1901

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1901 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1901
MCMI
Ab urbe condita 2654
Armenian calendar 1350
ԹՎ ՌՅԾ
Assyrian calendar 6651
Bahá'í calendar 57–58
Balinese saka calendar 1822–1823
Bengali calendar 1308
Berber calendar 2851
British Regnal year 64  Vict. 1   1  Edw. 7
Buddhist calendar 2445
Burmese calendar 1263
Byzantine calendar 7409–7410
Chinese calendar 庚子(Metal  Rat)
4597 or 4537
     to 
辛丑年 (Metal  Ox)
4598 or 4538
Coptic calendar 1617–1618
Discordian calendar 3067
Ethiopian calendar 1893–1894
Hebrew calendar 5661–5662
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1957–1958
 - Shaka Samvat 1822–1823
 - Kali Yuga 5001–5002
Holocene calendar 11901
Igbo calendar 901–902
Iranian calendar 1279–1280
Islamic calendar 1318–1319
Japanese calendar Meiji 34
(明治34年)
Javanese calendar 1830–1831
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4234
Minguo calendar 11 before ROC
民前11年
Nanakshahi calendar 433
Thai solar calendar 2443–2444
Tibetan calendar 阳金鼠年
(male Iron-Rat)
2027 or 1646 or 874
     to 
阴金牛年
(female Iron-Ox)
2028 or 1647 or 875

1901 ( MCMI ) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar , the 1901st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 901st year of the 2nd millennium , the 1st year of the 20th century , and the 2nd year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1901, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Tuesday is any non-leap year that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is F. The current year, 2019, is a common year starting on Tuesday in the Gregorian calendar. The last such year was 2013 and the next such year will be 2030, or, likewise, 2014 and 2025 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year contains two Friday the 13ths in September and December. Leap years starting on Monday share this characteristic. From July of the year that precedes this year until September in this type of year is the longest period that occurs without a Friday the 13th. Leap years starting on Saturday share this characteristic, from August of the common year that precedes it to October in that type of year.

Contents

Events

January

January 1: The Commonwealth of Australia forms as British colonies federate. Flag of Australia.svg
January 1: The Commonwealth of Australia forms as British colonies federate.

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year. This day is known as New Year's Day since the day marks the beginning of the year. It is also the first day of the first quarter of the year and the first half of the year.

Crown colony, dependent territory or royal colony were dependent territories under the administration of United Kingdom overseas territories that were controlled by the British Government. As such they are examples of dependencies that are under colonial rule. Crown colonies were renamed "British Dependent Territories" in 1981, and since 2002, Crown colonies have been known officially as British Overseas Territories.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

January 22: King Edward VII ascends the British throne and also becomes Emperor of India. Edward vii england.jpg
January 22: King Edward VII ascends the British throne and also becomes Emperor of India.

February

February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 332 days remaining until the end of the year.

St Georges Chapel, Windsor Castle Church in Windsor, England

St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle in England, is a chapel designed in the high-medieval Gothic style. It is both a Royal Peculiar, a church under the direct jurisdiction of the monarch, and the Chapel of the Order of the Garter. Seating approximately 800, it is located in the Lower Ward of the castle.

February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 329 days remaining until the end of the year.

March

March 6: Wilhelm II, German Emperor, survives an assassination attempt. Wilhelm II (1).jpg
March 6: Wilhelm II, German Emperor, survives an assassination attempt.

April

May

June

June 12: Cuba becomes a United States protectorate. Flag of Cuba.svg
June 12: Cuba becomes a United States protectorate.

July

August

Silliman University is the first American private school in the Philippines. SUHall2.jpg
Silliman University is the first American private school in the Philippines.

September

September 6: US President William McKinley is shot and fatally wounded. McKinleyAssassination.jpg
September 6: US President William McKinley is shot and fatally wounded.
September 7: The Boxer Rebellion in China ends with the signing of the Peking Protocol. BoxerSoldiers.jpg
September 7: The Boxer Rebellion in China ends with the signing of the Peking Protocol.
September 14: Theodore Roosevelt becomes President of the United States on the death of William McKinley. President Theodore Roosevelt, 1904.jpg
September 14: Theodore Roosevelt becomes President of the United States on the death of William McKinley.

October

November

December

Date unknown

Births

January

Susana Calandrelli Susana Calandrelli.jpg
Susana Calandrelli
Rudolf Caracciola Bundesarchiv Bild 102-12094, Berlin, Avus, Internationales Autorennen.jpg
Rudolf Caracciola

February

Clark Gable Clark Gable - publicity.JPG
Clark Gable
Zeppo Marx Zeppo Marx.jpg
Zeppo Marx
Linus Pauling L Pauling.jpg
Linus Pauling

March

Ed Begley Ed Begley 1958.jpg
Ed Begley
Carl Barks Carl barks.jpg
Carl Barks

April

Rene Pleven Rene Pleven.jpg
René Pleven
Hirohito Emperor Hirohito portrait photograph.jpg
Hirohito

May

Gino Cervi Maigret a Pigalle (1967) Gino Cervi.jpg
Gino Cervi
Gary Cooper Gary Cooper 1926.jpg
Gary Cooper

June

Zhang Xueliang Zhang Xueliang.jpg
Zhang Xueliang
Sukarno Presiden Sukarno.jpg
Sukarno
Hugo Ballivian Hugo Ballivian Rojas.jpg
Hugo Ballivián
Henri Lefebvre Henri Lefebvre 1971.jpg
Henri Lefebvre
Stuart Symington Portrait of W. Stuart Symington 97-1844.jpg
Stuart Symington

July

August

Louis Armstrong Louis Armstrong restored.jpg
Louis Armstrong
Ernest Lawrence Ernest Lawrence.jpg
Ernest Lawrence
Salvatore Quasimodo Salvatore Quasimodo 1959.jpg
Salvatore Quasimodo
Maxwell D. Taylor Maxwell D Taylor official portrait.jpg
Maxwell D. Taylor
Jan de Quay Jan de Quay 1962.jpg
Jan de Quay

September

Gordon Coventry Gordon Coventry - 1934 - I.jpg
Gordon Coventry
Ed Sullivan Ed Sullivan.jpg
Ed Sullivan
Enrico Fermi Enrico Fermi 1943-49.jpg
Enrico Fermi

October

Arleigh Burke Arleigh Burke 1951.jpg
Arleigh Burke

November

James Dunn James Dunn.jpg
James Dunn
Leopold III of Belgium Leopold III van Belgie (1934).jpg
Leopold III of Belgium
Xu Xiangqian Xu Xiangqian.jpg
Xu Xiangqian
Fernando Tambroni Fernando Tambroni-1.jpg
Fernando Tambroni

December

Margaret Mead Margaret Mead (1901-1978).jpg
Margaret Mead
Werner Heisenberg Bundesarchiv Bild183-R57262, Werner Heisenberg.jpg
Werner Heisenberg
Marlene Dietrich Marlene Dietrich in Jerusalem during a 1960 concert tour of Israel - Photo by Fritz Shlezingel.png
Marlene Dietrich

Date Unknown

Rajendra Lahiri, Indian revolutionary leader (d. 1927)

Deaths

January

Queen Victoria Queen Victoria by Bassano.jpg
Queen Victoria
Giuseppe Verdi Giuseppe Verdi by Giovanni Boldini.jpg
Giuseppe Verdi
King Milan of Serbia MilanIDeSerbia--dasknigreichse03kaniuoft.jpg
King Milan of Serbia
Benjamin Harrison Pach Brothers - Benjamin Harrison.jpg
Benjamin Harrison
Mariano Ignacio Prado Mariano Prado.jpg
Mariano Ignacio Prado
Marthinus Wessel Pretorius Marthinus Wessel Pretorius.jpg
Marthinus Wessel Pretorius

February

March

April

May

June

Charlotte Fowler Wells CHARLOTTE FOWLER WELLS A woman of the century (page 768 crop).jpg
Charlotte Fowler Wells

July

Francesco Crispi Francesco Crispi.jpg
Francesco Crispi
Adolf Eugen Fick Adolf Fick 8bit korr klein1.jpg
Adolf Eugen Fick
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec Photolautrec.jpg
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
William McKinley William McKinley by Courtney Art Studio, 1896.jpg
William McKinley

August

September

October

November

December

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Significance of 1901 for modern computers

The date of Friday December 13 20:45:52 1901 is significant for modern computers because it is the earliest date representable with a signed 32-bit integer on systems that reference time in seconds since the Unix epoch. This corresponds to -2147483648 seconds from Thursday January 1 00:00:00 1970. For the same reason, many computers are also unable to represent an earlier date. For related reasons, many computer systems suffer from the Year 2038 problem. This is when the positive number of seconds since 1970 exceeds 2147483647 (01111111 11111111 11111111 11111111 in binary) and wraps to -2147483648. Hence the computer system erroneously displays or operates on the time Friday December 13 20:45:52 1901. In this way, the year 1900 is to the Year 2000 problem as the year 1901 is to the Year 2038 problem.

Related Research Articles

1952 Year

1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1952nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 952nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1950s decade.

1908 Year

1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1908th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 908th year of the 2nd millennium, the 8th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1908, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1951st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 951st year of the 2nd millennium, the 51st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1950s decade.

1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1957th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 957th year of the 2nd millennium, the 57th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1950s decade.

1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1931st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 931st year of the 2nd millennium, the 31st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1930s decade.

1939 Year

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade. This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1912th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 912th year of the 2nd millennium, the 12th year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1912, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. A key event of this year was the sinking of the infamous RMS Titanic

1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 946th year of the 2nd millennium, the 46th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1940s decade.

1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1907th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 907th year of the 2nd millennium, the 7th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1907, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1902nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 902nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 2nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1902, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1936th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 936th year of the 2nd millennium, the 36th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1930s decade.

1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1910th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 910th year of the 2nd millennium, the 10th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1910, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1921st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 921st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1921, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1970th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 970th year of the 2nd millennium, the 70th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1970s decade.

1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1933rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 933rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 33rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1930s decade.

1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1953rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 953rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 53rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1950s decade.

1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1930th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 930th year of the 2nd millennium, the 30th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1930s decade.

1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1934th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 934th year of the 2nd millennium, the 34th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1930s decade.

1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1950th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 950th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1950s decade.

References

  1. Grant, Neil (1993). Chronicle of 20th Century Conflict. New York City: Reed International Books Ltd. & SMITHMARK Publishers Inc. pp. 18–19. ISBN   978-0-8317-1371-3.
  2. Pakenham 1979
  3. "NHI Resolution No.7, Series 2002" Archived July 21, 2011, at the Wayback Machine . National Historical Institute. Retrieved 2010-03-30.
  4. "Alois Alzheimer". Whonamedit? . Retrieved 2011-10-21.
  5. Bussey, Gordon (2000). Marconi's Atlantic Leap. Coventry: Marconi. ISBN   978-0-9538967-0-7.
  6. "Women & Children in White Concentration Camps during the Anglo-Boer War". White Concentration Camps: Anglo-Boer War: 1900–1902. South African History Online. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
  7. sv:Luxlampa/Luxlampan (Swedish language edition). Retrieved 47 December 2018.

Further reading