1775

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1775 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1775
MDCCLXXV
Ab urbe condita 2528
Armenian calendar 1224
ԹՎ ՌՄԻԴ
Assyrian calendar 6525
Balinese saka calendar 1696–1697
Bengali calendar 1182
Berber calendar 2725
British Regnal year 15  Geo. 3   16  Geo. 3
Buddhist calendar 2319
Burmese calendar 1137
Byzantine calendar 7283–7284
Chinese calendar 甲午(Wood  Horse)
4471 or 4411
     to 
乙未年 (Wood  Goat)
4472 or 4412
Coptic calendar 1491–1492
Discordian calendar 2941
Ethiopian calendar 1767–1768
Hebrew calendar 5535–5536
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1831–1832
 - Shaka Samvat 1696–1697
 - Kali Yuga 4875–4876
Holocene calendar 11775
Igbo calendar 775–776
Iranian calendar 1153–1154
Islamic calendar 1188–1189
Japanese calendar An'ei 4
(安永4年)
Javanese calendar 1700–1701
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar 4108
Minguo calendar 137 before ROC
民前137年
Nanakshahi calendar 307
Thai solar calendar 2317–2318
Tibetan calendar 阳木马年
(male Wood-Horse)
1901 or 1520 or 748
     to 
阴木羊年
(female Wood-Goat)
1902 or 1521 or 749
April 19: Battles of Lexington and Concord Battle of Lexington, 1775.png
April 19: Battles of Lexington and Concord

1775 ( MDCCLXXV ) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar , the 1775th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 775th year of the 2nd millennium , the 75th year of the 18th century , and the 6th year of the 1770s decade. As of the start of 1775, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. Birth of Sir Dingo of Dundee May 17, 1775. The first confirmed case of cancer occurred in Ella O Leary that year.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeric system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is A. The most recent year of such kind was 2017 and the next one will be 2023 in the Gregorian calendar, or, likewise, 2018 and 2029 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year contains two Friday the 13ths in January and October.

Contents

Events

Summary

The American Revolution begins this year, with the first military engagement being the April 19 Battles of Lexington and Concord on the day after Paul Revere's now-legendary ride. The Second Continental Congress takes various steps toward organizing an American government, appointing George Washington commander-in-chief (June 14), Benjamin Franklin postmaster general (July 26) and creating a Continental Navy (October 13) and a Marine force (November 10) as landing troops for it, but as yet the 13 colonies have not declared independence, and both the British (June 12) and American (July 15) governments make laws. On July 6, Congress issues the Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms and on August 23, King George III of England declares the American colonies in rebellion, announcing it to parliament on November 10. On June 17, two months into the colonial siege of Boston, at the Battle of Bunker Hill, just north of Boston, British forces are victorious, but only after suffering severe casualties and after Colonial forces run out of ammunition, Fort Ticonderoga is taken by American forces in New York Colony's northern frontier, and American forces unsuccessfully invade Canada, with an attack on Montreal defeated by British forces on November 13 and an attack on Quebec repulsed December 31.

American Revolution Colonial revolt in which the Thirteen Colonies won independence from Great Britain

The American Revolution was a colonial revolt which occurred between 1765 and 1783. The American Patriots in the Thirteen Colonies defeated the British in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) with the assistance of France, winning independence from Great Britain and establishing the United States of America.

Battles of Lexington and Concord first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War

The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War. The battles were fought on April 19, 1775 in Middlesex County, Province of Massachusetts Bay, within the towns of Lexington, Concord, Lincoln, Menotomy, and Cambridge. They marked the outbreak of armed conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and its thirteen colonies in America.

Paul Revere American silversmith

Paul Revere was an American silversmith, engraver, early industrialist, and Patriot in the American Revolution. He is best known for his midnight ride to alert the colonial militia in April 1775 to the approach of British forces before the battles of Lexington and Concord, as dramatized in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem, "Paul Revere's Ride" (1861).

Human knowledge and mastery over nature advances when James Watt builds a successful prototype of a steam engine, and a scientific expedition continues as Captain James Cook claims the South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands in the south Atlantic Ocean for Britain. Nature's power over humanity is dramatically demonstrated when the Independence Hurricane (August 29 September 13) devastates the east coast of North America, killing 4,173, and when, on the western side of the North American continent, Tseax Cone erupts in the future British Columbia, as well as when a smallpox epidemic begins in New England. Smallpox was then cured by Edward Jenner.

James Watt British engineer

James Watt was a Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer, and chemist who improved on Thomas Newcomen's 1712 Newcomen steam engine with his Watt steam engine in 1776, which was fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution in both his native Great Britain and the rest of the world.

James Cook 18th-century British explorer

Captain James Cook was a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the Royal Navy. He made detailed maps of Newfoundland prior to making three voyages to the Pacific Ocean, during which he achieved the first recorded European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands, and the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand.

North America Continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere

North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere. It is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, and to the southeast by South America and the Caribbean Sea.

JanuaryJune

Habsburg Monarchy former Central European empire (1526–1804)

The Habsburg Monarchy, also Austrian Monarchy or Danube Monarchy, is an unofficial umbrella term among historians for the kingdoms and countries in personal union with the Habsburg Archduchy of Austria between 1526 and 1804, when it was succeeded by the Austrian Empire. The Monarchy was a composite state of territories within and outside the Holy Roman Empire, united only in the person of the monarch. The dynastic capital was Vienna, except from 1583 to 1611, when it was moved to Prague. From 1804 to 1867 the Habsburg Monarchy was formally unified as the Austrian Empire, and from 1867 to 1918 as the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Ottoman Empire Former empire in Asia, Europe and Africa

The Ottoman Empire, historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia in the town of Söğüt by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman I. After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans, the Ottoman beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire. The Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire with the 1453 conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed the Conqueror.

Bukovina Historical region

Bukovina is a historical region, variously described as in Central or Eastern Europe. The region is located on the northern slopes of the central Eastern Carpathians and the adjoining plains, today divided between Romania and Ukraine.

JulyDecember

August 18: Tucson is founded. Windy600.jpg
August 18: Tucson is founded.

Date unknown

Births

Stanislaw Kostka Zamoyski born 13 January Stanislaw Zamoyski (1775-1856).jpg
Stanisław Kostka Zamoyski born 13 January
Walter Savage Landor born 30 January Portrait of Walter Savage Landor (4673349) (cropped).jpg
Walter Savage Landor born 30 January
Gurun Princess Hexiao born 2 February Princess He Xiao Ku Lun.jpg
Gurun Princess Hexiao born 2 February
Charles Lamb born 10 February Charles Lamb by Henry Hoppner Meyer.jpg
Charles Lamb born 10 February
William Hall (governor) born 11 February Hall-william-by-wb-cooper.jpg
William Hall (governor) born 11 February
Louisa Adams born 12 February Charles Bird King portrait of Louisa Adams.jpg
Louisa Adams born 12 February
Miguel Ramos Arizpe born 15 February Ramos Arizpe.JPG
Miguel Ramos Arizpe born 15 February
Simmons Jones Baker born 15 February SimmonsJonesBaker.jpg
Simmons Jones Baker born 15 February
Jean-Baptiste Girard (soldier) born 21 February Jean-Baptiste Girard.jpg
Jean-Baptiste Girard (soldier) born 21 February
Adolf Stieler born 26 February Adolf Stieler.jpg
Adolf Stieler born 26 February
Sophie Tieck born 28 February Tieck, Friedrich, Ludwig Tieck und seine Schwester Sophie.jpg
Sophie Tieck born 28 February
Adam Elias von Siebold born 5 March Adam Elias von Siebold.jpg
Adam Elias von Siebold born 5 March
Constance Mayer born 9 March Constance Mayer, Self-Portrait. Oil on canvas. Bibliotheque Marmottan.jpg
Constance Mayer born 9 March
Pauline Auzou born 24 March Auzou Autoritratto.jpg
Pauline Auzou born 24 March
Adam Albert von Neipperg born 8 April Neipperg.jpg
Adam Albert von Neipperg born 8 April
J. M. W. Turner born 23 April Joseph Mallord William Turner Self Portrait 1799.jpg
J. M. W. Turner born 23 April
Alexander Johnston (1775-1849) born 25 April Sir Alexander Johnston.jpg
Alexander Johnston (1775–1849) born 25 April
George Kinloch (politician) born 30 April George Kinloch.jpg
George Kinloch (politician) born 30 April
Angelique Mongez born 1 May Angelique Mongez-David cropped.jpg
Angélique Mongez born 1 May
Alexander McNair born 5 May Alexander mcnair.jpg
Alexander McNair born 5 May
Pablo Morillo born 5 May Pablo-morillo.jpg
Pablo Morillo born 5 May
Jacob Brown born 9 May Jacob Jennings Brown.jpg
Jacob Brown born 9 May
Antoine Charles Louis de Lasalle born 10 May Antoine Lasalle.JPG
Antoine Charles Louis de Lasalle born 10 May
Micah Brooks born 14 May Micah Brooks (New York).jpg
Micah Brooks born 14 May
Johann Baptist Malfatti von Monteregio born 12 June Johann Malfatti.jpg
Johann Baptist Malfatti von Monteregio born 12 June
Judah Touro born 16 June Judah Touro of Newport Rhode Island.jpg
Judah Touro born 16 June
Lucy Mack Smith born 8 July Lucy Mack Smith2.jpg
Lucy Mack Smith born 8 July
Matthew Lewis (writer) born 9 July Matthew Gregory Lewis by George Lethbridge Saunders, after Unknown artist.jpg
Matthew Lewis (writer) born 9 July
Richard Westmacott born 15 July Richard Westmacott Mw111920 (retouched).jpg
Richard Westmacott born 15 July
John Andrew Shulze born 19 July Shulze.jpg
John Andrew Shulze born 19 July
Anna Harrison born 25 July Anna Harrison.jpg
Anna Harrison born 25 July
Emmanuel Dupaty born 31 July Dupaty.JPG
Emmanuel Dupaty born 31 July
George Tucker (politician) born 20 August Prof. George Tucker.jpg
George Tucker (politician) born 20 August
Vasily Orlov-Denisov born 8 September Orlov-Denisov.jpg
Vasily Orlov-Denisov born 8 September
Guillaume Capelle born 9 September Lefevre - Guillaume, baron Capelle (1775-1843).jpg
Guillaume Capelle born 9 September
Murray Maxwell born 10 September Sir Murray Maxwell.jpg
Murray Maxwell born 10 September
John Henry Hobart born 14 September John Henry Hobart.jpg
John Henry Hobart born 14 September
Giuseppe Rosaroll born 16 September Rosaroll, Giuseppe.jpg
Giuseppe Rosaroll born 16 September
Philip Milledoler born 22 September Peale, James. Painting of Dr.Philip Milledoler.jpg
Philip Milledoler born 22 September
Robert Adrain born 30 September Robert Adrain.jpg
Robert Adrain born 30 September
Bahadur Shah Zafar born 24 October Bahadur Shah II.jpg
Bahadur Shah Zafar born 24 October
Pierre Capelle born 4 November Pierre Capelle.JPG
Pierre Capelle born 4 November
Achille Fontanelli born 8 November Fontanelli.jpg
Achille Fontanelli born 8 November
Paul Johann Anselm Ritter von Feuerbach born 14 November Anselm von Feuerbach.jpg
Paul Johann Anselm Ritter von Feuerbach born 14 November
James Carnahan born 15 November James Carnahan.jpg
James Carnahan born 15 November
Philander Chase born 14 December Chase Philander-Bishop Episcopal Church USA.jpg
Philander Chase born 14 December
Phineas Riall born 15 December Sir Phineas Riall.jpg
Phineas Riall born 15 December

JanuaryMarch

AprilJune

JulySeptember

OctoberDecember

Deaths

Prithvi Narayan Shah died 11 January Prithvi Narayan Shah.jpg
Prithvi Narayan Shah died 11 January
Peter Boehler died 27 April PeterBoehler.jpg
Peter Boehler died 27 April
Peter Harrison (architect) died 30 April Peter Harrison.jpg
Peter Harrison (architect) died 30 April
Caroline Matilda of Great Britain died 10 May Caroline-Mathildeofwales denmark.jpg
Caroline Matilda of Great Britain died 10 May
Szymon Czechowicz died 21 July Szymon Czechowicz.jpg
Szymon Czechowicz died 21 July
Zahir al-Umar died 21 August Daher el-Omar portrait 1.jpg
Zahir al-Umar died 21 August
Robert Livingston (1718-1775) died 9 December Robert R Livingston (1718-1775).jpg
Robert Livingston (1718–1775) died 9 December

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1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1911th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 911th year of the 2nd millennium, the 11th year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1911, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1912th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 912th year of the 2nd millennium, the 12th year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1912, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. A key event of this year was the sinking of the infamous RMS Titanic.

1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1913th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 913th year of the 2nd millennium, the 13th year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1913, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1788 Year

1788 (MDCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1788th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 788th year of the 2nd millennium, the 88th year of the 18th century, and the 9th year of the 1780s decade. As of the start of 1788, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1905th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 905th year of the 2nd millennium, the 5th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1905, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1907th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 907th year of the 2nd millennium, the 7th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1907, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1797 Year

1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1797th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 797th year of the 2nd millennium, the 97th year of the 18th century, and the 8th year of the 1790s decade. As of the start of 1797, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1752 Year

1752 (MDCCLII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1752nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 752nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 18th century, and the 3rd year of the 1750s decade. As of the start of 1752, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. In the British Empire, it was the only year with 355 days, as 3–13 September were skipped when the Empire adopted the Gregorian calendar.

1792 Year

1792 (MDCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1792nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 792nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 92nd year of the 18th century, and the 3rd year of the 1790s decade. As of the start of 1792, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1800 Year

1800 (MDCCC) was an exceptional common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1800th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 800th year of the 2nd millennium, the 100th and last year of the 18th century, and the 1st year of the 1800s decade. As of the start of 1800, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. As of March 1, when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 12 days until February 28, 1900.

1830 Year

1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1830th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 830th year of the 2nd millennium, the 30th year of the 19th century, and the 1st year of the 1830s decade. As of the start of 1830, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. It is known in European history as a rather tumultuous year with the Revolutions of 1830 in France, Belgium, Poland, Switzerland and Italy.

1849 (MDCCCXLIX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1849th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 849th year of the 2nd millennium, the 49th year of the 19th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1840s decade. As of the start of 1849, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1781 Year

1781 (MDCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1781st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 781st year of the 2nd millennium, the 81st year of the 18th century, and the 2nd year of the 1780s decade. As of the start of 1781, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1779 Year

1779 (MDCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1779th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 779th year of the 2nd millennium, the 79th year of the 18th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1770s decade. As of the start of 1779, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1780 Year

1780 (MDCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1780th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 780th year of the 2nd millennium, the 80th year of the 18th century, and the 1st year of the 1780s decade. As of the start of 1780, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1778 Year

1778 (MDCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1778th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 778th year of the 2nd millennium, the 78th year of the 18th century, and the 9th year of the 1770s decade. As of the start of 1778, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1777 Year

1777 (MDCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1777th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 777th year of the 2nd millennium, the 77th year of the 18th century, and the 8th year of the 1770s decade. As of the start of 1777, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1776 Year

1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1776th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 776th year of the 2nd millennium, the 76th year of the 18th century, and the 7th year of the 1770s decade. As of the start of 1776, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events from the year 1776 in Great Britain.

1777 in the United States USA-related events during the year of 1777

Events from the year 1777 in the United States.

References

  1. 1 2 de Madriaga, Isabel (January 1974). "Catherine II and the Serfs: A Reconsideration of Some Problems". The Slavonic and East European Review . 52 (126): 34–62. JSTOR   4206834.
  2. "Battles of Lexington and Concord", Britannica Student Encyclopedia, p. 454, 2006, The American Revolution began on April 19, 1775, with the Battles of Lexington and Concord.
  3. Scherer, F. M. (1965). "Invention and Innovation in the Watt-Boulton Steam-Engine Venture". Technology and Culture . 6 (2): 165–87. doi:10.2307/3101072. JSTOR   3101072.
  4. "The Invention of the Steam Engine: The Life of James Watt. Part 4: The Steam Engine Gains Popularity". About.com Inventors. Retrieved February 25, 2011.