1444

Last updated
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1444 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1444
MCDXLIV
Ab urbe condita 2197
Armenian calendar 893
ԹՎ ՊՂԳ
Assyrian calendar 6194
Balinese saka calendar 1365–1366
Bengali calendar 851
Berber calendar 2394
English Regnal year 22  Hen. 6   23  Hen. 6
Buddhist calendar 1988
Burmese calendar 806
Byzantine calendar 6952–6953
Chinese calendar 癸亥(Water  Pig)
4140 or 4080
     to 
甲子年 (Wood  Rat)
4141 or 4081
Coptic calendar 1160–1161
Discordian calendar 2610
Ethiopian calendar 1436–1437
Hebrew calendar 5204–5205
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1500–1501
 - Shaka Samvat 1365–1366
 - Kali Yuga 4544–4545
Holocene calendar 11444
Igbo calendar 444–445
Iranian calendar 822–823
Islamic calendar 847–848
Japanese calendar Kakitsu 4 / Bun'an 1
(文安元年)
Javanese calendar 1359–1360
Julian calendar 1444
MCDXLIV
Korean calendar 3777
Minguo calendar 468 before ROC
民前468年
Nanakshahi calendar −24
Thai solar calendar 1986–1987
Tibetan calendar 阴水猪年
(female Water-Pig)
1570 or 1189 or 417
     to 
阳木鼠年
(male Wood-Rat)
1571 or 1190 or 418

Year 1444 ( MCDXLIV ) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. It is one of eight years (CE) to contain each Roman numeral once (1000(M)+(-100(C)+500(D))+(-10(X)+50(L))+(-1(I)+5(V)) = 1444.

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The Battle of Torvioll, also known as the Battle of Lower Dibra, was fought on 29 June 1444 on the Plain of Torvioll, in what is modern-day Albania. Skanderbeg was an Ottoman Albanian general who decided to go back to his native land and take the reins of a new Albanian coalition against the Ottoman Empire. He, along with 300 other Albanians fighting at the Battle of Niš, deserted the Ottoman army to head towards Krujë, which fell quickly through a subversion. He then formed the League of Lezhë, a confederation of Albanian princes united in war against the Ottoman Empire. Murad II, realizing the threat, sent one of his most experienced captains, Ali Pasha, to crush the new state with a force of 25,000 men.

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The Siege of Svetigrad began on 14 May 1448 when an Ottoman army, led by Sultan Murad II, besieged the fortress of Svetigrad. After the many failed Ottoman expeditions into Albania against the League of Lezhë, a confederation of Albanian Principalities created in 1444 and headed by Skanderbeg, Murad II decided to march an army into Skanderbeg's dominions in order to capture the key Albanian fortress of Svetigrad. The fortress lay on an important route between present-day North Macedonia and Albania, and thus its occupation would give the Ottomans easy access into Albania. The force prepared by Murad was the largest force with which the Ottomans had ever attacked Skanderbeg. Murad planned to take the fortress, march into the Albanian interior, and capture the main citadel of Krujë, thus crushing the Albanian League.

References

  1. Thomas, Hugh (1999). The Slave Trade: The Story of the Atlantic Slave Trade: 1440 - 1870. Simon and Schuster. pp.  22. ISBN   9780684835655.