1759

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1759 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1759
MDCCLIX
Ab urbe condita 2512
Armenian calendar 1208
ԹՎ ՌՄԸ
Assyrian calendar 6509
Balinese saka calendar 1680–1681
Bengali calendar 1166
Berber calendar 2709
British Regnal year 32  Geo. 2   33  Geo. 2
Buddhist calendar 2303
Burmese calendar 1121
Byzantine calendar 7267–7268
Chinese calendar 戊寅年 (Earth  Tiger)
4455 or 4395
     to 
己卯年 (Earth  Rabbit)
4456 or 4396
Coptic calendar 1475–1476
Discordian calendar 2925
Ethiopian calendar 1751–1752
Hebrew calendar 5519–5520
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1815–1816
 - Shaka Samvat 1680–1681
 - Kali Yuga 4859–4860
Holocene calendar 11759
Igbo calendar 759–760
Iranian calendar 1137–1138
Islamic calendar 1172–1173
Japanese calendar Hōreki 9
(宝暦9年)
Javanese calendar 1684–1685
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar 4092
Minguo calendar 153 before ROC
民前153年
Nanakshahi calendar 291
Thai solar calendar 2301–2302
Tibetan calendar 阳土虎年
(male Earth-Tiger)
1885 or 1504 or 732
     to 
阴土兔年
(female Earth-Rabbit)
1886 or 1505 or 733
January 15: British Museum opens. British Museum from NE 2.JPG
January 15: British Museum opens.

1759 (MDCCLIX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1759th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 759th year of the 2nd millennium, the 59th year of the 18th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1750s decade. As of the start of 1759, the Gregorian calendar was 11days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Contents

In Great Britain, this year was known as the Annus Mirabilis , because of British victories in the Seven Years' War.

Events

JanuaryMarch

AprilJune

JulySeptember

August 12: Battle of Kunersdorf. Kunersdorff.jpg
August 12: Battle of Kunersdorf.
Sept. 13: Battle - Plains of Abraham. Benjamin West 005.jpg
Sept. 13: Battle Plains of Abraham.

OctoberDecember

November 20: Battle of Quiberon Bay Quibcardinaux2.jpg
November 20: Battle of Quiberon Bay

Date unknown

Births

Mary Wollstonecraft Mary Wollstonecraft by John Opie (c. 1797).jpg
Mary Wollstonecraft
William Wilberforce William wilberforce.jpg
William Wilberforce
Friedrich Schiller Friedrich Schiller by Ludovike Simanowiz.jpg
Friedrich Schiller

Deaths

George Frideric Handel George Frideric Handel by Balthasar Denner.jpg
George Frideric Handel

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">1750s</span> Decade

The 1750s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1750, and ended on December 31, 1759. The 1750s was a pioneering decade. Waves of settlers flooded the New World in hopes of re-establishing life away from European control, and electricity was a field of novelty that had yet to be merged with the studies of chemistry and engineering. Numerous discoveries of the 1750s forged the basis for contemporary scientific consensus. The decade saw the end of the Baroque period.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1805</span> Calendar year

1805 (MDCCCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1805th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 805th year of the 2nd millennium, the 5th year of the 19th century, and the 6th year of the 1800s decade. As of the start of 1805, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1758</span> Calendar year

1758 (MDCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1758th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 758th year of the 2nd millennium, the 58th year of the 18th century, and the 9th year of the 1750s decade. As of the start of 1758, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1775</span> Calendar year

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">1760</span> Calendar year

1760 (MDCCLX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1760th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 760th year of the 2nd millennium, the 60th year of the 18th century, and the 1st year of the 1760s decade. As of the start of 1760, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1708</span> Calendar year

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">1704</span> Calendar year

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of the Plains of Abraham</span> 1759 battle between British and French troops near Quebec City, Canada

The Battle of the Plains of Abraham, also known as the Battle of Quebec, was a pivotal battle in the Seven Years' War. The battle, which began on 13 September 1759, was fought on a plateau by the British Army and Royal Navy against the French Army, just outside the walls of Quebec City on land that was originally owned by a farmer named Abraham Martin, hence the name of the battle. The battle involved fewer than 10,000 troops in total, but proved to be a deciding moment in the conflict between France and Britain over the fate of New France, influencing the later creation of Canada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">James Wolfe</span> British Army officer (1727–1759)

James Wolfe was a British Army officer known for his training reforms and remembered chiefly for his victory in 1759 over the French at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham in Quebec as a major general. The son of a distinguished general, Edward Wolfe, he received his first commission at a young age and saw extensive service in Europe during the War of the Austrian Succession. His service in Flanders and in Scotland, where he took part in the suppression of the Jacobite Rebellion, brought him to the attention of his superiors. The advancement of his career was halted by the Peace Treaty of 1748 and he spent much of the next eight years on garrison duty in the Scottish Highlands. Already a brigade major at the age of 18, he was a lieutenant-colonel by 23.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Louis-Joseph de Montcalm</span> French soldier

Louis-Joseph de Montcalm-Grozon, Marquis de Montcalm de Saint-Veran was a French soldier best known as the commander of the forces in North America during the Seven Years' War.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester</span> Governor of the Province of Quebec

Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, known between 1776 and 1786 as Sir Guy Carleton, was an Anglo-Irish soldier and administrator. He twice served as Governor of the Province of Quebec, from 1768 to 1778, concurrently serving as Governor General of British North America in that time, and again from 1785 to 1795. The title Baron Dorchester was created on 21 August 1786.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Ticonderoga (1759)</span> Battle during the French and Indian War

The 1759 Battle of Ticonderoga was a minor confrontation at Fort Carillon on July 26 and 27, 1759, during the French and Indian War. A British military force of more than 11,000 men under the command of General Sir Jeffery Amherst moved artillery to high ground overlooking the fort, which was defended by a garrison of 400 Frenchmen under the command of Brigadier General François-Charles de Bourlamaque.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1759 in Canada</span>

Events from the year 1759 in Canada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Fort Niagara</span>

The Battle of Fort Niagara was a siege late in the French and Indian War, the North American theatre of the Seven Years' War. The British siege of Fort Niagara in July 1759 was part of a campaign to remove French control of the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley regions, making possible a western invasion of the French province of Canada in conjunction with General James Wolfe's invasion to the east.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Beauport</span> Battle of the French and Indian War

The Battle of Beauport, also known as the Battle of Montmorency, fought on 31 July 1759, was an important confrontation between the British and French Armed Forces during the Seven Years' War of the French province of Canada. The attack conducted by the British against the French defense line of Beauport, some 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) east of Quebec was checked, and the British soldiers of General James Wolfe retreated with 443 casualties and losses.

Events from the year 1759 in Great Britain. This year was dubbed an "Annus Mirabilis" due to a succession of military victories in the Seven Years' War against French-led opponents.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Siege of Louisbourg (1758)</span> Battle of the French and Indian War

The siege of Louisbourg was a pivotal operation of the Seven Years' War in 1758 that ended the French colonial era in Atlantic Canada and led to the subsequent British campaign to capture Quebec in 1759 and the remainder of French North America the following year.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Seven Years' War</span> Global conflict between Great Britain and France (1756–1763)

The Seven Years' War (1754/1756–1763) was a global conflict involving most of the major European powers and many smaller European states, as well as nations in Asia and the Americas. The most powerful belligerents in each of the opposing alliances were Great Britain and France, with both seeking to establish global pre-eminence at the expense of the other power. Along with Spain, France fought Great Britain both in Europe and overseas with land-based armies and naval forces, while Britain's ally Prussia sought territorial expansion in Europe and consolidation of its power. Long-standing colonial rivalries pitting Britain against France and Spain in North America and the West Indies were fought on a grand scale with consequential results. In Europe, the conflict arose from issues left unresolved by the War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748). Prussia sought greater influence in the German states, while Austria wanted to regain Silesia, captured by Prussia in the previous war, and to contain Prussian influence.

References

  1. Newman, Frank G. (January 1965). "The Acquisition of a Life Insurance Company". The Business Lawyer. American Bar Association. 20 (2): 411–416. Retrieved April 4, 2016. The first life insurance company in America was organized in 1759 under the corporate title 'The Corporation for Relief of Poor and Distressed Presbyterian Ministers, and of the Poor and Distressed Widows and Children of Presbyterian Ministers'.
  2. Barros Arana, Diego (2000) [1886]. Historia General de Chile (in Spanish). Vol. VI (2 ed.). Santiago, Chile: Editorial Universitaria. p. 310.
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  4. George M. Wrong, The Conquest of New France: A Chronicle of the Colonial Wars (Yale University Press, 1921) p214
  5. 1 2 3 "Quebec, Capture of", in Encyclopedia of Naval History, ed. by Anthony Bruce and William Cogar (Routledge, 2014) p297
  6. Richard Middleton and Anne Lombard, Colonial America: A History to 1763 (John Wiley & Sons, 2011)
  7. "History of Microsurery", by Yoshikazu Ikuta, in Telemicrosurgery: Robot Assisted Microsurgery (Springer, 2012) p5
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  9. "Eddystone Lighthouse". Trinity House. Archived from the original on September 9, 2006. Retrieved September 6, 2006.
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  13. "Mary Wollstonecraft | Biography, Works, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved April 10, 2019.