1895

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1895 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1895
MDCCCXCV
Ab urbe condita 2648
Armenian calendar 1344
ԹՎ ՌՅԽԴ
Assyrian calendar 6645
Bahá'í calendar 51–52
Balinese saka calendar 1816–1817
Bengali calendar 1302
Berber calendar 2845
British Regnal year 58  Vict. 1   59  Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2439
Burmese calendar 1257
Byzantine calendar 7403–7404
Chinese calendar 甲午(Wood  Horse)
4591 or 4531
     to 
乙未年 (Wood  Goat)
4592 or 4532
Coptic calendar 1611–1612
Discordian calendar 3061
Ethiopian calendar 1887–1888
Hebrew calendar 5655–5656
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1951–1952
 - Shaka Samvat 1816–1817
 - Kali Yuga 4995–4996
Holocene calendar 11895
Igbo calendar 895–896
Iranian calendar 1273–1274
Islamic calendar 1312–1313
Japanese calendar Meiji 28
(明治28年)
Javanese calendar 1824–1825
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4228
Minguo calendar 17 before ROC
民前17年
Nanakshahi calendar 427
Thai solar calendar 2437–2438
Tibetan calendar 阳木马年
(male Wood-Horse)
2021 or 1640 or 868
     to 
阴木羊年
(female Wood-Goat)
2022 or 1641 or 869

1895 ( MDCCCXCV ) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar , the 1895th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 895th year of the 2nd millennium , the 95th year of the 19th century , and the 6th year of the 1890s decade. As of the start of 1895, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Tuesday is any non-leap year that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is F. The current year, 2019, is a common year starting on Tuesday in the Gregorian calendar. The last such year was 2013 and the next such year will be 2030, or, likewise, 2014 and 2025 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year contains two Friday the 13ths in September and December. Leap years starting on Monday share this characteristic. From July of the year that precedes this year until September in this type of year is the longest period that occurs without a Friday the 13th. Leap years starting on Saturday share this characteristic, from August of the common year that precedes it to October in that type of year.

Contents

Events

JanuaryMarch

The first internal combustion bus, 1895 (Siegen to Netphen in Germany) Erste Benzin-Omnibus der Welt.jpg
The first internal combustion bus, 1895 (Siegen to Netphen in Germany)

January 5 is the fifth day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 360 days remaining until the end of the year.

Dreyfus affair sociopolitical controversy in France where an Alsatian Jew was falsely convicted of treason

The Dreyfus Affair was a political scandal that divided the Third French Republic from 1894 until its resolution in 1906. The affair is often seen as a modern and universal symbol of injustice, and it remains one of the most notable examples of a complex miscarriage of justice and antisemitism. The major role played by the press and public opinion proved influential in the lasting social conflict.

Alfred Dreyfus French artillery officer

Alfred Dreyfus was a French Jewish artillery officer whose trial and conviction in 1894 on charges of treason became one of the most tense political dramas in modern French history with a wide echo in all Europe. Known today as the Dreyfus affair, the incident eventually ended with Dreyfus's complete exoneration.

January 5: Dreyfus affair Degradation alfred dreyfus.jpg
January 5: Dreyfus affair
April 17: Shimonoseki treaty: Qing China renounces claim on Korea Shunpanrou interior.jpg
April 17: Shimonoseki treaty: Qing China renounces claim on Korea
May 24: Republic of Formosa Flag of Formosa 1895.svg
May 24: Republic of Formosa

AprilJune

April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 269 days remaining until the end of the year.

Oscar Wilde Irish poet, playwright and aesthete

Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde was an Irish poet and playwright. After writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, he became one of London's most popular playwrights in the early 1890s. He is best remembered for his epigrams and plays, his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray, and the circumstances of his criminal conviction for homosexuality, imprisonment, and early death at age 46.

Criminal libel is a legal term, of English origin, which may be used with one of two distinct meanings, in those common law jurisdictions where it is still used.

JulySeptember

July 31: Sabino Arana founds the Basque Nationalist Party SabinoAranaTxapeldun.jpg
July 31: Sabino Arana founds the Basque Nationalist Party
October: The Cosmopolitan CosmopolitanMagazineOctober1895.jpg
October: The Cosmopolitan
October 22: Montparnasse derailment Train wreck at Montparnasse 1895.jpg
October 22: Montparnasse derailment

OctoberDecember

Date unknown

Births

January

J. Edgar Hoover Hoover-JEdgar-LOC.jpg
J. Edgar Hoover
Leo Aryeh Mayer L.A Mayer.jpg
Leo Aryeh Mayer

February

Babe Ruth Babe Ruth Red Sox 1918.jpg
Babe Ruth
Louise Lovely Louise Lovely 3 - Aug 1920 EH.jpg
Louise Lovely

March

Robert Benoist Robert Benoist Monza 1927 (cropped).jpg
Robert Benoist
James McCudden McCuddenportrait.jpg
James McCudden

April

Stanley Rous Stanley Rous.jpg
Stanley Rous

May

Nikolai Yezhov Ezhov.PNG
Nikolai Yezhov
Rudolph Valentino Rudolph Valentino in the Blue Book of the Screen 01.jpg
Rudolph Valentino
Jiddu Krishnamurti Jiddu Krishnamurti 01.jpg
Jiddu Krishnamurti

June

Ruben Rausing Tetra Pak founder Ruben Rausing.jpg
Ruben Rausing

July

Carl Orff Carl Orff.jpg
Carl Orff
Kirsten Flagstad Portrett av Kirsten Flagstad, ca 1940-45 II.jpg
Kirsten Flagstad
Ken Maynard Cropped screenshot of Ken Maynard in In Old Santa Fe film, 1934.png
Ken Maynard

August

Tuanku Abdul Rahman CO 1069-501-7 (7892976814).jpg
Tuanku Abdul Rahman

September

Sara García Sara García in No Basta Ser Madre (1937).jpg
Sara García
John Diefenbaker John G. Diefenbaker.jpg
John Diefenbaker
André Frédéric Cournand André Frédéric Cournand nobel.jpg
André Frédéric Cournand

October

Buster Keaton Busterkeaton edit.jpg
Buster Keaton
Juan Perón Peron tomando un café.jpg
Juan Perón
Cemal Gürsel Cemal Gürsel (1).jpg
Cemal Gürsel
Levi Eshkol Portrait of prime minister Levy Eshkol. August 1963. D699-070.jpg
Levi Eshkol
Gerhard Domagk Gerhard Domagk nobel.jpg
Gerhard Domagk

November

Paul Hindemith Paul Hindemith 1923.jpg
Paul Hindemith

December

Mamerto Urriolagoitía Mamer-urriol.jpg
Mamerto Urriolagoitía
George VI King George VI of England, formal photo portrait, circa 1940-1946.jpg
George VI

Date Unknown

Deaths

JanuaryJune

Berthe Morisot Edouard Manet - Berthe Morisot With a Bouquet of Violets - Google Art Project.jpg
Berthe Morisot

JulyDecember

Friedrich Engels Engels.jpg
Friedrich Engels
Louis Pasteur Louis Pasteur, foto av Paul Nadar, Crisco edit.jpg
Louis Pasteur

Date unknown

Related Research Articles

1952 Year

1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1952nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 952nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1950s decade.

1908 Year

1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1908th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 908th year of the 2nd millennium, the 8th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1908, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1951st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 951st year of the 2nd millennium, the 51st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1950s decade.

1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1957th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 957th year of the 2nd millennium, the 57th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1950s decade.

1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1931st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 931st year of the 2nd millennium, the 31st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1930s decade.

1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1912th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 912th year of the 2nd millennium, the 12th year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1912, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.

1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1907th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 907th year of the 2nd millennium, the 7th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1907, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1906th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 906th year of the 2nd millennium, the 6th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1906, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1902nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 902nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 2nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1902, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1956th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 956th year of the 2nd millennium, the 56th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1950s decade.

1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1910th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 910th year of the 2nd millennium, the 10th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1910, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1921st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 921st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1921, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1955th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 955th year of the 2nd millennium, the 55th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1950s decade.

1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1933rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 933rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 33rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1930s decade.

1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1925th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 925th year of the 2nd millennium, the 25th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1920s decade.

1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1930th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 930th year of the 2nd millennium, the 30th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1930s decade.

1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1935th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 935th year of the 2nd millennium, the 35th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1930s decade.

1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1934th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 934th year of the 2nd millennium, the 34th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1930s decade.

2013 (MMXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2013th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 13th year of the 3rd millennium, the 13th year of the 21st century, and the 4th year of the 2010s decade.

References

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  2. Ron Chernow (2010). "The House of Morgan: An American Banking Dynasty and the Rise of Modern Finance". Grove/Atlantic, Inc.Missing or empty |url= (help)
  3. McCullough, David Willis (2000-10-08). "The Fairy Defense". The New York Times . Retrieved 2007-03-23.
  4. Weale, Bertram Lenox Putnam (1905). The Re-shaping of the Far East. pp. 431–437.
  5. 1 2 3 The Story of the Grand Prix. (retrieved 11 June 2017)
  6. Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN   0-14-102715-0.
  7. therfl.co.uk. "Key Dates". History & Heritage. Rugby Football League. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  8. Gottheimer, Josh; Bill Clinton, and Mary Frances Berry (2004). Ripples of Hope: Great American Civil Rights Speeches. p. 128.
  9. "A Fundação". Flamengo's official site (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on April 10, 2017. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
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  12. Statement Showing, in Chronological Order, the Date of Opening and the Mileage of Each Section of Railway, Statement No. 19, p. 183, ref. no. 200954-13
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Sources