1815

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1815 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1815
MDCCCXV
Ab urbe condita 2568
Armenian calendar 1264
ԹՎ ՌՄԿԴ
Assyrian calendar 6565
Balinese saka calendar 1736–1737
Bengali calendar 1222
Berber calendar 2765
British Regnal year 55  Geo. 3   56  Geo. 3
Buddhist calendar 2359
Burmese calendar 1177
Byzantine calendar 7323–7324
Chinese calendar 甲戌年 (Wood  Dog)
4512 or 4305
     to 
乙亥年 (Wood  Pig)
4513 or 4306
Coptic calendar 1531–1532
Discordian calendar 2981
Ethiopian calendar 1807–1808
Hebrew calendar 5575–5576
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1871–1872
 - Shaka Samvat 1736–1737
 - Kali Yuga 4915–4916
Holocene calendar 11815
Igbo calendar 815–816
Iranian calendar 1193–1194
Islamic calendar 1230–1231
Japanese calendar Bunka 12
(文化12年)
Javanese calendar 1741–1742
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4148
Minguo calendar 97 before ROC
民前97年
Nanakshahi calendar 347
Thai solar calendar 2357–2358
Tibetan calendar 阳木狗年
(male Wood-Dog)
1941 or 1560 or 788
     to 
阴木猪年
(female Wood-Pig)
1942 or 1561 or 789
February 26: Napoleon Bonaparte escapes from Elba Beaume - Napoleon Ier quittant l'ile d'Elbe - 1836.jpg
February 26: Napoleon Bonaparte escapes from Elba

1815 (MDCCCXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1815th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 815th year of the 2nd millennium, the 15th year of the 19th century, and the 6th year of the 1810s decade. As of the start of 1815, the Gregorian calendar was 12days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Contents

Events

January

February

March

April

June 9: The Final Act of the Congress of Vienna is signed. Congress of Vienna.PNG
June 9: The Final Act of the Congress of Vienna is signed.

May

June

June 18: Battle of Waterloo Battle of Waterloo 1815.PNG
June 18: Battle of Waterloo

July

August

September

October

November

December

Date unknown

Births

JanuaryJune

Edward Clark Edward clark.png
Edward Clark

JulyDecember

Elizabeth Cady Stanton Elizabeth Stanton.jpg
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Ada Lovelace Ada Lovelace portrait.jpg
Ada Lovelace

Date unknown

Deaths

JanuaryJune

Emma, Lady Hamilton George Romney - Emma Hart in a Straw Hat.jpg
Emma, Lady Hamilton
Jose de Cordoba y Ramos Jose de Cordova y Ramos (Museo Naval de Madrid).jpg
José de Córdoba y Ramos
William Howe De Lancey William Howe DeLancey.jpg
William Howe De Lancey

JulyDecember

John Singleton Copley Self-Portrait 1769 John Singleton Copley.jpg
John Singleton Copley

Related Research Articles

<i>Waterloo</i> (1970 film) 1970 film

Waterloo is a 1970 English-language epic historical war film about the Battle of Waterloo. A co-production between Italy and the Soviet Union, it was directed by Sergei Bondarchuk and produced by Dino De Laurentiis. It stars Rod Steiger as Napoleon Bonaparte and Christopher Plummer as the Duke of Wellington with a cameo by Orson Welles as Louis XVIII of France. Other stars include Jack Hawkins as General Sir Thomas Picton, Virginia McKenna as the Duchess of Richmond and Dan O'Herlihy as Marshal Ney.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1809</span> Calendar year

1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1809th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 809th year of the 2nd millennium, the 9th year of the 19th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1800s decade. As of the start of 1809, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1814</span> Calendar year

1814 (MDCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1814th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 814th year of the 2nd millennium, the 14th year of the 19th century, and the 5th year of the 1810s decade. As of the start of 1814, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1813</span> Calendar year

1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1813th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 813th year of the 2nd millennium, the 13th year of the 19th century, and the 4th year of the 1810s decade. As of the start of 1813, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1805</span> Calendar year

1805 (MDCCCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1805th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 805th year of the 2nd millennium, the 5th year of the 19th century, and the 6th year of the 1800s decade. As of the start of 1805, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Napoleonic Wars</span> 1803–1815 series of wars led by Napoleon

The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of conflicts fought between the First French Empire under Napoleon (1804–1815) and a fluctuating array of European coalitions. The wars originated in political forces arising from the French Revolution (1789–1799) and from the French Revolutionary Wars (1792–1802), and produced a period of French domination over Continental Europe. The wars are categorised as seven conflicts, five named after the coalitions that fought Napoleon, plus two named for their respective theatres; the War of the Third Coalition, War of the Fourth Coalition, War of the Fifth Coalition, War of the Sixth Coalition, War of the Seventh Coalition, the Peninsular War, and the French invasion of Russia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">War of the Third Coalition</span> 1805–1806 conflict during the Napoleonic Wars

The War of the Third Coalition was a European conflict lasting from 1805 to 1806 and was the first conflict of the Napoleonic Wars. During the war, France and its client states under Napoleon I opposed an alliance, the Third Coalition, which was made up of the United Kingdom, the Austrian Empire, the Russian Empire, Naples, Sicily, and Sweden. Prussia remained neutral during the war.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hundred Days</span> 1815 period of the Napoleonic Wars

The Hundred Days, also known as the War of the Seventh Coalition, marked the period between Napoleon's return from eleven months of exile on the island of Elba to Paris on 20 March 1815 and the second restoration of King Louis XVIII on 8 July 1815. This period saw the War of the Seventh Coalition, and includes the Waterloo Campaign and the Neapolitan War as well as several other minor campaigns. The phrase les Cent Jours was first used by the prefect of Paris, Gaspard, comte de Chabrol, in his speech welcoming the king back to Paris on 8 July.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Michel Ney</span> French military commander (1769–1815)

Michel Ney, 1st Prince de la Moskowa, 1st Duke of Elchingen was a French military commander and Marshal of the Empire who fought in the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Joachim Murat</span> French military commander (1767–1815)

Joachim Murat was a French military commander and statesman who served during the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars. Under the French Empire he received the military titles of Marshal of the Empire and Admiral of France. He was the first Prince Murat, Grand Duke of Berg from 1806 to 1808, and King of Naples as Joachim-Napoleon from 1808 to 1815.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">War of the Sixth Coalition</span> 1813–1814 conflict during the Napoleonic Wars

In the War of the Sixth Coalition, sometimes known in Germany as the Wars of Liberation, a coalition of Austria, Prussia, Russia, Spain, Great Britain, Portugal, Sweden, Sardinia, and a number of German States defeated France and drove Napoleon into exile on Elba. After the disastrous French invasion of Russia of 1812 in which they had been forced to support France, Prussia and Austria joined Russia, the United Kingdom, Sweden, and Portugal, and the rebels in Spain who were already at war with France.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Quatre Bras</span> 1815 battle during the War of the Seventh Coalition

The Battle of Quatre Bras was fought on 16 June 1815, as a preliminary engagement to the decisive Battle of Waterloo that occurred two days later. The battle took place near the strategic crossroads of Quatre Bras and was contested between elements of the Duke of Wellington's Anglo-allied army and the left wing of Napoleon Bonaparte's French Armée du Nord under Marshal Michel Ney. The battle was a tactical victory for Wellington, but because Ney prevented him going to the aid of Blucher's Prussians who were fighting a larger French army under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte at Ligny it was a strategic victory for the French.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Waterloo campaign</span> Military campaign during Napoleons Hundred Days

The Waterloo campaign was fought between the French Army of the North and two Seventh Coalition armies, an Anglo-allied army and a Prussian army. Initially the French army had been commanded by Napoleon Bonaparte, but he left for Paris after the French defeat at the Battle of Waterloo. Command then rested on Marshals Soult and Grouchy, who were in turn replaced by Marshal Davout, who took command at the request of the French Provisional Government. The Anglo-allied army was commanded by the Duke of Wellington and the Prussian army by Field Marshall Graf von Blücher.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Military Order of Maria Theresa</span> Austro-Hungarian military order

The Military Order of Maria Theresa was the highest military honour of the Habsburg monarchy, Austrian Empire and Austro-Hungarian Empire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1815 in the United Kingdom</span> UK-related events during the year of 1815

Events from the year 1815 in the United Kingdom. 1815 marks the end of years of war between the United Kingdom and France when the Duke of Wellington wins a decisive victory over Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo. Fighting in the War of 1812 between the UK and the United States also ceases, peace terms having been agreed at the end of 1814. The year also sees the introduction of the Corn Laws which protect British land owners from cheaper foreign imports of corn.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Black Brunswickers</span> Military unit in the Napoleonic Wars

The Brunswick Ducal Field-Corps, commonly known as the Black Brunswickers in English and the Schwarze Schar or Schwarze Legion in German, were a military unit in the Napoleonic Wars. The corps was raised from volunteers by German-born Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1771–1815). The Duke was a harsh opponent of Napoleon Bonaparte's occupation of his native Germany. Formed in 1809 when war broke out between the First French Empire and the Austrian Empire, the corps initially comprised a mixed force, around 2,300 strong, of infantry, cavalry and later supporting artillery.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jean Gabriel Marchand</span>

Jean Gabriel Marchand, 1st Count Marchand went from being an attorney to a company commander in the army of the First French Republic in 1791. He fought almost exclusively in Italy throughout the French Revolutionary Wars and served on the staffs of a number of generals. He participated in Napoleon Bonaparte's celebrated 1796-1797 Italian campaign. In 1799, he was with army commander Barthélemy Catherine Joubert when that general was killed at Novi. Promoted to general officer soon after, he transferred to the Rhine theater in 1800.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">First French Empire</span> Empire in France from 1804 to 1815

The First French Empire, officially the French Republic, then the French Empire after 1809 and also known as Napoleonic France, was the empire ruled by Napoleon Bonaparte, who established French hegemony over much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century. It lasted from 18 May 1804 to 3 May 1814 and again briefly from 20 March 1815 to 7 July 1815, when Napoleon was exiled to St. Helena.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Winterthur</span> 1799 battle of the French Revolutionary Wars

The Battle of Winterthur was an important action between elements of the Army of the Danube and elements of the Habsburg army, commanded by Friedrich Freiherr von Hotze, during the War of the Second Coalition, part of the French Revolutionary Wars. The small town of Winterthur lies 18 kilometers (11 mi) northeast of Zürich, in Switzerland. Because of its position at the junction of seven roads, the army that held the town controlled access to most of Switzerland and points crossing the Rhine into southern Germany. Although the forces involved were small, the ability of the Austrians to sustain their 11-hour assault on the French line resulted in the consolidation of three Austrian forces on the plateau north of Zürich, leading to the French defeat a few days later.

The VI Corps of the Grande Armée was a French military unit that existed during the Napoleonic Wars. It was formed at the Camp de Boulogne and assigned to Marshal Michel Ney. From 1805 to 1811, the VI Corps fought under Ney's command in the 1805 Austrian Campaign: War of the Third Coalition, Prussian Campaign of 1806 and Polish Campaign of 1807 of the War of the Fourth Coalition. General Jean Gabriel Marchand was in charge of the corps for a period when Ney went on leave. The VI Corps was revived in 1812 for the French invasion of Russia and placed under Marshal Laurent Gouvion Saint-Cyr. It consisted entirely of Bavarian soldiers at that time. During the disastrous retreat from Moscow, the corps was virtually destroyed. In 1813, during the War of the Sixth Coalition, it was rebuilt and reorganized with French troops. Marshal Auguste de Marmont took command of the corps and managed it until Napoleon's abdication in 1814. It took part in many battles including Dresden and Leipzig in 1813. During the War of the Seventh Coalition, General Georges Mouton commanded the VI Corps at the Battle of Waterloo.

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