1884 New Zealand general election

Last updated
1884 general election
Flag of New Zealand.svg
  1881 21 (Māori) & 22 (general) July 1884 1887  

All 95 seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives
Turnout60.6%
 First partySecond party
  Robert Stout, 1885.jpg Sir Harry Albert Atkinson, ca 1885.jpg
Leader Robert Stout Harry Atkinson
Party Stout–Vogelites Conservatives
Leader since18841883
Leader's seat Dunedin East Egmont
Seats won5732
Seat changeIncrease2.svg 18Decrease2.svg 13
Popular voteN/AN/A
PercentageN/AN/A
SwingN/AN/A

Premier before election

Harry Atkinson
Independent

Subsequent Premier

Robert Stout
Independent

The 1884 New Zealand general election was held on 22 July to elect a total of 95 MPs to the 9th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 21 July. [1] A total number of 137,686 (60.6%) voters turned out to vote. [2] In 11 seats there was only one candidate. [3]

Contents

1881 electoral redistribution

The same 95 electorates that were defined through the 1881 electoral redistribution were used for the 1884 election. The next electoral redistribution was held in 1887 in preparation for the 1887 election. [4]

Government formation

Prior to the election Harry Atkinson had served as Premier since 1883. His government was unpopular at the time and the polls went against him. Only 32 of the returned Members supported him whilst 57 opposed his government as well as 6 independents. [5] Soon after the election his government fell in August 1884 after Robert Stout successfully passed a vote of no confidence and assumed the premiership with the support of Julius Vogel. A strong counter-offensive by Atkinson enabled him to unseat Stout again after only twelve days. Stout, however, was not so easily defeated, and took the Premiership again after seven days. This time, Stout held his position for three years, defeating Atkinson's attempts to oust him.

Results

The following table shows the results of the 1884 general election. [6]

Electorate
incumbent
Elected member
defeated candidates
MP's term
Bay of Islands
Held by R Hobbs
Richard Hobbs
2nd: M Gannon
3rd: F MacKenzie
Marsden
Held by E Mitchelson
Edwin Mitchelson
Unopposed
Rodney
Held by S George
William Moat
2nd: N Wilson
Waitemata
Held by W Hurst
William Hurst
2nd: A Farnell
Auckland North
Held by T Peacock
Thomas Thompson
2nd:J Newman [7]
Auckland West
Held by J McM Dargaville
Joseph Dargaville
2nd:W Swanson
Auckland East
Held by G Grey
George Grey
Unopposed
Newton
Held by W Swanson
Thomas Peacock
2nd: C de Lautour [8]
Parnell
Held by FJ Moss
Frederick Moss
2nd:ST George
Eden
Held by J Tole
Joseph Tole
2nd: J O'Neil
Manukau
Held by M O'Rorke
Maurice O'Rorke
2nd: F Lawry
Franklin North
Held by B Harris
Frank Buckland
2nd: J Harris
Franklin South
Held by E Hamlin
Ebenezer Hamlin
Unopposed
Coromandel
Held by A Cadman
Alfred Cadman
2nd: A Brodie
Thames
Held by J Sheehan
William Fraser
2nd: WJ Speight
Waikato
Held by JB Whyte
John Whyte
Unopposed
Waipa
Held by FA Whitaker
Edward Lake
2nd: W Jackson
Tauranga
Held by George Morris
GB Morris
2nd: W Kelly
East Coast
Held by S Locke
Samuel Locke
2nd: WL Rees
Napier
Held by J Buchanan
John Ormond
2nd: J Sheehan
Hawkes Bay
Held by F Sutton
William Russell
2nd: F Sutton
3rd: A Desmond
[9] [10]
Waipawa
Held by WC Smith
William Smith
2nd:T Tanner
Rangitikei
Held by J Stevens
Robert Bruce
2nd: J Stevens
Manawatu
Held by WW Johnston
Douglas Macarthur
2nd: D Frazer
3rd: A Burr
Waitotara
Held by J Bryce
John Bryce
2nd: T McDonnell
Wanganui
Held by WH Watt
John Ballance
2nd: J Hutchinson
3rd: WH Watt
New Plymouth
Held by T Kelly
Oliver Samuel
2nd: EM Smith
3rd: T Kelly
4th: C Brown
Taranaki
Held by R Trimble
Robert Trimble
2nd: T Bayly
3rd: J Colesby
Egmont
Held by HA Atkinson
Harry Atkinson
2nd: AA Fantham
Foxton
Held by J Wilson
James Wilson
2nd: CB Izard
3rd: JR Browne
Hutt
Held by T Mason
Henry Fitzherbert
2nd: T Mason
Wairarapa North
Held by G Beetham
George Beetham
2nd: William Wilson McCardle
Wairarapa South
Held by WC Buchanan
Walter Buchanan
2nd: H Bunny
Thorndon
Held by W Levin
Alfred Newman
Unopposed
Te Aro
Held by CJ Johnston
Charles Johnston
2nd: FH Fraser
3rd: E Shaw
4th: JH Shaw
5th: J O'Shea
Wellington South
Held by W Hutchinson
George Fisher
2nd: W Hutchinson
Picton
Held by E Connolly
Edward Connolly
2nd: WH Eyes
Nelson
Held by H Levestam
Henry Levestam
2nd: J Piper
Motueka
Held by R Hursthouse
Richmond Hursthouse
2nd: J Kerr
Waimea
Held by J Shephard
Joseph Shephard
2nd: W Wastney
Wairau
Held by H Dodson
Henry Dodson
2nd: J Ward
Buller
Held by J Munro
Eugene O'Conor
2nd: J Munro
Inangahua
Held by E Shaw
Andrew Menteath
2nd: RHJ Reeves
Greymouth
Held by J Petrie
Arthur Guinness
2nd: J Petrie
Cheviot
Held by H McIlraith
James Lance
2nd: W Gibson
3rd: GM Adams
Kumara
Held by R Seddon
Richard Seddon
2nd: E Blake
Hokitika
Held by GG Fitzgerald
John Bevan
2nd: GG Fitzgerald
3rd: J Clarke
Ashley
Held by WF Pearson
William Pearson
2nd: P Duncan
Kaiapoi
Held by E Richardson
Edward Richardson
Unopposed
Avon
Held by W Rolleston
Leonard Harper
2nd: W Dunlop
3rd: Williams
St Albans
Held By JE Brown
Francis Garrick
2nd: J Jebson
3rd: T Cooper
Stanmore
Held by WH Pilliet
Dan Reese
2nd: G Rudenklau
3rd: G Dorney
4th: WH Pilliet
5th: O Wansey
Sydenham
Held by W White
William White
2nd: John Lee Scott
Christchurch North
Held by H Thomson
Julius Vogel
2nd: John Crewes
Christchurch South
Held by J Holmes
John Holmes
2nd: Thomas Joynt
Heathcote
Held by W Wynn-Williams
John Coster
2nd: Henry Wynn-Williams
3rd: James Temple Fisher
Lyttelton
Held by H Allwright
Harry Allwright
2nd: SR Webb
3rd: EM Clissold
Akaroa
Held by W Montgomery
William Montgomery
2nd: FA Anson [11]
Lincoln
Held by AP O'Callaghan
Arthur O'Callaghan
2nd: A Saunders
Coleridge
Held by D McMillan
David McMillan
2nd: J Jebson
3rd: R Tosswill
4th: C Frazer
Selwyn
Held by E Wakefield
Edward Wakefield
Unopposed
Ashburton
Held by EG Wright
William Walker
2nd: JC Wason
3rd: SC Jolly
4th: JRCC Graham
Wakanui
Held by J Ivess
John Grigg
2nd: J Ivess
3rd: P McQuire
Geraldine
Held by W Postlethwaite
William Rolleston
2nd: Alfred Cox
3rd: Francis Franks
Timaru
Held by R Turnbull
Richard Turnbull
2nd: EG Kerr
Gladstone
Held by JH Sutter
James Sutter
2nd: D Anderson
3rd: JM Twomey
4th: G Morris
Waimate
Held by WJ Steward
William Steward
2nd: A Haynes
3rd: WJ Black
Waitaki
Held by TY Duncan
Thomas Duncan
2nd: D Sutherland
3rd: T Ferens
Oamaru
Held by SE Shrimski
Samuel Shrimski
2nd: Viscount Reidhaven [12]
Moeraki
Held by J McKenzie
John McKenzie
2nd: Charles Haynes [13]
Waikouaiti
Held by J Green
John Buckland
2nd: J Green
3rd: J Arkle
Port Chalmers
Held by J Macandrew
James Macandrew
Unopposed
Roslyn
Held by J Bathgate
Archibald Ross
2nd: J Bathgate
Dunedin West
Held by T Dick
William Stewart
2nd: T Dick
Dunedin East
Held by MW Green
Robert Stout
2nd: MW Green
Dunedin Central
Held by T Bracken
James Bradsheigh-Bradshaw
2nd: T Bracken
3rd: JGS Grant
Dunedin South
Held by HS Fish
James Gore
2nd: Henry Fish
Peninsula
Held by WJM Larnach
William Larnach
2nd: Owen James Hodge
3rd: John Wells
[14]
Caversham
Held by W Barron
William Barron
Unopposed
Taieri
Held by J Fulton
James Fulton
2nd: WCF Carncross
3rd: WAW Wathen
Mount Ida
Held by CA de Lautour
Scobie Mackenzie
2nd: J Ewing
Dunstan
Held by V Pyke
Vincent Pyke
Unopposed
Bruce
Held by J McDonald
Robert Gillies
2nd: H Driver
3rd: J McDonald
Tuapeka
Held by JC Brown
James Brown
2nd: F Oudaille
Clutha
Held by JW Thomson
James Thomson
Unopposed
Mataura
Held by FW Mackenzie
George Richardson
2nd: FW Mackenzie
Awarua
Held by JP Joyce
James Joyce
2nd: JL McDonald
3rd: A Kinross
4th: JW Mitchell
5th: T Hodgkinson
Invercargill
Held by H Feldwick
Joseph Hatch
2nd: H Feldwick
3rd: G Lumsden
Wakatipu
Held by T Fergus
Thomas Fergus
2nd: JT Hornsby
3rd: SN Brown
Hokonui
Held by H Driver
Cuthbert Cowan
2nd: Frank Stephen Canning
3rd: Justus Hobbs
4th: Thomas James Lumsden
Wallace
Held by T Daniel
Henry Hirst
2nd: S Hodgkinson
3rd: T Daniel
4th: M Hayes
Northern Maori
Held by H Tawhai
Ihaka Hakuene
Eastern Maori
Held by H Tomana
Wi Pere
Western Maori
Held by W Te Wheoro
Te Puke Te Ao
2nd: Te Keepa Te Rangihiwinui
see results for six more candidates
Southern Maori
Held by HK Taiaroa
Hōri Kerei Taiaroa

Notes

  1. Wilson 1985, p. 137.
  2. "General elections 1853-2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 14 November 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2010.
  3. Wilson 1985, p. 286.
  4. McRobie 1989, pp. 47, 51.
  5. "Election News". No. 5062. Star. 24 July 1884. p. 3. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
  6. Cooper, G. S. (1884). The General Election, 1884. National Library. pp. 1–3. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  7. "City North". Auckland Star . Vol. XXVI, no. 4422. 16 July 1884. p. 2. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  8. "Ponsonby". Auckland Star . Vol. XXVI, no. 4430. 26 July 1884. p. 7. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  9. "The Hawke's Bay Election". Hawke's Bay Herald . Vol. XXI, no. 6912. 16 July 1884. p. 4. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
  10. "Hawke's Bay Election". Hawke's Bay Herald . Vol. XXI, no. 6915. 19 July 1884. p. 4. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
  11. "The Nomination". Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser. Vol. XIV, no. 1166. 20 September 1887. p. 2. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  12. Cyclopedia Company Limited (1905). "The Hon. S. E. Shrimski". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Otago & Southland Provincial Districts. Christchurch: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand . Retrieved 7 February 2011.
  13. Cyclopedia Company Limited (1905). "Mr. Charles Haynes, J. P". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Otago & Southland Provincial Districts. Christchurch: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand . Retrieved 29 June 2012.
  14. "Peninsula". Otago Witness . No. 1704. 19 July 1884. p. 9. Retrieved 28 June 2012.

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