1781

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1781 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1781
MDCCLXXXI
Ab urbe condita 2534
Armenian calendar 1230
ԹՎ ՌՄԼ
Assyrian calendar 6531
Balinese saka calendar 1702–1703
Bengali calendar 1188
Berber calendar 2731
British Regnal year 21  Geo. 3   22  Geo. 3
Buddhist calendar 2325
Burmese calendar 1143
Byzantine calendar 7289–7290
Chinese calendar 庚子(Metal  Rat)
4477 or 4417
     to 
辛丑年 (Metal  Ox)
4478 or 4418
Coptic calendar 1497–1498
Discordian calendar 2947
Ethiopian calendar 1773–1774
Hebrew calendar 5541–5542
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1837–1838
 - Shaka Samvat 1702–1703
 - Kali Yuga 4881–4882
Holocene calendar 11781
Igbo calendar 781–782
Iranian calendar 1159–1160
Islamic calendar 1195–1196
Japanese calendar An'ei 10 / Tenmei 1
(天明元年)
Javanese calendar 1706–1707
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar 4114
Minguo calendar 131 before ROC
民前131年
Nanakshahi calendar 313
Thai solar calendar 2323–2324
Tibetan calendar 阳金鼠年
(male Iron-Rat)
1907 or 1526 or 754
     to 
阴金牛年
(female Iron-Ox)
1908 or 1527 or 755
March 13: Uranus is discovered. Uranus with rings PIA01280.jpg
March 13: Uranus is discovered.

1781 (MDCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1781st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 781st year of the 2nd millennium, the 81st year of the 18th century, and the 2nd year of the 1780s decade. As of the start of 1781, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

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Events

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JulySeptember

September 5: Battle of the Chesapeake BattleOfVirginiaCapes.jpg
September 5: Battle of the Chesapeake

OctoberDecember

Date unknown

Births

Swaminarayan Lord Swaminarayan writing the Shikshapatri.jpg
Swaminarayan
George Stephenson GeorgeStephenson.PNG
George Stephenson

date unknown

Deaths

Gotthold Ephraim Lessing Gotthold Ephraim Lessing.PNG
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
Tupac Amaru II Tupac Amaru II, oleo.jpg
Túpac Amaru II

Related Research Articles

American Revolutionary War American War of Independence 1775–1783

The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence or the Revolutionary War, was initiated by delegates from the thirteen American colonies in Congress against Great Britain over their objection to Parliament's taxation policies and lack of colonial representation. From their founding in the 1600s, the colonies were largely left to govern themselves. The cost of victory in the 1754 to 1763 French and Indian War and the 1756 to 1763 Seven Years' War left the British government deeply in debt; attempts to have the colonies pay for their own defense were vigorously resisted. The Stamp Act and Townshend Acts provoked colonial opposition and unrest, leading to the 1770 Boston Massacre and 1773 Boston Tea Party. When Parliament imposed the Intolerable Acts upon Massachusetts, twelve colonies sent delegates to the First Continental Congress to draft a Petition to the King and organize a boycott of British goods.

1780s

The 1780s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1780, and ended on December 31, 1789. A period widely considered as transitional between the Age of Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution, the 1780s saw the inception of modern philosophy, where the abolishment of monarchies became popular along with the implementation of democracy. With the rise on astronomical, technological, and political discoveries and innovations such as Uranus, cast iron on structures, republicanism and hot air balloons, the 1780s kick-started a rapid global industrialization movement, leaving behind the world's predominantly agrarian customs in the past.

1780 1780

1780 (MDCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1780th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 780th year of the 2nd millennium, the 80th year of the 18th century, and the 1st year of the 1780s decade. As of the start of 1780, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1777 1777

1777 (MDCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1777th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 777th year of the 2nd millennium, the 77th year of the 18th century, and the 8th year of the 1770s decade. As of the start of 1777, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Siege of Yorktown (1781) last major battle of the American Revolutionary War

The Siege of Yorktown, also known as the Battle of Yorktown, the Surrender at Yorktown, or the German Battle, ending on October 19, 1781, at Yorktown, Virginia, was a decisive victory by a combined force of the American Continental Army troops led by General George Washington and Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette and French Army troops led by Comte de Rochambeau over a British army commanded by British peer and Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis. The culmination of the Yorktown campaign, the siege proved to be the last major land battle of the American Revolutionary War in the North American region, as the surrender by Cornwallis, and the capture of both him and his army, prompted the British government to negotiate an end to the conflict.

Nathanael Greene American general in the American Revolutionary War

Nathanael Greene was a major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War. He emerged from the war with a reputation as General George Washington's most talented and dependable officer, and is known for his successful command in the southern theater of the war.

Benjamin Lincoln Continental Army general

Benjamin Lincoln was an American army officer. He served as a major general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. Lincoln was involved in three major surrenders during the war: his participation in the Battles of Saratoga contributed to John Burgoyne's surrender of a British army, he oversaw the largest American surrender of the war at the 1780 Siege of Charleston, and, as George Washington's second in command, he formally accepted the British surrender at Yorktown.

Siege of Charleston

The siege of Charleston was a major engagement and major British victory, fought between March 29 to May 12, 1780, during the American Revolutionary War. The British, following the collapse of their northern strategy in late 1777 and their withdrawal from Philadelphia in 1778, shifted their focus to the American Southern Colonies.

Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau

Marshal Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau was a French nobleman and general whose army played the decisive role in helping the United States defeat the British army at Yorktown in 1781 during the American Revolution. He was commander-in-chief of the French Expeditionary Force sent by France in order to help the American Continental Army fight against British forces.

France in the American Revolutionary War Involvement of France in the American Revolution

French involvement in the American Revolutionary War of 1775–1783 began in 1775, when France, a hotbed of various radical Enlightenment ideas and long-term historical rival of the Kingdom of Great Britain, secretly shipped supplies to the Continental Army when it was established in June 1775. A Treaty of Alliance followed in 1778, which led to French shipments of money and matériel to the United States of America. Subsequently, Spain and the Dutch Republic also began to send assistance, which along with political developments in Europe left the British with no allies during the conflict. The UK openly declared war, with the Dutch following soon after because the Dutch delivered supplies to the Americans.

6th Maryland Regiment

The 6th Maryland Regiment, active from 27 March 1776—January 1, 1783, is most notable for its involvement during the American Revolutionary war of the same years. An infantry type regiment consisting of 728 soldiers, the 6th Maryland was composed of eight companies of volunteers from Prince Georges, Queen Anne's, Fredric, Cecil, Harford, and Ann Arundel counties in the colony of Maryland

Yorktown campaign

The Yorktown or Virginia campaign was a series of military maneuvers and battles during the American Revolutionary War that culminated in the decisive Siege of Yorktown in October 1781. The result of the campaign was the surrender of the British Army force of General Charles Earl Cornwallis, an event that led directly to the beginning of serious peace negotiations and the eventual end of the war. The campaign was marked by disagreements, indecision, and miscommunication on the part of British leaders, and by a remarkable set of cooperative decisions, at times in violation of orders, by the French and Americans.

Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War The military conflicts in the south eastern United States during the American Revolution

The Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War was the central theater of military operations in the second half of the American Revolutionary War, 1778–1781. It encompassed engagements primarily in Virginia, Georgia and South Carolina. Tactics consisted of both strategic battles and guerrilla warfare.

Yorktown order of battle

The Siege of Yorktown was the culminating act of the Yorktown campaign, a series of military operations occupying much of 1781 during the American Revolutionary War. The siege was a decisive Franco-American victory: after the surrender of British Lt. Gen. Charles, Earl Cornwallis on October 17, the government of Lord North fell, and its replacement entered into peace negotiations that resulted in British recognition of American independence with the 1783 Treaty of Paris.

1776 1776

1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1776th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 776th year of the 2nd millennium, the 76th year of the 18th century, and the 7th year of the 1770s decade. As of the start of 1776, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events from the year 1781 in Great Britain.

Events from the year 1781 in the United States. This year marked the beginning of government under the Articles of Confederation as well as the surrender of British armed forces in the American Revolution.

<i>Surrender of Lord Cornwallis</i>

The Surrender of Lord Cornwallis is an oil painting by John Trumbull. The painting was completed in 1820, and hangs in the rotunda of the United States Capitol in Washington, D. C.

Virginia in the American Revolution

The history of Virginia in the American Revolution begins with the role the Colony of Virginia played in early dissent against the British government and culminates with the defeat of General Cornwallis by the allied forces at the Siege of Yorktown in 1781, an event signaled the effective military end to the conflict. Numerous Virginians played key roles in the Revolution, including George Washington, Patrick Henry, and Thomas Jefferson.

References

  1. Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History . London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp.  333–334. ISBN   0-304-35730-8.
  2. Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN   0-14-102715-0.
  3. "The Rebellion of Tupac-Amaru II", in The Hispanic American Historical Review (February 1919) p20
  4. William J. Bennett and John T.E. Cribb, The American Patriot's Almanac: Daily Readings on America (Thomas Nelson, Inc. 2013) p125
  5. "John Paul Jones and Our First Triumphs on the Sea", in The American Monthly Review of Reviews" (July 1905) p42
  6. Albert Bushnell Hart, ed., American History Told by Contemporaries (Macmillan, 1908) p600
  7. Michael Lee Lannin, African Americans in the Revolutionary War (Citadel Press, 2005) p86
  8. "BBC History British History Timeline". Archived from the original on September 9, 2007. Retrieved September 3, 2007.
  9. "History & Facts". Washington & Jefferson College. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved September 10, 2010.

Further reading