1905

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
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1905 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1905
MCMV
Ab urbe condita 2658
Armenian calendar 1354
ԹՎ ՌՅԾԴ
Assyrian calendar 6655
Bahá'í calendar 61–62
Balinese saka calendar 1826–1827
Bengali calendar 1312
Berber calendar 2855
British Regnal year 4  Edw. 7   5  Edw. 7
Buddhist calendar 2449
Burmese calendar 1267
Byzantine calendar 7413–7414
Chinese calendar 甲辰(Wood  Dragon)
4601 or 4541
     to 
乙巳年 (Wood  Snake)
4602 or 4542
Coptic calendar 1621–1622
Discordian calendar 3071
Ethiopian calendar 1897–1898
Hebrew calendar 5665–5666
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1961–1962
 - Shaka Samvat 1826–1827
 - Kali Yuga 5005–5006
Holocene calendar 11905
Igbo calendar 905–906
Iranian calendar 1283–1284
Islamic calendar 1322–1323
Japanese calendar Meiji 38
(明治38年)
Javanese calendar 1834–1835
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4238
Minguo calendar 7 before ROC
民前7年
Nanakshahi calendar 437
Thai solar calendar 2447–2448
Tibetan calendar 阳木龙年
(male Wood-Dragon)
2031 or 1650 or 878
     to 
阴木蛇年
(female Wood-Snake)
2032 or 1651 or 879

1905 ( MCMV ) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar , the 1905th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 905th year of the 2nd millennium , the 5th year of the 20th century , and the 6th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1905, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is A. The most recent year of such kind was 2017 and the next one will be 2023 in the Gregorian calendar, or, likewise, 2018 and 2029 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year contains two Friday the 13ths in January and October.

Contents

As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War begins, more than 100,000 die in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos leads to the 1905 Russian Revolution against Nicholas II of Russia (Shostakovich's 11th Symphony is subtitled The Year 1905 to commemorate this) and the start of Revolution in the Kingdom of Poland. Canada and the U.S. expand west, with the Alberta and Saskatchewan provinces and the founding of Las Vegas. 1905 is also the annus mirabilis of Albert Einstein, who publishes papers which lay the foundations for quantum physics, introduces the special theory of relativity, explains Brownian motion and establishes mass–energy equivalence.

Russo-Japanese War 20th-century war between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan

The Russo-Japanese War was fought during 1904–1905 between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea. The major theatres of operations were the Liaodong Peninsula and Mukden in Southern Manchuria and the seas around Korea, Japan and the Yellow Sea.

1905 Russian Revolution wave of mass political and social unrest that spread through vast areas of the Russian Empire

The Russian Revolution of 1905 was a wave of mass political and social unrest that spread through vast areas of the Russian Empire, some of which was directed at the government. It included worker strikes, peasant unrest, and military mutinies. It led to constitutional reform, including the establishment of the State Duma, the multi-party system, and the Russian Constitution of 1906.

Nicholas II of Russia Emperor of All the Russias, Grand Duke of Finland and King of Poland By the Grace of God

Nicholas II or Nikolai II, known as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer in the Russian Orthodox Church, was the last Emperor of Russia, ruling from 1 November 1894 until his forced abdication in 15 March 1917. His reign saw the fall of the Russian Empire from one of the foremost great powers of the world to economic and military collapse. He gave limited support to the economic and political reforms promoted by top aides Sergei Witte and Pyotr Stolypin, but they faced too much aristocratic opposition to be fully effective. He supported modernization based on foreign loans and close ties with France. He resisted giving the new parliament major roles. He insisted he ruled by God's grace and was loathe to negotiate or compromise. He was ridiculed as Nicholas the Bloody by his enemies due to the Khodynka Tragedy, anti-Semitic pogroms, Bloody Sunday, the violent suppression of the 1905 Russian Revolution, the repression of political opponents, and his responsibility for defeat in the Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905). His memory was reviled by Soviet historians as a weak and incompetent leader whose decisions led to military defeats and the deaths of millions of his subjects. By contrast Anglo-Russian historian Nikolai Tolstoy, leader of the International Monarchist League, says, "There were many bad things about the tsar's regime, but he inherited an autocracy and his acts are now being seen in perspective and in comparison to the terrible crimes committed by the Soviets."

Events

"Baby New Year", a cartoon by John T. McCutcheon depicting the new year 1905 chasing the old 1904 into the history books McCutcheonNY1905.jpg
"Baby New Year", a cartoon by John T. McCutcheon depicting the new year 1905 chasing the old 1904 into the history books

January

January 22 (9 O.S.): The Bloody Sunday massacre of Russian demonstrators at the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S01260, St. Petersburg, Militar vor Winterpalast.jpg
January 22 (9 O.S.): The Bloody Sunday massacre of Russian demonstrators at the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year. This day is known as New Year's Day since the day marks the beginning of the year. It is also the first day of the first quarter of the year and the first half of the year.

Trans-Siberian Railway network of railways connecting Moscow with the Russian Far East and the Sea of Japan

The Trans-Siberian Railway is a network of railways connecting Moscow with the Russian Far East. With a length of 9,289 kilometres, from Moscow to Vladivostok, it is the longest railway line in the world. There are connecting branch lines into Mongolia, China and North Korea. It has connected Moscow with Vladivostok since 1916, and is still being expanded.

July 21 is the 202nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 163 days remain until the end of the year.

February

February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 322 days remain until the end of the year.

Christchurch City in South Island, New Zealand

Christchurch is the largest city in the South Island of New Zealand and the seat of the Canterbury Region. The Christchurch urban area lies on the South Island's east coast, just north of Banks Peninsula. It is home to 404,500 residents, making it New Zealand's third-most populous city behind Auckland and Wellington. The Avon River flows through the centre of the city, with an urban park located along its banks.

Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament, Christchurch Church in Christchurch Central City, New Zealand

The Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament is located in the city centre of Christchurch, New Zealand. It is the mother church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Christchurch and seat of the Bishop of Christchurch.

March

March 3: Nicholas II of Russia creates the Duma Tauride duma.jpg
March 3: Nicholas II of Russia creates the Duma
March 4: Theodore Roosevelt at about the time he is sworn in for a full term as 26th President of the United States President Roosevelt - Pach Bros.jpg
March 4: Theodore Roosevelt at about the time he is sworn in for a full term as 26th President of the United States

March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 305 days remain until the end of the year.

Richard Butler (Australian politician) Australian politician

Sir Richard Butler was an Australian politician. He was a member of the South Australian House of Assembly from 1890 to 1924, representing Yatala (1890–1902) and Barossa (1902–1924). He served as Premier of South Australia from March to July 1905 and Leader of the Opposition from 1905 to 1909. Butler would also variously serve as Speaker of the House of Assembly (1921–1924), and as a minister under Premiers Charles Kingston, John Jenkins and Archibald Peake. His son, Richard Layton Butler, went on to serve as Premier from 1927 to 1930 and 1933 to 1938.

South Australia State of Australia

South Australia is a state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of 983,482 square kilometres (379,725 sq mi), it is the fourth-largest of Australia's states and territories by area, and fifth largest by population. It has a total of 1.7 million people, and its population is the second most highly centralised in Australia, after Western Australia, with more than 77 percent of South Australians living in the capital, Adelaide, or its environs. Other population centres in the state are relatively small; Mount Gambier, the second largest centre, has a population of 28,684.

April

May

May 15: Las Vegas is founded with auction of 110 acres (0.45 km) Lasvegasclimate.jpg
May 15: Las Vegas is founded with auction of 110 acres (0.45 km)
May 11: Einstein submits his dissertation Einstein patentoffice.jpg
May 11: Einstein submits his dissertation

June

July

August

September

October

October 2: HMS Dreadnought HMS Dreadnought 1906 H61017.jpg
October 2: HMS Dreadnought

November

December

Date unknown

Births

January

Prince Takamatsu Takamatsunomiya nobuhito.jpg
Prince Takamatsu
Tex Ritter Tex Ritter 1966.JPG
Tex Ritter
Takeo Fukuda Takeo Fukuda 1977 adjusted.jpg
Takeo Fukuda
Saeb Salam Saeb Salam.png
Saeb Salam
Christian Dior Stamps of Romania, 2005-002.jpg
Christian Dior
Maria von Trapp Maria von Trapp in 1948.jpg
Maria von Trapp

February

Emilio Segre Segre.jpg
Emilio Segrè
Ra'ana Liaquat Ali Khan Begum Ra'ana Liaquat Ali Khan (1961).jpg
Ra'ana Liaquat Ali Khan
Harold Arlen Harold Arlen 1960.jpg
Harold Arlen

March

William Cagney William Cagney.jpg
William Cagney
Berthold Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg Bundesarchiv Bild 146-2008-0184, Berlin, Berthold Schenk Graf v. Stauffenberg.jpg
Berthold Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg
Albert Speer Bundesarchiv Bild 146II-277, Albert Speer.jpg
Albert Speer
Pote Sarasin Pote Sarasin 1957.jpg
Pote Sarasin

April

Paul Hasluck Paulhasluck.jpg
Paul Hasluck
Serge Lifar Serge Lifar 1961.jpg
Serge Lifar
George H. Hitchings George H. Hitchings 1988.jpg
George H. Hitchings
Pat Brown Gov. Pat Brown.jpg
Pat Brown
Raul Leoni Raul Leoni 1965.jpg
Raúl Leoni

May

Joseph Cotten Joseph Cotten 1957.JPG
Joseph Cotten
Henry Fonda Henry Fonda in Jezebel trailer.jpg
Henry Fonda

June

Jean-Paul Sartre Sartre 1967 crop.jpg
Jean-Paul Sartre

July

Giuseppe Girotti GIUSEPPE GIROTTI O.P.png
Giuseppe Girotti
Clara Bow Clara Bow 1927.PNG
Clara Bow
Dag Hammarskjold Dag Hammarskjold.jpg
Dag Hammarskjöld

August

Myrna Loy Myrna Loy.jpg
Myrna Loy
Abeid Karume Abeid Karume 1964.jpg
Abeid Karume

September

Carl David Anderson Carl David Anderson.jpg
Carl David Anderson
Agnes de Mille Agnes de Mille 3.jpg
Agnes de Mille
Greta Garbo Greta Garbo - 1935.jpg
Greta Garbo
Max Schmeling Max-schmeling.jpg
Max Schmeling
Helen Wills Helen Wills Moody 1932.jpg
Helen Wills
Felix Houphouet-Boigny Houphouet-Boigny.jpg
Félix Houphouët-Boigny
Felix Bloch Felix Bloch, Stanford University.jpg
Felix Bloch

October

November

Lois Mailou Jones Lois Jones (13270450144).jpg
Lois Mailou Jones
Queen Astrid of Belgium Crown princess Astrid 1926.jpg
Queen Astrid of Belgium
Frank Pakenham, 7th Earl of Longford Lord Longford 4 Allan Warren.jpg
Frank Pakenham, 7th Earl of Longford
Cliff Arquette Cliff Arquette 1941.JPG
Cliff Arquette

December

Date unknown

Deaths

January

Ernst Abbe Ernst Abbe.jpg
Ernst Abbe

February

Adolph von Menzel Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R30367, Adolph von Menzel.jpg
Adolph von Menzel

March

Jules Verne Felix Nadar 1820-1910 portraits Jules Verne (restoration).jpg
Jules Verne

April

May

Francisco Silvela Francisco Silvela, de Franzen.jpg
Francisco Silvela

June

Blessed Giovanni Battista Scalabrini Scalabrini.JPG
Blessed Giovanni Battista Scalabrini
Blessed Malgorzata Szewczyk MalgorzataLucjaSzewczyk.JPG
Blessed Małgorzata Szewczyk

July

August

September

Rene Goblet Rene Goblet.jpg
Rene Goblet

October

November

December

Date unknown

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

2000 (MM) was a century leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2000th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 1000th and last year of the 2nd millennium, the 100th and last year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 2000s decade.

1952 Year

1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1952nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 952nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1950s decade.

1908 Year

1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1908th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 908th year of the 2nd millennium, the 8th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1908, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1951st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 951st year of the 2nd millennium, the 51st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1950s decade.

1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1931st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 931st year of the 2nd millennium, the 31st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1930s decade.

1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1912th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 912th year of the 2nd millennium, the 12th year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1912, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 946th year of the 2nd millennium, the 46th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1940s decade.

1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1903rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 903rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 3rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1903, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1907th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 907th year of the 2nd millennium, the 7th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1907, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1956th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 956th year of the 2nd millennium, the 56th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1950s decade.

1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1921st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 921st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1921, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1932nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 932nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 32nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1930s decade.

1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1955th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 955th year of the 2nd millennium, the 55th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1950s decade.

1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1953rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 953rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 53rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1950s decade.

1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1925th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 925th year of the 2nd millennium, the 25th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1920s decade.

1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1930th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 930th year of the 2nd millennium, the 30th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1930s decade.

1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1878th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 878th year of the 2nd millennium, the 78th year of the 19th century, and the 9th year of the 1870s decade. As of the start of 1878, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1934th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 934th year of the 2nd millennium, the 34th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1930s decade.

1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1954th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 954th year of the 2nd millennium, the 54th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1950s decade.

References

  1. Blake, Richard. The Book of Postal Dates, 1635–1985. Caterham: Marden. p. 20.
  2. Cordery, Stacey (2007). Alice: Alice Roosevelt Longworth, from White House Princess to Washington Power Broker. Penguin Books. p. 117-135.
  3. "A Brief History". Juilliard School. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  4. "Tweets with replies by melih sabanoglu (@melihsabanoglu)". Twitter.com. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 27, 2018. Retrieved June 27, 2018.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

Further reading