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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1848 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1848
Ab urbe condita 2601
Armenian calendar 1297
Assyrian calendar 6598
Baháʼí calendar 4–5
Balinese saka calendar 1769–1770
Bengali calendar 1255
Berber calendar 2798
British Regnal year 11  Vict. 1   12  Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2392
Burmese calendar 1210
Byzantine calendar 7356–7357
Chinese calendar 丁未年 (Fire  Goat)
4545 or 4338
戊申年 (Earth  Monkey)
4546 or 4339
Coptic calendar 1564–1565
Discordian calendar 3014
Ethiopian calendar 1840–1841
Hebrew calendar 5608–5609
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1904–1905
 - Shaka Samvat 1769–1770
 - Kali Yuga 4948–4949
Holocene calendar 11848
Igbo calendar 848–849
Iranian calendar 1226–1227
Islamic calendar 1264–1265
Japanese calendar Kōka 5 / Kaei 1
Javanese calendar 1775–1777
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4181
Minguo calendar 64 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar 380
Thai solar calendar 2390–2391
Tibetan calendar 阴火羊年
(female Fire-Goat)
1974 or 1593 or 821
(male Earth-Monkey)
1975 or 1594 or 822

1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar  and a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1848th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 848th year of the 2nd millennium, the 48th year of the 19th century, and the 9th year of the 1840s decade. As of the start of 1848, the Gregorian calendar was 12days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.


1848 is historically famous for the wave of revolutions, a series of widespread struggles for more liberal governments, which broke out from Brazil to Hungary; although most failed in their immediate aims, they significantly altered the political and philosophical landscape and had major ramifications throughout the rest of the century.


February 2: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed, ending the Mexican-American War and ceding all the Republic of Texas's territorial claims to the United States for $15m. Flag of Texas.svg
February 2: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed, ending the Mexican–American War and ceding all the Republic of Texas's territorial claims to the United States for $15m.
February 21: Karl Marx publishes The Communist Manifesto. Communist-manifesto.png
February 21: Karl Marx publishes The Communist Manifesto .
April 10: "Monster Rally" of Chartists held on Kennington Common in London; the first photograph of a crowd depicts it. Chartist meeting, Kennington Common.jpg
April 10: "Monster Rally" of Chartists held on Kennington Common in London; the first photograph of a crowd depicts it.




July 26: Matale Rebellion begins in Sri Lanka. 1948matalerebellion.JPG
July 26: Matale Rebellion begins in Sri Lanka.
September 12: The Swiss Confederation reconstitutes itself as a federal republic. Gedenkblatt 1874.jpg
September 12: The Swiss Confederation reconstitutes itself as a federal republic.


Date unknown

Ongoing events



Wyatt Earp Wyatt Earp portrait.png
Wyatt Earp
Otto Lilienthal Otto-lilienthal.jpg
Otto Lilienthal
Paul Gauguin Paul Gauguin 1891.png
Paul Gauguin



Susie Taylor Susie King Taylor.jpg
Susie Taylor


Date unknown



Christian VIII. of Denmark Christianviiidenmark.jpg
Christian VIII. of Denmark
Annette von Droste-Hulshoff Droste-Hulshoff 2.jpg
Annette von Droste-Hülshoff


George Stephenson GeorgeStephenson.PNG
George Stephenson

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1849</span> Calendar year

1849 (MDCCCXLIX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1849th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 849th year of the 2nd millennium, the 49th year of the 19th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1840s decade. As of the start of 1849, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Pákozd</span> Battle during Hungarian Revolution of 1848

The Battle of Pákozd was a battle in the Hungarian war of Independence of 1848-1849, fought on the 29 September 1848 in the Pákozd – Sukoró – Pátka triangle. It was the first and one of the most important major battles of the war of independence, in which the Hungarian revolutionary army led by Lieutenant-General János Móga stopped the troops of the Croatian Ban Josip Jelačić, who, in accordance with the Habsburg plans, was marching towards Pest to occupy it and chase out the Hungarian national government. After the battle Lieutenant General Josip Jelačić concluded an armistice with the Hungarians, but then retreated towards Vienna. Thanks to this victory Hungary repulsed the first attempt of the Habsburg empire to put down the autonomous Hungarian government, and to restore its full control over the country. The Battle of Pákozd is one of the most remembered battles in Hungarian history, which was undoubtedly due to the fact that between 1951 and 1991 the anniversary of this battle was the day of the Hungarian Army.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Revolutions of 1848 in the Austrian Empire</span> Set of revolutions in 1848 and 1849

The Revolutions of 1848 in the Austrian Empire were a set of revolutions that took place in the Austrian Empire from March 1848 to November 1849. Much of the revolutionary activity had a nationalist character: the Empire, ruled from Vienna, included ethnic Germans, Hungarians, Poles, Bohemians (Czechs), Ruthenians (Ukrainians), Slovenes, Slovaks, Romanians, Croats, Italians, and Serbs; all of whom attempted in the course of the revolution to either achieve autonomy, independence, or even hegemony over other nationalities. The nationalist picture was further complicated by the simultaneous events in the German states, which moved toward greater German national unity.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lajos Kossuth</span> Hungarian statesman (1802–1894)

Lajos Kossuth de Udvard et Kossuthfalva was a Hungarian nobleman, lawyer, journalist, politician, statesman and governor-president of the Kingdom of Hungary during the revolution of 1848–1849.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Josip Jelačić</span> Ban of Croatia between 1848 and 1859

Count Josip Jelačić von Bužim was a Croatian lieutenant field marshal in the Imperial Austrian Army and politician. He was the Ban of Croatia between 23 March 1848 and 19 April 1859. He was a member of the House of Jelačić and a noted army general, remembered for his military campaigns during the Revolutions of 1848 and for his abolition of serfdom in Croatia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lajos Batthyány</span> Hungarian politician (1807–1849)

Count Lajos Batthyány de Németújvár was the first Prime Minister of Hungary. He was born in Pozsony on 10 February 1807, and was executed by firing squad in Pest on 6 October 1849, the same day as the 13 Martyrs of Arad.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">György Klapka</span> Hungarian soldier (1820–1892)

György (Móric) Klapka was a Hungarian general. He was one of the most important Hungarian generals of the Hungarian War of Independence of 1848–1849, politician, member of the Hungarian Parliament, and deputy War Minister.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Batthyány</span>

The House of Batthyány is the name of an ancient and distinguished Hungarian Magnate family. Members of this family bear the title Count/Countess (Graf/Gräfin) Batthyány von Német-Ujvar respectively, while the title of Prince (Fürst) of Batthyány-Strattmann is reserved only for the Head of the family. A branch of the family was notable in Croatia as well, producing several Bans (viceroys) of Croatia in the 16th, 17th and 18th century.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">The 13 Martyrs of Arad</span> Hungarian generals executed in 1849

The Thirteen Martyrs of Arad were the thirteen Hungarian rebel generals who were executed by the Austrian Empire on 6 October 1849 in the city of Arad, then part of the Kingdom of Hungary, after the Hungarian Revolution (1848–1849). The execution was ordered by the Austrian general Julius Jacob von Haynau.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hungarian Revolution of 1848</span>

The Hungarian Revolution of 1848, also known in Hungary as Hungarian Revolution and War of Independence of 1848–1849 was one of many European Revolutions of 1848 and was closely linked to other revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburg areas. Although the revolution failed, it is one of the most significant events in Hungary's modern history, forming the cornerstone of modern Hungarian national identity - the anniversary of the Revolution's outbreak, 15 March, is one of Hungary's three national holidays.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Revolutions of 1848</span> Series of political upheavals throughout Europe in 1848–1849

The revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Springtime of the Peoples or the Springtime of Nations, were a series of revolutions throughout Europe over the course of more than one year, from 1848 to 1849. It remains the most widespread revolutionary wave in European history to date.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ádám Récsey</span> Hungarian politician

Baron Ádám Récsey de Récse was a Hungarian general, joined the army of Habsburg monarchy, and briefly a politician who was appointed illegally as the Prime Minister of Hungary by King Ferdinand V during the Revolution of 1848, serving in this capacity from 3 October to 7 October 1848. Récsey countersigned his own appointment, neglecting the Diet of Hungary. He resigned when an uprising broke out in Vienna in the effects of the Hungarian Revolution. He was the only Hungarian Prime Minister who was born in the 18th century.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mór Perczel</span>

Sir Mór Perczel de Bonyhád, was a Hungarian landholder, general, and one of the leaders of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Schwechat</span> Battle during Hungarian Revolution of 1848

The Battle of Schwechat was a battle in the Hungarian war of Independence of 1848-1849, fought on 30 October 1848 between the revolutionary Hungarian Army led by Lieutenant General János Móga against the army of the Austrian Empire led by Lieutenant General Josip Jelačić, at Schwechat, near Vienna. This was the last battle of 1848 in the Transdanubian campaign. The Hungarian Army wanted to relieve the revolutionaries from Vienna, besieged by the Austrian imperial army, but they were defeated. Vienna fell on the next day.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Surrender at Világos</span> Battle during the Hungarian Revolution

The Surrender at Világos, which was the formal end of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, took place on 13 August 1849, at Világos,. The terms were signed by Hungarian General Artúr Görgey on the rebels' side and Count Theodor von Rüdiger of the Russian Imperial Army. Following the capitulation, General Julius Jacob von Haynau was appointed Imperial plenipotentiary in the country and brutally re-subjugated it.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Karl von Urban</span> Austrian Field Marshal-Lieutenant

Karl (Carl) Freiherr von Urban was an Austrian Field Marshal-Lieutenant celebrated for his daring tactics of lightning surprise attacks, often against much stronger forces, which earned him the epithets of Austrian Garibaldi.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Records of prime ministers of Hungary</span>

Records of prime ministers of Hungary from 1848 to the present.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Slovak Uprising of 1848–49</span> 19th-century uprising of Slovaks against Hungarian rule

The Slovak Uprising , Slovak Volunteer Campaigns or Slovak Revolt was an uprising of Slovaks in Western parts of Upper Hungary with the aim of equalizing Slovaks, democratizing political life and achieving social justice within the 1848–49 revolutions in the Habsburg Monarchy. It lasted from September 1848 to November 1849. In October 1848, Slovak leaders replaced their original Hungaro-federal program by Austro-federal, called for the separation of a Slovak district from the Kingdom of Hungary and for the formation of a new autonomous district within the framework of the Habsburg Monarchy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">László Csány</span>

László Csány was a Hungarian politician, who served as Minister of Public Works and Transport in 1849. He is a martyr of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hungarian State</span> 1849 unrecognised state in Central Europe

The Hungarian State was a short-lived unrecognised state that existed for 4 months in the last phase of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848–49.


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Further reading