1759

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1759 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1759
MDCCLIX
Ab urbe condita 2512
Armenian calendar 1208
ԹՎ ՌՄԸ
Assyrian calendar 6509
Balinese saka calendar 1680–1681
Bengali calendar 1166
Berber calendar 2709
British Regnal year 32  Geo. 2   33  Geo. 2
Buddhist calendar 2303
Burmese calendar 1121
Byzantine calendar 7267–7268
Chinese calendar 戊寅(Earth  Tiger)
4455 or 4395
     to 
己卯年 (Earth  Rabbit)
4456 or 4396
Coptic calendar 1475–1476
Discordian calendar 2925
Ethiopian calendar 1751–1752
Hebrew calendar 5519–5520
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1815–1816
 - Shaka Samvat 1680–1681
 - Kali Yuga 4859–4860
Holocene calendar 11759
Igbo calendar 759–760
Iranian calendar 1137–1138
Islamic calendar 1172–1173
Japanese calendar Hōreki 9
(宝暦9年)
Javanese calendar 1684–1685
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar 4092
Minguo calendar 153 before ROC
民前153年
Nanakshahi calendar 291
Thai solar calendar 2301–2302
Tibetan calendar 阳土虎年
(male Earth-Tiger)
1885 or 1504 or 732
     to 
阴土兔年
(female Earth-Rabbit)
1886 or 1505 or 733
January 15: British Museum opens. British Museum from NE 2.JPG
January 15: British Museum opens.

1759 (MDCCLIX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1759th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 759th year of the 2nd millennium, the 59th year of the 18th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1750s decade. As of the start of 1759, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Contents

In Great Britain, this year was known as the Annus Mirabilis , because of British victories in the Seven Years' War.

Events

JanuaryMarch

AprilJune

JulySeptember

August 12: Battle of Kunersdorf. Kunersdorff.jpg
August 12: Battle of Kunersdorf.
Sept. 13: Battle - Plains of Abraham. Benjamin West 005.jpg
Sept. 13: Battle Plains of Abraham.

OctoberDecember

November 20: Battle of Quiberon Bay Quibcardinaux2.jpg
November 20: Battle of Quiberon Bay

Date unknown

Births

Mary Wollstonecraft Mary Wollstonecraft by John Opie (c. 1797).jpg
Mary Wollstonecraft
William Wilberforce William wilberforce.jpg
William Wilberforce
Friedrich Schiller Friedrich Schiller by Ludovike Simanowiz.jpg
Friedrich Schiller

Deaths

George Frideric Handel George Frideric Handel by Balthasar Denner.jpg
George Frideric Handel

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1755 1755

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1806 1806

1806 (MDCCCVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1806th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 806th year of the 2nd millennium, the 6th year of the 19th century, and the 7th year of the 1800s decade. As of the start of 1806, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

The 1750s decade ran from January 1, 1750, to December 31, 1759.

1805 1805

1805 (MDCCCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1805th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 805th year of the 2nd millennium, the 5th year of the 19th century, and the 6th year of the 1800s decade. As of the start of 1805, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1758 1758

1758 (MDCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1758th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 758th year of the 2nd millennium, the 58th year of the 18th century, and the 9th year of the 1750s decade. As of the start of 1758, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1795 1795

1795 (MDCCXCV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1795th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 795th year of the 2nd millennium, the 95th year of the 18th century, and the 6th year of the 1790s decade. As of the start of 1795, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1760 1760

1760 (MDCCLX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1760th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 760th year of the 2nd millennium, the 60th year of the 18th century, and the 1st year of the 1760s decade. As of the start of 1760, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Battle of the Plains of Abraham 1759 battle between British and French troops near Quebec City, Canada

The Battle of the Plains of Abraham, also known as the Battle of Quebec, was a pivotal battle in the Seven Years' War. The battle, which began on 13 September 1759, was fought on a plateau by the British Army and Royal Navy against the French Army, just outside the walls of Quebec City on land that was originally owned by a farmer named Abraham Martin, hence the name of the battle. The battle involved fewer than 10,000 troops in total, but proved to be a deciding moment in the conflict between France and Britain over the fate of New France, influencing the later creation of Canada.

James Wolfe British Army officer

James Wolfe was a British Army officer known for his training reforms and remembered chiefly for his victory in 1759 over the French at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham in Quebec as a major general. The son of a distinguished general, Edward Wolfe, he received his first commission at a young age and saw extensive service in Europe where he fought during the War of the Austrian Succession. His service in Flanders and in Scotland, where he took part in the suppression of the Jacobite Rebellion, brought him to the attention of his superiors. The advancement of his career was halted by the Peace Treaty of 1748 and he spent much of the next eight years on garrison duty in the Scottish Highlands. Already a brigade major at the age of 18, he was a lieutenant-colonel by 23.

Louis-Joseph de Montcalm French general

Louis-Joseph de Montcalm-Grozon, marquis de Montcalm de Saint-Veran was a French soldier best known as the commander of the forces in North America during the Seven Years' War.

Battle of Ticonderoga (1759) battle

The 1759 Battle of Ticonderoga was a minor confrontation at Fort Carillon on July 26 and 27, 1759, during the French and Indian War. A British military force of more than 11,000 men under the command of General Sir Jeffery Amherst moved artillery to high ground overlooking the fort, which was defended by a garrison of 400 Frenchmen under the command of Brigadier General François-Charles de Bourlamaque.

Pierre de Rigaud, marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnial Colonial governor of Louisiana

Pierre de Rigaud de Vaudreuil de Cavagnial, marquis de Vaudreuil was a Canadian-born colonial governor of Canada in North America. He was governor of French Louisiana (1743–1753) and in 1755 became the last Governor-General of New France. In 1759 and 1760 the British conquered the colony in the Seven Years' War.

Battle of Fort Niagara siege late in the French and Indian War

The Battle of Fort Niagara was a siege late in the French and Indian War, the North American theatre of the Seven Years' War. The British siege of Fort Niagara in July 1759 was part of a campaign to remove French control of the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley regions, making possible a western invasion of the French province of Canada in conjunction with General James Wolfe's invasion to the east.

Battle of Beauport battle of the French and Indian War

The Battle of Beauport, also known as the Battle of Montmorency, fought on 31 July 1759, was an important confrontation between the British and French Armed Forces during the Seven Years' War of the French province of Canada. The attack conducted by the British against the French defense line of Beauport, some 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) east of Quebec was checked, and the British soldiers of General James Wolfe retreated with 443 casualties and losses.

1776 1776

1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1776th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 776th year of the 2nd millennium, the 76th year of the 18th century, and the 7th year of the 1770s decade. As of the start of 1776, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events from the year 1759 in Great Britain. This year was dubbed an "Annus Mirabilis" due to a succession of military victories in the Seven Years' War against French-led opponents.

Siege of Louisbourg (1758) Battle of the French and Indian War

The Siege of Louisbourg was a pivotal operation of the Seven Years' War in 1758 that ended the French colonial era in Atlantic Canada and led to the subsequent British campaign to capture Quebec in 1759 and the remainder of French North America the following year.

Montcalm and Wolfe (ISBN 0-306-80621-5) is the sixth volume in Francis Parkman's seven-volume history, France and England in North America, originally published in 1884. It tells the story of the French and Indian War. Its title refers to Louis-Joseph de Montcalm and James Wolfe, the commanding generals of the French and English forces respectively and to whom the book devotes particular attention. Parkman considered the book his masterpiece.

Seven Years War Global conflict between 1756 and 1763

The Seven Years' War was a global war fought between 1756 and 1763. It involved all five European great powers of the time plus many of the middle powers and spanned five continents, affecting Europe, the Americas, West Africa, India, and the Philippines. The conflict split Europe into two coalitions: one was led by the Kingdom of Great Britain and included the Kingdom of Prussia, the Kingdom of Portugal, the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and a few other small German states; while the other was led by the Kingdom of France and included the Austrian-led Holy Roman Empire, including the Electorate of Saxony and most of the smaller German states, the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Spain, and Sweden. The Dutch Republic, Denmark–Norway, the Italian States, and the Ottoman Empire did not participate. Meanwhile, in India, some regional polities within the increasingly fragmented Mughal Empire, with the support of the French, failed to defeat a British attempt to conquer Bengal.

References

  1. Newman, Frank G. (January 1965). "The Acquisition of a Life Insurance Company". The Business Lawyer. American Bar Association. 20 (2): 411–416. Retrieved April 4, 2016. The first life insurance company in America was organized in 1759 under the corporate title 'The Corporation for Relief of Poor and Distressed Presbyterian Ministers, and of the Poor and Distressed Widows and Children of Presbyterian Ministers'.
  2. 1 2 S. B. Bhattacherje, Encyclopaedia of Indian Events & Dates (Sterling Publishers, 2009) p94
  3. George M. Wrong, The Conquest of New France: A Chronicle of the Colonial Wars (Yale University Press, 1921) p214
  4. 1 2 3 "Quebec, Capture of", in Encyclopedia of Naval History, ed. by Anthony Bruce and William Cogar (Routledge, 2014) p297
  5. Baroque Macedonia and the Macedonian Revolts, Author: Tome Egumenoski, Wikibook Year 2020, Chapter 6.
  6. Richard Middleton and Anne Lombard, Colonial America: A History to 1763 (John Wiley & Sons, 2011)
  7. "History of Microsurery", by Yoshikazu Ikuta, in Telemicrosurgery: Robot Assisted Microsurgery (Springer, 2012) p5
  8. Steven G. Friedman, MD, A History of Vascular Surgery (John Wiley & Sons, 2008) p ix
  9. "Eddystone Lighthouse". Trinity House. Archived from the original on September 9, 2006. Retrieved September 6, 2006.
  10. "Fires, Great", in The Insurance Cyclopeadia: Being an Historical Treasury of Events and Circumstances Connected with the Origin and Progress of Insurance, Cornelius Walford, ed. (C. and E. Layton, 1876) p53
  11. Royal Observatory Greenwich souvenir guide. 2012. pp. 34–35. ISBN   978-1-906367-51-0. the first precision watch and considered by many today as the most important timekeeper ever.
  12. "Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew". World Heritage . UNESCO. Archived from the original on August 17, 2010. Retrieved July 4, 2010.
  13. "Mary Wollstonecraft | Biography, Works, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved April 10, 2019.