1862

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1862 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1862
MDCCCLXII
Ab urbe condita 2615
Armenian calendar 1311
ԹՎ ՌՅԺԱ
Assyrian calendar 6612
Bahá'í calendar 18–19
Balinese saka calendar 1783–1784
Bengali calendar 1269
Berber calendar 2812
British Regnal year 25  Vict. 1   26  Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2406
Burmese calendar 1224
Byzantine calendar 7370–7371
Chinese calendar 辛酉(Metal  Rooster)
4558 or 4498
     to 
壬戌年 (Water  Dog)
4559 or 4499
Coptic calendar 1578–1579
Discordian calendar 3028
Ethiopian calendar 1854–1855
Hebrew calendar 5622–5623
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1918–1919
 - Shaka Samvat 1783–1784
 - Kali Yuga 4962–4963
Holocene calendar 11862
Igbo calendar 862–863
Iranian calendar 1240–1241
Islamic calendar 1278–1279
Japanese calendar Bunkyū 2
(文久2年)
Javanese calendar 1790–1791
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4195
Minguo calendar 50 before ROC
民前50年
Nanakshahi calendar 394
Thai solar calendar 2404–2405
Tibetan calendar 阴金鸡年
(female Iron-Rooster)
1988 or 1607 or 835
     to 
阳水狗年
(male Water-Dog)
1989 or 1608 or 836

1862 ( MDCCCLXII ) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar , the 1862nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 862nd year of the 2nd millennium , the 62nd year of the 19th century , and the 3rd year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1862, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. This year was named by Mitchell Stephens as the greatest year to read newspapers.[ citation needed ]

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeric system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year that begins on Wednesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is E. The most recent year of such kind was 2014, and the next one will be 2025 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2009, 2015, and 2026 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 1800, was also a common year starting on Wednesday in the Gregorian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in June. Leap years starting on Tuesday share this characteristic.

Contents

Events

JanuaryMarch

January 30: USS Monitor. USSMonitor1862.2.ws.jpg
January 30: USS Monitor.

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year. This day is known as New Year's Day since the day marks the beginning of the year. It is also the first day of the first quarter of the year and the first half of the year.

Lagos Metropolis in Nigeria

Lagos is a city in the Nigerian state of Lagos. The city, with its adjoining conurbation, is the most populous in Nigeria and on the African continent. It is one of the fastest growing cities in the world and one of the most populous urban areas. Lagos is a major financial centre in Africa; the megacity has the fourth-highest GDP in Africa and houses one of the largest and busiest seaports on the continent.

Nigeria Federal republic in West Africa

Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west. Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. The federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja, is located. The constitution defines Nigeria as a democratic secular country.

February 6: Battle of Fort Henry. Battle of Fort Henry 1862.jpg
February 6: Battle of Fort Henry.

February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 333 days remain until the end of the year.

Julia Ward Howe 20th-century American abolitionist, social activist, and poet

Julia Ward Howe was an American poet and author, best known for writing "The Battle Hymn of the Republic". She was also an advocate for abolitionism and was a social activist, particularly for women's suffrage.

Battle Hymn of the Republic American patriotic song written by Julia Ward Howe

The "Battle Hymn of the Republic", also known as "Mine Eyes Have Seen the Glory" outside of the United States, is a lyric by the abolitionist writer Julia Ward Howe using the music from the song "John Brown's Body". Howe's more famous lyrics were written in November 1861 and first published in The Atlantic Monthly in February 1862. The song links the judgment of the wicked at the end of the age with the American Civil War. Since that time, it has become an extremely popular and well-known American patriotic song.

AprilJune

April 1 is the 91st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 274 days remain until the end of the year.

April 5 is the 95th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 270 days remain until the end of the year.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

JulySeptember

July 1 is the 182nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 183 days remain until the end of the year.

Internal Revenue Service Revenue service of the United States federal government

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is the revenue service of the United States federal government. The government agency is a bureau of the Department of the Treasury, and is under the immediate direction of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, who is appointed to a five-year term by the President of the United States. The IRS is responsible for collecting taxes and administering the Internal Revenue Code, the main body of federal statutory tax law of the United States. The duties of the IRS include providing tax assistance to taxpayers and pursuing and resolving instances of erroneous or fraudulent tax filings. The IRS has also overseen various benefits programs, and enforces portions of the Affordable Care Act.

Princess Alice of the United Kingdom British royalty

Princess Alice of the United Kingdom was the Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine from 1877 to 1878. She was the third child and second daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Alice was the first of Queen Victoria's nine children to die, and one of three to be outlived by their mother, who died in 1901.

Diagram of US Federal Government and American Union. Published: 1862, July 15. Diagram of the Federal Government and American Union edit.jpg
Diagram of US Federal Government and American Union. Published: 1862, July 15.

OctoberDecember

December 13: Battle of Fredericksburg. Battle of Fredericksburg, Dec 13, 1862.png
December 13: Battle of Fredericksburg.
Dec. 30: Monitor sinks. USS Monitor - H58758.jpg
Dec. 30: Monitor sinks.
American Civil War in 1862 Map of American Civil War in 1862.svg
American Civil War in 1862

Date unknown

Births

JanuaryMarch

David Hilbert Hilbert.jpg
David Hilbert
Edith Wharton Edith Wharton by Edward Harrison May.jpg
Edith Wharton

AprilJune

JulySeptember

Gustav Klimt Klimt.jpg
Gustav Klimt
Claude Debussy Claude Debussy ca 1908, foto av Felix Nadar.jpg
Claude Debussy
Ida B. Wells Mary Garrity - Ida B. Wells-Barnett - Google Art Project - restoration crop.jpg
Ida B. Wells
Andrew Fisher Andrewfisher2.JPG
Andrew Fisher
Billy Hughes Billy Hughes 1919.jpg
Billy Hughes

OctoberDecember

Gerhart Hauptmann Gerhart Hauptmann nobel.jpg
Gerhart Hauptmann

Date unknown

Deaths

JanuaryJune

Samuel Colt Samuel Colt engraving by John Chester Buttre, c1855.jpg
Samuel Colt
John Tyler John Tyler Photographic Portrait Extracted.png
John Tyler

JulyDecember

Judith Montefiore Lady Judith Montefiore.jpg
Judith Montefiore
Martin Van Buren Martin Van Buren by Mathew Brady c1855-58.jpg
Martin Van Buren

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References

  1. "The Spirit of Pestilence". University of Victoria. March 30, 2002. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
  2. Halen, Widar (1990). Christopher Dresser. Phaidon. p. 34. ISBN   0-7148-2952-8.
  3. "An Act to aid in the construction of a railroad and telegraph line from the Missouri river to the Pacific ocean, and to secure to the government the use of the same for postal, military, and other purposes 12 Stat. 489, July 1, 1862
  4. Stormvoël van die Noorde by O JO Ferreira; Jan Viljoen – ‘n Transvaalse Wesgrenspionier (unpublished MA dissertation); documents and notes from the Jack Seale collection.