1720

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1720 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1720
MDCCXX
Ab urbe condita 2473
Armenian calendar 1169
ԹՎ ՌՃԿԹ
Assyrian calendar 6470
Balinese saka calendar 1641–1642
Bengali calendar 1127
Berber calendar 2670
British Regnal year 6  Geo. 1   7  Geo. 1
Buddhist calendar 2264
Burmese calendar 1082
Byzantine calendar 7228–7229
Chinese calendar 己亥年 (Earth  Pig)
4416 or 4356
     to 
庚子年 (Metal  Rat)
4417 or 4357
Coptic calendar 1436–1437
Discordian calendar 2886
Ethiopian calendar 1712–1713
Hebrew calendar 5480–5481
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1776–1777
 - Shaka Samvat 1641–1642
 - Kali Yuga 4820–4821
Holocene calendar 11720
Igbo calendar 720–721
Iranian calendar 1098–1099
Islamic calendar 1132–1133
Japanese calendar Kyōhō 5
(享保5年)
Javanese calendar 1644–1645
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar 4053
Minguo calendar 192 before ROC
民前192年
Nanakshahi calendar 252
Thai solar calendar 2262–2263
Tibetan calendar 阴土猪年
(female Earth-Pig)
1846 or 1465 or 693
     to 
阳金鼠年
(male Iron-Rat)
1847 or 1466 or 694
South Sea Company crash. South Sea Bubble.jpg
South Sea Company crash.
February 24: Battle of Nassau IMRAY(1884) p0210 BAHAMAS, NASSAU.jpg
February 24: Battle of Nassau

1720 (MDCCXX) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar  and a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1720th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 720th year of the 2nd millennium, the 20th year of the 18th century, and the 1st year of the 1720s decade. As of the start of 1720, the Gregorian calendar was 11days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

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Charles Edward Stuart

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Joseph Dudley
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John Rackham

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The 18th century lasted from January 1, 1701 (MDCCI) to December 31, 1800 (MDCCC). During the 18th century, elements of Enlightenment thinking culminated in the American, French, and Haitian Revolutions. During the century, slave trading and human trafficking expanded across the shores of the Atlantic, while declining in Russia, China, and Korea. Revolutions began to challenge the legitimacy of monarchical and aristocratic power structures, including the structures and beliefs that supported slavery. The Industrial Revolution began during mid-century, leading to radical changes in human society and the environment.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1707</span> Calendar year

1707 (MDCCVII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1707th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 707th year of the 2nd millennium, the 7th year of the 18th century, and the 8th year of the 1700s decade. As of the start of 1707, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

The 1720s decade ran from January 1, 1720, to December 31, 1729.

The 1710s decade ran from January 1, 1710 to December 31, 1719.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1643</span> Calendar year

1643 (MDCXLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1643rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 643rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 17th century, and the 4th year of the 1640s decade. As of the start of 1643, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1724</span> Calendar year

1724 (MDCCXXIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1724th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 724th year of the 2nd millennium, the 24th year of the 18th century, and the 5th year of the 1720s decade. As of the start of 1724, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1653</span> Calendar year

1653 (MDCLIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1653rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 653rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 53rd year of the 17th century, and the 4th year of the 1650s decade. As of the start of 1653, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1658</span> Calendar year

1658 (MDCLVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1658th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 658th year of the 2nd millennium, the 58th year of the 17th century, and the 9th year of the 1650s decade. As of the start of 1658, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1719</span> Calendar year

1719 (MDCCXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1719th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 719th year of the 2nd millennium, the 19th year of the 18th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1710s decade. As of the start of 1719, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nizam-ul-Mulk, Asaf Jah I</span> 18th-century Nizam of Hyderabad

Mir Qamar-ud-din Khan Siddiqi Bayafandi also known as Chin Qilich qamaruddin Khan, Nizam-ul-Mulk, Asaf Jah and Nizam I, was the 1st Nizam of Hyderabad. He was married to the daughter of a Syed nobleman of Gulbarga. He began his career as a favorite of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, who made him a general. Following the death of Aurangzeb in 1707, Asaf Jah refused to favour any one of Aurangzeb's warring sons and as such remained neutral. When Aurangzeb's third son Bahadur Shah ultimately emerged victorious, Asaf Jah was rotated as governor of multiple Mughal provinces until 1714, when he was created Viceroy of the Deccan with authority over six Mughal provinces in southern India from 1714 to 1719. From 1719 onwards he was involved in combating the intrigues of the Sayyid brothers. From 1720 to 1722 he helped the new Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah eliminate the Sayyid brothers and was rewarded by being elevated to the grand viziership from 1722 to 1724.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Muhammad Shah</span> 13th Emperor of the Mughal Empire (reigned 1719–1748)

Mirza Nasir-ud-Din Muḥammad Shah was the 13th Mughal emperor, who reigned from 1719 to 1748. He was son of Khujista Akhtar, the fourth son of Bahadur Shah I. With the help of the Sayyid brothers, he ascended the throne at the young age of 16. He later got rid of them with the help of Asaf Jah I – Syed Hussain Ali Khan was murdered at Fatehpur Sikri in 1720 and Syed Hassan Ali Khan Barha was fatally poisoned in 1722. Muhammad Shah was a great patron of the arts, including musical, cultural and administrative developments. His pen-name was Sadā Rangīla(Ever Joyous) and he is often referred to as "Muhammad Shah Rangila", also sometimes as "Bahadur Shah Rangila" after his grand father Bahadur Shah I.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Muhammad Ibrahim (Mughal emperor)</span> Jahangir II

Muhammad Ibrahim or Jahangir II was a claimant to the throne of the Mughal Empire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Saadat Ali Khan I</span> 18th-century Indian nobleman

Saadat Ali Khan Nishapuri was the Subahdar Nawab of Awadh (Oudh) from 26 January 1722 to 1739 and the son of Muhammad Nasir. At age 25 he accompanied his father on the final campaign of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb against the Maratha in the Deccan, and the emperor awarded him the title of Khan Bahadur for his service.

Jansath is a town and a nagar panchayat in Muzaffarnagar district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sayyid brothers</span>

The term Sayyid brothers refers to Abdullah Khan and Syed Husain Ali Khan, who were powerful in the Mughal Empire during the early 18th century.

Kithora is a village in Jansath tehsil, near Miranpur town, Uttar Pradesh, India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Syed Mian</span> Nawab Of Ajmer

Nawab Sayyid Abdullah Khan I also known as Sayyid Mian I, was the father of Syed Hassan Ali Khan and Syed Hussain Ali Khan the two famous Sayyid Brothers.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sayyid Hassan Ali Khan Barha</span> One of the Sayyid Brothers, key figure in the Mughal Empire under Farrukhsiyar

Nawab Sayyid Hassan Ali Khan Barha, also known as Qutub-ul-Mulk, Nawab Sayyid Mian II, Abdullah Khan II, was one of the Sayyid Brothers, and a key figure in the Mughal Empire under Farrukhsiyar.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sayyid Hussain Ali Khan Barha</span> Nawab of Aurangabad

Nawab Sayyid Hussain Ali Khan Barha, officially Ihtisham-ul-Mulk, was a kingmaker of the later Mughal Period. Best known for ordering the death of the Emperor Farrukhsiyar largely in attempt to halt the numerous assaination attempts that the latter had ordered against him and his brother Abdullah Khan Barha. Hussain Ali Khan rose as a kingmaker in early 18th century India, when he was also the de jure ruler of Aurangabad, ruler of Ajmer by proxy and Subedar of the Deccan

Ubaidullah Shariyatullah Khan, commonly known as Mir Jumla III, was a noble who served at the court of the Mughal emperor Farrukhsiyar. He was the leader of the anti-Sayyid brothers faction of the Mughal court and exerted great influence over the Mughal emperor.

References

  1. Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History . London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp.  297–298. ISBN   0-304-35730-8.
  2. MacKay, Charles (2003). Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds . Harriman House Classics.
  3. "Commerce", in A Cyclopedia of Commerce and Commercial Navigation, Volume 1, ed. by J. Smith Homans, (Harper & Brothers, 1859) p391