All 80 seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives
41 seats were needed for a majority
Results of the election.
The 1905 New Zealand general election was held on Wednesday, 6 December in the general electorates, and on Wednesday, 20 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 16th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 412,702 voters turned out, with 396,657 (83.25% of the electoral roll) voting in the European electorates.
The 1903 City Single Electorates Act declared that at the dissolution of the 15th Parliament, the four multi-member electorates would be abolished and replaced each with three single-member electorates.It was also the year absentee voting was introduced for all electors unable to be in their own electorate on election day. The first Chief Electoral Officer was appointed.
Accordingly, the multi-member urban electorates of City of Auckland, City of Christchurch, City of Dunedin and City of Wellington were abolished and replaced with the following single-member seats:
Nine of these twelve electorates had existed before. Wellington Central, Wellington North, and Dunedin North were established for the first time.
In 1905 a progressive faction within the Liberal Party started to form in opposition to Liberal leader Richard Seddon's policies. They announced that they would stand in the election as the New Liberal Party, however an accusation against Seddon's son, when disproven saw most of the dissidents return to the Liberal Party, and of the four New Liberals (George Laurenson, Francis Fisher, Harry Bedford and Tommy Taylor) that stood in the election only Laurenson and Fisher were returned.
The freshly created Independent Political Labour League also contested the election as a breakaway faction from the Liberals. It was the first of many steps of a gradual move by urban labourers shifting allegiance to an independent working-class political party. Previously, most workers had supported the Liberal Party, which since the 1890s had attempted to gain Trade Union support by appointing union representatives to the party's governing body. The IPLL did not perform well, gaining only 3,478 votes nationwide with no candidates elected.
The Rev Frank Isitt was the Prohibition candidate for several South Island electorates, and came second in two.
The following table gives party strengths and vote distribution.
|Party||Candidates||Total votes||Percentage||Seats won||Change|
|Ind. Labour League||9||3,478||0.8||0||±0|
The following are the results of the 1905 general election:
Conservative New Liberal Liberal–Labour Independent Liberal IndependentLiberal
|Ashburton||John McLachlan||244||John Studholme|
|Auckland Central||New electorate||Alfred Kidd||939||Lemuel Bagnall|
|Auckland East||New electorate||Frederick Baume||871||Harry Bamford|
|Auckland West||New electorate||Charles Poole||340||James Parr|
|Avon||William Tanner||725||John Russell Brunt|
|Awarua||Joseph Ward||2,848||Henry Woodnorth|
|Bay of Islands||Robert Houston||470||John Charles Johnson|
|Bay of Plenty||William Herries||211||Joseph Foster|
|Bruce||James Allen||435||William Darcy Mason|
|Buller||James Colvin||2,798||Frank Isitt|
|Caversham||Thomas Sidey||1,760||William Earnshaw|
|Chalmers||Edmund Allen||1,437||William Pryor|
|Christchurch East||New electorate||Thomas Davey||565||Henry Featherston Toogood|
|Christchurch North||New electorate||Charles Gray||1,084||Tommy Taylor|
|Christchurch South||New electorate||Harry Ell||2,511||Charles Henry Winny|
|Clutha||James Thomson||Alexander Malcolm||272||Daniel Stewart|
|Courtenay||Charles Lewis||232||Thomas Jones McBride|
|Dunedin Central||New electorate||John A. Millar||1,919||Alexander Samuel Adam|
|Dunedin North||New electorate||Alfred Richard Barclay||514||Harry Bedford|
|Dunedin South||New electorate||James Arnold||780||William Downie Stewart|
|Eden||John Bollard||2,760||Robert French|
|Egmont||William Thomas Jennings||651||Charles Leech|
|Ellesmere||Heaton Rhodes||283||George Rennie|
|Franklin||William Massey||935||William Wilson McCardle|
|Geraldine||Frederick Flatman||1,233||William Jeffries|
|Grey||Arthur Guinness||377||Joseph Petrie|
|Grey Lynn||George Fowlds||230||John Farrell|
|Hawera||Charles E. Major||449||Felix McGuire|
|Hawke's Bay||William Russell||Alfred Dillon||1,043||William Russell|
|Hurunui||Andrew Rutherford||1,186||Obed Frederick Clothier|
|Hutt||Thomas Wilford||1,912||George Yerex|
|Invercargill||Josiah Hanan||1,721||Irvin Willis Raymond|
|Kaiapoi||David Buddo||45||Richard Moore|
|Kaipara||Alfred Harding||John Stallworthy||9||Alfred Harding|
|Lyttelton||George Laurenson||1,108||William Radcliffe|
|Manawatu||Job Vile||John Stevens||359||Job Vile|
|Manukau||Matthew Kirkbride||663||Ralph Duncan Stewart|
|Marsden||Francis Mander||348||Robert Thompson|
|Masterton||Alexander Hogg||859||James Christopher Cooper|
|Mataura||Robert McNab||435||Thomas MacGibbon|
|Motueka||Roderick McKenzie||2,733||Frank Isitt|
|Mount Ida||Alexander Herdman||John MacPherson||394||Alexander Herdman|
|Napier||Alfred Fraser||1,469||Montague W. P. Lascelles|
|Nelson||John Graham||29||Harry Atmore|
|Newtown||William Henry Peter Barber||1,213||Thomas William Hislop|
|Oamaru||Thomas Young Duncan||2,009||James Mitchell|
|Ohinemuri||Edward Moss||Hugh Poland||351||Edward Moss|
|Oroua||Frank Lethbridge||986||Owen Carlin Pleasants|
|Otaki||William Hughes Field||1,394||Byron Paul Brown|
|Pahiatua||Bill Hawkins||Robert Beatson Ross||206||Bill Hawkins|
|Palmerston||William Wood||480||Frederick Pirani|
|Parnell||Frank Lawry||122||Murdoch McLean|
|Patea||Walter Symes||143||John Hine|
|Rangitikei||Arthur Remington||1,710||Joe Reginald Sommerville|
|Riccarton||George Witty||1,240||Thomas Caverhill|
|Selwyn||Charles Hardy||322||Joseph Ivess|
|Taieri||Donald Reid||535||Alexander Marshall|
|Taranaki||Edward Smith||236||Henry Okey|
|Thames||James McGowan||1,229||Malcolm Fleming|
|Timaru||William Hall-Jones||1,063||Frank Rolleston|
|Tuapeka||James Bennet||977||Robert Gilkison|
|Waiapu||James Carroll||1,798||Lissant Clayton|
|Waikato||Frederic Lang||Henry Greenslade||78||Frederic Lang|
|Waikouaiti||Thomas Mackenzie||702||Edward Henry Clark|
|Waipawa||Charles Hall||1,254||George Hunter|
|Wairarapa||Walter Clarke Buchanan||J. T. Marryat Hornsby||531||Walter Clarke Buchanan|
|Wairau||Charles H. Mills||977||John Duncan|
|Waitaki||William Steward||1,643||George Dash|
|Waitemata||Ewen Alison||971||Cecil Clinkard|
|Wakatipu||William Fraser||423||Michael Gilfedder|
|Wallace||John Charles Thomson||461||Dugald Macpherson|
|Wanganui||Archibald Willis||James Thomas Hogan||924||Archibald Willis|
|Wellington Central||New electorate||Francis Fisher||445||Patrick O'Regan|
|Wellington East||New electorate||John Aitken||19||William McLean|
|Wellington North||New electorate||Charles Hayward Izard||660||John Duthie|
|Westland||Richard Seddon||3,180||Harry Cowin|
|Eastern Maori||Wi Pere||Āpirana Ngata||757||Wi Pere|
|Northern Maori||Hone Heke||627||Ru Reweti|
|Southern Maori||Tame Parata||160||Hopere Uru|
|Western Maori||Henare Kaihau||1,688||Tureiti Te Heuheu Tukino V|
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