120 Krh/40

Last updated
120 Krh/40
Granatkastare modell 41 Revinge 2015.jpg
Type Heavy mortar
Place of originFinland
Service history
Used by Finnish army
Swedish army
Estonian army
German army
Latvian army
Lithuanian army
Wars Continuation War
Production history
Designer Tampella
Manufacturer Tampella
No. built596 by Tampella [1]
Specifications
Mass260 kilograms (570 lb)
Barrel  length189cm

Caliber 120 millimetres (12 cm)
Rate of fire up to 20 shots/minute [1]
Muzzle velocity 116–290 m/s [1]
Maximum firing range5,300 metres (17,400 ft)

120 Krh/40 is a 120 mm mortar developed by Finnish Tampella (now Patria Vammas).

Contents

Use in Sweden

Grenade Launcher at Regiment Day on South Scanian Regiment. Granatkastare m41 Revinge 2012.jpg
Grenade Launcher at Regiment Day on South Scanian Regiment.
Loading the grenade launcher into a cart. Granatkastare modell 41 Revinge 2018-2.jpg
Loading the grenade launcher into a cart.

The 120 Krh/40 was exported to Sweden between 1941 and 1944 and later produced under license in Sweden. A total of 219 was exported by Tampella. [1] The Swedish military calls them 12 cm granatkastare m/41 and they have continued to serve as the standard heavy mortar of the Swedish Army. In 1956, their base-plates were replaced by Swedish-manufactured Hotchkiss-Brandt M-56 baseplates. [2] As of 2016, 165 m/41D are still in service in the Estonian Land Forces [3] and 22 are held by the Lithuanian Armed Forces. [4]

They got a major increase in lethality when the STRIX top attack anti armour round was introduced in the 1990s; it is a smart weapon that homes in on the IR signature of armoured vehicles.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to 120 Krh 40 at Wikimedia Commons

Related Research Articles

M113 armored personnel carrier Armored personnel carrier

The M113 is a fully tracked armored personnel carrier (APC) that was developed and produced by the Food Machinery and Chemical Corporation (FMC). The M113 was sent to United States Army Europe to replace the mechanized infantry's M59 APCs from 1961. The M113 was first used in combat in April 1962 after the United States provided the South Vietnamese Army (ARVN) with heavy weaponry such as the M113, under the Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV) program. Eventually, the M113 was the most widely used armored vehicle of the U.S. Army in the Vietnam War and was used to break through heavy thickets in the midst of the jungle to attack and overrun enemy positions. It was largely known as an "APC" or an "ACAV" by the allied forces.

Mowag Piranha

The MOWAG Piranha is a family of armoured fighting vehicles designed by the Swiss company MOWAG.

Bofors 40 mm gun Autocannon family by Bofors

The Bofors 40 mm gun, often referred to simply as the Bofors gun, is an anti-aircraft autocannon designed in the 1930s by the Swedish arms manufacturer AB Bofors. It was one of the most popular medium-weight anti-aircraft systems during World War II, used by most of the western Allies as well as some captured systems being used by the Axis powers. A small number of these weapons remain in service to this day, and saw action as late as the Persian Gulf War.

Véhicule de lAvant Blindé Armoured personnel carrier

The Véhicule de l'avant blindé or VAB is an armoured personnel carrier and support vehicle designed by Renault of France. It entered service in 1976; around 5,000 were produced. As of 2019, it is the standard APC of the French Army and has also been exported to more than 15 countries. It saw combat in various conflicts in Africa, Asia and Europe.

Soltam Systems

Soltam Systems is an Israeli defense contractor located in Yokneam, Israel. The company has been developing and manufacturing advanced artillery systems, mortars, ammunition and peripheral equipment since 1952. Soltam Systems serves armed and special forces in more than 60 countries. Among the company's major customers are the Israel Defense Forces (IDF), the United States Army and NATO countries.

Tampella

Oy Tampella Ab was a Finnish heavy industry manufacturer, a maker of paper machines, locomotives, military weaponry, as well as wood-based products such as packaging. The company was based mainly in the Naistenlahti district of the city of Tampere.

The MO-120 RT or MO-120-RT is a heavy mortar of French origin. The RT in the designator stands for rayé, tracté, which means rifled, towed. The MO-120-RT is currently used by the French Army, and has also been sold to more than 24 foreign countries or is produced under licence in various countries. The MO-120 RT is issued by artillery units, where it augments the 155 mm artillery, or infantry units in some countries.

Sisu Nasu Type of All-terrain transport vehicle

The Nasu is a tracked articulated, all-terrain transport vehicle developed by Sisu Auto for the Finnish Army. It consists of two units, with all four tracks powered. It can carry up to 17 people, although the trailer unit can be adapted for different applications. There are two main versions, the NA-140 BT and the NA-110.

120-PM-43 mortar Mortar

The M1943 Mortar also known as the SAMOVAR is a Soviet 120 millimeter calibre smoothbore mortar first introduced in 1943 as a modified version of the M1938 mortar. It virtually replaced the M1938 as the standard weapon for mortar batteries in all Soviet infantry battalions by the late 1980s, though the armies of the Warsaw Pact utilised both in their forces.

2S9 Nona Self-propelled air-droppable mortar

The 2S9 NONA is an extremely light-weight self-propelled and air-droppable 120 mm gun-mortar designed in the Soviet Union, which entered service in 1981. The 2S9 chassis is designated the S-120 and based on the aluminium hull of the BTR-D airborne multi-purpose tracked armoured personnel carrier. More generally, the 120 mm mortar is referred to as the Nona, with the 2S9 also known as the Nona-S. Although no figures have been released, it is estimated that well over 1,000 2S9 were built.

81 KRH 71 Y Type of Mortar

81 KRH 71 Y is a light mortar manufactured by Tampella for use by the Finnish Army. It is usually used to support the infantry by indirect fire, but it can also be used for direct fire. Each Finnish infantry company has a platoon of 81 mm mortars. The mortar platoon consists of three seven-man mortar squads, each squad manning a single 81 mm mortar. Jaeger Company M2005 has a fire support squad, which consists of two five-man mortar teams, both equipped with an 81 mm mortar. It can fire HE-fragmentation, smoke, illumination and practice rounds.

Soltam M-65 Type of Mortar

The Soltam M-65 is a 120 mm mortar that was developed by Tampella in 1953 via introduction of new baseplate for 120 Krh/40 invented by Hans Otto Donner. In 1960s Soltam Systems of Israel bought a license. The mortar system comes in two versions, a standard mortar and a long-range version.

2S12 Sani Type of Heavy mortar

The 2S12 "Sani" ("sleigh") is a 120 mm heavy mortar system used by the Russian Army and other former Soviet states. First fielded in 1981, the 2S12 is a continued development on the towed mortars first used in World War II.

2B11 Mortar

The 2B11 is a 120 mm mortar developed by the Soviet Union in 1981 and subsequently fielded in the Soviet Army. The basic design for the 2B11 was taken from the classic Model 1943 120 mm mortar, and incorporated changes to make the mortar less heavy. Is a part of the 2S12 Sani.

The AT4 is an 84-mm unguided, portable, single-shot recoilless smoothbore anti-tank weapon built in Sweden by Saab Bofors Dynamics. Saab has had considerable sales success with the AT4, making it one of the most common light anti-tank weapons in the world.

The M74 mortar is designed by Military Technical Institute Belgrade in Yugoslavia. It is smooth bore, muzzle-loading, high-angle-of-fire weapon used for long-range indirect fire support. Today they are produced by Serbian company PPT-Namenska AD and BNT from Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Light mortar 120mm M75 Mortar

The M75 mortar is designed by Military Technical Institute Belgrade in Yugoslavia. It is smooth bore, muzzle-loading, high-angle-of-fire weapon used for long-range indirect fire support. Today they are produced by Serbian company PPT-Namenska AD and BNT from Bosnia and Herzegovina.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 http://www.jaegerplatoon.net/MORTARS6.htm
  2. "m/41D 120 mm mortar (Sweden), Mortars". Jane's Infantry Weapons. 5 August 2011. Archived from the original on 11 September 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  3. International Institute for Strategic Studies (February 2016). The Military Balance 2016. 116. Routlegde. p. 91. ISBN   9781857438352.
  4. "UN Register: Military holdings - Lithuania 2016". www.un-register.org. Archived from the original on 26 January 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2018.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)