1763 Last updated January 24, 2019 Events April –June April 6 – The Théâtre du Palais-Royal, home to the Paris Opera for almost 90 years, is destroyed in an accidental fire.  April 16 – George Grenville takes office as the new Prime Minister of Great Britain, after the Earl of Bute resigns amid criticism over Britain's concessions in the Treaty of Paris.  April 18 – Marie-Josephte Corriveau is hanged near her home at Saint-Vallier, Quebec, then placed on public display ( gibbeting) on orders of a British court of officers that had tried her under martial law for the murder of her husband. She becomes famous in French Quebecois folklore as "la Corriveau".  April 19 – Teedyuscung, known as the "King of the Delaware Indians" (the Lenape tribe) is assassinated by arsonists who burn down his home in Pennsylvania while he's sleeping, in an apparent retaliation for signing the Treaty of Easton to relinquish Lenape claims to the Province of New Jersey.  April 23 – The controversial Issue 45 of John Wilkes's controversial satirical newspaper, , is published as a response to a speech four days earlier by King George III praising the end of the Seven Years' War. The North Briton In what will become a test case for  freedom of speech, Wilkes, a member of Parliament, is arrested for libel of the King and imprisoned, then exiled to France. April 27 – Outraged by the British success in taking control of land in North America formerly occupied by the French, Chief Pontiac of the Ottawa Indians convenes a conference near Detroit and convinces the leaders of 17 other Indian nations of the need to attack British outposts.  May 7 – Chief Pontiac begins the Conspiracy of Pontiac, by attacking British forces at Fort Detroit, but the surprise attack is given away by a young Indian girl who informs the British of the plan.  June 2 – Pontiac's Rebellion: At what is now Mackinaw City, Michigan, Chippewas capture Fort Michilimackinac by diverting the garrison's attention with a game of lacrosse, then chasing a ball into the fort. June 28 – A magnitude 6.2 earthquake shakes Hungary and Slovakia, with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX ( Violent). Damage is limited, but 83 are killed.  July –September July 7 – The British East India Company declares Mir Qasim, the Nawab of Bengal, to be deposed.   August 2 – Mir Qasim is routed at Odwa Nala. He flees to  Patna, where he massacres the English garrison, but is subsequently defeated at  Katwa, Murshidabad, Giria, Sooty, Udayanala and Munger. August 3 and 4 – The spectacular bankruptcies of Leendert Pieter de Neufville and Johann Ernst Gotzkowsky lead to a financial contagion and affected in the days after many merchants in Amsterdam, Hamburg, Berlin and Stockholm. August 5 – Pontiac's War – Battle of Bushy Run: British forces led by Henry Bouquet defeat Chief Pontiac's Indians at Bushy Run, in the Pennsylvania backcountry. August – Fire in Smyrna, Ottoman Empire, destroys 2,600 houses. September 1 – Catherine II of Russia endorses Ivan Betskoy's plans for a Foundling Home in Moscow. October –December October 7 – The is issued by Royal Proclamation of 1763 George III of the United Kingdom, restricting the westward expansion of British North America, and stabilizing relations with the indigenous peoples of the Americas, by barring white settlement of lands west of the Appalachian Mountains. November 24 – Bayes' theorem is first announced.  December 2 – Touro Synagogue, Newport, Rhode Island, is dedicated; by the end of the 20th century, this will be the oldest surviving synagogue in North America. December 14 – The Paxton Boys massacre six Conestoga Indians in their homes in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. When the 16 survivors are sheltered in the Lancaster workhouse (jail), the Paxton Boys ride into town and kill them as well, on December 27. Births Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte January 26 – Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, Marshal of France, King Charles XIV John of Sweden, and Charles III John of Norway (d. 1844) February 14 – Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general (d. 1813) February 20 – Adalbert Gyrowetz, Bohemian composer (d. 1850) March 9 – William Cobbett, English journalist, author (d. 1835) March 13 – Guillaume-Marie-Anne Brune, Marshal of France (d. 1815) March 21 – Jean Paul, German writer (d. 1825) May 7 – Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Polish prince, Marshal of France (d. 1813) June 20 – Theobald Wolfe Tone, Irish patriot (d. 1798) Empress Joséphine June 23 – Joséphine de Beauharnais, Empress of France (d. 1814) July 17 – John Jacob Astor, German-born American entrepreneur (d. 1848) August 13 – Christoph Johann von Medem, German courtier (d. 1838) August 16 – Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, second son of George III August 17 – Dmitry Senyavin, Russian admiral (d. 1831) September 2 – Caroline Schelling, German scholar, intellectual (d. 1809) December 25 – Claude Chappe, French telecommunication pioneer (d. 1805) December 28 – John Molson, Canadian entrepreneur (d. 1836) December 31 – Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral (d. 1806)
Deaths John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville January 2 – John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville, English statesman (b. 1690) January 11 – Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian, and poet (b. 1676) January 29 – Louis Racine, French poet (b. 1692) February 11 – William Shenstone, English poet (b. 1714) February 12 – Pierre de Marivaux, French writer (b. 1688) February 26 – Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (b. 1711) March 4 – Johan Hörner, Danish artist (b. 1711) March 24 – Catherine Charlotte De la Gardie, Swedish countess (b. 1723) March 31 – Abraham Darby II, English ironmaster (b. 1711) April 8 – Koca Ragıp Pasha, Ottoman (Turkish) Grand Vizier (b. 1698) April 13 – James Waldegrave, 2nd Earl Waldegrave of Great Britain (b. 1715) April 22 – Jared Eliot, Connecticut farmer, author on horticulture (b. 1685) May 3 – George Psalmanazar, British impostor (b. c. 1679) June 29 – Hedvig Charlotta Nordenflycht, Swedish writer (b. 1718) August 14 – Giovanni Battista Somis, Italian violinist and composer (b. 1686) August 21 – Charles Wyndham, 2nd Earl of Egremont, British statesman (b. 1710) September 20 – Gabriela Silang, Filipino rebel leader, heroine (b. 1731) September 26 – John Byrom, English poet (b. 1692) October – Anna Maria Garthwaite, British designer (b. 1688) October 5 – Augustus, Elector of Saxony, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (b. 1696) October 28 – Heinrich von Brühl, German statesman (b. 1700) November 10 – Joseph Dupleix – French governor general at Pondichéry November 23 – Friedrich Heinrich von Seckendorff, German soldier (b. 1673) November 28 – Naungdawgyi, Burmese king (b. 1734) December 3 – Carl August Thielo, Danish composer (b. 1702) December 17 – Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony (b. 1722) December 23 – Antoine François Prévost, French writer (b. 1697) References ↑ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0. ↑ Pannill Camp, The First Frame: Theatre Space in Enlightenment France (Cambridge University Press, 2014) p148 ↑ Richard Archer, As If an Enemy's Country: The British Occupation of Boston and the Origins of Revolution (Oxford University Press, 2010) p1 ↑ F. Murray Greenwood and Beverley Boissery, Uncertain Justice: Canadian Women and Capital Punishment, 1754-1953 (Dundurn, 2000) p54 ↑ Kevin Kenny, Peaceable Kingdom Lost: The Paxton Boys and the Destruction of William Penn's Holy Experiment (Oxford University Press, 2011) p116 ↑ Amelia Rauser, Caricature Unmasked: Irony, Authenticity, and Individualism in Eighteenth-century English Prints (University of Delaware Press, 2008) p51 1 2 Walter S. Dunn, People of the American Frontier: The Coming of the American Revolution (Greenwood, 2005) p37 ↑ National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS), , Significant Earthquake Database National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, doi: 10.7289/V5TD9V7K 1 2 Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 322. ISBN 0-304-35730-8. 1 2 "Murshidabad". Archived from the original on March 3, 2012 . Retrieved . 2012-02-29 ↑ "A Letter from the Late Reverend Mr. Thomas Bayes, F.R.S. to John Canton, M.A. and F.R.S." (PDF). 1763-11-24 . Retrieved . 2012-03-01 ↑ "Supplement to the Local Gazetteer of Wu Prefecture". . 1134 World Digital Library . Retrieved . 2013-09-06
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