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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1781 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1781
Ab urbe condita 2534
Armenian calendar 1230
Assyrian calendar 6531
Balinese saka calendar 1702–1703
Bengali calendar 1188
Berber calendar 2731
British Regnal year 21  Geo. 3   22  Geo. 3
Buddhist calendar 2325
Burmese calendar 1143
Byzantine calendar 7289–7290
Chinese calendar 庚子年 (Metal  Rat)
4478 or 4271
辛丑年 (Metal  Ox)
4479 or 4272
Coptic calendar 1497–1498
Discordian calendar 2947
Ethiopian calendar 1773–1774
Hebrew calendar 5541–5542
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1837–1838
 - Shaka Samvat 1702–1703
 - Kali Yuga 4881–4882
Holocene calendar 11781
Igbo calendar 781–782
Iranian calendar 1159–1160
Islamic calendar 1195–1196
Japanese calendar An'ei 10 / Tenmei 1
Javanese calendar 1706–1707
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar 4114
Minguo calendar 131 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar 313
Thai solar calendar 2323–2324
Tibetan calendar 阳金鼠年
(male Iron-Rat)
1907 or 1526 or 754
(female Iron-Ox)
1908 or 1527 or 755
March 9: Siege of Pensacola Cuadro por espana y por el rey, Galvez en America.jpg
March 9: Siege of Pensacola
March 13: Uranus is discovered. Uranus with rings PIA01280.jpg
March 13: Uranus is discovered.
September 28: The Siege of Yorktown begins. Bataille de Yorktown by Auguste Couder.jpg
September 28: The Siege of Yorktown begins.
October 19: The British surrender at Yorktown. Surrender of Lord Cornwallis.jpg
October 19: The British surrender at Yorktown.

1781 (MDCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1781st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 781st year of the 2nd millennium, the 81st year of the 18th century, and the 2nd year of the 1780s decade. As of the start of 1781, the Gregorian calendar was 11days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.






September 5: Battle of the Chesapeake BattleOfVirginiaCapes.jpg
September 5: Battle of the Chesapeake


Date unknown


Swaminarayan Lord Swaminarayan writing the Shikshapatri.jpg
George Stephenson GeorgeStephenson.PNG
George Stephenson

date unknown


Gotthold Ephraim Lessing Gotthold Ephraim Lessing.PNG
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
Tupac Amaru II Condorcanqui.jpg
Túpac Amaru II

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">American Revolutionary War</span> 1775–1783 American war of independence

The American Revolutionary War, also known as the Revolutionary War or American War of Independence, was a military conflict that was part of the broader American Revolution, where American Patriot forces organized as the Continental Army and commanded by George Washington defeated the British Army.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1780s</span> Decade

The 1780s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1780, and ended on December 31, 1789. A period widely considered as transitional between the Age of Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution, the 1780s saw the inception of modern philosophy. With the rise on astronomical, technological, and political discoveries and innovations such as Uranus, cast iron on structures, republicanism and hot-air balloons, the 1780s kick-started a rapid global industrialization movement, leaving behind the world's predominantly agrarian customs in the past.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1780</span> Calendar year

1780 (MDCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1780th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 780th year of the 2nd millennium, the 80th year of the 18th century, and the 1st year of the 1780s decade. As of the start of 1780, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Siege of Yorktown</span> 1781 American Revolutionary War battle

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nathanael Greene</span> American military officer and planter (1742-1786)

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Green Spring</span> Battle of the American Revolutionary War

The Battle of Green Spring took place near Green Spring Plantation in James City County, Virginia during the American Revolutionary War. On July 6, 1781 United States Brigadier General "Mad" Anthony Wayne, leading the advance forces of the Marquis de Lafayette, was ambushed near the plantation by the British army of Earl Charles Cornwallis in the last major land battle of the Virginia campaign prior to the Siege of Yorktown.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">6th Maryland Regiment</span> Military unit

The 6th Maryland Regiment, active from 27 March 1776—January 1, 1783, is most notable for its involvement during the American Revolutionary war of the same years. An infantry type regiment consisting of 728 soldiers, the 6th Maryland was composed of eight companies of volunteers from Prince Georges, Queen Anne's, Fredrick, Cecil, Harford, and Ann Arundel counties in the colony of Maryland

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yorktown campaign</span> 1781 military campaign of the American Revolutionary War

The Yorktown campaign, also known as the Virginia campaign, was a series of military maneuvers and battles during the American Revolutionary War that culminated in the siege of Yorktown in October 1781. The result of the campaign was the surrender of the British Army force of General Charles Earl Cornwallis, an event that led directly to the beginning of serious peace negotiations and the eventual end of the war. The campaign was marked by disagreements, indecision, and miscommunication on the part of British leaders, and by a remarkable set of cooperative decisions, at times in violation of orders, by the French and Americans.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War</span> Military operations in the Southern states during the American Revolutionary War

The southern theater of the American Revolutionary War was the central theater of military operations in the second half of the American Revolutionary War, 1778–1781. It encompassed engagements primarily in Virginia, Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina. Tactics consisted of both strategic battles and guerrilla warfare.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yorktown order of battle</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">George Washington in the American Revolution</span> Overview of George Washingtons position in the American Revolution

George Washington commanded the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783). After serving as President of the United States, he briefly was in charge of a new army in 1798.

Events from the year 1781 in Great Britain.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rebellion of Túpac Amaru II</span> 1780–83 uprising in Spanish-ruled Peru

The Rebellion of Túpac Amaru II was an uprising by cacique-led Aymara, Quechua, and mestizo rebels aimed at overthrowing Spanish colonial rule in Peru. The causes of the rebellion included opposition to the Bourbon Reforms, an economic downturn in colonial Peru and a grassroots revival of Inca cultural identity led by Túpac Amaru II, an indigenous cacique and the leader of the rebellion. While Amaru II was captured and executed by the Spanish in 1781, the rebellion continued for at least another year under other rebel leaders. Amaru II 's rebellion was simultaneous with the uprising of Túpac Katari in colonial-era Upper Peru.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis</span> British Army officer (1738–1805)

Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, KG, PC was a British Army officer, Whig politician and colonial administrator. In the United States and the United Kingdom, he is best known as one of the leading British general officers in the American War of Independence. His surrender in 1781 to a combined American and French force at the siege of Yorktown ended significant hostilities in North America. Cornwallis later served as a civil and military governor in Ireland, where he helped bring about the Act of Union; and in India, where he helped enact the Cornwallis Code and the Permanent Settlement.

Events from the year 1781 in the United States. This year marked the beginning of government under the Articles of Confederation as well as the surrender of British armed forces in the American Revolution.

<i>Surrender of Lord Cornwallis</i> 1820 painting by John Trumbull

The Surrender of Lord Cornwallis is an oil painting by John Trumbull. The painting, which was completed in 1820, now hangs in the rotunda of the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Virginia in the American Revolution</span>

The history of Virginia in the American Revolution begins with the role the Colony of Virginia played in early dissent against the British government and culminates with the defeat of General Cornwallis by the allied forces at the Siege of Yorktown in 1781, an event that signaled the effective military end to the conflict. Numerous Virginians played key roles in the Revolution, including George Washington, Patrick Henry, and Thomas Jefferson.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">British Army during the American Revolutionary War</span>

The British Army during the American Revolutionary War served for eight years in the American Revolutionary War, which was fought throughout North America, the Caribbean, and elsewhere from April 19, 1775 to September 3, 1783. The war formally commenced at the Battles of Lexington and Concord in present-day Massachusetts. Two months later, in June 1775, the Second Continental Congress, gathered in the revolutionary capital of Philadelphia, appointed George Washington to organize patriot militias into the Continental Army and lead them in a war against the British Army. The following year, in July 1776, the Second Continental Congress, representing the Thirteen Colonies, declared themselves free and independent from colonial governance.


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