1848

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1848 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1848
MDCCCXLVIII
Ab urbe condita 2601
Armenian calendar 1297
ԹՎ ՌՄՂԷ
Assyrian calendar 6598
Bahá'í calendar 4–5
Balinese saka calendar 1769–1770
Bengali calendar 1255
Berber calendar 2798
British Regnal year 11  Vict. 1   12  Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2392
Burmese calendar 1210
Byzantine calendar 7356–7357
Chinese calendar 丁未(Fire  Goat)
4544 or 4484
     to 
戊申年 (Earth  Monkey)
4545 or 4485
Coptic calendar 1564–1565
Discordian calendar 3014
Ethiopian calendar 1840–1841
Hebrew calendar 5608–5609
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1904–1905
 - Shaka Samvat 1769–1770
 - Kali Yuga 4948–4949
Holocene calendar 11848
Igbo calendar 848–849
Iranian calendar 1226–1227
Islamic calendar 1264–1265
Japanese calendar Kōka 5 / Kaei 1
(嘉永元年)
Javanese calendar 1775–1777
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4181
Minguo calendar 64 before ROC
民前64年
Nanakshahi calendar 380
Thai solar calendar 2390–2391
Tibetan calendar 阴火羊年
(female Fire-Goat)
1974 or 1593 or 821
     to 
阳土猴年
(male Earth-Monkey)
1975 or 1594 or 822

1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar  and a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1848th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 848th year of the 2nd millennium, the 48th year of the 19th century, and the 9th year of the 1840s decade. As of the start of 1848, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Contents

It is historically famous for the wave of revolutions, a series of widespread struggles for more liberal governments, which broke out from Brazil to Hungary; although most failed in their immediate aims, they significantly altered the political and philosophical landscape and had major ramifications throughout the rest of the century.

Events

February 2: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed, ending the Mexican-American War and ceding all the Republic of Texas's territorial claims to the United States for $15m. Flag of Texas.svg
February 2: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed, ending the Mexican–American War and ceding all the Republic of Texas's territorial claims to the United States for $15m.
February 21: Karl Marx publishes The Communist Manifesto. Communist-manifesto.png
February 21: Karl Marx publishes The Communist Manifesto .
April 10: "Monster Rally" of Chartists held on Kennington Common in London; the first photograph of a crowd depicts it. Chartist meeting, Kennington Common.jpg
April 10: "Monster Rally" of Chartists held on Kennington Common in London; the first photograph of a crowd depicts it.

January–March

April–June

July 26: Matale Rebellion begins in Sri Lanka. 1948matalerebellion.JPG
July 26: Matale Rebellion begins in Sri Lanka.
September 12: The Swiss Confederation reconstitutes itself as a federal republic. Gedenkblatt 1874.jpg
September 12: The Swiss Confederation reconstitutes itself as a federal republic.

July–September

October–December

Date unknown

Ongoing events

Births

January–March

Wyatt Earp Wyatt Earp portrait.png
Wyatt Earp
Otto Lilienthal Otto-lilienthal.jpg
Otto Lilienthal
Paul Gauguin Paul Gauguin 1891.png
Paul Gauguin

April–June

July–September

Susie Taylor Susie King Taylor.jpg
Susie Taylor

October–December

Date unknown

Deaths

January–June

Christian VIII. of Denmark Christianviiidenmark.jpg
Christian VIII. of Denmark
Annette von Droste-Hulshoff Droste-Hulshoff 2.jpg
Annette von Droste-Hülshoff

July–December

George Stephenson GeorgeStephenson.PNG
George Stephenson

See also

Related Research Articles

1849 (MDCCCXLIX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1849th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 849th year of the 2nd millennium, the 49th year of the 19th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1840s decade. As of the start of 1849, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

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A set of revolutions took place in the Austrian Empire from March 1848 to November 1849. Much of the revolutionary activity had a nationalist character: the Empire, ruled from Vienna, included ethnic Germans, Hungarians, Slovenes, Poles, Czechs, Slovaks, Ruthenians (Ukrainians), Romanians, Croats, Venetians (Italians) and Serbs; all of whom attempted in the course of the revolution to either achieve autonomy, independence, or even hegemony over other nationalities. The nationalist picture was further complicated by the simultaneous events in the German states, which moved toward greater German national unity.

Prime Minister of Hungary

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Lajos Kossuth Hungarian politician and orator

Lajos Kossuth de Udvard et Kossuthfalva was a Hungarian nobleman, lawyer, journalist, politician, statesman and Governor-President of the Kingdom of Hungary during the revolution of 1848–49.

Josip Jelačić Ban of Croatia between 1848 and 1859

Count Josip Jelačić von Bužim was a Croatian lieutenant field marshal in a Imperial-Royal Army and politician, the Ban of Croatia between 23 March 1848 and 19 April 1859. He was a member of the House of Jelačić and a noted army general, remembered for his military campaigns during the Revolutions of 1848 and for his abolition of serfdom in Croatia.

Lajos Batthyány Hungarian politician

Count Lajos Batthyány de Németújvár was the first Prime Minister of Hungary. He was born in Pozsony on 10 February 1807, and was executed by firing squad in Pest on 6 October 1849, the same day as the 13 Martyrs of Arad.

György Klapka Hungarian soldier

György (Móric) Klapka, also known in German as Georg Klapka was a Hungarian general. He was one of the most important Hungarian generals of the Hungarian War of Independence of 1848–1849, politician, member of the Hungarian Parliament, and deputy War Minister.

Batthyány

Batthyány is the name of an ancient and distinguished Hungarian Magnate family. Members of this family bear the title Count/Countess (Graf/Gräfin) Batthyány von Német-Ujvar respectively, while the title of Prince (Fürst) von Batthyány-Strattmann is reserved only for the Head of the family. A branch of the family was notable in Croatia as well, producing several Bans (viceroys) of Croatia in the 16th, 17th and 18th century.

The 13 Martyrs of Arad

The Thirteen Martyrs of Arad were the thirteen Hungarian rebel generals who were executed by the Austrian Empire on 6 October 1849 in the city of Arad, then part of the Kingdom of Hungary, after the Hungarian Revolution (1848–1849). The execution was ordered by the Austrian general Julius Jacob von Haynau.

Hungarian Revolution of 1848 European Revolution of 1848

The Hungarian Civic Revolution and War of Independence of 1848-1849 was one of many European Revolutions of 1848 and was closely linked to other revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburg areas. It is one of the most determinative events in Hungary's modern history, forming a cornerstone of modern Hungarian national identity.

Revolutions of 1848 Series of political upheavals throughout Europe in 1848

The Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Springtime of the Peoples or the Spring of Nations, were a series of political upheavals throughout Europe in 1848. It remains the most widespread revolutionary wave in the European history.

Ádám Récsey Hungarian politician

Baron Ádám Récsey de Récse was a Hungarian general, joined the army of Habsburg Monarchy, and briefly a politician who was appointed illegally as the Prime Minister of Hungary by King Ferdinand V during the Revolution of 1848, serving in this capacity from 3 October to 7 October 1848. Récsey countersigned his own appointment, neglecting the Diet of Hungary. He resigned when an uprising broke out in Vienna in the effects of the Hungarian Revolution. He was the only Hungarian Prime Minister, who was born in the 18th century.

Mór Perczel

Sir Mór Perczel de Bonyhád, was a Hungarian landholder, general, and one of the leaders of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848.

Battle of Schwechat Battle during Hungarian Revolution of 1848

The Battle of Schwechat was a battle in the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, fought on 30 October 1848 between the revolutionary Hungarian Army against the army of the Austrian Empire, in Schwechat, near Vienna. This was the last battle of 1848 in the Transdanubian campaign. The Hungarian Army was under the command of János Móga and the Austrian Army was under the command of Alfred I, Prince of Windisch-Grätz.

Surrender at Világos

The Surrender at Világos, which was the formal end of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, took place on 13 August 1849, at Világos,. The terms were signed by Hungarian General Artúr Görgey on the rebels' side and Count Theodor von Rüdiger of the Russian Imperial Army. Following the capitulation, General Julius Jacob von Haynau was appointed Imperial plenipotentiary in the country and brutally re-subjugated it.

Records of Prime Ministers of Hungary

Records of Prime Ministers of Hungary from 1848 to the present.

Slovak Uprising of 1848–49 19th-century uprising of Slovaks against Hungarian rule

The Slovak Uprising , Slovak Volunteer Campaigns or Slovak Revolt was an uprising of Slovaks in Western parts of Upper Hungary with the aim of equalizing Slovaks, democratizing political life and achieving social justice within the 1848–49 revolutions in the Habsburg Monarchy. It lasted from September 1848 to November 1849. In October 1848, Slovak leaders replaced their original Hungaro-federal program by Austro-federal, called for the separation of a Slovak district from the Kingdom of Hungary and for the formation of a new autonomous district within the framework of the Habsburg Monarchy.

László Csány

László Csány was a Hungarian politician, who served as Minister of Public Works and Transport in 1849. He is a martyr of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848.

Hungarian State

The Hungarian State was a short-lived state that existed for 4 months in the last phase of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848–49.

References

  1. Stoica, Vasile (1919). The Roumanian Question: The Roumanians and their Lands. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh Printing Company. p. 23.
  2. "Timeline 1826–1901". Prudential plc. Archived from the original on August 13, 2010. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
  3. 1 2 Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 269–270. ISBN   0-7126-5616-2.
  4. Egyed Ákos: Erdély 1848–1849 (Transylvania in 1848–1849). Pallas Akadémia Könyvkiadó, Csíkszereda 2010. p. 517 (Hungarian)
  5. Magyar Nemzet: Fejőszék Százhatvan éve irtották ki Nagyenyedet a román felkelők.
  6. "Emily Bronte | Biography, Works, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved April 17, 2019.

Further reading