1797

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1797 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1797
MDCCXCVII
French Republican calendar 5–6
Ab urbe condita 2550
Armenian calendar 1246
ԹՎ ՌՄԽԶ
Assyrian calendar 6547
Balinese saka calendar 1718–1719
Bengali calendar 1204
Berber calendar 2747
British Regnal year 37  Geo. 3   38  Geo. 3
Buddhist calendar 2341
Burmese calendar 1159
Byzantine calendar 7305–7306
Chinese calendar 丙辰(Fire  Dragon)
4493 or 4433
     to 
丁巳年 (Fire  Snake)
4494 or 4434
Coptic calendar 1513–1514
Discordian calendar 2963
Ethiopian calendar 1789–1790
Hebrew calendar 5557–5558
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1853–1854
 - Shaka Samvat 1718–1719
 - Kali Yuga 4897–4898
Holocene calendar 11797
Igbo calendar 797–798
Iranian calendar 1175–1176
Islamic calendar 1211–1212
Japanese calendar Kansei 9
(寛政9年)
Javanese calendar 1723–1724
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar 4130
Minguo calendar 115 before ROC
民前115年
Nanakshahi calendar 329
Thai solar calendar 2339–2340
Tibetan calendar 阳火龙年
(male Fire-Dragon)
1923 or 1542 or 770
     to 
阴火蛇年
(female Fire-Snake)
1924 or 1543 or 771
January 14: Battle of Rivoli Philippoteaux Felix - Bonaparte a la bataille de Rivoli.jpg
January 14: Battle of Rivoli

1797 ( MDCCXCVII ) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar , the 1797th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 797th year of the 2nd millennium , the 97th year of the 18th century , and the 8th year of the 1790s decade. As of the start of 1797, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeric system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is A. The most recent year of such kind was 2017 and the next one will be 2023 in the Gregorian calendar, or, likewise, 2018 and 2029 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year contains two Friday the 13ths in January and October.

Contents

Events

JanuaryMarch

January 3 is the third day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 362 days remain until the end of the year. Perihelion, the point during the year when the Earth is closest to the Sun, occurs around this date.

Treaty of Tripoli treaty between the USA and Tripolitania, ratified in 1797, and remembered for its position on church-state separation

The Treaty of Tripoli, signed in 1796, was the first treaty between the United States of America and Tripoli to secure commercial shipping rights and protect American ships in the Mediterranean Sea from local Barbary pirates.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

AprilJune

April 16 is the 106th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 259 days remain until the end of the year.

Spithead and Nore mutinies

The Spithead and Nore mutinies were two major mutinies by sailors of the Royal Navy in 1797. They were the first outbreaks of a significant increase in maritime radicalism in the Atlantic World. Despite their temporal proximity, the mutinies differed in character: while the Spithead mutiny was essentially a strike action, articulating economic grievances, the Nore mutiny was more radical, articulating political ideals as well.

April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 258 days remain until the end of the year.

JulySeptember

July 24: Battle of Santa Cruz Ataque britanico en Santa Cruz de Tenerife.jpg
July 24: Battle of Santa Cruz

July 9 is the 190th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 175 days remain until the end of the year.

William Blount Signer of the United States Constitution

William Blount was an American statesman and land speculator, and a signer of the United States Constitution. He was a member of the North Carolina delegation at the Constitutional Convention of 1787, and led efforts in North Carolina to ratify the Constitution in 1789. He subsequently served as the only governor of the Southwest Territory and played a leading role in helping the territory gain admission to the Union as the State of Tennessee. He was selected as one of Tennessee's initial U.S. senators in 1796.

July 24 is the 205th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 160 days remain until the end of the year.

OctoberDecember

October 11: Battle of Camperdown Thomas-Whitcombe-Battle-of-Camperdown.jpg
October 11: Battle of Camperdown

October 11 is the 284th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 81 days remain until the end of the year.

Battle of Camperdown major naval action fought on 11 October 1797

The Battle of Camperdown was a major naval action fought on 11 October 1797, between the British North Sea Fleet under Admiral Adam Duncan and a Batavian Navy (Dutch) fleet under Vice-Admiral Jan de Winter. The battle was the most significant action between British and Dutch forces during the French Revolutionary Wars and resulted in a complete victory for the British, who captured eleven Dutch ships without losing any of their own. In 1795, the Dutch Republic had been overrun by the army of the French Republic and had been reorganised into the Batavian Republic, a French client state. In early 1797, after the French Atlantic Fleet had suffered heavy losses in a disastrous winter campaign, the Dutch fleet was ordered to reinforce the French at Brest. The rendezvous never occurred; the continental allies failed to capitalise on the Spithead and Nore mutinies that paralysed the British Channel forces and North Sea fleets during the spring of 1797.

Batavian Republic Former country (1795-1806)

The Batavian Republic was the successor of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands. It was proclaimed on 19 January 1795 and ended on 5 June 1806, with the accession of Louis I to the throne of Holland. From October 1801 onward, it was known as the Batavian Commonwealth. Both names refer to the Germanic tribe of the Batavi, representing both the Dutch ancestry and their ancient quest for liberty in their nationalistic lore.

Undated

Births

JanuaryMarch

Annette von Droste-Hulshoff Droste-Hulshoff 2.jpg
Annette von Droste-Hülshoff
Maria Leopoldina of Austria Maria Leopoldina 1815.jpg
Maria Leopoldina of Austria
Franz Schubert Franz Schubert by Wilhelm August Rieder 1875.jpg
Franz Schubert
George Julius Poulett Scrope Scrope George Julius Poulett.jpg
George Julius Poulett Scrope
Michel Goudchaux Michel Goudchaux.jpg
Michel Goudchaux
J. G. M. Ramsey James-gettys-mccready-ramsey-tn1.jpg
J. G. M. Ramsey

AprilJune

Franz Graf von Wimpffen Wimpffen, Franz Emil Graf.jpg
Franz Graf von Wimpffen
Adolphe Thiers AdolpheThiersParNadarjpeg.jpg
Adolphe Thiers
Jean Victoire Audouin Victor Audouin.jpg
Jean Victoire Audouin
John Hughes John Joseph Hughes.jpg
John Hughes
Imam Shamil Shamil by Denier.jpg
Imam Shamil

JulySeptember

Innocent of Alaska St Innocent of Alaska.JPG
Innocent of Alaska
Mary Shelley RothwellMaryShelley.jpg
Mary Shelley

OctoberDecember

Philippe Suchard Philippe Suchard.jpg
Philippe Suchard
Thurlow Weed Thurlow Weed - Project Gutenberg eText 13160.jpg
Thurlow Weed
Heinrich Heine Heinrich Heine-Oppenheim.jpg
Heinrich Heine
Charles Hodge PORTRAIT OF CHARLES HODGE, Rembrandt Peale.jpg
Charles Hodge

Deaths

JanuaryMarch

Francis Lightfoot Lee Francis Lightfoot Lee.jpg
Francis Lightfoot Lee

AprilJune

Francois-Noel Babeuf Francois-Noel Babeuf.jpg
François-Noël Babeuf
Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar MohammadKhanQajari.jpg
Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar

JulySeptember

Edmund Burke EdmundBurke1771.jpg
Edmund Burke
Joseph Wright of Derby Joseph Wright of Derby - Self-Portrait - Google Art Project.jpg
Joseph Wright of Derby
Mary Wollstonecraft Mary Wollstonecraft by John Opie (c. 1797).jpg
Mary Wollstonecraft
Asaf-ud-Daula Asifportrait2 - Asuf ud Daula.jpg
Asaf-ud-Daula

OctoberDecember

Agui Agui.jpg
Agui

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1939 Year

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1788 Year

1788 (MDCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1788th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 788th year of the 2nd millennium, the 88th year of the 18th century, and the 9th year of the 1780s decade. As of the start of 1788, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1789 Year

1789 (MDCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1789th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 789th year of the 2nd millennium, the 89th year of the 18th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1780s decade. As of the start of 1789, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1801 Year

1801 (MDCCCI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1801st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 801st year of the 2nd millennium, the 1st year of the 19th century, and the 2nd year of the 1800s decade. As of the start of 1801, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1871st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 871st year of the 2nd millennium, the 71st year of the 19th century, and the 2nd year of the 1870s decade. As of the start of 1871, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1792 Year

1792 (MDCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1792nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 792nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 92nd year of the 18th century, and the 3rd year of the 1790s decade. As of the start of 1792, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1927th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 927th year of the 2nd millennium, the 27th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1920s decade.

1800 Year

1800 (MDCCC) was an exceptional common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1800th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 800th year of the 2nd millennium, the 100th and last year of the 18th century, and the 1st year of the 1800s decade. As of the start of 1800, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. As of March 1, when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 12 days until February 28, 1900.

1803 Year

1803 (MDCCCIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1803rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 803rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 3rd year of the 19th century, and the 4th year of the 1800s decade. As of the start of 1803, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1793 Year

1793 (MDCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1793rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 793rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 93rd year of the 18th century, and the 4th year of the 1790s decade. As of the start of 1793, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. The French Republic introduced the French Revolutionary Calendar starting with the year I.

1820 Year

1820 (MDCCCXX) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1820th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 820th year of the 2nd millennium, the 20th year of the 19th century, and the 1st year of the 1820s decade. As of the start of 1820, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1795 Year

1795 (MDCCXCV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1795th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 795th year of the 2nd millennium, the 95th year of the 18th century, and the 6th year of the 1790s decade. As of the start of 1795, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1785 Year

1785 (MDCCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1785th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 785th year of the 2nd millennium, the 85th year of the 18th century, and the 6th year of the 1780s decade. As of the start of 1785, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1777 Year

1777 (MDCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1777th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 777th year of the 2nd millennium, the 77th year of the 18th century, and the 8th year of the 1770s decade. As of the start of 1777, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1775 Year

1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1775th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 775th year of the 2nd millennium, the 75th year of the 18th century, and the 6th year of the 1770s decade. As of the start of 1775, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. Birth of Sir Dingo of Dundee May 17, 1775.Cancer also began there was the first case of cancer from Ella O Leary

1776 Year

1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1776th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 776th year of the 2nd millennium, the 76th year of the 18th century, and the 7th year of the 1770s decade. As of the start of 1776, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events from the year 1797 in Great Britain.

1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1950th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 950th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1950s decade.

References

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