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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1775 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1775
Ab urbe condita 2528
Armenian calendar 1224
Assyrian calendar 6525
Balinese saka calendar 1696–1697
Bengali calendar 1182
Berber calendar 2725
British Regnal year 15  Geo. 3   16  Geo. 3
Buddhist calendar 2319
Burmese calendar 1137
Byzantine calendar 7283–7284
Chinese calendar 甲午(Wood  Horse)
4471 or 4411
乙未年 (Wood  Goat)
4472 or 4412
Coptic calendar 1491–1492
Discordian calendar 2941
Ethiopian calendar 1767–1768
Hebrew calendar 5535–5536
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1831–1832
 - Shaka Samvat 1696–1697
 - Kali Yuga 4875–4876
Holocene calendar 11775
Igbo calendar 775–776
Iranian calendar 1153–1154
Islamic calendar 1188–1189
Japanese calendar An'ei 4
Javanese calendar 1700–1701
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar 4108
Minguo calendar 137 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar 307
Thai solar calendar 2317–2318
Tibetan calendar 阳木马年
(male Wood-Horse)
1901 or 1520 or 748
(female Wood-Goat)
1902 or 1521 or 749

Year 1775 ( MDCCLXXV ) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day later Julian calendar.




The American Revolution begins this year, with the first military engagement being the April 19 Battles of Lexington and Concord on the day after Paul Revere's now-legendary ride. The Second Continental Congress takes various steps toward organizing an American government, appointing George Washington commander-in-chief (June 14), Benjamin Franklin postmaster general (July 26) and creating a Continental Navy (October 13) and a Marine force (November 10) as landing troops for it, but as yet the 13 colonies have not declared independence, and both the British (June 12) and American (July 15) governments make laws. On July 6, Congress issues the Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms and on August 23, King George III of England declares the American colonies in rebellion, announcing it to parliament on November 10. On June 17, two months into the colonial siege of Boston, at the Battle of Bunker Hill, just north of Boston, British forces are victorious, but only after suffering severe casualties and after Colonial forces run out of ammunition, Fort Ticonderoga is taken by American forces in New York Colony's northern frontier, and American forces unsuccessfully invade Canada, with an attack on Montreal defeated by British forces on November 13 and an attack on Quebec repulsed December 31.

Human knowledge and mastery over nature advances when James Watt builds a successful prototype of a steam engine, and a scientific expedition continues as Captain James Cook claims the South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands in the south Atlantic Ocean for Britain. Nature's power over humanity is dramatically demonstrated when the Independence Hurricane (August 29 September 13) devastates the east coast of North America, killing 4,173, and when, on the western side of the North American continent, Tseax Cone erupts in the future British Columbia, as well as when a smallpox epidemic begins in New England. Smallpox was then cured by Edward Jenner.



August 18: Tucson is founded.

Date unknown


Stanisław Kostka Zamoyski born 13 January
Walter Savage Landor born 30 January
Gurun Princess Hexiao born 2 February
Charles Lamb born 10 February
William Hall (governor) born 11 February
Louisa Adams born 12 February
Miguel Ramos Arizpe born 15 February
Simmons Jones Baker born 15 February
Jean-Baptiste Girard (soldier) born 21 February
Adolf Stieler born 26 February
Sophie Tieck born 28 February
Adam Elias von Siebold born 5 March
Constance Mayer born 9 March
Pauline Auzou born 24 March
Adam Albert von Neipperg born 8 April
J. M. W. Turner born 23 April
Alexander Johnston (1775–1849) born 25 April
George Kinloch (politician) born 30 April
Angélique Mongez born 1 May
Alexander McNair born 5 May
Pablo Morillo born 5 May
Jacob Brown born 9 May
Antoine Charles Louis de Lasalle born 10 May
Micah Brooks born 14 May
Johann Baptist Malfatti von Monteregio born 12 June
Judah Touro born 16 June
Lucy Mack Smith born 8 July
Matthew Lewis (writer) born 9 July
Richard Westmacott born 15 July
John Andrew Shulze born 19 July
Anna Harrison born 25 July
Emmanuel Dupaty born 31 July
George Tucker (politician) born 20 August
Vasily Orlov-Denisov born 8 September
Guillaume Capelle born 9 September
Murray Maxwell born 10 September
John Henry Hobart born 14 September
Giuseppe Rosaroll born 16 September
Philip Milledoler born 22 September
Robert Adrain born 30 September
Bahadur Shah Zafar born 24 October
Pierre Capelle born 4 November
Achille Fontanelli born 8 November
Paul Johann Anselm Ritter von Feuerbach born 14 November
James Carnahan born 15 November
Philander Chase born 14 December
Phineas Riall born 15 December






Prithvi Narayan Shah died 11 January
Peter Boehler died 27 April
Peter Harrison (architect) died 30 April
Caroline Matilda of Great Britain died 10 May
Szymon Czechowicz died 21 July
Zahir al-Umar died 21 August
Robert Livingston (1718–1775) died 9 December


  1. 1 2 de Madriaga, Isabel (January 1974). "Catherine II and the Serfs: A Reconsideration of Some Problems". The Slavonic and East European Review . 52 (126): 34–62. Retrieved 2013-04-19.
  2. "Battles of Lexington and Concord", Britannica Student Encyclopedia, p. 454, 2006, The American Revolution began on April 19, 1775, with the Battles of Lexington and Concord.
  3. Scherer, F. M. (1965). "Invention and Innovation in the Watt-Boulton Steam-Engine Venture". Technology and Culture . 6: 165–87. JSTOR   3101072.
  4. "The Invention of the Steam Engine: The Life of James Watt. Part 4: The Steam Engine Gains Popularity". About.com Inventors. Retrieved 2011-02-25.