1881

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1881 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1881
MDCCCLXXXI
Ab urbe condita 2634
Armenian calendar 1330
ԹՎ ՌՅԼ
Assyrian calendar 6631
Bahá'í calendar 37–38
Balinese saka calendar 1802–1803
Bengali calendar 1288
Berber calendar 2831
British Regnal year 44  Vict. 1   45  Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2425
Burmese calendar 1243
Byzantine calendar 7389–7390
Chinese calendar 庚辰(Metal  Dragon)
4577 or 4517
     to 
辛巳年 (Metal  Snake)
4578 or 4518
Coptic calendar 1597–1598
Discordian calendar 3047
Ethiopian calendar 1873–1874
Hebrew calendar 5641–5642
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1937–1938
 - Shaka Samvat 1802–1803
 - Kali Yuga 4981–4982
Holocene calendar 11881
Igbo calendar 881–882
Iranian calendar 1259–1260
Islamic calendar 1298–1299
Japanese calendar Meiji 14
(明治14年)
Javanese calendar 1809–1811
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4214
Minguo calendar 31 before ROC
民前31年
Nanakshahi calendar 413
Thai solar calendar 2423–2424
Tibetan calendar 阳金龙年
(male Iron-Dragon)
2007 or 1626 or 854
     to 
阴金蛇年
(female Iron-Snake)
2008 or 1627 or 855

1881 ( MDCCCLXXXI ) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar , the 1881st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 881st year of the 2nd millennium , the 81st year of the 19th century , and the 2nd year of the 1880s decade. As of the start of 1881, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year that begins on Saturday, 1 January, and ends on Saturday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is B. The most recent year of such kind was 2011 and the next one will be 2022 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2017 and 2023 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in May. Leap years starting on Friday share this characteristic.

Contents

Events

JanuaryMarch

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year. This day is known as New Year's Day since the day marks the beginning of the year. It is also the first day of the first quarter of the year and the first half of the year.

January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 341 days remaining until the end of the year.

Mikhail Skobelev General of the Russian Empire

Mikhail Dmitriyevich Skobelev was a Russian general famous for his conquest of Central Asia and heroism during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878. Dressed in white uniform and mounted on a white horse, and always in the thickest of the fray, he was known and adored by his soldiers as the "White General". During a campaign in Khiva, his Turkmen opponents called him goz zanli or "Bloody Eyes". British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery wrote that Skobelev was the world's "ablest single commander" between 1870 and 1914 and called him a "skilful and inspiring" leader.

AprilJune

April 11 is the 101st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 264 days remaining until the end of the year.

Spelman College historically Black womens college in Atlanta, Georgia, United States

Spelman College is a private, liberal arts, women's college in Atlanta, Georgia. The college is part of the Atlanta University Center academic consortium in Atlanta. Founded in 1881 as the Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary, Spelman was the fourth historically black female institution of higher education to receive its collegiate charter in 1924. Therefore, Spelman College is America's oldest private historically black liberal arts college for women.

April 14 is the 104th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 261 days remaining until the end of the year.

World's first regular electric tram service started in Berlin First electric tram- Siemens 1881 in Lichterfelde.jpg
World's first regular electric tram service started in Berlin

May 16 is the 136th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 229 days remaining until the end of the year.

Tram vehicle used for tramway traffic

A tram is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets; some include segments of segregated right-of-way. The lines or networks operated by tramcars are called tramways. Historically the term electric street railways was also used in the United States. In the United States, the term tram has sometimes been used for rubber-tyred trackless trains, which are not related to the other vehicles covered in this article.

Berlin Capital of Germany

Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,723,914 (2018) inhabitants make it the second most populous city proper of the European Union after London. The city is one of Germany's 16 federal states. It is surrounded by the state of Brandenburg, and contiguous with its capital, Potsdam. The two cities are at the center of the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region, which is, with 6,004,857 (2015) inhabitants and an area of 30,370 square km, Germany's third-largest metropolitan region after the Rhine-Ruhr and Rhine-Main regions.

JulySeptember

July 1 is the 182nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 183 days remaining until the end of the year.

British Army land warfare branch of the British Armed Forces of the United Kingdom

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces. As of 2018, the British Army comprises just over 81,500 trained regular (full-time) personnel and just over 27,000 trained reserve (part-time) personnel.

July 2 is the 183rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 182 days remaining until the end of the year.

OctoberDecember

Date unknown

Births

JanuaryMarch

Anna Pavlova Anna Pavlova as the Dying Swan.jpg
Anna Pavlova
Hermann Staudinger Hermann Staudinger.jpg
Hermann Staudinger
Mary Webb Mary webb.jpg
Mary Webb

AprilJune

JulySeptember

Hans Fischer Hans Fischer (Nobel).jpg
Hans Fischer
Cecil B. DeMille Demille - c1920.JPG
Cecil B. DeMille

OctoberDecember

Pablo Picasso Pablo picasso 1.jpg
Pablo Picasso
Pope John XXIII Pope John XXIII - 1959.jpg
Pope John XXIII

Deaths

Fyodor Dostoyevsky Vasily Perov - Portret F.M.Dostoevskogo - Google Art Project.jpg
Fyodor Dostoyevsky
Anna McNeill Whistler Whistlers Mother high res.jpg
Anna McNeill Whistler
Alexander II of Russia Alexander II of Russia by Monogrammist V.G. (1888, Hermitage) detail.jpg
Alexander II of Russia
Modest Mussorgsky, painted 2-5 March 1881, only a few days before the composer's death Ilya Repin - Portret kompozitora M.P.Musorgskogo - Google Art Project.jpg
Modest Mussorgsky, painted 2–5 March 1881, only a few days before the composer's death

JanuaryJune

July December

See also

Related Research Articles

1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1918th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 918th year of the 2nd millennium, the 18th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1918, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1908 Year

1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1908th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 908th year of the 2nd millennium, the 8th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1908, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1951st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 951st year of the 2nd millennium, the 51st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1950s decade.

1911 Year

1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1911th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 911th year of the 2nd millennium, the 11th year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1911, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1912th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 912th year of the 2nd millennium, the 12th year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1912, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1913th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 913th year of the 2nd millennium, the 13th year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1913, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1903rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 903rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 3rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1903, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1859th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 859th year of the 2nd millennium, the 59th year of the 19th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1850s decade. As of the start of 1859, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1907th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 907th year of the 2nd millennium, the 7th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1907, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1906th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 906th year of the 2nd millennium, the 6th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1906, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1902nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 902nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 2nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1902, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1910th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 910th year of the 2nd millennium, the 10th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1910, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1921st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 921st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1921, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1884 Year

1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1884th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 884th year of the 2nd millennium, the 84th year of the 19th century, and the 5th year of the 1880s decade. As of the start of 1884, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1955th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 955th year of the 2nd millennium, the 55th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1950s decade.

1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1933rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 933rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 33rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1930s decade.

1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1930th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 930th year of the 2nd millennium, the 30th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1930s decade.

1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1927th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 927th year of the 2nd millennium, the 27th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1920s decade.

1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1934th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 934th year of the 2nd millennium, the 34th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1930s decade.

1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1950th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 950th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1950s decade.

References

  1. http://genealogytrails.com/minn/pine/history_naming.html
  2. "An Act Respecting the Canadian Pacific Railway"
  3. 1 2 Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 434–435. ISBN   0-304-35730-8.
  4. "Godalming Power Station". Engineering Timelines. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved 2010-07-06.
  5. "The Savoy Theatre". The Times . London. 1881-10-03. p. 7.
  6. Burgess, Michael (January 1975). "Richard D'Oyly Carte". The Savoyard: 7–11.
  7. "Savoy Theatre". The Times. 1881-12-29. p. 4. Retrieved 2012-01-30.
  8. Kelemen, Lawrence. "The History of Christmas". simpletoremember.com. SimpleToRemember.com - Judaism Online. Retrieved 8 February 2016.
  9. "BBC - History - Alexander Fleming". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 3 January 2017.