1891

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1891 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1891
MDCCCXCI
Ab urbe condita 2644
Armenian calendar 1340
ԹՎ ՌՅԽ
Assyrian calendar 6641
Bahá'í calendar 47–48
Balinese saka calendar 1812–1813
Bengali calendar 1298
Berber calendar 2841
British Regnal year 54  Vict. 1   55  Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2435
Burmese calendar 1253
Byzantine calendar 7399–7400
Chinese calendar 庚寅(Metal  Tiger)
4587 or 4527
     to 
辛卯年 (Metal  Rabbit)
4588 or 4528
Coptic calendar 1607–1608
Discordian calendar 3057
Ethiopian calendar 1883–1884
Hebrew calendar 5651–5652
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1947–1948
 - Shaka Samvat 1812–1813
 - Kali Yuga 4991–4992
Holocene calendar 11891
Igbo calendar 891–892
Iranian calendar 1269–1270
Islamic calendar 1308–1309
Japanese calendar Meiji 24
(明治24年)
Javanese calendar 1820–1821
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4224
Minguo calendar 21 before ROC
民前21年
Nanakshahi calendar 423
Thai solar calendar 2433–2434
Tibetan calendar 阳金虎年
(male Iron-Tiger)
2017 or 1636 or 864
     to 
阴金兔年
(female Iron-Rabbit)
2018 or 1637 or 865

1891 ( MDCCCXCI ) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar , the 1891st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 891st year of the 2nd millennium , the 91st year of the 19th century , and the 2nd year of the 1890s decade. As of the start of 1891, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year that begins on Thursday, 1 January, and ends on Thursday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is D. The most recent year of such kind was 2015 and the next one will be 2026 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2010 and 2021 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. This common year contains the most Friday the 13ths; specifically, the months of February, March, and November. Leap years starting on Sunday share this characteristic. From February until March in this type of year is also the shortest period that occurs within a Friday the 13th.

Contents

Events

JanuaryMarch

January 21: Hawaii, Queen Lili'Uokalani. Liliuokalani.jpg
January 21: Hawaii, Queen Lili'Uokalani.

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year. This day is known as New Year's Day since the day marks the beginning of the year. It is also the first day of the first quarter of the year and the first half of the year.

A pension is a fund into which a sum of money is added during an employee's employment years, and from which payments are drawn to support the person's retirement from work in the form of periodic payments. A pension may be a "defined benefit plan" where a fixed sum is paid regularly to a person, or a "defined contribution plan" under which a fixed sum is invested and then becomes available at retirement age. Pensions should not be confused with severance pay; the former is usually paid in regular installments for life after retirement, while the latter is typically paid as a fixed amount after involuntary termination of employment prior to retirement.

German Empire empire in Central Europe between 1871–1918

The German Empire, also known as Imperial Germany, was the German nation state that existed from the unification of Germany in 1871 until the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II in 1918.

AprilJune

May 5: Tchaikovsky opens Carnegie Hall Tchaikovsky.jpg
May 5: Tchaikovsky opens Carnegie Hall

April 1 is the 91st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 274 days remaining until the end of the year.

Wrigley Company American company headquartered in Chicago, Illinois

The Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company, known as the Wrigley Company, is an American chewing gum company founded on April 1, 1891, by William Wrigley Jr., based in the Global Innovation Center (GIC) in Goose Island, Chicago, Illinois. It is wholly owned by Mars, Incorporated, and along with Mars chocolate bars and other candy products makes up Mars Wrigley Confectionery. It is the largest manufacturer and marketer of chewing gum in the world.

April 5 is the 95th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 270 days remaining until the end of the year.

May 20: Edison's kinetoscope. Kinetoscope.jpg
May 20: Edison's kinetoscope.

JulySeptember

July 10 is the 191st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 174 days remaining until the end of the year.

Erik Gustaf Boström Swedish 19ty/early 20th century prime minister

Erik Gustaf Bernhard Boström was a Swedish landowner and politician who was a member of the Swedish Parliament (1876–1907) and the longest-serving Prime Minister of Sweden of the 19th century. He served twice, first from 1891 to 1900 and then again from 1902 to 1905. He was also known as E.G. Boström or E. Gust. Boström.

July 30 is the 211th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 154 days remaining until the end of the year.

OctoberDecember

Date unknown

Births

JanuaryMarch

Zora Neale Hurston Hurston-Zora-Neale-LOC.jpg
Zora Neale Hurston
Walther Bothe Walther Bothe 1950s.jpg
Walther Bothe
Antonio Segni Antonio Segni Official.jpg
Antonio Segni
José P. Laurel Jose P. Laurel.jpg
José P. Laurel
Earl Warren Earl Warren.jpg
Earl Warren

AprilJune

Ahmad bin Yahya YemenAhmad.jpg
Ahmad bin Yahya
John A. Costello US visit of Taoiseach Costello in 1956 (cropped).jpg
John A. Costello

JulySeptember

Karl Kobelt Karl Kobelt.gif
Karl Kobelt
Ethel Roosevelt Derby Ethel Roosevelt cph.3c34884.jpg
Ethel Roosevelt Derby
Karl Dönitz Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1976-127-06A, Karl Dönitz - crop.jpg
Karl Dönitz
William McKell Williammckell.jpg
William McKell

OctoberDecember

James Chadwick James Chadwick.jpg
James Chadwick
Frederick Banting Fredrick banting.jpg
Frederick Banting
Mariano Ospina Pérez Mariano Ospina Pérez.jpg
Mariano Ospina Pérez
Julius Raab Julius-Raab-1961.jpg
Julius Raab
Nelly Sachs Nelly Sachs 1966.jpg
Nelly Sachs
Hu Shih Hu Shih 1960 color.jpg
Hu Shih

Deaths

JanuaryJune

Carl Johan Thyselius Carl Johan Thyselius (Hildebrand Sveriges historia).jpg
Carl Johan Thyselius
Nikolaus Otto Nicolaus-August-Otto.jpg
Nikolaus Otto
Helena Petrovna Blavatsky Helena Petrovna Blavatsky.jpg
Helena Petrovna Blavatsky
John A. Macdonald Macdonald1872.jpg
John A. Macdonald
Wilhelm Eduard Weber Wilhelm Eduard Weber II.jpg
Wilhelm Eduard Weber

JulyDecember

Herman Melville Herman Melville.jpg
Herman Melville
Saint Ambrose of Optina Ambrosius of Optina.jpg
Saint Ambrose of Optina
Prince Kuni Asahiko Prince Kuni Asahiko.jpg
Prince Kuni Asahiko
Arthur Rimbaud Rimbaud.PNG
Arthur Rimbaud

Date unknown

In fiction

Related Research Articles

1952 Year

1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1952nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 952nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1950s decade.

1908 Year

1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1908th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 908th year of the 2nd millennium, the 8th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1908, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1957th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 957th year of the 2nd millennium, the 57th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1950s decade.

1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1912th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 912th year of the 2nd millennium, the 12th year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1912, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.

1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1905th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 905th year of the 2nd millennium, the 5th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1905, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1956th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 956th year of the 2nd millennium, the 56th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1950s decade.

1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1895th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 895th year of the 2nd millennium, the 95th year of the 19th century, and the 6th year of the 1890s decade. As of the start of 1895, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1890th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 890th year of the 2nd millennium, the 90th year of the 19th century, and the 1st year of the 1890s decade. As of the start of 1890, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1921st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 921st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1921, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1892nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 892nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 92nd year of the 19th century, and the 3rd year of the 1890s decade. As of the start of 1892, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1884 Year

1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1884th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 884th year of the 2nd millennium, the 84th year of the 19th century, and the 5th year of the 1880s decade. As of the start of 1884, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1955th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 955th year of the 2nd millennium, the 55th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1950s decade.

1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1953rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 953rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 53rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1950s decade.

1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1930th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 930th year of the 2nd millennium, the 30th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1930s decade.

1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1878th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 878th year of the 2nd millennium, the 78th year of the 19th century, and the 9th year of the 1870s decade. As of the start of 1878, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1821 Year

1821 (MDCCCXXI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1821st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 821st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 19th century, and the 2nd year of the 1820s decade. As of the start of 1821, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1934th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 934th year of the 2nd millennium, the 34th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1930s decade.

1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1954th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 954th year of the 2nd millennium, the 54th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1950s decade.

1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1950th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 950th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1950s decade.

References

  1. Woodward, Antony; Penn, Robert (2007). The Wrong Kind of Snow. London: Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN   978-0-340-93787-7.
  2. Carter, Clive (1971). The Blizzard of '91. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN   0-7153-5137-0.
  3. 562 passengers and crew from Utopia and two rescue sailors from HMS Immortalité - "The Dead of the Utopia" (PDF). The New York Times . March 20, 1891.
  4. 1 2 3 Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN   0-14-102715-0.
  5. Carroll, Sean B. (2009). Remarkable Creatures: Epic Adventures in the Search for the Origin of Species. London: Quercus. pp. 90–91. ISBN   978-1-84916-072-8.
  6. Lloyd, John; Mitchinson, John (2010). The Second Book of General Ignorance. London: Faber. p. 163. ISBN   978-0-571-26965-5.
  7. Heerding, A. (1986). The Origin of the Dutch Incandescent Lamp Industry. The history of N.V. Philips Gloeilampenfabriek, vol. 1. Cambridge University Press. ISBN   0-521-32169-7.

Sources