1904 FA Cup Final

Last updated

1904 FA Cup Final
1904 fa cup programme.jpg
The match programme cover
Event 1903–04 FA Cup
Date23 April 1904
Venue Crystal Palace, London
Referee A. J. Barker
Attendance61,374
1903
1905

The 1904 FA Cup Final was a football match between Bolton Wanderers and Manchester City on 23 April 1904 at Crystal Palace in London. The showpiece match of English football's primary cup competition, the Football Association Challenge Cup (better known as the FA Cup), it was the 33rd Cup final, and the tenth at Crystal Palace.

Contents

Each team progressed through four rounds to reach the final. Manchester City were a First Division team chasing a league and cup double; Bolton Wanderers were a mid-table Second Division team. Consequently, most observers anticipated a Manchester City win. In a close match featuring strong defensive play, Manchester City won 1–0. The goal, scored by Billy Meredith, was disputed by those with Bolton sympathies, who believed Meredith to be offside. The victory gave Manchester City their first major honour.

Build-up

The final was held at Crystal Palace, the tenth final played at the venue. [1] Neither club had previously won the competition. Bolton reached the final in 1894, but were beaten comfortably by Notts County, losing 4–1 at Goodison Park despite a strong performance by goalkeeper John Sutcliffe. [2]

In their passage to the final Manchester City faced opposition from the top division in all but one round. Second Division Woolwich Arsenal, City's opponents in the second round, were the exception. Sunderland were defeated 3–2 at Hyde Road in the first round, and the visit to Arsenal yielded a 2–0 win. A club record crowd of 30,022 watched the quarter-final against Middlesbrough, [3] but a 0–0 draw meant a replay at Ayresome Park was required, which City won 3–1 to set up a semi-final against The Wednesday. [4] Two goals from Turnbull and one from Meredith gave City a 3–0 win at Goodison Park. [5]

Bolton's cup run started slowly, with a replay required to overcome non-league Reading. A 4–1 victory over Southampton secured a quarter-final berth at Sheffield United. As a Second Division team with a poor away record, Wanderers were clear underdogs in the quarter-final, particularly in view of Sheffield United's strong home form. [6] Nevertheless, Bolton prevailed 2–0 courtesy of goals by Sam Marsh and Billy Yenson. [7] At this point Marsh had scored in every round of the competition. A 1–0 defeat of Derby County in the semi-final took Bolton to the final.

Though Lancashire was a football stronghold in the early years of the professional game, providing a large proportion of Football League teams, the cup final had never been contested between two Lancashire clubs until the 1904 final. [8] 30,000 supporters from the region travelled to London, [9] sparking press reports of records for north–south rail travel. [10] Lacking alternative accommodation, several thousand slept on the platforms at Euston and St Pancras. [11] A jovial atmosphere built up, with the Manchester Industrial Boys Band playing Hiawatha . [10] However, in London itself, the match received less attention than a final featuring a southern team would have done. [12] Tickets in an uncovered stand cost 5s. [13]

Prior to the match the teams both stayed in the suburb of West Norwood, within walking distance of Crystal Palace. Manchester City arrived on 21 April, and were joined the following day by the Bolton Wanderers, [14] who had spent the earlier part of the week at a training camp in Norbreck, near Blackpool. [15] London's Morning Leader described the relaxed nature of the Manchester City players, commenting that "they might have been a tug of war eleven out for a holiday". [16]

The majority of observers, including The Times correspondent, expected a win for Manchester City, [12] as they had performed strongly over the League season, lying second in the First Division on the day of the final, whereas Bolton were a mid-table Second Division side whose most talented forward, Boyd, was sidelined through injury. [17] Manchester City had one injury worry, Billy Holmes, who had missed the previous league match after sustaining an injury against Nottingham Forest. George Livingstone, initially a doubt, was passed fit well in advance. [14] When the final line-ups were announced, both teams had one change from the semi-finals. For Bolton, Boyd was replaced by Clifford, who had not played in any of the previous rounds, [7] and Archie Freebairn switched to Boyd's usual flank "with a view to coping with Meredith". [14] For Manchester City, Sam Ashworth replaced Holmes. Both teams played 2–3–5, the standard formation of the period.

Match

Crystal Palace stadium CrystalPalace1905.jpg
Crystal Palace stadium

The match took place in good weather, with the crowd approximately 62,000. [8] Dignitaries present included Prime Minister Arthur Balfour, Colonial Secretary Alfred Lyttelton, Postmaster General Lord Stanley and Lord Kinnaird. Also in attendance were cricketers WG Grace, GL Jessop and CB Fry, plus several members of the Australian cricket team. [18] Also in attendance was Willie Maley, brother of Manchester City's manager Tom and manager of Celtic whose team had won the Scottish Cup the week before by beating Rangers 3-2 [19] Manchester City entered the field of play first, led by captain Billy Meredith, with the Bolton team emerging shortly after. Manchester City won the toss, and elected to play towards the southern end of the ground in the first half, [4] with the wind at their backs. [20] The opening exchanges were fairly even, the Athletic News reporting that "For some time there was little to choose between the rivals", but that "Manchester were the more systematic and scientific". [21]

Twenty minutes into the game, a pass to the right wing by George Livingstone eluded Bolton's Archie Freebairn, [22] and reached Meredith, who dribbled beyond Bob Struthers for a run on goal. He shot to goalkeeper Davies' left, scoring the opening goal. [4] Reporters with Bolton sympathies, such as ex-Bolton secretary JJ Bentley, claimed the goal to be offside, though the Bolton players made no appeal to the referee. [22] [23] The goal led to one over-exuberant Manchester City supporter invading the pitch, and subsequently being escorted away by police, though in contrast to the modern image of the football hooligan, the Sporting Chronicle reported that the man was then allowed back onto the terraces, as the police had been impressed by the level of devotion that he had demonstrated. [24]

Bolton had the majority of possession in the second half, aside from a ten-minute spell, [25] but the performance of the Manchester City defence limited Bolton's goalscoring opportunities. The Manchester Evening News singled out Herbert Burgess for particular praise in this respect, writing that City had "considerable reason to be thankful to their left-back, Burgess... ...the famous International played a game which has rarely been surpassed". [18] The Bolton Evening News took a rather different view, claiming that physical play by Burgess provoked the ire of the crowd. [26] Bolton's adoption of "kick and rush" tactics resulted in a spell of pressure, but to no avail. [12] Bolton's best chance came in the final five minutes, a shot by White which "missed by inches". [25] The match finished 1–0, giving Manchester City their first major honour.

Match details

Manchester City 1–0 Bolton Wanderers
Meredith Soccerball shade.svg 23' [27]
Crystal Palace, London
Attendance: 61,374 [28]
Referee: A. J. Barker
Kit left arm.svg
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks 2whitestripes.png
Kit socks long.svg
Manchester City
Kit left arm.svg
Kit body collar.png
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks long.svg
Bolton Wanderers [29]
Goalkeeper Jack Hillman
Full-back Johnny McMahon
Full-back Herbert Burgess
Half-back Sammy Frost
Half-back Tommy Hynds
Half-back Sam Ashworth
Forward Billy Meredith
Forward George Livingstone
Forward Billie Gillespie
Forward Sandy Turnbull
Forward Frank Booth
Secretary:
Tom Maley
Goalkeeper Dai Davies
Full-back William Brown
Full-back Bob Struthers
Half-back Robert Clifford
Half-back Sam Greenhalgh
Half-back Archie Freebairn
Forward David Stokes
Forward Sam Marsh
Forward Billy Yenson
Forward Wattie White
Forward Bob Taylor
Secretary:
John Somerville

Match rules

  • 90 minutes.
  • 30 minutes of extra-time if necessary.
  • Replay if scores still level.

Post-match

Manchester City captain Meredith received the trophy from the serving prime minister, [30] Arthur Balfour, a patron of the club. [23] Alfred Lyttelton then made a speech praising the efforts of the two teams. Lyttelton, a former footballer himself, compared the play in the final with the match he played for the England team against Scotland in 1877. Noting that "the game is a good deal changed", he emphasised how the final had demonstrated the importance of teamwork, in contrast to his day when "each man played for himself". [18]

While most of those in attendance behaved well, with few reports of disturbances, later in the day several young men "with provincial accents" appeared at a west London police court charged with drunken disorder. Due to "offence caused by 'scrimmage'", they were issued with fines averaging 10s. [18]

Manchester City did not return directly to Manchester, but instead went to Liverpool, as the club's final league fixture was scheduled for Monday afternoon at Everton. At this point Manchester City were still in contention for the league title. However, a 1–0 defeat at Goodison Park eliminated City from the title race and confirmed The Wednesday as champions. [31] The team arrived in Manchester in that evening, and travelled to the Town Hall to commence a victory parade. From the Town Hall, the parade travelled to Ardwick Conservative Club, via Deansgate, Market Street and Ardwick Green. [18] The number of people lining the route was five times as many as had attended a recent visit by the Prince and Princess of Wales. [32]

Related Research Articles

Bolton Wanderers F.C. Association football club in England

Bolton Wanderers Football Club is a professional football club based in Horwich, Bolton, England, which competes in League Two, the fourth tier of English football.

Billy Meredith Welsh footballer

William Henry Meredith was a Welsh professional footballer. He was considered one of the early superstars of football due to his performances, notably for Manchester City and Manchester United. He won each domestic trophy in the English football league and gained 48 caps for Wales, for whom he scored 11 goals and won two British Home Championship titles. His favoured position was outside right, and his key skills were dribbling, passing, crossing and shooting. A dedicated and extremely fit professional, his habit of chewing on a toothpick during games made him instantly recognisable.

Jimmy McMullan Scottish footballer and manager

James McMullan was a Scottish football player and manager. He won 16 Scotland caps as a player at half-back and was part of the famous "Wembley Wizards" side of 1928.

1934 FA Cup Final

The 1934 FA Cup Final was won by Manchester City in a 2–1 win over Portsmouth. The match is most remembered for a young Frank Swift's heroics in goal and the predictions of City forward Fred Tilson. The match was also refereed by future FIFA president Stanley Rous, in his penultimate game as an official.

Frank Booth (English footballer) English footballer

Frank Booth, also known as 'Tabby', was an English footballer who played in the Football League for Stockport County, Manchester City and Bury. He played in the outside left position. He had two spells as a Manchester City player between 1902 and 1906 and in 1911. In total he made 98 appearances for the team and scored 18 goals. He also won one cap for England.

William Gillespie was a Scottish football player who was a centre forward who 'hung around in the penalty circle and picked up lots of goals'. He played for Manchester City F.C. between 1896 and 1904 appearing 217 times and scoring 125 goals.

1926 FA Cup Final

The 1926 FA Cup Final was a football match between Bolton Wanderers and Manchester City on 24 April 1926 at Wembley Stadium in London. The showpiece match of English football's primary cup competition, the Football Association Challenge Cup, it was the 55th final, and the fourth at Wembley.

1933 FA Cup Final

The 1933 FA Cup Final was a football match between Everton and Manchester City on 29 April 1933 at Wembley Stadium in London. The deciding match of English football's primary cup competition, the Football Association Challenge Cup, it was the 62nd final, and the 11th at Wembley. The 1933 final was the first where the players, including goalkeepers, were issued numbers for identification. Everton were allocated numbers 1–11 and Manchester City numbers 12–22.

Sam Cookson was an English footballer who played in the right full back position.

David Weir was an English footballer who played for several clubs in the 19th century, including Bolton Wanderers and Ardwick, and won two caps for England.

Samuel Ormerod (1848–1906) was an English football player, referee and manager.

The history of the FA Cup in association football dates back to 1871–72. Aside from suspensions during the First and Second World Wars, the competition has been played every year since.

Di Jones Welsh footballer

David Jones, known as Di Jones was a Welsh footballer who played as a full-back for Oswestry, Chirk, Bolton Wanderers and Manchester City in the late 19th century. He also won 14 caps for the Welsh national team.

The 1904–05 FA Cup was the 34th season of the world's oldest association football competition, the Football Association Challenge Cup. Aston Villa won the competition for the fourth time, beating Newcastle United 2–0 in the final at Crystal Palace, through two goals scored by Harry Hampton. The man of the match was Aston Villa's prolific scorer Billy Garraty, who was born only a few miles from the now Villa Park.

1903–04 FA Cup football tournament season

The 1903–04 FA Cup was the 33rd season of the world's oldest association football competition, the Football Association Challenge Cup. Manchester City won the competition for the first time, beating Bolton Wanderers 1–0 in the final at Crystal Palace, through a goal scored by Billy Meredith.

Samuel Bolton Ashworth was an English footballer who played as a defender in the Football League for Burslem Port Vale, Everton, Manchester City and Stoke. He played for Manchester City in their victory in the 1904 FA Cup Final, and also helped both City and Everton to finish second in the First Division.

This page chronicles the history of Manchester City in further detail from its early years in 1880 to 1928. See Manchester City F.C. for an overview of the football club.

David "Dai" Davies was a Welsh rugby union, professional rugby league and association footballer who played in the 1890s, 1900s and 1910s. He played club level rugby union (RU) for Llanelli RFC. He played representative level rugby league (RL) for Wales and Lancashire, and at club level for Swinton, and Leigh, and representative level association football for Wales, and at club level for Bolton Wanderers, as a goalkeeper. Dai Davies is the only person to have appeared in both the rugby league Challenge Cup Final and the association football FA Cup Final, and is one of the very few, perhaps the only, footballer to play for Wales at both international association football and international rugby league.

1923 FA Cup Final Football match

The 1923 FA Cup Final was an association football match between Bolton Wanderers and West Ham United on 28 April 1923 at the original Wembley Stadium in London. The showpiece match of English football's primary cup competition, the Football Association Challenge Cup, it was the first football match to be played at Wembley Stadium. King George V was in attendance to present the trophy to the winning team.

References

  1. James, Manchester – The Greatest City, p54
  2. Pawson, 100 Years of the FA Cup, p56
  3. James, Manchester – The Greatest City, p51
  4. 1 2 3 James, Manchester City – The Complete Record, p110
  5. Ward, The Manchester City Story, p12
  6. Marland, Bolton Wanderers – A Complete Record 1877–1989, p16
  7. 1 2 Marland, Bolton Wanderers – A Complete Record 1877–1989, p218
  8. 1 2 Pawson, 100 Years of the FA Cup, p57
  9. James, Manchester – A Football History, p103
  10. 1 2 "English Cup Tie: Extraordinary Scenes in London". Manchester Evening News . 23 April 1904. p. 3.
  11. James, Manchester – A Football History, p105
  12. 1 2 3 "The Association Cup. Victory for Manchester City". The Times (Times Digital Archive 1785–1985). UK. 25 April 1904. p. 11.
  13. Creighton, Manchester City: Moments To Remember, p11
  14. 1 2 3 "Football Notes – The Final Tie". Manchester Evening News . 22 April 1904. p. 2.
  15. "English Cup Final – Early Scenes in London". Manchester Evening Chronicle . 23 April 1904.
  16. "The Cup Final – Prospects for Tomorrow". Manchester Evening Chronicle . 22 April 1904. p. 3.
  17. Harding, Football Wizard – The Billy Meredith Story, p86
  18. 1 2 3 4 5 "The Final Tie: Victory of Manchester City". Manchester Evening News . 25 April 1904. p. 2.
  19. W. Potter, David (2003). Willie Maley: The Man Who Made Celtic. Tempus Publishing.
  20. "A proud day for Manchester City". Manchester Evening News . 23 April 1904. p. 4.
  21. Harding, Football Wizard – The Billy Meredith Story, p90
  22. 1 2 Ward, The Manchester City Story, p13
  23. 1 2 James, Manchester City – The Complete Record, p111
  24. James, Manchester – A Football History, p106
  25. 1 2 Pawson, 100 Years of the FA Cup, p58
  26. Gent, Making Headlines: The History of Bolton Wanderers Football Club as Seen Through the Eyes the Pages of the Bolton Evening News
  27. "1904 Manchester City". Match report at fa-cupfinals.co.uk. FA-CupFinals.co.uk. Archived from the original on 20 July 2009. Retrieved 23 September 2009.
  28. "1904 FA Cup Final Match Details". Sporting Chronicle. Archived from the original on 21 May 2008. Retrieved 23 September 2009.
  29. "English FA Cup Finalists 1900–1909". Historical Kits. Archived from the original on 25 September 2008. Retrieved 23 September 2009.
  30. Harding, Football Wizard – The Billy Meredith Story, p59
  31. James, Manchester City – The Complete Record, p32
  32. "The winners of the English Cup, reception of the City team". Manchester Evening News . 26 April 1904. p. 2.

Bibliography