1848

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1848 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1848
MDCCCXLVIII
Ab urbe condita 2601
Armenian calendar 1297
ԹՎ ՌՄՂԷ
Assyrian calendar 6598
Bahá'í calendar 4–5
Balinese saka calendar 1769–1770
Bengali calendar 1255
Berber calendar 2798
British Regnal year 11  Vict. 1   12  Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2392
Burmese calendar 1210
Byzantine calendar 7356–7357
Chinese calendar 丁未(Fire  Goat)
4544 or 4484
     to 
戊申年 (Earth  Monkey)
4545 or 4485
Coptic calendar 1564–1565
Discordian calendar 3014
Ethiopian calendar 1840–1841
Hebrew calendar 5608–5609
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1904–1905
 - Shaka Samvat 1769–1770
 - Kali Yuga 4948–4949
Holocene calendar 11848
Igbo calendar 848–849
Iranian calendar 1226–1227
Islamic calendar 1264–1265
Japanese calendar Kōka 5 / Kaei 1
(嘉永元年)
Javanese calendar 1775–1777
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4181
Minguo calendar 64 before ROC
民前64年
Nanakshahi calendar 380
Thai solar calendar 2390–2391
Tibetan calendar 阴火羊年
(female Fire-Goat)
1974 or 1593 or 821
     to 
阳土猴年
(male Earth-Monkey)
1975 or 1594 or 822

1848 ( MDCCCXLVIII ) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar  and a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar , the 1848th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 848th year of the 2nd millennium , the 48th year of the 19th century , and the 9th year of the 1840s decade. As of the start of 1848, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A leap year is a calendar year containing one additional day added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical or seasonal year. Because seasons and astronomical events do not repeat in a whole number of days, calendars that have the same number of days in each year drift over time with respect to the event that the year is supposed to track. By inserting an additional day or month into the year, the drift can be corrected. A year that is not a leap year is called a common year.

A leap year starting on Saturday is any year with 366 days that begins on Saturday, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, 31 December. Its dominical letters hence are BA, such as the years 1916, 1944, 1972, 2000, and 2028 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2012 and 2040 in the obsolete Julian calendar. In the Gregorian calendar all centennial leap years start on Saturday; the next such year will be 2400, see below for more.

Contents

It is historically famous for the wave of revolutions, a series of widespread struggles for more liberal governments, which broke out from Brazil to Hungary; although most failed in their immediate aims, they significantly altered the political and philosophical landscape and had major ramifications throughout the rest of the century.

Revolutions of 1848 Series of political upheavals throughout Europe in 1848

The Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations, People's Spring, Springtime of the Peoples, or the Year of Revolution, were a series of political upheavals throughout Europe in 1848. It remains the most widespread revolutionary wave in European history.

Classical liberalism is a political ideology and a branch of liberalism which advocates civil liberties under the rule of law with an emphasis on economic freedom. Closely related to economic liberalism, it developed in the early 19th century, building on ideas from the previous century as a response to urbanisation and to the Industrial Revolution in Europe and the United States. Notable individuals whose ideas contributed to classical liberalism include John Locke, Jean-Baptiste Say, Thomas Robert Malthus and David Ricardo. It drew on the classical economic ideas espoused by Adam Smith in Book One of The Wealth of Nations and on a belief in natural law, utilitarianism and progress. The term classical liberalism has often been applied in retrospect to distinguish earlier 19th-century liberalism from social liberalism.

German revolutions of 1848–49 German part of the Revolutions of 1848

The German revolutions of 1848–49, the opening phase of which was also called the March Revolution, were initially part of the Revolutions of 1848 that broke out in many European countries. They were a series of loosely coordinated protests and rebellions in the states of the German Confederation, including the Austrian Empire. The revolutions, which stressed pan-Germanism, demonstrated popular discontent with the traditional, largely autocratic political structure of the thirty-nine independent states of the Confederation that inherited the German territory of the former Holy Roman Empire.

Frankfurt Parliament first parliament for all of Germany (1849-1849)

The Frankfurt Parliament was the first freely elected parliament for all of Germany, elected on 1 May 1848.

Battle of Pákozd Battle during Hungarian Revolution of 1848

The Battle of Pákozd was a battle in the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, fought on the 29 September 1848 in the Pákozd – Sukoró – Pátka triangle. It was one of the most important battles of the revolution, in which the Hungarian revolutionary army led by Lieutenant-General János Móga defeated the troops of the Croatian Ban Josip Jelačić.

Events

February 2: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed, ending the Mexican-American War and ceding all the Republic of Texas's territorial claims to the United States for $15m. Flag of Texas.svg
February 2: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed, ending the Mexican–American War and ceding all the Republic of Texas's territorial claims to the United States for $15m.
February 21: Karl Marx publishes The Communist Manifesto. Communist-manifesto.png
February 21: Karl Marx publishes The Communist Manifesto .
April 10: "Monster Rally" of Chartists held on Kennington Common in London; the first photograph of a crowd depicts it. Chartist meeting, Kennington Common.jpg
April 10: "Monster Rally" of Chartists held on Kennington Common in London; the first photograph of a crowd depicts it.

January–March

January 3 is the third day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 362 days remain until the end of the year. Perihelion, the point during the year when the Earth is closest to the Sun, occurs around this date.

Joseph Jenkins Roberts President of Liberia

Joseph Jenkins Roberts was the first (1848–1856) and seventh (1872–1876) President of Liberia. Born free in Norfolk, Virginia, US, Roberts emigrated to Liberia in 1829 as a young man. He opened a trading store in Monrovia, and later engaged in politics. When Liberia became independent on July 26, 1847, Roberts was elected the first black American president for the Republic of Liberia, serving until 1856. In 1872 he was elected again to serve as Liberia's seventh president.

President of Liberia Wikimedia list article

The President of the Republic of Liberia is the head of state and government of Liberia. The president serves as the leader of the executive branch and as commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of Liberia.

April–June

July 26: Matale Rebellion begins in Sri Lanka. 1948matalerebellion.JPG
July 26: Matale Rebellion begins in Sri Lanka.
September 12: The Swiss Confederation reconstitutes itself as a federal republic. Gedenkblatt 1874.jpg
September 12: The Swiss Confederation reconstitutes itself as a federal republic.

July–September

October–December

Date unknown

Ongoing events

Births

January–June

Wyatt Earp Wyatt Earp portrait.png
Wyatt Earp
Otto Lilienthal Otto-lilienthal.jpg
Otto Lilienthal
Paul Gauguin Paul Gauguin 1891.png
Paul Gauguin

July–December

Susie Taylor Susie King Taylor.jpg
Susie Taylor

date unknown

Deaths

January–June

Christian VIII. of Denmark Christianviiidenmark.jpg
Christian VIII. of Denmark
Annette von Droste-Hulshoff Droste-Hulshoff 2.jpg
Annette von Droste-Hülshoff

July–December

George Stephenson GeorgeStephenson.PNG
George Stephenson

See also

Related Research Articles

1849 (MDCCCXLIX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1849th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 849th year of the 2nd millennium, the 49th year of the 19th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1840s decade. As of the start of 1849, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Revolutions of 1848 in the Austrian Empire Set of revolutions took place in the Austrian Empire from March 1848 to November 1849

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Artúr Görgei Hungarian military leader

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Josip Jelačić Austrian general

Count Josip Jelačić von Bužim was the Ban of Croatia between 23 March 1848 and 19 May 1859. He was a member of the House of Jelačić and a noted army general, remembered for his military campaigns during the Revolutions of 1848 and for his abolition of serfdom in Croatia.

Lajos Batthyány Hungarian politician

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The Battle of Mór was a battle in the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, fought on 30 December 1848 between Austria and Hungarian insurgents. The Austrians were led by Croatian Ban Josip Jelačić, while the Hungarians were led by Mór Perczel. The Austrians were victorious and Buda lost its independence.

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Hungarian Revolution of 1848 European Revolution of 1848

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Ádám Récsey Hungarian politician

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Records of Prime Ministers of Hungary from 1848 to the present.

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László Csány was a Hungarian politician, who served as Minister of Public Works and Transport in 1849. He is a martyr of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848.

References

  1. Stoica, Vasile (1919). The Roumanian Question: The Roumanians and their Lands. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh Printing Company. p. 23.
  2. 1 2 Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 269–270. ISBN   0-7126-5616-2.
  3. Egyed Ákos: Erdély 1848–1849 (Transylvania in 1848–1849). Pallas Akadémia Könyvkiadó, Csíkszereda 2010. p. 517 (Hungarian)
  4. Magyar Nemzet: Fejőszék Százhatvan éve irtották ki Nagyenyedet a román felkelők.
  5. "Emily Bronte | Biography, Works, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved April 17, 2019.

Further reading