1902 New Zealand general election

Last updated

1902 general election
Flag of New Zealand.svg
  1899 25 November (general) & 22 December (Māori) 1902 1905  

All 80 seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives
41 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout76.7%
 First partySecond party
  Richard Seddon, 1906.jpg William Ferguson Massey, 1905.jpg
Leader Richard Seddon William Massey
Party Liberal Conservative
Leader since 28 April 1893 3 July 1901 [nb 1]
Leader's seat Westland Franklin
Last election49 seats19 seats
Seats won4719
Seat changeDecrease2.svg 2Steady2.svg
Popular vote215,37885,652
Percentage51.820.6
SwingDecrease2.svg 1.9Decrease2.svg 16.0

1902 New Zealand general election - Results.svg
Results of the election.

Premier before election

Richard Seddon
Liberal

Subsequent Premier

Richard Seddon
Liberal

The 1902 New Zealand general election was held on Tuesday, 25 November, in the general electorates, and on Monday, 22 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 15th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 415,789 (76.7%) voters turned out to vote. [2]

Contents

The Rev Frank Isitt was nominated as the Prohibitionist candidate for ten separate electorates, and came second in eight. Another candidate, David Whyte, was nominated for two. Both men stood to ensure that a local liquor licensing poll was held in each electorate for which they were nominated.

1902 electoral redistribution

The Representation Act 1900 had increased the membership of the House of Representatives from general electorates 70 to 76, and this was implemented through the 1902 electoral redistribution. In 1902, changes to the country quota affected the three-member electorates in the four main centres. The tolerance between electorates was increased to ±1,250 so that the Representation Commissions (since 1896, there had been separate commissions for the North and South Islands) could take greater account of communities of interest. These changes proved very disruptive to existing boundaries. [3] Six electorates were established for the first time: Courtenay, Newtown, Grey Lynn , Hurunui, Oroua, and Kaipara. Two electorates that previously existed were re-established: Mount Ida and Hutt. [4]

This boundary redistribution resulted in the abolition of three electorates: [4]

Results

Frank Isitt, a Methodist minister, stood in ten seats as a Prohibition candidate, and came second in eight.

Party totals

The following table gives party strengths and vote distribution according to Wilson (1985), who records Maori representatives as Independents prior to the 1905 election. [5]

1902 nz parliament.svg
Election results
PartyCandidatesTotal votesPercentageSeats wonChange
Liberal 105215,37851.847-2
Conservative 5385,65220.619±0
Independent 54115,17327.714+8

Votes summary

Popular Vote
Liberal
51.8%
Conservative
20.6%
Independents
27.7%
Parliament seats
Liberal
58.75%
Conservative
23.75%
Independents
17.50%

Electorate results

The following are the results of the 1902 general election:

Key

  Liberal     Conservative     Independent Liberal     Liberal–Labour   Independent   

Electorate results for the 1902 New Zealand general election [6] [7]
ElectorateIncumbentWinnerMajorityRunner up
General electorates
Ashburton John McLachlan 439 John Studholme
Auckland, City of William Joseph Napier Alfred Kidd 934 William Richardson
Joseph Witheford 1,515 William Joseph Napier
George Fowlds Frederick Baume 2,282 Arthur Rosser
Avon William Tanner 58John Russell Brunt
Awarua Joseph Ward 1,882David Whyte
Bay of Islands Robert Houston 410A G C Glass
Bay of Plenty William Herries 626D Lundon
Bruce James Allen 1,113J A Scott
Buller James Colvin 2,601 Frank Isitt
Caversham Thomas Sidey 444 William Earnshaw
Chalmers New electorate Edmund Allen 612John White
Christchurch, City of George John Smith Tommy Taylor 899 William Whitehouse Collins
Harry Ell 901 George John Smith
William Whitehouse Collins Thomas Davey 2,233 Arthur Hughes Turnbull
Clutha James William Thomson 640Daniel Stewart
Courtenay New electorate Charles Lewis 350John Rennie
Dunedin, City of Alfred Richard Barclay Harry Bedford 1,321 Alfred Richard Barclay
John A. Millar
3,775 R Chisholm
James Arnold
Eden John Bollard 1,628P E Cheal
Egmont Walter Symes William Thomas Jennings 15Charles Leech [8]
Ellesmere Heaton Rhodes 501C R Thornton
Franklin William Massey 1,176Alfred Richard Harris
Geraldine Frederick Flatman 972 William Maslin
Grey Arthur Guinness 2,145 Frank Isitt
Grey Lynn New electorate George Fowlds 118T T Masefield
Hawera Felix McGuire Charles E. Major 21 Felix McGuire
Hawke's Bay William Russell 1,443 Frank Isitt
Hurunui New electorate Andrew Rutherford 697Henry Fear Reece
Hutt New electorate Thomas Wilford 441 Frederick Pirani
Invercargill Josiah Hanan 1,508David Whyte
Kaiapoi David Buddo 1,256Alfred Daniel Hassall
Kaipara New electorate Alfred Harding 359 John Stallworthy
Lyttelton George Laurenson 2,172William Rollitt
Manawatu John Stevens Job Vile 176 John Stevens
Manukau Sir Maurice O'Rorke Matthew Kirkbride 227Sir Maurice O'Rorke
Marsden Robert Thompson Francis Mander 58 Robert Thompson
Masterton Alexander Hogg 948J C Cooper
Mataura Robert McNab 438J W Raymond
Motueka Roderick McKenzie 1,838 Frank Isitt
Mount Ida New electorate Alexander Herdman 131John Ewing
Napier Alfred Fraser 1,490Richard Joseph Eames [9]
Nelson John Graham 14 Harry Atmore
Newtown New electorate William Henry Peter Barber 28 Thomas Hislop
Oamaru Thomas Young Duncan 880John Marshall Brown [10]
Ohinemuri Jackson Palmer Edward George Britton Moss 186Jackson Palmer
Oroua New electorate Frank Lethbridge 613Arthur Henry Tompkins
Otaki William Hughes Field 1,510 Frank Isitt
Pahiatua John O'Meara 337Samuel Bolton
Palmerston Frederick Pirani William Thomas Wood 384T R Hodder
Parnell Frank Lawry 124 John Shera
Patea Frederick Haselden Walter Symes 451 Frederick Haselden
Rangitikei Frank Lethbridge Arthur Remington 247W J Birch
Riccarton George Warren Russell George Witty 285 George Warren Russell
Selwyn Charles Hardy 543 Joseph Ivess
Taieri Walter Carncross Donald Reid 354J J Ramsay
Taranaki Edward Smith 314 Henry Okey
Thames James McGowan 885William Henry Lucas
Timaru William Hall-Jones 1,651F H Smith
Tuapeka James Bennet 66Robert Gilkison
Waipawa Charles Hall 1,568James Taylor
Waikato Frederic Lang 225 Henry Greenslade
Waikouaiti Edmund Allen Thomas Mackenzie 1,846 Frank Isitt
Wairarapa J. T. Marryat Hornsby Walter Clarke Buchanan 66 J. T. Marryat Hornsby
Wairau Charles H. Mills 411 John Duncan
Waitaki William Steward 592John Campbell
Waitemata Richard Monk Ewen Alison 714Alexander John Hatfield [11]
Waiapu James Carroll 1,670 Frank Isitt
Wakatipu William Fraser 449 Robert Beatson Ross
Wallace Michael Gilfedder John Thomson 793 Michael Gilfedder
Wanganui Archibald Willis 1,438J W Baker
Wellington, City of John Hutcheson John Aitken 380 Patrick O'Regan
Arthur Atkinson John Duthie 591 Arthur Atkinson
George Fisher 1,921 John Findlay
Westland Richard Seddon 2,696 Frank Isitt
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Wi Pere 614Pirimi Mataiawhea
Northern Maori Hone Heke 1,546 Hāmiora Mangakāhia
Southern Maori Tame Parata 80 Hone Taare Tikao
Western Maori Henare Kaihau 2,370Ngarangi Katitia

Notes

  1. Gustafson, Barry. "Massey, William Ferguson". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 10 December 2011.
  2. "General elections 1853-2005 – dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 14 November 2014. Retrieved 12 January 2011.
  3. McRobie 1989, pp. 67f.
  4. 1 2 McRobie 1989, pp. 63–68.
  5. Wilson 1985, pp. 287–289.
  6. "The General Election, 1902". National Library. 1903. pp. 1–4. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  7. "The Elections". The Press . LIX (11436). 21 November 1902. p. 2. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
  8. "Mr Charles Leech". Auckland Star . XXXIII (281). 26 November 1902. p. 3. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
  9. "Electoral District of Napier". Hawke's Bay Herald . XXXVII (12308). 1 December 1902. p. 3. Retrieved 10 October 2015.
  10. "Electoral District of Oamaru". The Oamaru Mail . XXVIII (8060). 29 November 1902. p. 3. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
  11. "Page 18 Advertisements Column 1". Observer. XXIII (10). 22 November 1902. p. 18. Retrieved 3 December 2014.

Footnotes

  1. Massey, the Senior Conservative Whip, served as de facto leader [1]

Related Research Articles

1881 New Zealand general election

The 1881 New Zealand general election was held on 8 and 9 December in the Māori and European electorates, respectively, to elect 95 MPs to the 8th session of the New Zealand Parliament.

1893 New Zealand general election

The 1893 New Zealand general election was held on 28 November and 20 December in the European and Māori electorates, respectively, to elect 74 MPs to the 12th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The election was won by the Liberal Party, and Richard Seddon became Prime Minister.

1899 New Zealand general election

The 1899 New Zealand general election was held on 6 and 19 December in the European and Māori electorates, respectively, to elect 74 MPs to the 14th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The election was again won by the Liberal Party, and Richard Seddon remained Prime Minister.

1905 New Zealand general election elections on 6 December 1905

The 1905 New Zealand general election was held on Wednesday, 6 December in the general electorates, and on Wednesday, 20 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 16th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 412,702 voters turned out, with 396,657 voting in the European electorates.

1911 New Zealand general election

The 1911 New Zealand general election was held on Thursday, 7 and 14 December in the general electorates, and on Tuesday, 19 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 18th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 590,042 (83.5%) voters turned out to vote. In two seats there was only one candidate.

1922 New Zealand general election Election in New Zealand

The 1922 New Zealand general election was held on Monday, 6 December in the Māori electorates, and on Tuesday, 7 December in the general electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 21st session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 700,111 (87.7%) voters turned out to vote. In one seat there was only one candidate.

Waitaki (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Waitaki is an electorate for the New Zealand House of Representatives that crosses the boundary of North Otago and South Canterbury towns on the East Coast of the South Island. The electorate was first established for the 1871 election that determined the 5th New Zealand Parliament. It has been abolished and re-established several times and in its early years was a two-member electorate for two parliamentary terms. The current electorate has existed since the 2008 election and is held by Jacqui Dean of the National Party.

Hauraki is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1928 to 1987 and 1993 to 1996. In the 1987 general election it was renamed Coromandel, the name that had been used from 1972 to 1981. In 1993 it reverted to Hauraki, but became Coromandel again for the first MMP election in 1996.

Waimarino was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate that existed from 1911 to 1954, and from 1963 to 1972. It was rural in nature and was represented by four Members of Parliament.

Franklin was a rural New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1861 to 1996 during four periods.

Southern Maori was one of New Zealand's four original parliamentary Māori electorates established in 1868, along with Eastern Maori, Western Maori and Eastern Maori. In 1996, with the introduction of MMP, the Maori electorates were updated, and Southern Maori was replaced with the Te Tai Tonga and Te Puku O Te Whenua electorates.

Ohinemuri is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1896 to 1928, and was represented by five Members of Parliament.

Stratford is a former parliamentary electorate, in Taranaki, New Zealand. It existed from 1908 to 1946, and from 1954 to 1978. It was represented by six Members of Parliament.

Tuapeka is a former parliamentary electorate in the Otago region of New Zealand, from 1871 to 1911.

Chalmers, originally Port Chalmers, was a parliamentary electorate in the Otago Region of New Zealand, from 1866 to 1938 with a break from 1896 to 1902. It was named after the town of Port Chalmers, the main port of Dunedin and Otago.

Oamaru was a parliamentary electorate in the Otago region of New Zealand, during three periods between 1866 and 1978.

The 12th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1893 general election in November and December of that year.

The 14th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1899 general election in December of that year.

15th New Zealand Parliament

The 15th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1902 general election in November and December of that year.

21st New Zealand Parliament

The 21st New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1922 general election in December of that year.

References