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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1814 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1814
Ab urbe condita 2567
Armenian calendar 1263
Assyrian calendar 6564
Balinese saka calendar 1735–1736
Bengali calendar 1221
Berber calendar 2764
British Regnal year 54  Geo. 3   55  Geo. 3
Buddhist calendar 2358
Burmese calendar 1176
Byzantine calendar 7322–7323
Chinese calendar 癸酉年 (Water  Rooster)
4511 or 4304
甲戌年 (Wood  Dog)
4512 or 4305
Coptic calendar 1530–1531
Discordian calendar 2980
Ethiopian calendar 1806–1807
Hebrew calendar 5574–5575
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1870–1871
 - Shaka Samvat 1735–1736
 - Kali Yuga 4914–4915
Holocene calendar 11814
Igbo calendar 814–815
Iranian calendar 1192–1193
Islamic calendar 1229–1230
Japanese calendar Bunka 11
Javanese calendar 1740–1741
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4147
Minguo calendar 98 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar 346
Thai solar calendar 2356–2357
Tibetan calendar 阴水鸡年
(female Water-Rooster)
1940 or 1559 or 787
(male Wood-Dog)
1941 or 1560 or 788
January 29: Battle of Brienne Battle of Brienne Napoleon vs Cossacks.jpg
January 29: Battle of Brienne

1814 (MDCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1814th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 814th year of the 2nd millennium, the 14th year of the 19th century, and the 5th year of the 1810s decade. As of the start of 1814, the Gregorian calendar was 12days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.




February 1: Cagsawa Church is destroyed by eruption of Mount Mayon. Oldcagsawapi2.jpg
February 1: Cagsawa Church is destroyed by eruption of Mount Mayon.



March 9: The schooner Enterprise returns from the Caribbean. EnterpriseTripoli.jpg
March 9: The schooner Enterprise returns from the Caribbean.



September 13: Bombardment of Fort McHenry Ft. Henry bombardement 1814.jpg
September 13: Bombardment of Fort McHenry
November 1: Anglo-Nepalese war begins Anglo-Nepal war.jpg
November 1: Anglo-Nepalese war begins


Date unknown



Heinrich Geissler Heinrich Geissler.jpg
Heinrich Geissler


Anders Jonas Angstrom Anders Jonas Angstrom - 001.png
Anders Jonas Ångström
Adolphe Sax Adolphe Sax.jpg
Adolphe Sax

Date unknown



Johann Gottlieb Fichte Johann Gottlieb Fichte.jpg
Johann Gottlieb Fichte


Matthew Flinders Toussaint Antoine DE CHAZAL DE Chamerel - Portrait of Captain Matthew Flinders, RN, 1774-1814 - Google Art Project.jpg
Matthew Flinders
Marquis de Sade Marquis de sade.jpg
Marquis de Sade

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1810s</span> Decade of the Gregorian calendar

The 1810s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1810, and ended on December 31, 1819.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1813</span> Calendar year

1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1813th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 813th year of the 2nd millennium, the 13th year of the 19th century, and the 4th year of the 1810s decade. As of the start of 1813, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Napoleonic Wars</span> 1803–1815 series of wars led by Napoleon

The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of conflicts fought between the First French Empire under Napoleon (1804–1815) and a fluctuating array of European coalitions. The wars originated in political forces arising from the French Revolution (1789–1799) and from the French Revolutionary Wars (1792–1802), and produced a period of French domination over Continental Europe.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Lützen (1813)</span> 1813 battle during the War of the Sixth Coalition

In the Battle of Lützen, Napoleon I of France defeated an allied army of the Sixth Coalition.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Leipzig</span> 1813 battle during the War of the Sixth Coalition

The Battle of Leipzig, also known as the Battle of the Nations, was fought from 16 to 19 October 1813 at Leipzig, Saxony. The Coalition armies of Austria, Prussia, Sweden, and Russia, led by Tsar Alexander I and Karl von Schwarzenberg, decisively defeated the Grande Armée of French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte. Napoleon's army also contained Polish and Italian troops, as well as Germans from the Confederation of the Rhine. The battle was the culmination of the German Campaign of 1813 and involved 560,000 soldiers, 2,200 artillery pieces, the expenditure of 400,000 rounds of artillery ammunition, and 133,000 casualties, making it the largest battle of the Napoleonic Wars, and the largest battle in Europe prior to World War I.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher</span> Prussian field marshal (1742–1819)

Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Fürst von Wahlstatt, Graf (count), later elevated to Fürst von Wahlstatt, was a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall. He earned his greatest recognition after leading his army against Napoleon I at the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig in 1813 and the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hundred Days</span> 1815 period of the Napoleonic Wars

The Hundred Days, also known as the War of the Seventh Coalition, marked the period between Napoleon's return from eleven months of exile on the island of Elba to Paris on 20 March 1815 and the second restoration of King Louis XVIII on 8 July 1815. This period saw the War of the Seventh Coalition, and includes the Waterloo Campaign, the Neapolitan War as well as several other minor campaigns. The phrase les Cent Jours was first used by the prefect of Paris, Gaspard, comte de Chabrol, in his speech welcoming the king back to Paris on 8 July.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">War of the Sixth Coalition</span> 1813–1814 conflict during the Napoleonic Wars

In the War of the Sixth Coalition, sometimes known in Germany as the Wars of Liberation, a coalition of Austria, Prussia, Russia, Spain, Great Britain, Portugal, Sweden, Sardinia, and a number of German States defeated France and drove Napoleon into exile on Elba. After the disastrous French invasion of Russia of 1812 in which they had been forced to support France, Prussia and Austria joined Russia, the United Kingdom, Sweden, and Portugal, and the rebels in Spain who were already at war with France.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Six Days' Campaign</span> 1814 campaign during the War of the Sixth Coalition

The Six Days Campaign was a final series of victories by the forces of Napoleon I of France as the Sixth Coalition closed in on Paris.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Paris (1814)</span> 1814 battle during the War of the Sixth Coalition

The Battle of Paris was fought on 30–31 March 1814 between the Sixth Coalition, consisting of Russia, Austria, and Prussia, and the French Empire. After a day of fighting in the suburbs of Paris, the French surrendered on 31 March, ending the War of the Sixth Coalition and forcing Emperor Napoleon to abdicate and go into exile.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of the Katzbach</span> 1813 battle during the War of the Sixth Coalition

The Battle of the Katzbach on 26 August 1813, was a major battle of the Napoleonic Wars between the forces of the First French Empire under Marshal MacDonald and a Russo-Prussian army of the Sixth Coalition under Prussian Marshal Graf (Count) von Blücher. It occurred during a heavy thunderstorm at the Katzbach river between Wahlstatt and Liegnitz in the Prussian province of Silesia. Taking place the same day as the Battle of Dresden, it resulted in a Coalition victory, with the French retreating to Saxony.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Laon</span> 1814 battle during the War of the Sixth Coalition

The Battle of Laon was the victory of Blücher's Prussian army over Napoleon's French army near Laon. During the Battle of Craonne on 7 March, Blücher's army was forced to retreat into Laon after a failed attempt to halt Napoleon's east flank. Along the way to Laon, reinforcements from Russian forces under Ferdinand von Wintzingerode and a Prussian corps led by Friedrich Wilhelm Freiherr von Bülow joined the defensive. Blücher opted to face Napoleon at Laon because it was the site of a strategically important road junction, and because of its highly defensible position.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of La Rothière</span> 1814 battle during the War of the Sixth Coalition

The Battle of La Rothière was fought on the 1st of February 1814 between the French Empire and allied army of Austria, Prussia, Russia, and German States previously allied with France. The French were led by Emperor Napoleon and the coalition army was under the command of Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher. The battle took place in severe weather conditions. The French were defeated but managed to hold until they could retreat under cover of darkness.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Karl Philipp, Prince of Schwarzenberg</span> Austrian nobleman and field marshal

Karl Philipp, Fürst zu Schwarzenberg was an Austrian Generalissimo and former Field Marshal. He first entered military service in 1788 and fought against the Turks. During the French Revolutionary War, he fought on the allied side against France and in that period rose through the ranks of the Imperial Army. During the Napoleonic Wars, he fought in the Battle of Wagram (1809), which the Austrians lost decisively against Napoleon. He had to fight for Napoleon in the Battle of Gorodechno (1812) against the Russians and won. During the War of the Sixth Coalition, he was in command of the allied army that decisively defeated Napoleon in the Battle of Leipzig (1813). He participated in the Battle of Paris (1814), which forced Napoleon to abdicate.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Campaign in north-east France (1814)</span> 1814 campaign during the Napoleonic Wars

The 1814 campaign in north-east France was Napoleon's final campaign of the War of the Sixth Coalition. Following their victory at Leipzig in 1813, the Austrian, Prussian, Russian, and other German armies of the Sixth Coalition invaded France. Despite the disproportionate forces in favour of the Coalition, Napoleon managed to inflict several defeats, the Six Days' Campaign being the most well-known. However, the campaign ended in total defeat for Napoleon as the Coalition kept advancing towards Paris as Napoleon was out of position to defend the capital, which capitulated in late March 1814. When Napoleon proposed the army march on Paris, his Marshals decided to unanimously overrule Napoleon in order to save the city from further destruction. As a result, the victorious Coalition negotiated the Treaty of Paris, under which Napoleon was exiled to the island of Elba and the borders of France were returned to where they had been in 1792.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">German campaign of 1813</span> Conflict between France and an alliance

The German campaign was fought in 1813. Members of the Sixth Coalition, including the German states of Austria and Prussia, plus Russia and Sweden, fought a series of battles in Germany against the French Emperor Napoleon, his marshals, and the armies of the Confederation of the Rhine - an alliance of most of the other German states - which ended the domination of the First French Empire.

The Treaty of Troyes was an agreement of 22 February 1814 by Austria, Russia and Prussia following a council of war with senior generals, Tsar Alexander I of Russia and King Frederick William III of Prussia. The treaty determined the movements of the Austrian and Prussian-Russian armies following a series of defeats during the invasion of north-east France. Despite dissent from the Russian and Prussian leaders, Austrian General Karl Philipp, Prince of Schwarzenberg secured support for a withdrawal ahead of the French forces of Emperor Napoleon I who was seeking to bring the allies to battle.

Events from the year 1814 in Germany.


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Further reading