1775

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1775 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1775
MDCCLXXV
Ab urbe condita 2528
Armenian calendar 1224
ԹՎ ՌՄԻԴ
Assyrian calendar 6525
Balinese saka calendar 1696–1697
Bengali calendar 1182
Berber calendar 2725
British Regnal year 15  Geo. 3   16  Geo. 3
Buddhist calendar 2319
Burmese calendar 1137
Byzantine calendar 7283–7284
Chinese calendar 甲午年 (Wood  Horse)
4472 or 4265
     to 
乙未年 (Wood  Goat)
4473 or 4266
Coptic calendar 1491–1492
Discordian calendar 2941
Ethiopian calendar 1767–1768
Hebrew calendar 5535–5536
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1831–1832
 - Shaka Samvat 1696–1697
 - Kali Yuga 4875–4876
Holocene calendar 11775
Igbo calendar 775–776
Iranian calendar 1153–1154
Islamic calendar 1188–1189
Japanese calendar An'ei 4
(安永4年)
Javanese calendar 1700–1701
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar 4108
Minguo calendar 137 before ROC
民前137年
Nanakshahi calendar 307
Thai solar calendar 2317–2318
Tibetan calendar 阳木马年
(male Wood-Horse)
1901 or 1520 or 748
     to 
阴木羊年
(female Wood-Goat)
1902 or 1521 or 749
April 19: Battles of Lexington and Concord Battle of Lexington, 1775.png
April 19: Battles of Lexington and Concord
June 17: Battle of Bunker Hill Battle of bunker hill by percy moran.jpg
June 17: Battle of Bunker Hill

1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1775th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 775th year of the 2nd millennium, the 75th year of the 18th century, and the 6th year of the 1770s decade. As of the start of 1775, the Gregorian calendar was 11days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Contents

Events

Summary

The American Revolutionary War began this year, with the first military engagement on April 19 Battles of Lexington and Concord on the day after Paul Revere's ride. The Second Continental Congress took various steps toward organizing an American government, appointing George Washington commander-in-chief (June 14), Benjamin Franklin postmaster general (July 26) and creating a Continental Navy (October 13) and a Marine force (November 10) as landing troops for it, but as yet the 13 colonies have not declared independence, and both the British (June 12) and American (July 15) governments make laws. On July 6, Congress issues the Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms and on August 23, King George III of Great Britain declares the American colonies in rebellion, announcing it to Parliament on November 10. On June 17, two months into the colonial siege of Boston, at the Battle of Bunker Hill, just north of Boston, British forces are victorious, but only after suffering severe casualties and after Colonial forces run out of ammunition, Fort Ticonderoga is taken by American forces in New York Colony's northern frontier, and American forces unsuccessfully invade Canada, with an attack on Montreal defeated by British forces on November 13 and an attack on Quebec repulsed December 31.

Human knowledge and mastery over nature advanced when James Watt built a successful prototype of a steam engine, and a scientific expedition continued as Captain James Cook claims the South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands in the south Atlantic Ocean for Britain. Nature's power over humanity is dramatically demonstrated when the Independence Hurricane (August 29 – September 13) devastates the east coast of North America, killing 4,173, and when, on the western side of the North American continent, Tseax Cone erupts in the future British Columbia, as well as when a smallpox epidemic begins in New England. Smallpox vaccine was then developed by Edward Jenner. There is no cure for smallpox.

January–June

July–December

August 18: Tucson is founded. Windy600.jpg
August 18: Tucson is founded.

Date unknown

Births

Stanislaw Kostka Zamoyski born 13 January Stanislaw Zamoyski (1775-1856).jpg
Stanisław Kostka Zamoyski born 13 January
Walter Savage Landor born 30 January Portrait of Walter Savage Landor (4673349) (cropped).jpg
Walter Savage Landor born 30 January
Gurun Princess Hexiao born 2 February Princess He Xiao Ku Lun.jpg
Gurun Princess Hexiao born 2 February
Charles Lamb born 10 February Charles Lamb by Henry Hoppner Meyer.jpg
Charles Lamb born 10 February
William Hall (governor) born 11 February Hall-william-by-wb-cooper.jpg
William Hall (governor) born 11 February
Miguel Ramos Arizpe born 15 February Ramos Arizpe.JPG
Miguel Ramos Arizpe born 15 February
Simmons Jones Baker born 15 February SimmonsJonesBaker.jpg
Simmons Jones Baker born 15 February
Jean-Baptiste Girard (soldier) born 21 February Jean-Baptiste Girard.jpg
Jean-Baptiste Girard (soldier) born 21 February
Adolf Stieler born 26 February Adolf Stieler.jpg
Adolf Stieler born 26 February
Sophie Tieck born 28 February Tieck, Friedrich, Ludwig Tieck und seine Schwester Sophie.jpg
Sophie Tieck born 28 February
Adam Elias von Siebold born 5 March Adam Elias von Siebold.jpg
Adam Elias von Siebold born 5 March
Constance Mayer born 9 March Constance Mayer, Self-Portrait. Oil on canvas. Bibliotheque Marmottan.jpg
Constance Mayer born 9 March
Pauline Auzou born 24 March Auzou Autoritratto.jpg
Pauline Auzou born 24 March
Adam Albert von Neipperg born 8 April Neipperg.jpg
Adam Albert von Neipperg born 8 April
J. M. W. Turner born 23 April Joseph Mallord William Turner auto-retrato.jpg
J. M. W. Turner born 23 April
Alexander Johnston (1775-1849) born 25 April Sir Alexander Johnston.jpg
Alexander Johnston (1775–1849) born 25 April
George Kinloch (politician) born 30 April George Kinloch.jpg
George Kinloch (politician) born 30 April
Angelique Mongez born 1 May Angelique Mongez-David cropped.jpg
Angélique Mongez born 1 May
Alexander McNair born 5 May Alexander mcnair.jpg
Alexander McNair born 5 May
Pablo Morillo born 5 May Pablo-morillo.jpg
Pablo Morillo born 5 May
Jacob Brown born 9 May Jacob Jennings Brown.jpg
Jacob Brown born 9 May
Antoine Charles Louis de Lasalle born 10 May Antoine Lasalle.JPG
Antoine Charles Louis de Lasalle born 10 May
Micah Brooks born 14 May Micah Brooks (New York).jpg
Micah Brooks born 14 May
Johann Baptist Malfatti von Monteregio born 12 June Johann Malfatti.jpg
Johann Baptist Malfatti von Monteregio born 12 June
Judah Touro born 16 June Judah Touro of Newport Rhode Island.jpg
Judah Touro born 16 June
Lucy Mack Smith born 8 July Lucy Mack Smith2.jpg
Lucy Mack Smith born 8 July
Matthew Lewis (writer) born 9 July Matthew Gregory Lewis by George Lethbridge Saunders, after Unknown artist.jpg
Matthew Lewis (writer) born 9 July
Richard Westmacott born 15 July Richard Westmacott Mw111920 (retouched).jpg
Richard Westmacott born 15 July
John Andrew Shulze born 19 July Shulze.jpg
John Andrew Shulze born 19 July
Anna Harrison born 25 July Anna Harrison.jpg
Anna Harrison born 25 July
Emmanuel Dupaty born 31 July Dupaty.JPG
Emmanuel Dupaty born 31 July
George Tucker (politician) born 20 August Prof. George Tucker.jpg
George Tucker (politician) born 20 August
Vasily Orlov-Denisov born 8 September Orlov-Denisov.jpg
Vasily Orlov-Denisov born 8 September
Guillaume Capelle born 9 September Lefevre - Guillaume, baron Capelle (1775-1843).jpg
Guillaume Capelle born 9 September
Murray Maxwell born 10 September Sir Murray Maxwell.jpg
Murray Maxwell born 10 September
John Henry Hobart born 14 September John Henry Hobart.jpg
John Henry Hobart born 14 September
Giuseppe Rosaroll born 16 September Rosaroll, Giuseppe.jpg
Giuseppe Rosaroll born 16 September
Philip Milledoler born 22 September Peale, James. Painting of Dr.Philip Milledoler.jpg
Philip Milledoler born 22 September
Robert Adrain born 30 September Robert Adrain.jpg
Robert Adrain born 30 September
Bahadur Shah Zafar born 24 October Bahadur Shah II.jpg
Bahadur Shah Zafar born 24 October
Pierre Capelle born 4 November Pierre Capelle.JPG
Pierre Capelle born 4 November
Achille Fontanelli born 8 November Fontanelli.jpg
Achille Fontanelli born 8 November
Paul Johann Anselm Ritter von Feuerbach born 14 November Anselm von Feuerbach.jpg
Paul Johann Anselm Ritter von Feuerbach born 14 November
James Carnahan born 15 November James Carnahan.jpg
James Carnahan born 15 November
Philander Chase born 14 December Chase Philander-Bishop Episcopal Church USA.jpg
Philander Chase born 14 December
Phineas Riall born 15 December Sir Phineas Riall.jpg
Phineas Riall born 15 December

January–March

April–June

July–September

October–December

Deaths

John Baskerville died 8 January John Baskerville (1706-1775) by James Millar.jpeg
John Baskerville died 8 January
Yemelyan Pugachev died 10 January Pugachev.jpg
Yemelyan Pugachev died 10 January
Shuja-ud-Daula died 26 January avdh ke nvaab shujaauddaulaa.jpg
Shuja-ud-Daula died 26 January
Claude Pouteau died 10 February Claude Pouteau2.jpg
Claude Pouteau died 10 February
William Small died 25 February William Small - Tilly Kettle.jpg
William Small died 25 February
Empress Xiaoyichun died 28 February <<Xin Xie Zhi Ping >> Ling Fei Bu Fen .jpg
Empress Xiaoyichun died 28 February
Anne Catherine Hoof Green died 23 March Charles Willson Peale - Anne Catharine Hoof Green - Google Art Project.jpg
Anne Catherine Hoof Green died 23 March
Jan Caspar Philips died 24 April Jan Casper Philips (1700-65). Graveur Rijksmuseum SK-A-2671.jpeg
Jan Caspar Philips died 24 April
Peter Boehler died 27 April PeterBoehler.jpg
Peter Boehler died 27 April
Benjamin Dass died 5 May Rektor ved Katedralskolen Benjamin Dass (1706 - 1775).jpg
Benjamin Dass died 5 May
Caroline Matilda of Great Britain died 10 May Francis Cotes Princess Caroline Matilda.jpg
Caroline Matilda of Great Britain died 10 May
Samuel of Constantinople died 10 May Samuel I of Constantinople.jpg
Samuel of Constantinople died 10 May
Egidio Duni died 11 June Egidio Duni by Carmontelle circa 1760.jpg
Egidio Duni died 11 June
Ignaz Gunther died 27 June Portrait Ignaz Gunther 1774 von Martin Knoller BNM.jpg
Ignaz Günther died 27 June
Szymon Czechowicz died 21 July Szymon Czechowicz.jpg
Szymon Czechowicz died 21 July
Zahir al-Umar died 21 August Daher el-Omar portrait 1.jpg
Zahir al-Umar died 21 August
Felipe de Castro died 25 August Felipe de Castro.Noia 060828.jpg
Felipe de Castro died 25 August
John Parker (captain) died 17 September Minute Man Statue Lexington Massachusetts cropped.jpg
John Parker (captain) died 17 September
Polixenia Daniel died 24 September Daniel Polixenia.jpg
Polixénia Daniel died 24 September
Fukuda Chiyo-ni died 2 October Caga no Chiyo standing beside a well.jpg
Fukuda Chiyo-ni died 2 October
Christian August Crusius died 18 October Christian August Crusius.jpg
Christian August Crusius died 18 October
Maria Wilhelmina von Neipperg died 21 October Maria Wilhelmina von Auersperg.jpg
Maria Wilhelmina von Neipperg died 21 October
Gabriel Francois Venel died 29 October Gabriel Francois Venel.jpg
Gabriel François Venel died 29 October
Guillaume de Barreme de Chateaufort died 6 November Reattu31 Barreme de Chateaufort.jpg
Guillaume de Barrême de Châteaufort died 6 November
Giovanni Bianchi (physician) died 3 December Giovanni Bianchi.jpg
Giovanni Bianchi (physician) died 3 December
Marie-Angelique Memmie Le Blanc died 15 December Marie Angelique Memmie LeBlanc, the Maid of Chalons.jpg
Marie-Angélique Memmie Le Blanc died 15 December

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">1778</span> Calendar year

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">1777</span> Calendar year

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">1710</span> Calendar year

1710 (MDCCX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1710th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 710th year of the 2nd millennium, the 10th year of the 18th century, and the 1st year of the 1710s decade. As of the start of 1710, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1714</span> Calendar year

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">1719</span> Calendar year

1719 (MDCCXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1719th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 719th year of the 2nd millennium, the 19th year of the 18th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1710s decade. As of the start of 1719, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1776</span> Calendar year

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References

  1. Warren, James Francis (1981). The Sulu Zone, 1768-1898: The Dynamics of External Trade, Slavery, and Ethnicity in the Transformation of a Southeast Asian Maritime State. Singapore: NUS Press. p. 36.
  2. 1 2 de Madriaga, Isabel (January 1974). "Catherine II and the Serfs: A Reconsideration of Some Problems". The Slavonic and East European Review . 52 (126): 34–62. JSTOR   4206834.
  3. "Battles of Lexington and Concord", Britannica Student Encyclopedia, 2006, p. 454, The American Revolution began on April 19, 1775, with the Battles of Lexington and Concord.
  4. Scherer, F. M. (1965). "Invention and Innovation in the Watt-Boulton Steam-Engine Venture". Technology and Culture . 6 (2): 165–87. doi:10.2307/3101072. JSTOR   3101072. S2CID   112618665.
  5. "The Invention of the Steam Engine: The Life of James Watt. Part 4: The Steam Engine Gains Popularity". About.com Inventors. Archived from the original on May 25, 2012. Retrieved February 25, 2011.
  6. Carvill, James (1981). Famous names in engineering. London Boston: Butterworths. p. 1. ISBN   9780408005401.
  7. George Holbert Tucker (1995). Jane Austen the Woman: Some Biographical Insights. St. Martin's Griffin. p. 6.

Further reading