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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1861 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1861
Ab urbe condita 2614
Armenian calendar 1310
Assyrian calendar 6611
Bahá'í calendar 17–18
Balinese saka calendar 1782–1783
Bengali calendar 1268
Berber calendar 2811
British Regnal year 24  Vict. 1   25  Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2405
Burmese calendar 1223
Byzantine calendar 7369–7370
Chinese calendar 庚申(Metal  Monkey)
4557 or 4497
辛酉年 (Metal  Rooster)
4558 or 4498
Coptic calendar 1577–1578
Discordian calendar 3027
Ethiopian calendar 1853–1854
Hebrew calendar 5621–5622
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1917–1918
 - Shaka Samvat 1782–1783
 - Kali Yuga 4961–4962
Holocene calendar 11861
Igbo calendar 861–862
Iranian calendar 1239–1240
Islamic calendar 1277–1278
Japanese calendar Man'en 2 / Bunkyū 1
Javanese calendar 1789–1790
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4194
Minguo calendar 51 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar 393
Thai solar calendar 2403–2404
Tibetan calendar 阳金猴年
(male Iron-Monkey)
1987 or 1606 or 834
(female Iron-Rooster)
1988 or 1607 or 835


was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1861st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 861st year of the 2nd millennium, the 61st year of the 19th century, and the 2nd year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1861, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.




March 4: Lincoln inaugurated Abraham Lincoln inauguration 1861.jpg
March 4: Lincoln inaugurated
March 4: Confederate flag CSA FLAG 4.3.1861-21.5.1861.svg
March 4: Confederate flag
American Civil War: in 1861 Map of American Civil War in 1861.svg
American Civil War: in 1861



June 25: Abdulaziz Abdul-aziz.jpg
June 25: Abdülaziz
Battle of Santa Rosa Island Fort-pickens.jpg
Battle of Santa Rosa Island


Date unknown



Helen Herron Taft Htaft.jpeg
Helen Herron Taft


Kate M. Gordon Kate M. Gordon.png
Kate M. Gordon
Edith Roosevelt Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt by Frances Benjamin Johnston.jpg
Edith Roosevelt
Myra Belle Martin Myra Belle Martin.png
Myra Belle Martin
James Naismith James Naismith with a basketball.jpg
James Naismith

Date unknown



Frederick William IV of Prussia FWIV.jpg
Frederick William IV of Prussia
Abdulmecid I Sultan Abdulmecid - Google Art Project.jpg
Abdülmecid I


Xianfeng Emperor <<Xian Feng Huang Di Zhao Fu Xiang >> .jpg
Xianfeng Emperor
Ernst Anschutz 248 anschuetz ernst.jpg
Ernst Anschütz

Related Research Articles

Confederate States of America De facto federal republic in North America from 1861 to 1865

The Confederate States of America —commonly referred to as the Confederacy—was an unrecognized republic in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865. The Confederacy was originally formed by seven secessionist slave-holding states—South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas—in the Lower South region of the United States, whose economy was heavily dependent upon agriculture, particularly cotton, and a plantation system that relied upon the labor of African-American slaves. Convinced that the institution of slavery was threatened by the November 1860 election of Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln to the U.S. presidency on a platform which opposed the expansion of slavery into the western territories, the Confederacy declared its secession in rebellion to the United States, with the loyal states becoming known as the Union during the ensuing American Civil War. Confederate Vice President Alexander H. Stephens described its ideology as being centrally based "upon the great truth that the negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery, subordination to the superior race, is his natural and normal condition".



1831 1831


Timeline of United States history (1860–1899)

This section of the Timeline of United States history concerns events from 1860 to 1899.

Milledge Luke Bonham Confederate Army general

Milledge Luke Bonham was an American politician and Congressman who served as the 70th Governor of South Carolina from 1862 until 1864. He was a Confederate General during the American Civil War.

Florida in the American Civil War

Florida had joined the Confederacy in advance of the American Civil War, as the third of the original seven states to secede from the Union, following Lincoln's 1860 election. With the smallest population, nearly half of them slaves, Florida sent only 15,000 troops to the Confederate States Army. Its chief importance was in food-supply to the south and support for blockade-runners along its long coastline full of inlets that were hard to patrol.

Alabama in the American Civil War

Alabama was central to the Civil War, with the secession convention at Montgomery, birthplace of the Confederacy, inviting other states to form a Southern Republic, during January–March 1861, and develop constitutions to legally run their own affairs. The 1861 Alabama Constitution granted citizenship to current U.S. residents, but prohibited import duties (tariffs) on foreign goods, limited a standing military, and as a final issue, opposed emancipation by any nation, but urged protection of African slaves, with trial by jury, and reserved the power to regulate or prohibit the African slave trade. The secession convention invited all slaveholding states to secede, but only 7 Cotton States of the Lower South formed the Confederacy with Alabama, while the majority of slave states were in the Union and voted to make U.S. slavery permanent by passing the Corwin Amendment, signed by President Buchanan and backed by President Lincoln on March 4, 1861.

South Carolina in the American Civil War The first state in the Confederate States of America

South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union in December 1860, and was one of the founding member states of the Confederacy in February 1861. The bombardment of the beleaguered U.S. garrison at Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor on April 12, 1861 is generally recognized as the first military engagement of the war.

Tennessee in the American Civil War

The Civil War made a huge impact on Tennessee, with large armies constantly destroying its rich farmland, and every county witnessing combat. It was a divided state, with the Eastern counties harbouring pro-Union sentiment throughout the conflict, and it was the last state to secede from the Union, in protest at Lincoln’s call for troops. It also provided more regiments to the Union than every other Confederate state combined.

Virginia in the American Civil War A look at a Confederate state (in this case, Virginia) in the American Civil War (1861-1865, Northern victory and abolishment of slavery). The Confederacy liked slavery in the Americas; thus resulting in a lot of slaves).

Virginia became a prominent part of the Confederacy when it joined during the American Civil War. As a Southern slave-holding state, Virginia held a state convention to deal with the secession crisis, and voted against secession on April 4, 1861. Opinion shifted after April 15, when U.S. President Abraham Lincoln called for troops from all states still in the Union to put down the rebellion, following the capture of Fort Sumter, and the Virginia convention voted to declare secession from the Union. A Unionist government was established in Wheeling and the new state of West Virginia was created by an act of Congress from 50 counties of western Virginia, making it the only state to lose territory as a consequence of the war.

Richmond in the American Civil War

Richmond, Virginia, served as the capital of the Confederate States of America for almost the whole of the American Civil War. It was a vital source of weapons and supplies for the war effort, and the terminus of five railroads.

Arkansas in the American Civil War historical state of the (de facto) Confederate States of America between 1861 and 1865

During the American Civil War, Arkansas was a Confederate state, though it had initially voted to remain in the Union. Following the capture of Fort Sumter in April 1861, Abraham Lincoln called for troops from every Union state to put down the rebellion, and Arkansas and several other states seceded. For the rest of the war, Arkansas played a major role in controlling the Mississippi River, a major military highway.

Events from the year 1861 in the United States. This year marked the beginning of the American Civil War.

Events from the year 1862 in the United States.

Events from the year 1863 in the United States.

Events from the year 1864 in the United States.

Events from the year 1865 in the United States. The American Civil War ends with the surrender of the Confederate States, beginning the Reconstruction era of U.S. history.




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Further reading