21Flag of Cuba.svg  Alejandro Casañas  (CUB) Sofia
197813.22Flag of the United States.svg  Greg Foster  (USA) Eugene
197913.00Flag of the United States.svg  Renaldo Nehemiah  (USA) Westwood
198013.21Flag of the United States.svg  Renaldo Nehemiah  (USA) Zürich
198112.93Flag of the United States.svg  Renaldo Nehemiah  (USA) Zürich
198213.22Flag of the United States.svg  Greg Foster  (USA) Koblenz
198313.11Flag of the United States.svg  Greg Foster  (USA) Westwood
198413.15Flag of the United States.svg  Greg Foster  (USA) Zürich
198513.14Flag of the United States.svg  Roger Kingdom  (USA) Modesto
198613.20Flag of France.svg  Stéphane Caristan  (FRA) Stuttgart
198713.17Flag of the United States.svg  Greg Foster  (USA) Lausanne
198812.97 A Flag of the United States.svg  Roger Kingdom  (USA) Sestriere
198912.92Flag of the United States.svg  Roger Kingdom  (USA) Zürich
199013.08Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Colin Jackson  (GBR) Auckland
199113.05Flag of the United States.svg  Tony Dees  (USA) Vigo
199213.04Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Colin Jackson  (GBR) Cologne
199312.91Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Colin Jackson  (GBR) Stuttgart
199412.98Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Colin Jackson  (GBR) Tokyo
199512.98Flag of the United States.svg  Allen Johnson  (USA) Cologne
199612.92Flag of the United States.svg  Allen Johnson  (USA) Atlanta
199712.93Flag of the United States.svg  Allen Johnson  (USA) Athens
199812.98Flag of the United States.svg  Allen Johnson  (USA) Zürich
199912.98Flag of the United States.svg  Mark Crear  (USA) Zagreb
200012.97Flag of the United States.svg  Allen Johnson  (USA) Sacramento
200113.04Flag of the United States.svg  Allen Johnson  (USA) Edmonton
200213.03Flag of Cuba.svg  Anier García  (CUB) Lausanne
200312.97Flag of the United States.svg  Allen Johnson  (USA) Saint-Denis
200412.91Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Liu Xiang  (CHN) Athens
200512.97Flag of France.svg  Ladji Doucouré  (FRA) Angers
200612.88Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Liu Xiang  (CHN) Lausanne
200712.92Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Liu Xiang  (CHN) New York City
Flag of Cuba.svg  Dayron Robles  (CUB) Stuttgart
200812.87Flag of Cuba.svg  Dayron Robles  (CUB) Ostrava
200913.04Flag of Cuba.svg  Dayron Robles  (CUB) Ostrava
201012.89Flag of the United States.svg  David Oliver  (USA) Saint-Denis
201112.94Flag of the United States.svg  David Oliver  (USA) Eugene
201212.80Flag of the United States.svg  Aries Merritt  (USA) Brussels
201313.00Flag of the United States.svg  David Oliver  (USA) Moscow
201412.94Flag of Jamaica.svg  Hansle Parchment  (JAM) Saint-Denis
201512.94Flag of Cuba.svg  Orlando Ortega  (CUB) Saint-Denis
201612.98Flag of Jamaica.svg  Omar McLeod  (JAM) Shanghai
201712.90Flag of Jamaica.svg  Omar McLeod  (JAM) Kingston
201812.92Flag of Russia.svg  Sergey Shubenkov  (RUS) Székesfehérvár
201912.98Flag of the United States.svg  Grant Holloway  (USA) Austin
202013.11Flag of Spain.svg  Orlando Ortega  (ESP) Monaco
202112.81Flag of the United States.svg  Grant Holloway  (USA) Eugene
202212.84Flag of the United States.svg  Devon Allen  (USA) New York City

Notes and references

  1. Source for switch from 8-step start to 7-step start amongst men is Track & Field News magazine, March 2013 (Vol. 66, no. 3), "Is the 8-Step Hurdle Approach Gone?", by Jon Hendershott; pp. 7-8; interviews with Aires Merritt's coach Andreas Behm and Renaldo Nehemiah.
  2. "From High School to College". Hurdles First. Retrieved 27 March 2021.
  3. "All-time men's best 110m hurdles". alltime-athletics.com. 7 July 2017. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  4. Bob Ramsak (7 September 2012). "12.80!! Merritt stuns with World record in 110m Hurdles in Brussels - Samsung Diamond League - FINAL, Part 2". IAAF . Retrieved 11 September 2012.
  5. Jonathan Gault (26 June 2021). "Grant Holloway Runs 12.81, 2nd Fastest Ever in 110m Hurdles" . Retrieved 27 June 2021.
  6. Karen Rosen (13 June 2022). "Allen pips Holloway and advances to No.3 all time in New York". World Athletics. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  7. Kayon Raynor (24 June 2017). "Athletics: Olympic champion McLeod sets sizzling 110m hurdles pace". Reuters . Retrieved 25 June 2017.
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Hurdling is the act of jumping over an obstacle at a high speed or in a sprint. In the early 19th century, hurdlers ran at and jumped over each hurdle, landing on both feet and checking their forward motion. Today, the dominant step patterns are the 3-step for high hurdles, 7-step for low hurdles, and 15-step for intermediate hurdles. Hurdling is a highly specialized form of obstacle racing, and is part of the sport of athletics. In hurdling events, barriers known as hurdles are set at precisely measured heights and distances. Each athlete must pass over the hurdles; passing under or intentionally knocking over hurdles will result in disqualification.

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Greg Foster (hurdler) American hurdler

Gregory Foster is a retired American hurdler. He was born in Chicago, Illinois. He is the only person in the history of the IAAF World Championships in Athletics to win three consecutive 110 meter hurdling titles. He was the 1981 IAAF World Cup and the 1991 World Indoor hurdling champion.

Liu Xiang (hurdler) Chinese hurdler

Liu Xiang is a Chinese former 110 meter hurdler. Liu is an Olympic Gold medalist and World Champion. His 2004 Olympic gold medal was the first in a men's track and field event for China.

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Jason Richardson (hurdler) American hurdler

Jason Richardson is an American track and field athlete who specializes in the 110 meter hurdles. He won the gold medal in the 110 meter hurdles at the 2011 World Championships in Daegu, and the silver medal in the same event at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London. His personal best for the event is 12.98 seconds, set in June 2012 at the U.S. Olympic Trials.

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The 100 metres hurdles, or 100-meter hurdles, is a track and field event run mainly by women. For the race, ten hurdles of a height of 33 inches (83.8 cm) are placed along a straight course of 100 metres (109.36 yd). The first hurdle is placed after a run-up of 13 metres from the starting line. The next 9 hurdles are set at a distance of 8.5 metres from each other, and the home stretch from the last hurdle to the finish line is 10.5 metres long. The hurdles are set up so that they will fall over if bumped into by the runner, but weighted so this is disadvantageous. Fallen hurdles do not count against runners provided that they do not run into them on purpose. Like the 100 metres sprint, the 100 m hurdles begins with athletes in starting blocks.

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