130th meridian east

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The meridian 130° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, Australia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

Longitude A geographic coordinate that specifies the east-west position of a point on the Earths surface

Longitude, is a geographic coordinate that specifies the east–west position of a point on the Earth's surface. It is an angular measurement, usually expressed in degrees and denoted by the Greek letter lambda (λ). Meridians connect points with the same longitude. By convention, one of these, the Prime Meridian, which passes through the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, England, was allocated the position of 0° longitude. The longitude of other places is measured as the angle east or west from the Prime Meridian, ranging from 0° at the Prime Meridian to +180° eastward and −180° westward. Specifically, it is the angle between a plane through the Prime Meridian and a plane through both poles and the location in question.

North Pole Northern point where the Earths axis of rotation intersects its surface

The North Pole, also known as the Geographic North Pole or Terrestrial North Pole, is defined as the point in the Northern Hemisphere where the Earth's axis of rotation meets its surface.

Arctic Ocean The smallest and shallowest of the worlds five major oceans, located in the north polar regions

The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceans. The International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) recognizes it as an ocean, although some oceanographers call it the Arctic Mediterranean Sea or simply the Arctic Sea, classifying it a mediterranean sea or an estuary of the Atlantic Ocean. It is also seen as the northernmost part of the all-encompassing World Ocean.

Contents

The 130th meridian east forms a great circle with the 50th meridian west.

Great circle intersection of the sphere and a plane which passes through the center point of the sphere

A great circle, also known as an orthodrome, of a sphere is the intersection of the sphere and a plane that passes through the center point of the sphere. A great circle is the largest circle that can be drawn on any given sphere. Any diameter of any great circle coincides with a diameter of the sphere, and therefore all great circles have the same center and circumference as each other. This special case of a circle of a sphere is in opposition to a small circle, that is, the intersection of the sphere and a plane that does not pass through the center. Every circle in Euclidean 3-space is a great circle of exactly one sphere.

50th meridian west line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Greenland, the Atlantic Ocean, South America, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole

The meridian 50° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Greenland, the Atlantic Ocean, South America, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

From Pole to Pole

Starting at the North Pole and heading south to the South Pole, the 130th meridian east passes through:

South Pole Southern point where the Earths axis of rotation intersects its surface

The South Pole, also known as the Geographic South Pole or Terrestrial South Pole, is one of the two points where the Earth's axis of rotation intersects its surface. It is the southernmost point on the surface of the Earth and lies on the opposite side of the Earth from the North Pole.

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
90°0′N130°0′E / 90.000°N 130.000°E / 90.000; 130.000 (Arctic Ocean) Arctic Ocean
77°14′N130°0′E / 77.233°N 130.000°E / 77.233; 130.000 (Laptev Sea) Laptev Sea
71°5′N130°0′E / 71.083°N 130.000°E / 71.083; 130.000 (Russia) Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Sakha Republic
Amur Oblast — from 55°44′N130°0′E / 55.733°N 130.000°E / 55.733; 130.000 (Amur Oblast)
49°0′N130°0′E / 49.000°N 130.000°E / 49.000; 130.000 (China) Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  People's Republic of China Heilongjiang
Jilin — from 43°51′N130°0′E / 43.850°N 130.000°E / 43.850; 130.000 (Jilin)
42°58′N130°0′E / 42.967°N 130.000°E / 42.967; 130.000 (North Korea) Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea
42°0′N130°0′E / 42.000°N 130.000°E / 42.000; 130.000 (Sea of Japan) Sea of Japan
33°27′N130°0′E / 33.450°N 130.000°E / 33.450; 130.000 (Japan) Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Island of Kyūshū
Saga Prefecture
Nagasaki Prefecture — from 33°2′N130°0′E / 33.033°N 130.000°E / 33.033; 130.000 (Nagasaki)
32°45′N130°0′E / 32.750°N 130.000°E / 32.750; 130.000 (East China Sea) East China Sea
32°23′N130°0′E / 32.383°N 130.000°E / 32.383; 130.000 (Japan) Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Island of Shimoshima
Kumamoto Prefecture
32°14′N130°0′E / 32.233°N 130.000°E / 32.233; 130.000 (East China Sea) East China Sea Passing just east of the Koshikijima Islands, Kagoshima Prefecture, Flag of Japan.svg  Japan (at 31°49′N129°56′E / 31.817°N 129.933°E / 31.817; 129.933 (Koshikijima Islands) )
Passing just east of the island of Kuroshima, Kagoshima Prefecture, Flag of Japan.svg  Japan (at 31°49′N129°57′E / 31.817°N 129.950°E / 31.817; 129.950 (Kuroshima) )
Passing just west of the island of Kuchinoerabujima, Kagoshima Prefecture, Flag of Japan.svg  Japan (at 30°28′N130°8′E / 30.467°N 130.133°E / 30.467; 130.133 (Kuchinoerabujima) )
30°0′N130°0′E / 30.000°N 130.000°E / 30.000; 130.000 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean Passing just east of the island of Kuchinoshima, Kagoshima Prefecture, Flag of Japan.svg  Japan (at 29°57′N129°56′E / 29.950°N 129.933°E / 29.950; 129.933 (Kuchinoshima) )
28°21′N130°0′E / 28.350°N 130.000°E / 28.350; 130.000 (Japan) Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Island of Kikai
Kagoshima Prefecture
28°18′N130°0′E / 28.300°N 130.000°E / 28.300; 130.000 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean
0°14′N130°0′E / 0.233°N 130.000°E / 0.233; 130.000 (Halmahera Sea) Halmahera Sea Passing by numerous small islands of Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia
1°45′S130°0′E / 1.750°S 130.000°E / -1.750; 130.000 (Indonesia) Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia Island of Misool
2°1′S130°0′E / 2.017°S 130.000°E / -2.017; 130.000 (Ceram Sea) Ceram Sea
2°59′S130°0′E / 2.983°S 130.000°E / -2.983; 130.000 (Indonesia) Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia Island of Seram
3°29′S130°0′E / 3.483°S 130.000°E / -3.483; 130.000 (Banda Sea) Banda Sea Passing through the Banda Islands (at 4°33′S130°0′E / 4.550°S 130.000°E / -4.550; 130.000 (Banda Islands) )
6°18′S130°0′E / 6.300°S 130.000°E / -6.300; 130.000 (Indonesia) Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia Island of Serua, Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia
6°19′S130°0′E / 6.317°S 130.000°E / -6.317; 130.000 (Banda Sea) Banda Sea
7°42′S130°0′E / 7.700°S 130.000°E / -7.700; 130.000 (Indonesia) Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia Island of Dawera
7°44′S130°0′E / 7.733°S 130.000°E / -7.733; 130.000 (Timor Sea) Timor Sea Passing just west of Bathurst Island, Northern Territory, Flag of Australia.svg  Australia (at 11°47′S130°1′E / 11.783°S 130.017°E / -11.783; 130.017 (Bathurst Island) )
13°31′S130°0′E / 13.517°S 130.000°E / -13.517; 130.000 (Australia) Flag of Australia.svg  Australia Northern Territory
South Australia — from 26°0′S130°0′E / 26.000°S 130.000°E / -26.000; 130.000 (South Australia)
31°35′S130°0′E / 31.583°S 130.000°E / -31.583; 130.000 (Indian Ocean) Indian Ocean Australian authorities consider this to be part of the Southern Ocean [1] [2]
60°0′S130°0′E / 60.000°S 130.000°E / -60.000; 130.000 (Southern Ocean) Southern Ocean
65°59′S130°0′E / 65.983°S 130.000°E / -65.983; 130.000 (Antarctica) Antarctica Australian Antarctic Territory, claimed by Flag of Australia.svg  Australia

See also

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The meridian 124° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean, Australia, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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The meridian 128° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, Australia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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134th meridian east

The meridian 134° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, Australia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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139th meridian east

The meridian 139° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, Australasia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

143rd meridian east

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References

  1. Darby, Andrew (22 December 2003). "Canberra all at sea over position of Southern Ocean". The Age. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  2. "Indian Ocean". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 13 January 2013.