1809

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1809 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1809
MDCCCIX
Ab urbe condita 2562
Armenian calendar 1258
ԹՎ ՌՄԾԸ
Assyrian calendar 6559
Balinese saka calendar 1730–1731
Bengali calendar 1216
Berber calendar 2759
British Regnal year 49  Geo. 3   50  Geo. 3
Buddhist calendar 2353
Burmese calendar 1171
Byzantine calendar 7317–7318
Chinese calendar 戊辰(Earth  Dragon)
4505 or 4445
     to 
己巳年 (Earth  Snake)
4506 or 4446
Coptic calendar 1525–1526
Discordian calendar 2975
Ethiopian calendar 1801–1802
Hebrew calendar 5569–5570
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1865–1866
 - Shaka Samvat 1730–1731
 - Kali Yuga 4909–4910
Holocene calendar 11809
Igbo calendar 809–810
Iranian calendar 1187–1188
Islamic calendar 1223–1224
Japanese calendar Bunka 6
(文化6年)
Javanese calendar 1735–1736
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4142
Minguo calendar 103 before ROC
民前103年
Nanakshahi calendar 341
Thai solar calendar 2351–2352
Tibetan calendar 阳土龙年
(male Earth-Dragon)
1935 or 1554 or 782
     to 
阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
1936 or 1555 or 783
January 16: Battle of Corunna Battle of Corunna.jpg
January 16: Battle of Corunna

1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1809th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 809th year of the 2nd millennium, the 9th year of the 19th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1800s decade. As of the start of 1809, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Contents

Events

JanuaryMarch

February 11: Robert Fulton patents steamboat Fulton.jpg
February 11: Robert Fulton patents steamboat

AprilJune

JulySeptember

OctoberDecember

Date unknown

Births

JanuaryJune

Louis Braille Braille.jpg
Louis Braille
Edgar Allan Poe Edgar Allan Poe, circa 1849, restored, squared off.jpg
Edgar Allan Poe
Felix Mendelssohn Mendelssohn Bartholdy.jpg
Felix Mendelssohn
Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln head on shoulders photo portrait.jpg
Abraham Lincoln
Charles Darwin Charles Darwin seated crop.jpg
Charles Darwin

JulyDecember

Kit Carson Kit Carson photograph restored.jpg
Kit Carson

Date unknown

Deaths

JanuaryJune

Joseph Haydn Joseph Haydn.jpg
Joseph Haydn
Thomas Paine Portrait of Thomas Paine.jpg
Thomas Paine
Daniel Lambert Marshall Lambert.jpg
Daniel Lambert

JulyDecember

Matthew Boulton Matthew Boulton - Carl Frederik von Breda.jpg
Matthew Boulton

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1805 1805

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Peninsular War War by Spain, Portugal and the United Kingdom against the French Empire (1807–1814)

The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict fought by Bourbon Spain and Portugal, assisted by Great Britain, against the invading and occupying forces of the First French Empire for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars. The war began when the French and Spanish armies invaded and occupied Portugal in 1807, and escalated in 1808 after Napoleonic France took over Spain, previously its ally, and installed Joseph Bonaparte on the Spanish throne. The war on the peninsula lasted until the Sixth Coalition defeated Napoleon in 1814, and is regarded as one of the first wars of national liberation, significant for the emergence of large-scale guerrilla warfare.

Jean-de-Dieu Soult Prime Minister of France and French Marshal

Marshal General Jean-de-Dieu Soult, 1st Duke of Dalmatia, was a French general and statesman, named Marshal of the Empire in 1804 and often called Marshal Soult. Soult was one of only six officers in French history to receive the distinction of Marshal General of France. The Duke also served three times as President of the Council of Ministers, or Prime Minister of France.

Honoré Théodore Maxime Gazan de la Peyrière French general

Honoré Théodore Maxime Gazan de la Peyrière was a French general who fought in the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars.

War of the Sixth Coalition Part of the Napoleonic Wars

In the War of the Sixth Coalition, sometimes known in Germany as the War of Liberation, a coalition of Austria, Prussia, Russia, the United Kingdom, Portugal, Sweden, Spain and a number of German States defeated France and drove Napoleon into exile on Elba. After the disastrous French invasion of Russia of 1812 in which they had been forced to support France, Prussia and Austria joined Russia, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Portugal and the rebels in Spain who were already at war with France.

William Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford British soldier and politician

General William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, 1st Marquis of Campo Maior, was an Anglo-Irish soldier and politician. A general in the British Army and a Marshal in the Portuguese Army, he fought alongside The Duke of Wellington in the Peninsular War and held the office of Master-General of the Ordnance in 1828 in Wellington's first ministry.

Events from the year 1809 in the United Kingdom.

First Battle of Porto battle

In the First Battle of Porto the French under Marshal Soult defeated the Portuguese, under General Parreiras, outside the city of Porto during the Peninsular War. Soult followed up his success by storming the city.

François Jean Werlé was a Général de Brigade of the First French Empire who saw action during the Napoleonic Wars and died fighting against the British during the Peninsular War.

Eugène-Casimir Villatte French general

Eugène-Casimir Villatte, Comte d'Oultremont fought in the French army during the Wars of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars. He rose to command a division at many of the important battles in the Peninsular War. His is one of the names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe.

Events from the year 1813 in France.

Campaign in south-west France (1814)

The campaign in south-west France in late 1813 and early 1814 was the final campaign of the Peninsular War. An allied army of British, Portuguese and Spanish soldiers under the command of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington fought a string of battles against French forces under the command of Marshal Jean de Dieu Soult, from the Iberian Peninsula across the Pyrenees and into south-west France ending with the capture of Toulouse and the besieging of Bayonne.

References

  1. "Robert Fulton patented the steamboat in 1809". Thinkfinity. Verizon. Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved April 15, 2011.
  2. "The Fulton Patents". Today in Science History. Retrieved April 15, 2011.
  3. 1 2 Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 243–244. ISBN   0-7126-5616-2.
  4. "Mary Kies - Patenting Pioneer". About.com. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
  5. Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN   0-14-102715-0.
  6. "The Boyd incident - a frontier of chaos?". New Zealand History online. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. December 7, 2011. Retrieved March 3, 2012.
  7. Brück, Marion (2007), "Schott, Peter Bernhard", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 23, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 486–487; ( full text online )