1865

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1865 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1865
MDCCCLXV
Ab urbe condita 2618
Armenian calendar 1314
ԹՎ ՌՅԺԴ
Assyrian calendar 6615
Bahá'í calendar 21–22
Balinese saka calendar 1786–1787
Bengali calendar 1272
Berber calendar 2815
British Regnal year 28  Vict. 1   29  Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2409
Burmese calendar 1227
Byzantine calendar 7373–7374
Chinese calendar 甲子(Wood  Rat)
4561 or 4501
     to 
乙丑年 (Wood  Ox)
4562 or 4502
Coptic calendar 1581–1582
Discordian calendar 3031
Ethiopian calendar 1857–1858
Hebrew calendar 5625–5626
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1921–1922
 - Shaka Samvat 1786–1787
 - Kali Yuga 4965–4966
Holocene calendar 11865
Igbo calendar 865–866
Iranian calendar 1243–1244
Islamic calendar 1281–1282
Japanese calendar Genji 2 / Keiō 1
(慶応元年)
Javanese calendar 1793–1794
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4198
Minguo calendar 47 before ROC
民前47年
Nanakshahi calendar 397
Thai solar calendar 2407–2408
Tibetan calendar 阳木鼠年
(male Wood-Rat)
1991 or 1610 or 838
     to 
阴木牛年
(female Wood-Ox)
1992 or 1611 or 839

1865 ( MDCCCLXV ) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar , the 1865th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 865th year of the 2nd millennium , the 65th year of the 19th century , and the 6th year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1865, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is A. The most recent year of such kind was 2017 and the next one will be 2023 in the Gregorian calendar, or, likewise, 2018 and 2029 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year contains two Friday the 13ths in January and October.

Contents

Events

JanuaryMarch

January 15: Union captures Fort Fisher. Battle of Fort Fisher.jpg
January 15: Union captures Fort Fisher.

January 4 is the fourth day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 361 days remain until the end of the year.

New York Stock Exchange American stock exchange

The New York Stock Exchange is an American stock exchange located at 11 Wall Street, Lower Manhattan, New York City, New York. It is by far the world's largest stock exchange by market capitalization of its listed companies at US$30.1 trillion as of February 2018. The average daily trading value was approximately US$169 billion in 2013. The NYSE trading floor is located at 11 Wall Street and is composed of 21 rooms used for the facilitation of trading. A fifth trading room, located at 30 Broad Street, was closed in February 2007. The main building and the 11 Wall Street building were designated National Historic Landmarks in 1978.

Broad Street (Manhattan) Street in Manhattan, New York

Broad Street is a narrow street located in the Financial District in the New York City borough of Manhattan. It stretches from South Street to Wall Street.

AprilJune

April 2: Jefferson Davis. Jefferson Davis - Project Gutenberg eText 15393.jpg
April 2: Jefferson Davis.
April 9: Appomattox Court House. Appomattox courthouse.jpg
April 9: Appomattox Court House.
April 14: Lincoln shot. Lincoln assassination slide c1900 - Restoration.jpg
April 14: Lincoln shot.

April 1 is the 91st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 274 days remain until the end of the year.

Battle of Five Forks 1865 battle during the American Civil War

The Battle of Five Forks was fought on April 1, 1865, southwest of Petersburg, Virginia, around the road junction of Five Forks, Dinwiddie County, at the end of the Siege of Petersburg, near the conclusion of the American Civil War.

Petersburg, Virginia Independent city in Commonwealth of Virginia, United States

Petersburg is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 32,420. The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines Petersburg with Dinwiddie County for statistical purposes. It is located on the Appomattox River. The city is just 21 miles (34 km) south of the historic commonwealth (state) capital city of Richmond. The city's unique industrial past and its location as a transportation hub combined to create wealth for Virginia and the Middle Atlantic and Upper South regions of the nation.

July 2: Salvation Army Standard of the Salvation Army.svg
July 2: Salvation Army

JulySeptember

July 14: Matterhorn climbed. Matterhorn.jpg
July 14: Matterhorn climbed.
July 30: Steamer Brother Jonathan sinks. SS Brother Jonathan 1862.jpg
July 30: Steamer Brother Jonathan sinks.

OctoberDecember

Francis Galton. Francis Galton2.jpg
Francis Galton.

Date unknown

Births

JanuaryMarch

Elma Danielsson Elma Danielsson.jpg
Elma Danielsson

AprilJune

Pieter Zeeman Pieter Zeeman.jpg
Pieter Zeeman

JulySeptember

Philipp Scheidemann Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1979-122-29A, Philipp Scheidemann.jpg
Philipp Scheidemann
Julia Marlowe Julia Marlowe photograph (cropped).jpg
Julia Marlowe

OctoberDecember

Charles W. Clark Charles W. Clark 2.jpg
Charles W. Clark
Hovhannes Abelian Hovhannes Harutyuni Abelian.jpg
Hovhannes Abelian
Warren G. Harding Warren G Harding-Harris & Ewing.jpg
Warren G. Harding
Rudyard Kipling Rudyard Kipling (portrait).jpg
Rudyard Kipling

Date Unknown

Deaths

JanuaryJune

Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln November 1863.jpg
Abraham Lincoln
John Wilkes Booth John Wilkes Booth-portrait.jpg
John Wilkes Booth

JulyDecember

Henry John Temple Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston.jpg
Henry John Temple
Leopold I of Belgium Leopold I of Belgium (2).jpg
Leopold I of Belgium

Related Research Articles

Confederate States of America (de facto) federal republic in North America from 1861 to 1865

The Confederate States of America, commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865. The Confederacy was originally formed by seven secessionist slave-holding states—South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas—in the Lower South region of the United States, whose economy was heavily dependent upon agriculture, particularly cotton, and a plantation system that relied upon the labor of African-American slaves. Convinced that white supremacy and the institution of slavery were threatened by the November 1860 election of Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln to the U.S. presidency on a platform which opposed the expansion of slavery into the western territories, the Confederacy declared its secession from the United States, with the remaining states becoming known as the Union during the ensuing American Civil War. According to Confederate Vice President Alexander H. Stephens in his famous Cornerstone Speech, Confederate ideology was centrally based "upon the great truth that the negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery, subordination to the superior race, is his natural and normal condition".

1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.

1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1941st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 941st year of the 2nd millennium, the 41st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1940s decade.

1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1863rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 863rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 63rd year of the 19th century, and the 4th year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1863, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1861st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 861st year of the 2nd millennium, the 61st year of the 19th century, and the 2nd year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1861, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1921st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 921st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1921, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1875th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 875th year of the 2nd millennium, the 75th year of the 19th century, and the 6th year of the 1870s decade. As of the start of 1875, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1870th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 870th year of the 2nd millennium, the 70th year of the 19th century, and the 1st year of the 1870s decade. As of the start of 1870, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1877th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 877th year of the 2nd millennium, the 77th year of the 19th century, and the 8th year of the 1870s decade. As of the start of 1877, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1862 (MDCCCLXII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1862nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 862nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 62nd year of the 19th century, and the 3rd year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1862, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. This year was named by Mitchell Stephens as the greatest year to read newspapers.

Joseph Holt Union Army general

Joseph Holt was a leading member of the Buchanan administration, where he succeeded in convincing Buchanan to oppose the secession of the South. He returned to Kentucky and successfully battled the secessionist element thereby helping to keep Kentucky in the Union. President Abraham Lincoln appointed him the Judge Advocate General of the United States Army. He served as Lincoln's chief arbiter and enforcer of military law, and supporter of emancipation. His most famous roles came in the Lincoln assassination trials.

Richmond in the American Civil War

Richmond, Virginia, served as the capital of the Confederate States of America for almost the whole of the American Civil War. It was a vital source of weapons and supplies for the war effort, and the terminus of five railroads.

1861 in the United States USA-related events during the year of 1861

Events from the year 1861 in the United States. This year marked the beginning of the American Civil War.

1862 in the United States USA-related events during the year of 1862

Events from the year 1862 in the United States.

1863 in the United States USA-related events during the year of 1863

Events from the year 1863 in the United States.

1864 in the United States USA-related events during the year of 1864

Events from the year 1864 in the United States.

1865 in the United States USA-related events during the year of 1865

Events from the year 1865 in the United States. The American Civil War ends with the surrender of the Confederate States, beginning the Reconstruction era of U.S. history.

1809 in the United States USA-related events during the year of 1809

Events from the year 1809 in the United States.

1906 in the United States USA-related events during the year of 1906

Events from the year 1906 in the United States.

1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1864th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 864th year of the 2nd millennium, the 64th year of the 19th century, and the 5th year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1864, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

References

  1. Moore, Randy (May 2001). "The "Rediscovery" of Mendel's Work" (PDF). Bioscene. 27. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 2, 2017. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
  2. Coleman, Helen Turnbull Waite (1956). Banners in the Wilderness: The Early Years of Washington and Jefferson College. University of Pittsburgh Press. p. 214. OCLC   2191890 . Retrieved April 28, 2011.
  3. "Elaphurus davidianus". Ultimate Ungulate. 2004. Archived from the original on June 5, 2011. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
  4. Wilkinson, Susan (September 1998). "Welsh immigrants in Patagonia: Mimosa, the old ship that sailed into history". Buenos Aires Herald. Retrieved November 26, 2010.
  5. Galton, Francis (1865). "Hereditary talent and character" (PDF). Macmillan's Magazine. 12: 157–166, 318–327. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
  6. 1 2 3 Everett, Jason M., ed. (2006). "1865". The People's Chronology. Thomson Gale.
  7. 1 2 Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. p. 286. ISBN   0-7126-5616-2.
  8. Cartmell, Donald (2001). The Civil War Book of Lists. Career Press. p. 104.