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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1774 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1774
Ab urbe condita 2527
Armenian calendar 1223
Assyrian calendar 6524
Balinese saka calendar 1695–1696
Bengali calendar 1181
Berber calendar 2724
British Regnal year 14  Geo. 3   15  Geo. 3
Buddhist calendar 2318
Burmese calendar 1136
Byzantine calendar 7282–7283
Chinese calendar 癸巳(Water  Snake)
4470 or 4410
甲午年 (Wood  Horse)
4471 or 4411
Coptic calendar 1490–1491
Discordian calendar 2940
Ethiopian calendar 1766–1767
Hebrew calendar 5534–5535
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1830–1831
 - Shaka Samvat 1695–1696
 - Kali Yuga 4874–4875
Holocene calendar 11774
Igbo calendar 774–775
Iranian calendar 1152–1153
Islamic calendar 1187–1188
Japanese calendar An'ei 3
Javanese calendar 1699–1700
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar 4107
Minguo calendar 138 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar 306
Thai solar calendar 2316–2317
Tibetan calendar 阴水蛇年
(female Water-Snake)
1900 or 1519 or 747
(male Wood-Horse)
1901 or 1520 or 748
December 9: Start of the two month long Siege of Melilla Melilla 1774.jpg
December 9: Start of the two month long Siege of Melilla

1774 ( MDCCLXXIV ) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar , the 1774th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 774th year of the 2nd millennium , the 74th year of the 18th century , and the 5th year of the 1770s decade. As of the start of 1774, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.



Chesma Column in Tsarskoe Selo, commemorating the end of the Russo-Turkish War. Чесменская колонна.jpg
Chesma Column in Tsarskoe Selo, commemorating the end of the Russo-Turkish War.





Date unknown


William Farquhar WilliamFarquhar.jpg
William Farquhar
Matthew Flinders Toussaint Antoine DE CHAZAL DE Chamerel - Portrait of Captain Matthew Flinders, RN, 1774-1814 - Google Art Project.jpg
Matthew Flinders
Caspar David Friedrich Gerhard von Kügelgen portrait of Friedrich.jpg
Caspar David Friedrich


Sultan Mustafa III Mustafa3.jpg
Sultan Mustafa III
King Louis XV of France LouisXV-Rigaud1.jpg
King Louis XV of France
Pope Clement XIV Clement XIV.jpg
Pope Clement XIV


  1. "Historical Events for Year 1774 | OnThisDay.com". Historyorb.com. Retrieved 2017-04-05.
  2. Woody Holton, Forced Founders: Indians, Debtors, Slaves, and the Making of the American Revolution in Virginia (University of North Carolina Press Books, 2011) p32
  3. "Beaumarchais", in The Cornhill Magazine (August 1884) p142
  4. "Fire News of the Week", in Fire and Water Engineering (December 9, 1905) p337
  5. Clifford Kenyon Shipton, New England Life in the Eighteenth Century: Representative Biographies from Sibley's Harvard Graduates (Harvard University Press, 1995) p324
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Gordon Carruth, ed., The Encyclopedia of American Facts and Dates 3rd Edition (Thomas Y. Crowell, 1962) pp80-82
  7. "What Happened in 1774; History-Page.com". History-page.com. Retrieved 2017-04-05.
  8. Robert K. Massie, Catherine the Great: Portrait of a Woman (Random House, 2011) p406
  9. Ann Fairfax Withington, Toward a More Perfect Union: Virtue and the Formation of American Republics (Oxford University Press, 1996) p197
  10. "Giacomo Casanova", by Mattia Begali, in Encyclopedia of Italian Literary Studies (Taylor & Francis, 2007) p402
  11. Robert Morgan, Boone: A Biography (Algonquin Books, 2008) p152
  12. Charles R. Steinwedel, Threads of Empire: Loyalty and Tsarist Authority in Bashkiria, 1552–1917 (Indiana University Press, 2016) p73
  13. Joe Jackson, A World on Fire: A Heretic, an Aristocrat, and the Race to Discover Oxygen (Penguin, 2007) p114
  14. Robert W. Kirk, Paradise Past: The Transformation of the South Pacific, 1520-1920 (McFarland, 2012) p27
  15. William Edward Hartpole Lecky, A History of England in the Eighteenth Century, Volume 3 (D. Appleton and Company, 1891) p456
  16. Richard R. Beeman, Our Lives, Our Fortunes and Our Sacred Honor: The Forging of American Independence, 1774-1776 (Basic Books, 2013) p xi
  17. Spencer Tucker, Almanac of American Military History (ABC-CLIO, 2013) p211
  18. James B. Collins and Karen L. Taylor, Early Modern Europe: Issues and Interpretations (John Wiley & Sons, 2008) p57
  19. Karen Racine, Francisco de Miranda, a Transatlantic Life in the Age of Revolution (Rowman & Littlefield, 2003) p13
  20. Jennifer J. Davis, Defining Culinary Authority: The Transformation of Cooking in France, 1650-1830 {LSU Press, 2013)

Further reading