1864

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1864 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1864
MDCCCLXIV
Ab urbe condita 2617
Armenian calendar 1313
ԹՎ ՌՅԺԳ
Assyrian calendar 6614
Bahá'í calendar 20–21
Balinese saka calendar 1785–1786
Bengali calendar 1271
Berber calendar 2814
British Regnal year 27  Vict. 1   28  Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2408
Burmese calendar 1226
Byzantine calendar 7372–7373
Chinese calendar 癸亥(Water  Pig)
4560 or 4500
     to 
甲子年 (Wood  Rat)
4561 or 4501
Coptic calendar 1580–1581
Discordian calendar 3030
Ethiopian calendar 1856–1857
Hebrew calendar 5624–5625
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1920–1921
 - Shaka Samvat 1785–1786
 - Kali Yuga 4964–4965
Holocene calendar 11864
Igbo calendar 864–865
Iranian calendar 1242–1243
Islamic calendar 1280–1281
Japanese calendar Bunkyū 4 / Genji 1
(元治元年)
Javanese calendar 1792–1793
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4197
Minguo calendar 48 before ROC
民前48年
Nanakshahi calendar 396
Thai solar calendar 2406–2407
Tibetan calendar 阴水猪年
(female Water-Pig)
1990 or 1609 or 837
     to 
阳木鼠年
(male Wood-Rat)
1991 or 1610 or 838

1864 ( MDCCCLXIV ) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar  and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar , the 1864th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 864th year of the 2nd millennium , the 64th year of the 19th century , and the 5th year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1864, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A leap year is a calendar year containing one additional day added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical or seasonal year. Because seasons and astronomical events do not repeat in a whole number of days, calendars that have the same number of days in each year drift over time with respect to the event that the year is supposed to track. By inserting an additional day or month into the year, the drift can be corrected. A year that is not a leap year is called a common year.

A leap year starting on Friday is any year with 366 days that begins on Friday 1 January and ends on Saturday 31 December. Its dominical letters hence are CB, such as the years 1808, 1836, 1864, 1892, 1904, 1932, 1960, 1988, 2016, 2044, 2072, and 2112 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2000 and 2028 in the obsolete Julian calendar. Any leap year that starts on Tuesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this leap year occurs in May. Common years starting on Saturday share this characteristic.

Contents

Events

JanuaryMarch

February 17: Submarine H. L. Hunley Css hunley on pier.jpg
February 17: Submarine H. L. Hunley

January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 352 days remaining until the end of the year.

Oh! Susanna American song

"Oh! Susanna" is a minstrel song by Stephen Foster (1826–1864), first published in 1848. It is among the most popular American songs ever written. Members of the Western Writers of America chose it as one of the Top 100 Western songs of all time.

January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 349 days remaining until the end of the year.

AprilJune

April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 267 days remaining until the end of the year.

Gallaudet University university providing education for deaf and hard of hearing students

Gallaudet University is a federally chartered private university for the education of the deaf and hard of hearing. It is located in Washington, D.C. on a 99-acre (0.40 km2) campus.

Washington, D.C. Capital of the United States

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States. Founded after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country, Washington was named after George Washington, first President of the United States and Founding Father. As the seat of the United States federal government and several international organizations, Washington is an important world political capital. The city is also one of the most visited cities in the world, with more than 20 million tourists annually.

Clipper ship City of Adelaide in 1864 SV City Adelaide Dutton Lithograph.jpg
Clipper ship City of Adelaide in 1864

May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 243 days remaining until the end of the year.

The Treaty of London in 1864 was in regard to the United Kingdom ceding the United States of the Ionian Islands to Greece. The United Kingdom had held an amical protectorate over the islands since the 1815 Treaty of Paris.

United States of the Ionian Islands former British protectorate in the Greek islands

The United States of the Ionian Islands was a state and amical protectorate of the United Kingdom between 1815 and 1864. It was the successor state of the Septinsular Republic. It covered the territory of the Ionian Islands, in modern Greece, and it was ceded to Greece as a gift of the United Kingdom to the newly enthroned King George I after the Resolution for union with Greece which was proposed by the Party of the Radicals.

Battle of Heligoland in 1864 by Josef Carl Barthold Puettner Battle of Helgoland 1864.PNG
Battle of Heligoland in 1864 by Josef Carl Barthold Puettner
May 13: Battle of Resaca Battle of Resaca 1864 c1889.jpg
May 13: Battle of Resaca

JulySeptember

American Civil War in 1864 Map of American Civil War in 1864.svg
American Civil War in 1864
August 5: Battle of Mobile Bay Bataille de la baie de Mobile par Louis Prang (1824-1909).jpg
August 5: Battle of Mobile Bay
August 22: Signing of the First Geneva Convention Signing of the first geneva convention.jpg
August 22: Signing of the First Geneva Convention

OctoberDecember

Nov.15: Sherman's March to the Sea Sherman sea 1868.jpg
Nov.15: Sherman's March to the Sea

Date unknown

Births

JanuaryMarch

Wilhelm Wien Wilhelm Wien 1911.jpg
Wilhelm Wien
Marguerite Durand Marguerite Durand par Jules Cayron.jpg
Marguerite Durand
Ana Echazarreta Ana Echazarreta Perez Cotapos.jpg
Ana Echazarreta

AprilJune

Max Weber Max Weber 1894.jpg
Max Weber
Richard Strauss, 1918 Max Liebermann Bildnis Richard Strauss.jpg
Richard Strauss, 1918
Walther Nernst Walther Nernst SI.jpg
Walther Nernst
Alois Alzheimer Alois Alzheimer 003.jpg
Alois Alzheimer

JulySeptember

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec Photolautrec.jpg
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

OctoberDecember

Emma Sheridan Fry EMMA V. SHERIDAN FRY.jpg
Emma Sheridan Fry

Date Unknown

Deaths

JanuaryJune

John Sedgwick John Sedgwick.png
John Sedgwick
J. E. B. Stuart General "Jeb" Stuart, Confederate States of America, 1863, 1961 - 1986 - NARA - 518135.tif
J. E. B. Stuart

JulyDecember

Juan Jose Flores Juan Jose Flores.jpg
Juan José Flores
Princess Caraboo Illustration facing page 44, Devonshire Characters and Strange Events.png
Princess Caraboo

Date Unknown

Related Research Articles

1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1863rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 863rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 63rd year of the 19th century, and the 4th year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1863, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1862 (MDCCCLXII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1862nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 862nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 62nd year of the 19th century, and the 3rd year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1862, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. This year was named by Mitchell Stephens as the greatest year to read newspapers.

Battle of Atlanta Battle of the American Civil War

The Battle of Atlanta was a battle of the Atlanta Campaign fought during the American Civil War on July 21, 1864, just southeast of Atlanta, Georgia. Continuing their summer campaign to seize the important rail and supply center of Atlanta, Union forces commanded by William Tecumseh Sherman overwhelmed and defeated Confederate forces defending the city under John Bell Hood. Union Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson was killed during the battle. Despite the implication of finality in its name, the battle occurred midway through the campaign, and the city did not fall until September 2, 1864, after a Union siege and various attempts to seize railroads and supply lines leading to Atlanta. After taking the city, Sherman's troops headed south-southeastward toward Milledgeville, the state capital, and on to Savannah with the March to the Sea.

Joseph E. Johnston Confederate Army general

Joseph Eggleston Johnston was a career United States Army officer, serving with distinction in the Mexican–American War (1846–1848), and Seminole Wars. After Virginia seceded, he entered the Confederate States Army as one of the most senior general officers.

Shermans March to the Sea Military campaign during the American Civil War

Sherman's March to the Sea was a military campaign of the American Civil War conducted through Georgia from November 15 until December 21, 1864, by Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army. The campaign began with Sherman's troops leaving the captured city of Atlanta on November 15 and ended with the capture of the port of Savannah on December 21. His forces followed a "scorched earth" policy, destroying military targets as well as industry, infrastructure, and civilian property and disrupting the Confederacy's economy and transportation networks. The operation broke the back of the Confederacy and helped lead to its eventual surrender. Sherman's bold move of operating deep within enemy territory and without supply lines is considered to be one of the major achievements of the war and is also considered to be the early example of modern total war.

Army of Tennessee field army of the Confederate States Army

The Army of Tennessee was the principal Confederate army operating between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River during the American Civil War. It was formed in late 1862 and fought until the end of the war in 1865, participating in most of the significant battles in the Western Theater. It should not be confused with the Union Army of the Tennessee, named after the Tennessee River.

Battle of Resaca Battle of the American Civil War

The Battle of Resaca was part of the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War. The battle was waged in both Gordon and Whitfield counties, Georgia, May 13–15, 1864. It ended inconclusively with the Confederate Army retreating. The engagement was fought between the Military Division of the Mississippi on the side of the Union and the Army of Tennessee for the Confederates.

Atlanta Campaign military campaign during the American Civil War

The Atlanta Campaign was a series of battles fought in the Western Theater of the American Civil War throughout northwest Georgia and the area around Atlanta during the summer of 1864. Union Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman invaded Georgia from the vicinity of Chattanooga, Tennessee, beginning in May 1864, opposed by the Confederate general Joseph E. Johnston.

Battle of Peachtree Creek Battle of the American Civil War

The Battle of Peachtree Creek was fought in Georgia on July 20, 1864, as part of the Atlanta Campaign in the American Civil War. It was the first major attack by Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood since taking command of the Confederate Army of Tennessee. The attack was against Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's Union army which was perched on the doorstep of Atlanta. The main armies in the conflict were the Union Army of the Cumberland, commanded by Maj. Gen. George Henry Thomas and two corps of the Confederate Army of Tennessee.

The Valley Campaigns of 1864 were American Civil War operations and battles that took place in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia from May to October 1864. While some military historians divide this period into three separate campaigns, they interacted in several ways, so this article considers all three together.

The Battle of Utoy Creek was fought August 4–7, 1864, during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War. Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's Union armies had partially encircled the city of Atlanta, Georgia, which was being held by Confederate forces under the command of General John Bell Hood. Sherman had at this point adopted a strategy of attacking the railroad lines into Atlanta, hoping to cut off his enemies' supplies. This was the third direct attack on Confederate positions during the campaign and the effect of success would have ended the siege and won Atlanta on 6 August 1864.

Battle of Jonesborough Battle of the American Civil War

The Battle of Jonesborough was fought August 31–September 1, 1864, during the Atlanta Campaign in the American Civil War. Two Union armies led by Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman maneuvered to draw the Army of Tennessee away from their defenses at Atlanta, Georgia, where it could be destroyed.

Western Theater of the American Civil War

The Western Theater of the American Civil War encompassed major military operations in the states of Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Mississippi, North Carolina, Kentucky, South Carolina and Tennessee, as well as Louisiana east of the Mississippi River. Operations on the coasts of these states, except for Mobile Bay, are considered part of the Lower Seaboard Theater. Most other operations east of the Mississippi are part of the Eastern Theater. Operations west of the Mississippi River took place in the Trans-Mississippi Theater.

Georgia in the American Civil War

Georgia was one of the original seven slave states that formed the Confederate States of America in February 1861, triggering the U.S. Civil War. The state governor, Democrat Joseph E. Brown, wanted locally raised troops to be used only for the defence of Georgia, in defiance of Confederate president Jefferson Davis, who wanted to deploy them on other battlefronts. When the Union blockade prevented Georgia from exporting its plentiful cotton in exchange for key imports, Brown ordered farmers to grow food instead, but the breakdown of transport systems led to desperate shortages.

1862 in the United States USA-related events during the year of 1862

Events from the year 1862 in the United States.

1863 in the United States USA-related events during the year of 1863

Events from the year 1863 in the United States.

1864 in the United States USA-related events during the year of 1864

Events from the year 1864 in the United States.

1865 in the United States USA-related events during the year of 1865

Events from the year 1865 in the United States. The American Civil War ends with the surrender of the Confederate States, beginning the Reconstruction era of U.S. history.

Battle of Bentonville 1865 battle of the American Civil War

The Battle of Bentonville was fought in Johnston County, North Carolina, near the village of Bentonville, as part of the Western Theater of the American Civil War. It was the last battle between the armies of Union Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman and Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston.

References

  1. Bjørn, Claus; Due-Nielsen, Carsten (2006). Dansk Udenrigspolitiks Historie. Vol. III, Fra Helstat til Nationalstat, 1814-1914 (in Danish) (2nd ed.). Copenhagen: Gyldendal. pp. 238–39.
  2. "Deutsch-Dänischer Krieg von 1864". Meyers Konversationslexikon . 4th ed. (in German)
  3. Chaffin, Tom (2008). The H. L. Hunley: the Secret Hope of the Confederacy. New York: Hill and Wang. ISBN   978-0-8090-9512-4.
  4. "Great Central Fair Buildings, Philadelphia". World Digital Library . July 1864. Retrieved 2013-07-28.
  5. The capture of the Island of Als.
  6. 1 2 Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN   0-14-102715-0.
  7. Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 284–285. ISBN   0-7126-5616-2.
  8. Maxwell, J. Clerk (1865). "A dynamical theory of the electromagnetic field" (PDF). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. 155: 459–512. doi:10.1098/rstl.1865.0008 . Retrieved 2011-08-30.