1861

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1861 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1861
MDCCCLXI
Ab urbe condita 2614
Armenian calendar 1310
ԹՎ ՌՅԺ
Assyrian calendar 6611
Baháʼí calendar 17–18
Balinese saka calendar 1782–1783
Bengali calendar 1268
Berber calendar 2811
British Regnal year 24  Vict. 1   25  Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2405
Burmese calendar 1223
Byzantine calendar 7369–7370
Chinese calendar 庚申年 (Metal  Monkey)
4557 or 4497
     to 
辛酉年 (Metal  Rooster)
4558 or 4498
Coptic calendar 1577–1578
Discordian calendar 3027
Ethiopian calendar 1853–1854
Hebrew calendar 5621–5622
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1917–1918
 - Shaka Samvat 1782–1783
 - Kali Yuga 4961–4962
Holocene calendar 11861
Igbo calendar 861–862
Iranian calendar 1239–1240
Islamic calendar 1277–1278
Japanese calendar Man'en 2 / Bunkyū 1
(文久元年)
Javanese calendar 1789–1790
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4194
Minguo calendar 51 before ROC
民前51年
Nanakshahi calendar 393
Thai solar calendar 2403–2404
Tibetan calendar 阳金猴年
(male Iron-Monkey)
1987 or 1606 or 834
     to 
阴金鸡年
(female Iron-Rooster)
1988 or 1607 or 835

1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1861st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 861st year of the 2nd millennium, the 61st year of the 19th century, and the 2nd year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1861, the Gregorian calendar was 12days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Contents

Statistically, this year is considered the end of the whale oil industry and (in replacement) the beginning of the petroleum oil industry. [1]

Events

JanuaryMarch

March 4: Lincoln inaugurated Abraham Lincoln inauguration 1861.jpg
March 4: Lincoln inaugurated
March 4: Confederate flag CSA FLAG 4.3.1861-21.5.1861.svg
March 4: Confederate flag
American Civil War: in 1861 Map of American Civil War in 1861.svg
American Civil War: in 1861

AprilJune

JulySeptember

June 25: Abdulaziz Abdul-aziz.jpg
June 25: Abdülaziz
Battle of Santa Rosa Island Fort-pickens.jpg
Battle of Santa Rosa Island

OctoberDecember

Date unknown

Births

JanuaryJune

Helen Herron Taft Htaft.jpeg
Helen Herron Taft
Rabindranath Tagore Rabindranath Tagore unknown location.jpg
Rabindranath Tagore

JulyDecember

Kate M. Gordon Kate M. Gordon.png
Kate M. Gordon
Edith Roosevelt Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt by Frances Benjamin Johnston.jpg
Edith Roosevelt
Myra Belle Martin Myra Belle Martin.png
Myra Belle Martin
James Naismith James Naismith with a basketball.jpg
James Naismith

Date unknown

Deaths

JanuaryJune

Frederick William IV of Prussia FWIV.jpg
Frederick William IV of Prussia
Abdulmecid I Sultan Abdulmecid - Google Art Project.jpg
Abdülmecid I

JulyDecember

Xianfeng Emperor <<Xian Feng Huang Di Zhao Fu Xiang >> .jpg
Xianfeng Emperor
Ernst Anschutz 248 anschuetz ernst.jpg
Ernst Anschütz

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">American Civil War</span> 1861–1865 conflict in the United States

The American Civil War was a civil war in the United States. It was fought between the Union and the Confederacy, the latter formed by states that had seceded. The central cause of the war was the dispute over whether slavery would be permitted to expand into the western territories, leading to more slave states, or be prevented from doing so, which was widely believed would place slavery on a course of ultimate extinction.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Confederate States of America</span> Former North American state (1861–65)

The Confederate States of America (CSA), commonly referred to as the Confederate States, the Confederacy, or "the South", was an unrecognized breakaway republic in North America that existed from February 8, 1861, to May 9, 1865. The Confederacy comprised U.S. states that declared secession and warred against the United States during the American Civil War. Eleven U.S. states, nicknamed Dixie, declared secession and formed the main part of the CSA. They were South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. Kentucky, and Missouri also had declarations of secession and full representation in the Confederate Congress during their Union army occupation.

1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1863rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 863rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 63rd year of the 19th century, and the 4th year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1863, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1862 (MDCCCLXII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1862nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 862nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 62nd year of the 19th century, and the 3rd year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1862, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Timeline of United States history (1860–1899)</span>

This section of the Timeline of United States history concerns events from 1860 to 1899.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Border states (American Civil War)</span> Slave states that did not officially secede from the Union during the American Civil War

In the context of the American Civil War (1861–65), the border states were slave states that did not secede from the Union. They were Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri, and after 1863, the new state of West Virginia. To their north they bordered free states of the Union and to their south they bordered slave states of the Confederacy, with Delaware being an exception to the latter.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Florida in the American Civil War</span> Overview of the role of the U.S. state of Florida during the American Civil War

Florida participated in the American Civil War as a member of the Confederate States of America. It had been admitted to the United States as a slave state in 1845. In January 1861, Florida became the third Southern state to secede from the Union after the November 1860 presidential election victory of Abraham Lincoln. It was one of the initial seven slave states which formed the Confederacy on February 8, 1861, in advance of the American Civil War.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maryland in the American Civil War</span> States participation as a Union slave state; a border state

During the American Civil War (1861–1865), Maryland, a slave state, was one of the border states, straddling the South and North. Despite some popular support for the cause of the Confederate States of America, Maryland did not secede during the Civil War. Governor Thomas H. Hicks, despite his early sympathies for the South, helped prevent the state from seceding.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">South Carolina in the American Civil War</span> Involvement of the Confederate state of South Carolina in the American Civil War

South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union in December 1860, and was one of the founding member states of the Confederacy in February 1861. The bombardment of the beleaguered U.S. garrison at Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor on April 12, 1861 is generally recognized as the first military engagement of the war. The retaking of Charleston in February 1865, and raising the flag again at Fort Sumter, was used for the Union the symbol of victory.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tennessee in the American Civil War</span> Overview of the situation and role of the U.S. state of Tennessee during the American Civil War

The American Civil War made a huge impact on Tennessee, with large armies constantly destroying its rich farmland, and every county witnessing combat. It was a divided state, with the Eastern counties harboring pro-Union sentiment throughout the conflict, and it was the last state to officially secede from the Union, in protest of President Lincoln's April 15 Proclamation calling forth 75,000 members of state militias to suppress the rebellion. Although Tennessee provided a large number of troops for the Confederacy, it would also provide more soldiers for the Union Army than any other state within the Confederacy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Virginia in the American Civil War</span> Overview of Virginias role during the American Civil War

The American state of Virginia became a prominent part of the Confederacy when it joined during the American Civil War. As a Southern slave-holding state, Virginia held the state convention to deal with the secession crisis, and voted against secession on April 4, 1861. Opinion shifted after the Battle of Fort Sumter on April 12, and April 15, when U.S. President Abraham Lincoln called for troops from all states still in the Union to put down the rebellion. For all practical purposes, Virginia joined the Confederacy on April 17, though secession was not officially ratified until May 23. A Unionist government was established in Wheeling and the new state of West Virginia was created by an act of Congress from 50 counties of western Virginia, making it the only state to lose territory as a consequence of the war.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arkansas in the American Civil War</span> State of the Confederate States of America

During the American Civil War, Arkansas was a Confederate state, though it had initially voted to remain in the Union. Following the capture of Fort Sumter in April 1861, Abraham Lincoln called for troops from every Union state to put down the rebellion, and Arkansas and several other states seceded. For the rest of the civil war, Arkansas played a major role in controlling the Mississippi River, a major waterway.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and a topical guide to the history of the United States.

Events from the year 1861 in the United States. This year marked the beginning of the American Civil War.

Events from the year 1862 in the United States.

Events from the year 1863 in the United States.

Events from the year 1864 in the United States.

Events from the year 1865 in the United States. The American Civil War ends with the surrender of the Confederate States, beginning the Reconstruction era of U.S. history.

1865 (MDCCCLXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1865th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 865th year of the 2nd millennium, the 65th year of the 19th century, and the 6th year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1865, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1864th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 864th year of the 2nd millennium, the 64th year of the 19th century, and the 5th year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1864, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

References

  1. Kaiser, Brooks. "The transition from whale oil to petroleum" (PDF).
  2. "Fairground Rides - A Chronological Development". National Fairground Archive. University of Sheffield. 2007. Archived from the original on August 11, 2011. Retrieved August 24, 2011.
  3. BBC History Magazine (February 2011) p. 11.
  4. Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN   0-14-102715-0.
  5. Weider History Group: 1861 French Conquest of Saigon: Battle of the Ky Hoa Forts. Accessed 11 March 2013
  6. "The Lincoln Bible". World Digital Library . 1853. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
  7. http://education.cambridge.org/media/577146 "Imperial Russia, revolutions_and_the_emergence_of_the_Soviet_state". Accessed 11 March 2013
  8. Sellick, Douglas R. G. (2010). Pirate Outrages: True Stories of Terror on the China Seas. Fremantle Press. ISBN   978-1-921696-07-7.
  9. Michael R. Auslin (2009). Negotiating with Imperialism: The Unequal Treaties and the Culture of Japanese Diplomacy. Harvard University Press. p. 77. ISBN   978-0-674-02031-3.
  10. Meyer, Hermann von (August 15, 1861). "Vogel-Federn und Palpipes priscus von Solenhofen". Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Geologie und Petrefaktenkunde: 561.
  11. Natural History Museum, London BMNH 37001. Chiappe, Luis M. (2007). Glorified Dinosaurs. Sydney: UNSW Press. pp. 118–146. ISBN   978-0-471-24723-4.
  12. "Establishing a National Body, 1860". National Museum Wales.
  13. US Department of State - Office of the Historian: Milestones: 1861-1865 Archived October 23, 2013, at the Wayback Machine . Accessed 11 March 2013
  14. 1 2 Subodh Chandra Sengupta; Basu, Anjali, eds. (2002). সংসদ বাঙালি চরিতাভিধান (in Bengali). Vol. 1. Sahitya Sangsad. p. 463.
  15. The Quarterly Review of Historical Studies. Institute of Historical Studies. 1995. p. 38.
  16. Dunn, Elwood D.; Beyan, Amos J.; Burrowes, Carl Patrick (2000). Historical Dictionary of Liberia. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. pp. 167–168. ISBN   9781461659310.
  17. "Albert, Prince Consort | Biography, Children, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved April 10, 2021.

Further reading