132nd Division (Imperial Japanese Army)

Last updated

132nd Division
第132師団
Active1945–1945
Country Merchant flag of Japan (1870).svg Empire of Japan
Allegiance 6th area army
Branch Imperial Japanese Army
Type Infantry
Garrison/HQ Yichang
Nickname(s)Encouragement division
Engagementsnone

The 132st Division(第132師団,Dai-hyakusanjūni Shidan) was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Encouragement Division(振起兵団,Shinki Heidan). It was formed 1 February 1945 in Wuhan as a type C(hei) security division, simultaneously with the 131st and 133rd divisions. The nucleus for the formation was the small parts of the 39th and 68th divisions.

Infantry military personnel who travel and fight on foot

Infantry is a military specialization that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces. Also known as foot soldiers or infantrymen, infantry traditionally relies on moving by foot between combats as well, but may also use mounts, military vehicles, or other transport. Infantry make up a large portion of all armed forces in most nations, and typically bear the largest brunt in warfare, as measured by casualties, deprivation, or physical and psychological stress.

Imperial Japanese Army Official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan, from 1868 to 1945

The Imperial Japanese Army was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945. It was controlled by the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff Office and the Ministry of the Army, both of which were nominally subordinate to the Emperor of Japan as supreme commander of the army and the navy. Later an Inspectorate General of Aviation became the third agency with oversight of the army. During wartime or national emergencies, the nominal command functions of the emperor would be centralized in an Imperial General Headquarters (IGHQ), an ad-hoc body consisting of the chief and vice chief of the Army General Staff, the Minister of the Army, the chief and vice chief of the Naval General Staff, the Inspector General of Aviation, and the Inspector General of Military Training.

In broadcasting and radio communications, a call sign is a unique designation for a transmitter station. In the United States of America, they are used for all FCC-licensed transmitters. A call sign can be formally assigned by a government agency, informally adopted by individuals or organizations, or even cryptographically encoded to disguise a station's identity.

Contents

Action

The 132nd division was permanently assigned to 6th area army. Upon formation, the 132nd division took the responsibility on the area previously guarded by the 39th division in Yichang. It stayed in the area of Yichang until surrender of Japan 15 August 1945.

The Japanese Sixth Area Army was a field army of the Imperial Japanese Army during both the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II.

The 39th Division was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army, activated 30 June 1939 in Hiroshima, simultaneously with the 38th, 40th and 41st divisions. Its call sign was the Wisteria Division.

Yichang Prefecture-level city in Hubei, Peoples Republic of China

Yichang is a prefecture-level city located in western Hubei province, China. It is the second largest city in the province after the capital, Wuhan. The Three Gorges Dam is located within its administrative area, in Yiling District. As of the 2010 census, its population was 4,059,686 inhabitants whom 1,350,150 lived in the built-up area made of Yiling, Xiling, Wujiagang and Dianjun urban districts as Xiaoting District is not urbanized yet.

See also

Notes and references


Related Research Articles

13th Division (Imperial Japanese Army)

The 13th Division was an infantry division in the Imperial Japanese Army. Its tsūshōgō code name was the Mirror Division, and its military symbol was 13D. The 13th Division was one of four new infantry divisions raised by the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) in the closing stages of the Russo-Japanese War 1 April 1905, after it turned out what the entire IJA was committed to combat in Manchuria, leaving not a single division to guard the Japanese home islands from attack.

The 22nd Division was an infantry division in the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Plains Division. The 22nd Division was raised in 1938 out of the reserve components of the 14th Division, on the same day as 15th, 17th, 21st and 23rd divisions, as part of the military buildup following the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War.

The 40th Division was an infantry division in the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Whale Division.

The 34th Division was an infantry division in the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Camellia Division. The Japanese Imperial Army 34th Division was raised as a triangular division on 2 July 1939 in Osaka, simultaneously with 32nd, 33rd, 35th, 36th and 37th divisions. Its manpower came primarily from Osaka and Wakayama prefecture. It was intended as a garrison force to maintain public order and to cover police duties in Japanese-occupied portions of central China,

The 114th Division was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was Commander Division. It was formed on 12 October 1937 in Utsunomiya, Tochigi as a B-class square division. The nucleus for the formation was the 14th Division headquarters. It was originally subordinated to the Central China Area Army.

The 66th Division was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Daring Division. It was formed on 12 July 1944 in Taipei city on Taiwan island. The nucleus for the formation was the 46th Independent mixed brigade casualties and local recruits. Also, the 249th infantry regiment was formed primarily from Takasago men.

The 58th Division was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Wide Division. It was formed on 2 February 1942 at Hankou as a security division, simultaneously with 59th and 60th divisions. The nucleus for the formation was the 18th Independent Mixed Brigade. Also, many of the soldiers of the 136th Infantry Brigade of the 106th Division, demobilized in 1940, were re-employed in the 58th Division. As a security division, the 58th Division's backbone consisted of independent infantry battalions, and it did not include an artillery regiment.

The 61st Division was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Jump Division. It was formed on 13 March 1943 at Tokyo as a triangular division. The nucleus for the formation was the 61st independent infantry brigade. Because the 61st Division was intended for the garrison duty, it initially did not include an artillery regiment. The division was permanently assigned to the 13th army.

The 62nd Division was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Stone Division. It was formed on 1 May 1943 at Taiyuan, simultaneously with the 63rd Division as a security division. The nucleus for the formation was the 4th and a part of the 6th Independent Mixed Brigades. As a security division, it lacked an artillery regiment. The division was initially assigned to the 1st Army.

The 63rd Division was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Camp Division. It was formed on 1 May 1943 at Beijing, simultaneously with the 62nd division as a security division. The nucleus for the formation was the part of the 6th and 15th independent mixed brigades. As a security division, it lacked an artillery regiment. The men of the division were drafted from the Utsunomiya mobilization district. The division was initially assigned to the 1st army.

The 65th Division was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Expert Division. It was formed on 1 May 1943 in Anhui province, simultaneously with the 62nd, 63rd and 64th divisions as a security division. The nucleus for the formation was the 13th Independent mixed brigade from Lu'an. As a security division, it lacked an artillery regiment. The men of the division were drafted from the Aichi mobilization district.

The 122nd Division was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Maizuru Division. It was formed 16 January in Mudanjiang as a triangular division. It was a part of a batch of eight simultaneously created divisions comprising the 121st, 122nd, 123rd, 124th, 125th, 126th, 127th and 128th Divisions. The nucleus for the formation was the 4th Independent Border Group and the remnants of the 11th Division.

The 128th Division was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Eibu Division. It was formed 16 January 1945 in Mudanjiang as a triangular division. It was a part of the 8 simultaneously created divisions batch comprising 121st, 122nd, 123rd, 124th, 125th, 126th, 127th and 128th divisions. The nucleus for the formation were the 1st, 2nd, and parts of 11th border guards group.

The 131st Division was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Shusui Division. It was formed 1 February 1945 in Wuhan as a type C(hei) security division, simultaneously with the 132nd and 133rd divisions. The nucleus for the formation was the small parts of the 27th and 40th divisions.

The 133rd Division was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Attack Division. It was formed 1 February 1945 in Guilin as a type C(hei) security division, simultaneously with the 131st and 132nd divisions. The nucleus for the formation was the small parts of the 63rd and 70th divisions.

The 134th Division was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Jewel Division. It was formed 10 July 1945 in Jiamusi as a triangular division. It was a part of the 8 simultaneously created divisions batch comprising 134th, 135th, 136th, 137th, 138th, 139th, 148th and 149th divisions. The nucleus for the formation were the 14th border guards group, Fujin garrison and 78th Independent Mixed Brigade.

The 137th Division was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Fuyoku Division. It was formed 10 July 1945 in North Hamgyong Province as a triangular division. It was a part of the 8 simultaneously created divisions batch comprising 134th, 135th, 136th, 137th, 138th, 139th, 148th and 149th divisions. The nucleus for the formation was the small parts detached from the 79th division.

The 160th Division was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Chosun Protection Division. It was formed 28 February 1945 in Pyongyang as a square division. It was a part of the 16 simultaneously created divisions batch numbering from 140th to 160th.

The 209th Division was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Kaetsu Division, after location in now Komatsu. It was formed on 2 April 1945 in Kanazawa as a triangular division. It was one of a batch of eight divisions composed of the 201st, 202nd, 205th, 206th, 209th, 212th, 214th and 216th Divisions created as part of the reaction to the Battle of Okinawa.