1759

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January 15:The British Museum opens in London. The North Prospect of Mountague House JamesSimonc1715.jpg
January 15:The British Museum opens in London.
September 13: Britain defeats France in the Battle of the Plains of Abraham to capture Quebec, but the commanders of both sides (General Wolfe and the Marquis de Montcalm) are killed. Benjamin West 005.jpg
September 13: Britain defeats France in the Battle of the Plains of Abraham to capture Quebec, but the commanders of both sides (General Wolfe and the Marquis de Montcalm) are killed.
1759 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1759
MDCCLIX
Ab urbe condita 2512
Armenian calendar 1208
ԹՎ ՌՄԸ
Assyrian calendar 6509
Balinese saka calendar 1680–1681
Bengali calendar 1166
Berber calendar 2709
British Regnal year 32  Geo. 2   33  Geo. 2
Buddhist calendar 2303
Burmese calendar 1121
Byzantine calendar 7267–7268
Chinese calendar 戊寅年 (Earth  Tiger)
4456 or 4249
     to 
己卯年 (Earth  Rabbit)
4457 or 4250
Coptic calendar 1475–1476
Discordian calendar 2925
Ethiopian calendar 1751–1752
Hebrew calendar 5519–5520
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1815–1816
 - Shaka Samvat 1680–1681
 - Kali Yuga 4859–4860
Holocene calendar 11759
Igbo calendar 759–760
Iranian calendar 1137–1138
Islamic calendar 1172–1173
Japanese calendar Hōreki 9
(宝暦9年)
Javanese calendar 1684–1685
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar 4092
Minguo calendar 153 before ROC
民前153年
Nanakshahi calendar 291
Thai solar calendar 2301–2302
Tibetan calendar 阳土虎年
(male Earth-Tiger)
1885 or 1504 or 732
     to 
阴土兔年
(female Earth-Rabbit)
1886 or 1505 or 733
July 6-8: Battle of Carillon The Victory of Montcalms Troops at Carillon by Henry Alexander Ogden.JPG
July 6-8: Battle of Carillon
July 26/27: Fort Carillon/Fort Ticonderoga. Fort Carillon 1.jpg
July 26/27: Fort Carillon/Fort Ticonderoga.

1759 (MDCCLIX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1759th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 759th year of the 2nd millennium, the 59th year of the 18th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1750s decade. As of the start of 1759, the Gregorian calendar was 11days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Contents

In Great Britain, this year was known as the Annus Mirabilis , because of British victories in the Seven Years' War.

Events

JanuaryMarch

AprilJune

JulySeptember

August 12: Battle of Kunersdorf. Alexander von Kotzebue - Battle of Kunersdorf on 1 August 1759.jpg
August 12: Battle of Kunersdorf.

OctoberDecember

November 20: Battle of Quiberon Bay Quibcardinaux2.jpg
November 20: Battle of Quiberon Bay

Date unknown

Births

Mary Wollstonecraft Mary Wollstonecraft by John Opie (c. 1797).jpg
Mary Wollstonecraft
William Wilberforce William wilberforce.jpg
William Wilberforce
Friedrich Schiller Friedrich Schiller by Ludovike Simanowiz.jpg
Friedrich Schiller

Deaths

George Frideric Handel George Frideric Handel by Balthasar Denner.jpg
George Frideric Handel

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1794</span> Calendar year

1794 (MDCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1794th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 794th year of the 2nd millennium, the 94th year of the 18th century, and the 5th year of the 1790s decade. As of the start of 1794, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1814</span> Calendar year

1814 (MDCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1814th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 814th year of the 2nd millennium, the 14th year of the 19th century, and the 5th year of the 1810s decade. As of the start of 1814, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1755</span> Calendar year

1755 (MDCCLV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1755th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 755th year of the 2nd millennium, the 55th year of the 18th century, and the 6th year of the 1750s decade. As of the start of 1755, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1806</span> Calendar year

1806 (MDCCCVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1806th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 806th year of the 2nd millennium, the 6th year of the 19th century, and the 7th year of the 1800s decade. As of the start of 1806, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1750s</span> Decade

The 1750s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1750, and ended on December 31, 1759. The 1750s was a pioneering decade. Waves of settlers flooded the New World in hopes of re-establishing life away from European control, and electricity was a field of novelty that had yet to be merged with the studies of chemistry and engineering. Numerous discoveries of the 1750s forged the basis for contemporary scientific consensus. The decade saw the end of the Baroque period.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1805</span> Calendar year

1805 (MDCCCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1805th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 805th year of the 2nd millennium, the 5th year of the 19th century, and the 6th year of the 1800s decade. As of the start of 1805, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1758</span> Calendar year

1758 (MDCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1758th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 758th year of the 2nd millennium, the 58th year of the 18th century, and the 9th year of the 1750s decade. As of the start of 1758, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1775</span> Calendar year

1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1775th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 775th year of the 2nd millennium, the 75th year of the 18th century, and the 6th year of the 1770s decade. As of the start of 1775, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1760</span> Calendar year

1760 (MDCCLX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1760th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 760th year of the 2nd millennium, the 60th year of the 18th century, and the 1st year of the 1760s decade. As of the start of 1760, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1704</span> Calendar year

1704 (MDCCIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1704th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 704th year of the 2nd millennium, the 4th year of the 18th century, and the 5th year of the 1700s decade. As of the start of 1704, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of the Plains of Abraham</span> 1759 battle between British and French troops near Quebec City, Canada

The Battle of the Plains of Abraham, also known as the Battle of Quebec, was a pivotal battle in the Seven Years' War. The battle, which began on 13 September 1759, was fought on a plateau by the British Army and Royal Navy against the French Army, just outside the walls of Quebec City on land that was originally owned by a farmer named Abraham Martin, hence the name of the battle. The battle involved fewer than 10,000 troops in total, but proved to be a deciding moment in the conflict between France and Britain over the fate of New France, influencing the later creation of Canada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">James Wolfe</span> British Army officer (1727–1759)

James Wolfe was a British Army officer known for his training reforms and, as a major general, remembered chiefly for his victory in 1759 over the French at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham in Quebec.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Louis-Joseph de Montcalm</span> French soldier

Louis-Joseph de Montcalm-Grozon, Marquis de Montcalm de Saint-Veran was a French soldier best known as the commander of the forces in North America during the Seven Years' War.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Timeline of Quebec history (1663–1759)</span> Quebecs history between 1663 and 1759

This section of the Timeline of Quebec history concerns the events relating to the Quebec portion of New France between the establishment of the Sovereign Council and the fall of Quebec.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Ticonderoga (1759)</span> Battle during the French and Indian War

The 1759 Battle of Ticonderoga was a minor confrontation at Fort Carillon on July 26 and 27, 1759, during the French and Indian War. A British military force of more than 11,000 men under the command of General Sir Jeffery Amherst moved artillery to high ground overlooking the fort, which was defended by a garrison of 400 Frenchmen under the command of Brigadier General François-Charles de Bourlamaque.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1759 in Canada</span>

Events from the year 1759 in Canada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1776</span> Calendar year

1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1776th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 776th year of the 2nd millennium, the 76th year of the 18th century, and the 7th year of the 1770s decade. As of the start of 1776, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events from the year 1759 in Great Britain. This year was dubbed an "Annus Mirabilis" due to a succession of military victories in the Seven Years' War against French-led opponents.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Seven Years' War</span> Global war among European powers (1754–1763)

The Seven Years' War (1756–1763) was a global conflict that involved most of the European great powers and was fought primarily in Europe, the Americas, and Asia-Pacific. Other concurrent conflicts include the French and Indian War (1754–1763), the Carnatic Wars (1744–1763), and the Anglo-Spanish War (1762–1763). The opposing alliances were led by Great Britain and France, respectively, each seeking to establish global pre-eminence at the expense of the other. Along with Spain, France fought Britain both in Europe and overseas with land-based armies and naval forces, while Britain's ally Prussia sought territorial expansion in Europe and consolidation of its power. Long-standing colonial rivalries pitted Britain against France and Spain in North America and the West Indies. They fought on a grand scale with consequential results. Prussia sought greater influence in the German states, while Austria wanted to regain Silesia, captured by Prussia in the War of the Austrian Succession, and to contain Prussian influence.

Events from the year 1759 in France. France is a major participant in the Seven Years' War and its North American theater, the French and Indian War.

References

  1. Newman, Frank G. (January 1965). "The Acquisition of a Life Insurance Company". The Business Lawyer. American Bar Association. 20 (2): 411–416. Retrieved April 4, 2016. The first life insurance company in America was organized in 1759 under the corporate title 'The Corporation for Relief of Poor and Distressed Presbyterian Ministers, and of the Poor and Distressed Widows and Children of Presbyterian Ministers'.
  2. Barros Arana, Diego (2000) [1886]. Historia General de Chile (in Spanish). Vol. VI (2 ed.). Santiago, Chile: Editorial Universitaria. p. 310.
  3. 1 2 S. B. Bhattacherje, Encyclopaedia of Indian Events & Dates (Sterling Publishers, 2009) p94
  4. George M. Wrong, The Conquest of New France: A Chronicle of the Colonial Wars (Yale University Press, 1921) p214
  5. 1 2 3 "Quebec, Capture of", in Encyclopedia of Naval History, ed. by Anthony Bruce and William Cogar (Routledge, 2014) p297
  6. Richard Middleton and Anne Lombard, Colonial America: A History to 1763 (John Wiley & Sons, 2011)
  7. "History of Microsurery", by Yoshikazu Ikuta, in Telemicrosurgery: Robot Assisted Microsurgery (Springer, 2012) p5
  8. Steven G. Friedman, MD, A History of Vascular Surgery (John Wiley & Sons, 2008) p ix
  9. "Eddystone Lighthouse". Trinity House. Archived from the original on September 9, 2006. Retrieved September 6, 2006.
  10. "Fires, Great", in The Insurance Cyclopeadia: Being an Historical Treasury of Events and Circumstances Connected with the Origin and Progress of Insurance, Cornelius Walford, ed. (C. and E. Layton, 1876) p53
  11. Royal Observatory Greenwich souvenir guide. 2012. pp. 34–35. ISBN   978-1-906367-51-0. the first precision watch and considered by many today as the most important timekeeper ever.
  12. "Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew". World Heritage . UNESCO. Archived from the original on August 17, 2010. Retrieved July 4, 2010.
  13. "Robert Burns (1759-1796)". National Records of Scotland. May 31, 2013. Retrieved January 27, 2023.
  14. "Mary Wollstonecraft | Biography, Works, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  15. "History of William Pitt 'The Younger' - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved July 1, 2023.