1900

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1900 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1900
MCM
Ab urbe condita 2653
Armenian calendar 1349
ԹՎ ՌՅԽԹ
Assyrian calendar 6650
Bahá'í calendar 56–57
Balinese saka calendar 1821–1822
Bengali calendar 1307
Berber calendar 2850
British Regnal year 63  Vict. 1   64  Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2444
Burmese calendar 1262
Byzantine calendar 7408–7409
Chinese calendar 己亥(Earth  Pig)
4596 or 4536
     to 
庚子年 (Metal  Rat)
4597 or 4537
Coptic calendar 1616–1617
Discordian calendar 3066
Ethiopian calendar 1892–1893
Hebrew calendar 5660–5661
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1956–1957
 - Shaka Samvat 1821–1822
 - Kali Yuga 5000–5001
Holocene calendar 11900
Igbo calendar 900–901
Iranian calendar 1278–1279
Islamic calendar 1317–1318
Japanese calendar Meiji 33
(明治33年)
Javanese calendar 1829–1830
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 or 13 days
Korean calendar 4233
Minguo calendar 12 before ROC
民前12年
Nanakshahi calendar 432
Thai solar calendar 2442–2443
Tibetan calendar 阴土猪年
(female Earth-Pig)
2026 or 1645 or 873
     to 
阳金鼠年
(male Iron-Rat)
2027 or 1646 or 874

1900 ( MCM ) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar  and a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar , the 1900th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 900th year of the 2nd millennium , the 100th and last year of the 19th century , and the 1st year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1900, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. As of March 1 (O.S. February 17), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 13 days until February 28 (O.S. February 15), 2100.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year that begins on Monday, 1 January, and ends on Monday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is G. The most recent year of such kind was 2018 and the next one will be 2029 in the Gregorian calendar, or likewise, 2013, 2019, and 2030 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 1900, was also a common year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar. See below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year of this type contains two Friday the 13ths in April and July. Leap years starting on Sunday share this characteristic, but also have another in January.

The Gregorian calendar is the calendar used in most of the world. It is named after Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in October 1582. The calendar spaces leap years to make the average year 365.2425 days long, approximating the 365.2422-day tropical year that is determined by the Earth's revolution around the Sun. The rule for leap years is:

Every year that is exactly divisible by four is a leap year, except for years that are exactly divisible by 100, but these centurial years are leap years if they are exactly divisible by 400. For example, the years 1700, 1800, and 1900 are not leap years, but the year 2000 is.

Contents

Events

January

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year. This day is known as New Year's Day since the day marks the beginning of the year. It is also the first day of the first quarter of the year and the first half of the year.

The Republican National Convention (RNC) is a series of presidential nominating conventions of the United States Republican Party since 1856. Administered by the Republican National Committee, the stated purpose of the convocation is to nominate an official candidate in an upcoming U.S. presidential election, and to adopt the party platform and rules for the election cycle.

January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 363 days remain until the end of the year.

Second Boer War: Boers at Spion Kop, 1900 Boers at Spion Kop, 1900 - Project Gutenberg eText 16462.jpg
Second Boer War: Boers at Spion Kop, 1900

January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 341 days remain until the end of the year.

Second Boer War War between two Boer Republics and the United Kingdom

The Second Boer War was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa. It is also known variously as the Boer War, Anglo-Boer War, or South African War. Initial Boer attacks were successful, and although British reinforcements later reversed these, the war continued for years with Boer guerrilla warfare, until harsh British counter-measures brought the Boers to terms.

Battle of Spion Kop battle

The Battle of Spion Kop was fought about 38 km (24 mi) west-south-west of Ladysmith on the hilltop of Spioenkop(1) along the Tugela River, Natal in South Africa from 23–24 January 1900. It was fought between the South African Republic and the Orange Free State on the one hand and British forces during the Second Boer War campaign to relieve Ladysmith. It resulted in a Boer victory.

Boxer Soldiers BoxerSoldiers.jpg
Boxer Soldiers

February

Plaque recording the location of the formation of the British Labour Party in 1900. LabourPartyPlaque.jpg
Plaque recording the location of the formation of the British Labour Party in 1900.

March

April

Exposition Universelle view in Paris Vue panoramique de l'exposition universelle de 1900.jpg
Exposition Universelle view in Paris

May

June

July 9: Australia, founded. Map of Australia.png
July 9: Australia, founded.

July

August

September

October

November

December

Date unknown

Births

Content
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Chiune Sugihara Sugihara b.jpg
Chiune Sugihara
William Haines William Haines 1928 cropped.jpg
William Haines
Queen Maria of Yugoslavia Kraljica marija.jpg
Queen Maria of Yugoslavia
Hyman G. Rickover Hyman Rickover 1955.jpg
Hyman G. Rickover

February

Adlai Stevenson II AdlaiEStevenson1900-1965.jpg
Adlai Stevenson II
Jeanne Aubert Aubert jeanne.jpg
Jeanne Aubert
Halina Konopacka Halina Konopacka 1928.jpg
Halina Konopacka

March

Carel Willink Carel Willink (1966).jpg
Carel Willink
Gustavo Rojas Pinilla Gral. Gustavo Rojas Pinilla.jpg
Gustavo Rojas Pinilla
John McEwen Sir John McEwen.jpg
John McEwen
Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester.jpg
Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester

April

Spencer Tracy Spencer tracy state of the union.jpg
Spencer Tracy
Wolfgang Pauli Pauli.jpg
Wolfgang Pauli
Charles Francis Richter CharlesRichter.jpg
Charles Francis Richter

May

Cai Chang Cai Chang.jpg
Cai Chang
Lucile Godbold Lucile Godbold 1922.jpg
Lucile Godbold

June

Dennis Gabor Dennis Gabor 1971b.jpg
Dennis Gabor
Carmen Polo, 1st Lady of Meiras Carmen Polo, 1st Lady of Meiras.jpg
Carmen Polo, 1st Lady of Meirás
Antoine de Saint-Exupery 11exupery-inline1-500.jpg
Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

July

Bernardus Johannes Alfrink Kardinaal Alfrink.JPG
Bernardus Johannes Alfrink
Eyvind Johnson Eyvind.JPG
Eyvind Johnson
Teresa Noce Teresa Noce 2.jpg
Teresa Noce

August

Arturo Umberto Illia Arturo Umberto Illia 1965.jpg
Arturo Umberto Illia
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother H.M. The Queen Mother Allan Warren crop.jpg
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
Cecil Howard Green CecilHowardGreenMid1980s.jpg
Cecil Howard Green
Hans Adolf Krebs Hans Adolf Krebs.jpg
Hans Adolf Krebs

September

Urho Kekkonen Urho-Kekkonen-1977-c.jpg
Urho Kekkonen
Miguel Aleman Valdes Miguel Aleman.jpg
Miguel Alemán Valdés

October

Bing Xin Bing Xin 1920s.jpg
Bing Xin
Helen Hayes Promotional photograph of Helen Hayes.jpg
Helen Hayes
C. C. van Asch van Wijck Cox in the Atelier of Toon Dupuis.jpg
C. C. van Asch van Wijck
Jean Arthur Jean Arthur - Smith.JPG
Jean Arthur
Ismail al-Azhari Ismail al-Azahri.jpg
Ismail al-Azhari
Srinagarindra Princess Mother Srinagarindra.jpg
Srinagarindra
Ragnar Granit Ragnar Granit.jpg
Ragnar Granit

November

Margaret Mitchell Margaret Mitchell NYWTS.jpg
Margaret Mitchell
Aaron Copland Aaron Copland 1970.JPG
Aaron Copland
Eliska Junkova Ella Junkova.jpg
Eliška Junková
Hakan Malmrot Hakan Malmrot 1920.jpg
Håkan Malmrot

December

Agnes Moorehead Agnes Moorehead Bewitched 1969.JPG
Agnes Moorehead

Date Unknown

Virginia M. Alexander Vmalexander.jpg
Virginia M. Alexander

Deaths

January–June

John Ruskin John Ruskin 1879.jpg
John Ruskin
Gottlieb Daimler Gottliebdaimler1.jpg
Gottlieb Daimler
Mary Kingsley Mary Kingsley West African Studies.jpg
Mary Kingsley
Lucinda Hinsdale Stone Lucinda Hinsdale Stone.png
Lucinda Hinsdale Stone

July–December

Saint Gregorio Grassi San Gregorio Maria Grassi.jpg
Saint Gregorio Grassi
King Umberto I Ritratto di Umberto I.jpg
King Umberto I
Kuroda Kiyotaka Kiyotaka Kuroda formal.jpg
Kuroda Kiyotaka
Friedrich Nietzsche Nietzsche187a.jpg
Friedrich Nietzsche
Sir Arthur Sullivan Sir Arthur Seymour Sullivan.jpg
Sir Arthur Sullivan
Oscar Wilde Oscar Wilde Sarony.jpg
Oscar Wilde

World population

Related Research Articles

1952 Year

1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1952nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 952nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1950s decade.

1908 Year

1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1908th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 908th year of the 2nd millennium, the 8th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1908, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1951st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 951st year of the 2nd millennium, the 51st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1950s decade.

1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1931st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 931st year of the 2nd millennium, the 31st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1930s decade.

1939 Year

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade. This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1913th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 913th year of the 2nd millennium, the 13th year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1913, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1901st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 901st year of the 2nd millennium, the 1st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1901, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1903rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 903rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 3rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1903, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1907th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 907th year of the 2nd millennium, the 7th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1907, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1902nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 902nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 2nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1902, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1915th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 915th year of the 2nd millennium, the 15th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1915, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1921st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 921st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1921, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1970th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 970th year of the 2nd millennium, the 70th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1970s decade.

1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1899th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 899th year of the 2nd millennium, the 99th year of the 19th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1890s decade. As of the start of 1899, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1955th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 955th year of the 2nd millennium, the 55th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1950s decade.

1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1953rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 953rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 53rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1950s decade.

1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1925th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 925th year of the 2nd millennium, the 25th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1920s decade.

1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1934th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 934th year of the 2nd millennium, the 34th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1930s decade.

1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1938th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 938th year of the 2nd millennium, the 38th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1930s decade.

1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1914th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 914th year of the 2nd millennium, the 14th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1914, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by Serbian nationalist Gavrillo Princip. It also saw the first airline to provide scheduled regular commercial passenger services with heavier-than-air aircraft, with the St. Petersburg–Tampa Airboat Line.

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Further reading